One of the long withstanding problems of summer is the loss of water content from the body. This creates the teething problem of diarrhea. This leads to a series of health problems which mostly leads to the stomach and digestive problems can also pose a serious threat to the overall body. Hence, the body must have a process of getting fluid. One of the local ways to do so is the consumption of ORS.
An oral rehydration solution (ORS) is a mixture of electrolytes, sugar, and water. This solution is taken by mouth and hence is called oral solution in nature. These electrolytes recoup and rebuild fluid balance lost by excessive sweating, vomiting, or diarrhea. ORS is an effective treatment for 90-95% of patients suffering from diarrhea, regardless of the cause.
How ORS works
As we are all aware that the rapid discharge of the fluids from the body, which can be caused by cholera or diarrhea diseases, may lead to chronic dehydration. The worst-case scenario can even cause death. Oral Rehydration Salts are a solution which is made by combining salt and sugar which makes the process of fluid evacuation slow thereby hastening the process of the absorption of electrolytes in the intestines. This process is known as Oral Rehydration Treatment. These are also available in every government hospitals and even in the labs which conduct diagnostic test In Delhi.
What should be the ideal composition of ORS?
As per the information available on the website of World Health Organization, the specialized agency has devised a new formula for ORS. This formula has been improved after much research by the WHO’s Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development and supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The study’s findings deduce that if low-sodium, low-glucose ORS formulation is used then it reduces the need for intravenous fluids by 33 percent. As a result, it can be of great relief especially for cases wherein the children require hospitalization. This, in turn, can lessen secondary infections, there would a reduced need to handle blood with its potentially dangerous consequences, and lower health care costs.
The solution can be made at home too. In order to prepare the solution, you need to add 6 level teaspoons of sugar and 1/2 level teaspoon of salt dissolved in 1 liter of clean water. The only thing to be noted is that the amount of both the components is of the prescribed level to make the right Oral Rehydration Treatment. The reason being that excess sugar can aggravate diarrhea worse. Similarly, the excess amount of salt too can have detrimental effects on the body. Another thing to be aware of is that if the solution is made more dilute than normal then it won’t cause any harm.
Given the excess heat and a vast population of our country still having economic challenges, ORS is a potent alternative to keep the inevitable trouble of dehydration and possible effects of diarrhea.