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Important Blood Tests That You Should Be Aware Of

Blood test is a common medical procedure which must not be dreaded. It is one of the oldest and reliable methods for the initial level of diagnosis which is mostly done at the Diagnostic Labs in Delhi. We have all been part of the blood tests which are done for the basics such assessment of the blood group, malarial parasite, dengue, etc. However, there have been many more additions to the normal course of blood testing which might be recommended by the doctor in case a person is suffering from health complications. Let's know more of them:

  1. ABO Typing- ABO Typing is the medical term for determining the patient's blood type. A procedure done prior to the surgery, this ensures that the blood can be given in the operating room if necessary. Most surgeries do not require a blood transfusion, but some procedures, such as on-pump heart bypass surgery, routinely require the administration of blood. You may be asked to sign a consent form for the administration of blood prior to your surgery, even if a transfusion is not a routine part of the procedure, in case the need arises.
  2. Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) (Men Only) -Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein manufactured by the prostate gland in men. An enlarged prostate, prostate inflammation or prostate cancer is implied with its elevated levels. The use of PSA levels also helps in monitoring the efficacy of therapeutic regimens for prostate conditions. But at the same, it is also noted that the elevated levels of PSA do not necessarily signal prostate cancer and prostate cancer may not always be accompanied by expression of PSA. In case there is a urinary tract infection or an inflamed prostrate then it points at the elevated levels. Therefore, the diagnostic labs in Delhi check for the PSA level which are not over 2.5 ng/mL, or a PSA doubling time (the time required for PSA value to double) of less than 12 years or else it could be a matter of concern.
  3. DHEA- Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), a hormone produced by the adrenal glands, is a precursor to the sex hormones estrogen and testosterone. It is to be understood that blood levels of DHEA jump up in the peak in one’s twenties and then decline dramatically with age, decreasing to 20-30% of peak youthful levels between the ages of 70 and 80. Thus, DHEA is also known as “anti-aging” hormone.
  4. Homocysteine- The amino acid homocysteine is formed in the body during the metabolism of methionine. The higher levels of homocysteine have been identified as the cause which increases the risk of heart attack, bone fracture, and poor cognitive function. Homocysteine has also been noted as the independent risk factor for bone fractures

Blood tests are no longer confined to only a few tests which can only provide a needlepoint symptom. It is now capable of giving an accurate assessment of each and every possible health complications which may aggravate with passing time.

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