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Can Brain MRI Detect Epilepsy?

To determine a disease such as epilepsy, MRI is much more effective than computed tomography. MRI uses x-rays, which are considered harmless to the body. Brain tissue may be subject to morphological changes; it is precisely magnetic resonance imaging that can determine them. Epileptic seizures in adults occur due to a brain tumor. The cause of the onset and development of the disease can be injuries, infectious diseases, chronic and acute intoxications.

Causes of the disease and the role of MRI in its diagnosis

In the process of diagnosis using MRI, you can determine the appearance of the main focus of the disease. The appearance of the focus primarily concerns a chronic disease. Magnetic resonance imaging allows you to determine the causes of seizures, to determine the size of the foci and their number, to determine the development of the disease for a certain period.

How is an examination using a tomograph for epilepsy?

Before you start diagnosing with MRI test in east Delhi, you must follow certain rules. Try to conduct an examination at the first sign of a disease. The sooner you spend them, the better. The patient must remove all metal objects. The scanning process takes no more than an hour. In order to prevent a seizure during scanning, it is necessary to exclude the occurrence of stressful situations; the patient should be as stable as possible. It is forbidden to conduct a scan if there are stimulants and implants in the patient's body. Tomography in heart failure is also undesirable.

Contrast method

A special contrast agent is used to implement this method. Gadolinium solution is administered intravenously with constant medical supervision. Gadolinium is a light gray metal used as a component in the production of phosphors. It is absolutely safe for humans. After use, it is excreted from the body in a natural way.

Thus, for a successful MRI diagnosis, it is necessary:

Competent, compiled by an epileptologist physician, referral to an MR study. In most cases, based on the clinical picture and EEG results, the neurologist-epileptologist can make an assumption about the nature and localization of the pathological process and should reflect this in the direction.

A modern MRI scanner with a sufficient magnetic induction power of at least 1.5 T and the ability to conduct research with a minimum slice thickness.

A qualified doctor of radiation diagnostics, having training in neurology, well knowing the specifics of the functioning of the nervous system and applying, if necessary, additional methods of data collection that go beyond the scope of the usual protocol.

The absence of a proper dialogue between neurologists-epileptologists and MRI scan centers in New Delhi, as well as, often, insufficient qualifications of both of them, explains a large number of negative results in MRI diagnostics of epilepsy. At the same time, global trends in the development of epileptology indicate a constant decrease in the number of cryptogenic (with undetermined causal) epilepsies and an increase in the number of symptomatic that is, developing secondarily against the background of structural and morphological changes in the brain.

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