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Some Unconventional Reasons For Headache You Are Not Aware Of

Headache has become a part and parcel of life; such is the frequency of occurrence that people are left in disarray to perform even the basic of tasks. The pain on the forehead might also aggravate to the point that it would need an expert opinion. But one must also understand a rather uncanny pattern. That headache has some unconventional reasons to transpire. This is largely because of the few lifestyle errs that we have been doing inadvertently. Let us take a look at the possible reasons:

aware-of-headache

  1. Too much caffeine- Raved and hailed for being the best stress buster that also counteracts on headache, we never mind sipping coffee or tea regardless of the day. But much to your shock, the excessive intake of coffee actually adds to your hammering headache which takes the focus off your important assignments. The reason being that the daily cup of coffee makes your blood vessels become constricted and the moment you let go of your daily dose of coffee, your head starts to hurt.
  2. Dehydration- The water content of your body and the need for an optimum amount for the same cannot be stressed enough. With the right amount of water intake, the nerves and vessels are not stressed thereby putting the risk of exerting the body which can also lead to headache.
  3. Hormonal issues/imbalances- Hormones are the stimulators of the body and their secretion is very important. Sometimes a drop in the level of your hormones can also cause a headache. More so when your estrogen level is not up to the mark then you will have to suffer from this problem. Even pregnancy affects the estrogen level. Therefore, it is about time you consult a specialist for hormonal changes.
  4. Incorrect posture- While incorrect posture has long been associated with orthopedic conditions, they can also be adding to your headache woes. Hence, one must try to keep the posture of the body correct especially if you happen to have lifestyle/job commitments which is sedentary in nature. Once in a while, you must also get up and take short breaks for walk.
  5. Too much use of gadgets- It goes without saying that we all are addicted or at least too engrossed in our tech devices for some reason or the other. It adds to a myriad of problems. Be it the incorrect posture or the constant oozing out of the blue light. The blue light causes strain to the eyes and this can immediately trigger headache.
All About Ultrasound To Know In 2020

Everyone knows how important it is to accurately determine the diagnosis before starting treatment, and not to act blindly. Only such an approach can guarantee the effectiveness of treatment. Currently, many methods are used in medicine. Ultrasound diagnostics is one of them, which allows simple and painless to carry out a qualitative and quantitative assessment of data, to study the morphological and functional characteristics of the structure of organs and systems.

ultrasound-in-2020

The modern ultrasound machine and the high professionalism of the staff allow for high-quality diagnosis. In terms of the combination of positive characteristics with ultrasound, it is difficult to compare any other method, since, probably, no one has such a combination of advantages:

Ultrasound test provides reliable information about the position, shape, and size of the internal organs and small pelvis, as well as the fetus.

  • The study is convenient and does not require complicated preparation
  • Ultrasound is publicly available
  • Ultrasound is harmless and safe for the doctor, patient at any age, including those not yet born (located in the womb)
  • The study is painless and not associated with discomfort
  • Low time spent on research. Ultrasound is performed in real-time. This circumstance gives several advantages at once:
  • No time is needed for processing the material, developing and printing any pictures, etc., the result of the study becomes apparent at the end of the study
  • The researcher sees his “picture” in real-time and has the ability to control the image, achieving the best. The ultra-sonographer will not tell the patient: “Come on Wednesday for the result; if it doesn’t work out, let’s repeat

Ultrasound has virtually no contraindications and restrictions on use.

Ultrasound method features:

  • Identification of the disease in the early stages, when there are no complaints, which is extremely important in relation to cancer
  • Clarification of the diagnosis for a more correct appointment
  • The ability to evaluate treatment results.

Is ultrasound harmful to health?

Each patient, coming to the ultrasound diagnostic room, asks himself the question whether this study will harm him. To answer the first part of the question, it is necessary to present the basic principles of the equipment used. Ultrasound is very high-frequency waves that pass through the tissues of the human body, partially reflected from them. The image on the screen appears due to the computer conversion of the ultrasonic signal to electrical. This method is not associated with any harmful effects and has nothing to do with x-rays.

How Often Do I Need To Use The Use?

Even in the absence of significant health problems, it is advisable to undergo a medical examination once a year. After all, any disease detected at an early stage (even cancer) is usually well treated. Several objective tests by ultrasound labs will allow you to obtain objective information about the state of your body: a general blood and urine test, an ultrasound scan, an ECG, an X-ray (or FLG) of the lungs every 1-2 years. Passing these tests will not take much time, but will help to maintain health for many years. Allocate 1-2 days a year for this!

The standard ultrasound screening protocol (performed annually) includes an examination of the following organs: thyroid gland, abdominal organs (liver, gall bladder, pancreas, and spleen), kidneys, and pelvic organs. In the absence of ultrasonic signs of a change in the structure of these organs, there is nothing to worry about.

TMT: Treadmill Stress Test

It is an open secret that we are battling stress on a daily basis across the world for one reason or another. The level of stress varies and even requires proper tools for stress management in relation to the prognosis or medication if any. However, the first thing to consider is to notice the bodily changes. To do the same, a treadmill stress test can always come in handy. A stress treadmill test gauges the heart's capacity to absorb the exertion which may also help in determining the mental stress as well.

treadmill-stress-test

During the rest mode, your heart may appear to be working fine. It is when the heart is put to “stress” your heart and cardiovascular system by exercising, your heart rate and blood flow increase in order to provide your cells with more oxygen and nutrients and remove waste.

The stress test helps the doctor ascertain how the heart functions under stress. Moreover, the test also indicates any signs and symptoms of heart problems which can turn out to be more pronounced. The most common type of stress test involves a test on a treadmill that gradually increases in speed and grade. However, if you are not able to exercise by walking on a treadmill, you will be given a drug that simulates the effects of exercise by making your heart beat faster.

On a whole, the treadmill stress test, the things which get monitored in the electrocardiogram (EKG) are heart rate, and blood pressure. The EKG measures the electrical activity which travels through your heart with each heartbeat, and a healthy heart produces a specific pattern of response with each heartbeat. The pattern gets altered when the heart is not working properly. Apart from your heart rate and blood pressure, the information obtained from the EKG makes it equally convenient for your doctor to detect any heart problems. Some of the common heart conditions which come out in the results of the treadmill stress heart test are abnormal heart rhythms, inadequate blood flow, heart valve malfunction, and the presence of coronary artery disease.

If there is a problem with your heart, the doctor may also prefer to visualize your heart during the stress test. The imaging techniques which are used for the same purpose are a combination with the stress test, the echocardiogram and nuclear imaging. The echocardiogram is effective in letting the cardiologist to see the size and shape of your heart, thickness, and movement of your heart muscle; also it can be a pointer for how well the chambers and valves in the heart are functioning; and the force with which your heart contracts. Furthermore, a nuclear imaging is also capable of showing how well your heart pumps with each heartbeat.

The treadmill stress test shall be recommended by your cardiologists only when the tests which have been done previously look inconclusive for the right diagnosis of the heart.

To know more about the test and for booking an appointment, contact your nearest lab or medical test planners.

Why Is Computed Tomography Important For Diagnosing Diseases Of The Circulation?

Cardiovascular diseases have become one of the main reasons of death in the world. In several countries, according to data from the Ministry of Health, they are the first cause of death among the population. Computed tomography equipment can help doctors establish an early diagnosis to prevent circulatory system pathologies.

diagnosing-diseases

What is a CT scan?

A CT scan is a procedure that uses an x-ray source that revolves around a circular structure called Gantry. Each time a complete rotation is performed, a computer constructs a 2D image cut, repeating the process until the desired number of cuts is obtained. In each image cut, the thickness of the tissue to be checked is represented; this thickness can vary between less than 1 millimeter and 10 millimeters depending on the type of equipment used.

The images can rotate in space or see the cuts successively, generating a 3D image showing the skeleton, organs, and tissues of the patient simultaneously. Thanks to this, it will be more precise to locate the point where any anomaly is occurring.

CT scans are used to detect tumors, infections, fractures, hemorrhages, among other pathologies. Despite its versatility in clinical diagnosis, its use should be limited since exposure to X-rays is high (although it does not leave remains in the body after the end of the test). Special care must be taken with children, who are more sensitive to ionizing radiation.

Contrast for a CT

In soft tissues, the ability to retain radiation is variable and, therefore, more complicated to visualize inside. Therefore, contrast media have been developed, which makes these tissues highly visible in a CT scan.

In contrast, media the patient is injected with a substance rich in iodine that circulates to the organs, changing the way they look through the x-rays. In the case of the circulatory system, the contrast will illuminate the blood vessels in search of possible obstructions. It is essential to know contrast CT scan cost in Delhi first.

There are other types of contrasts, such as barium compounds that are used to examine the digestive system.

How can a CT diagnose circulatory diseases?

Angiography performed with computed tomography or Angiotomography (ATC) equipment analyses blood flow in different parts of the body, such as the brain, heart, abdomen, legs, and arms.

CT scan serves not only to assess the proper functioning of blood vessels but also to diagnose diseases related to circulatory problems such as:

  • Alterations in arteries or veins (aneurysms).
  • Atherosclerotic plaques in the arteries.
  • Obstructions in the blood vessels.
  • Congenital disease in the arteries.
  • Ischemic accidents or cerebral hemorrhages.
  • Arterial disease in the blood vessels of the heart.
  • Pulmonary embolism in the arteries etc.

Also, the ATC through computed tomography equipment are used by surgeons to see the result and evolution of an intervention performed or to plan a future surgery using it for example to:

  • Guide in a reconstruction of blood vessels.
  • Evaluate coronary veins after the placement of a pacemaker.
  • Review the efficacy of an angioplasty or stent placement.
  • Evaluate the need for a bypass.
  • Perform a tissue biopsy.

Angiography with computed tomography is a faster, non-invasive type of test that has fewer complications for the patient than is traditionally performed using a catheter.

Using The CT Method (Computed Tomography) In The Diagnosis Of Oncology

To detect the presence of cancer cells in the body, there are several modern methods of examination. One of them is computed tomography. With the help of this instrumental study, it is possible not only to identify oncology, but also to find its individual foci (metastases), as well as other pathological processes.

diagnosis-of-oncology

Metastases quickly spread throughout the body, affecting various parts of it. With the help of CT, one can detect both volumetric neoplasms and the smallest cancers. What is good about this study is that the image transmitted by the tomograph will allow you to examine any type of tissue - from soft to bone.

Why is it important to use computed tomography to diagnose cancer? Because the device will show the formation of any size - up to several millimeters. Thanks to such a detailed diagnosis, the oncologist has a unique opportunity to clarify the diagnosis and prescribe the right treatment. The CT scan price in Delhi varies according to the type of CT scan that is to be conducted.

The effectiveness of computed tomography has been proven in the study of such systems and organs as:

  • Lungs, bronchi;
  • Brain;
  • Pelvic organs;
  • Spine and other parts of the skeleton;
  • Blood vessels;
  • Skin integument, subcutaneous tissue;
  • Abdominal organs;
  • Lymph nodes.

When is computed tomography prescribed?

The CT method is effective in examining most organs and systems of the human body. Indications for examination are many pathological changes. So, it is necessary to carry out:

Brain tomography under the assumption of hemorrhagic stroke, vascular pathologies, neoplasms in the brain and meninges, hematomas (with the specification of their location). If the patient has a history of malformation or vascular aneurysm, CT scan is necessary. Before undergoing a CT scan, it is good to know the CT scan cost in south Delhi first.

  • CT of the head (cranial box) - in case of severe contusion, developmental abnormality, skull fracture, suspected cyst and other formation. The picture will allow the doctor to assess the patient’s condition and help to decide on the need for surgical intervention.
  • Computed tomography of the larynx, nose - if there is concern about the presence of a tumor, chronic sinusitis, and inflammation of the lacrimal flows.
  • Tomography of the lungs - to determine the presence of focal and pathological neoplasms, pneumonia, emphysema, etc.
  • CT of the chest - with suspected pathology in the organs located in the chest cavity: pleura, lungs, bronchi, esophagus, heart, lymph nodes.
  • Computed tomography of the spine - in difficult cases, to clarify the diagnosis. Indications for CT - scoliosis, trauma, osteoporosis, leg pain, intervertebral hernia, damage to the vertebrae and discs, osteochondrosis.
  • Tomography of the abdominal cavity - to determine the presence of cysts and their size, pancreatitis, blood clots, inflammation, appendicitis, fluid accumulation, pathological changes. This examination is indispensable for suspected neoplasms.
  • CT of the joints (shoulder, hip, knee) - to determine the cause of pain in the joint during movement, the accumulation of fluid in it. Such a study is carried out when the patient is suspected of developing arthrosis, arthritis, as well as to determine the degree of pathological changes in the joints.
  • Computer tomography of the genitourinary system - with suspected cancer in the bladder, kidneys.
  • CT of the intestine - to establish the cause of the problems in this organ.
What Is fMRI And When It Is Performed?

MRI was an important development in radiology because computed tomography was very successful in imaging hard tissues such as bone, but computed tomography was difficult and difficult to visualize, and the image quality was poor. Thanks to MRI technology, soft tissues such as the brain, heart, digestive system organs and kidneys become much well visualized.

fmri

When do we want to see hard tissues? Because, in cases that can cause head trauma, such as traffic accidents, good visualization of hard tissues such as bone allows us to detect fractures.

When do we want to see soft tissues? In cases that affect brain tissue such as tumour or stroke, visualizing the soft tissue of the brain allows us to diagnose these conditions. MRI is a must. Methods such as functional MR (fMRI), which emerged in MRI test labs in Delhi with the development of standard MR methods, have enabled many groundbreaking studies in neuroscience.

A standard MRI film is similar to a series of photos taken and gives a snapshot of the person, for example, the brain, just as it was taken. Thanks to real-time MRI, we can now see it as a video, not just a snapshot.

In what cases are fMRIs performed?

  1. Firstly, for purely scientific purposes: this is a study of the functioning of the normal brain and its functional asymmetry. This technique has revived the interest of researchers in mapping brain functions: without resorting to invasive interventions, you can see which areas of the brain are responsible for a particular process. Perhaps the biggest breakthrough was made in understanding higher cognitive processes, including attention, memory, and executive functions. Such studies have allowed the use of fMRI for practical purposes, far from medicine and neuroscience (as a lie detector, in marketing research, etc.).
  2. Secondly, fMRI begins to be actively used in practical medicine, in particular, for preoperative mapping of the main functions (motor, speech) before neurosurgical interventions for volumetric formations of the brain or incurable epilepsy. As a rule, motor zones for arms and legs, tongue, and speech zones are assessed: their presence, location relative to the lesion, the presence of homologs in the healthy hemisphere, compensatory activation enhancement in the opposite hemisphere of the large brain or secondary zones. This information helps neurosurgeons to assess the risk of postoperative neurological deficit, choose the most convenient and least traumatic access, and suggest the volume of resection.
  3. Thirdly, researchers are also trying to introduce fMRI into routine clinical practice in various neurological and mental illnesses. The main goal of numerous works in this field is to assess changes in the functioning of the brain in response to damage to one or another of its parts - loss and (or) switching of zones, their displacement, etc., as well as dynamic observation of the restructuring of activation zones in response to ongoing medication therapy and (or) rehabilitation measures. Ultimately, fMRI studies conducted by MRI scan center in New Delhi on patients of various categories can help determine the prognostic value of various options for functional restructuring of the cortex to restore impaired functions and develop optimal treatment algorithms.
What Are The Causes Of Chest Pain?

Pain in the chest is one of the most important symptoms of a number of diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Chest pains can be caused by pathology not only of the heart, but also of other organs and tissues of the chest, and also caused by diseases of the abdominal organs.

causes-of-chest-pain

Timely differential diagnosis of chest pain requires a doctor with sufficient theoretical knowledge and knowledge of the methods for examining patients at the CT scan centre. Chest pain may appear in a previously healthy person for the first time in their life.

In other cases, the patient develops pains of a different nature than before, and this may be due to the progression of an existing disease or the appearance of its complications.

The most important characteristics for differential diagnosis of chest pain: factors that provoke pain, localization of pain, duration, depth, circumstances of pain relief, as well as some other specific features of the pain syndrome. You should first know the chest CT scan cost in Delhi, before going to have a CT scan.

Provocative factors

When collecting an anamnesis, it is necessary to determine the dependence of the occurrence of pain on various circumstances and situations in which the pain begins to bother the patient or intensifies.

  • With an attack of angina pectoris, pain often occurs during exercise.
  • Pain characteristic of pericarditis occurs with a change in body position and deep breathing.
  • For pleural pain with pneumonia, pneumothorax, pleurisy, a connection with breathing is also characteristic.
  • With peptic ulcer and esophageal reflux, the relationship of pain with food intake (on an empty stomach), time of day (at night), and body position (lying) is important.
  • With esophagospasm, chest pain often occurs during exercise or after a cold drink, but can also be spontaneous.
  • Pain in vertebral hernias is often aggravated by movement of the head and neck and palpation, which is also characteristic of musculoskeletal pain.

 Pain localization

The sternal pain localization characteristic of IHD is also observed in diseases of the esophagus, in case of hyperventilation, and pulmonary hypertension. Against the background of the pathology of the gastrointestinal tract, pains are often localized in the lower part of the sternum and in the epigastrium. Pain with stratified aortic aneurysm often radiates to the back or lumbar region.

The basic principles of medical tactics for acute chest pain

  • With any nature of the pain syndrome, an electrocardiographic study is performed to exclude the most formidable pathology - acute myocardial infarction.
  • Patients who are in doubt about the diagnosis, aged over 40 - 50 years old with intense pain in the chest (even atypical nature of angina pectoris), before the diagnosis is clarified, it is advisable to be hospitalized,

In all cases, it is necessary to strive for the maximum removal of the pain syndrome. Naturally, the relief of pain is carried out taking into account its pathogenesis and should be only part of the complex therapy of a known or suspected underlying disease.

Prostate Ultrasound With Biopsy

Prostate ultrasound with biopsy is an examination aimed at drawing up a diagnosis in relation to the state of the prostate following the manifestation of certain disorders including urination difficulties, a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder, burning, etc.

ultrasound-with-biopsy

This diagnostic test is invasive in that the prostate gland is located behind the bladder and needs to be examined to make it visible to the ultrasound system through a cannula that fits into the anus.

The reasons why prostate ultrasound test in Delhi is required with biopsy are different and among these are the high PSA values, the early diagnosis of prostate cancer, the control that is generally carried out after the age of 50 for preventive purposes, to investigate the possible causes of infertility in which prostatic activity is also connected.

The biopsy, that is the taking of a small quantity of tissues to be analysed histologically, becomes necessary when the presence of cells that could lead to a diagnosis of cancer is suspected, following the alteration of the value relative to the PSA, an acronym that is for "prostate specific antigen", but also after observing new growths during a rectal exploration.

Before the prostatic ultrasound with biopsy it is necessary that the patient prepares in time and in this he is followed by the urologist. It is necessary to take antibiotic therapy against potential infections in biopsy a few days before and suspend all those drugs that could interfere with blood coagulation. The suspension times are always related to the dispositions of the urologist in relation to the age and the concomitant pathologies presented by the same patient.

For the particularity of the execution of the prostate ultrasound test in Delhi it is good to have the bladder full that is to avoid going to the bathroom at least an hour before, and not to be fasting. The best view of the prostate requires that the canal be cleaned of any remaining stools. To do this it is necessary to perform an enema at least 3 hours before the diagnostic examination or, alternatively, to use glycerine suppositories both the previous evening and in the morning.

Of course, while this test is taking place, the patient will be naked and curled up in a foetal position with the legs drawn towards the chest.

Prostate ultrasound with biopsy involves local anaesthesia that affects both the superficial tissues and the area near the prostate so that the patient feels the least discomfort possible. The anesthetic is injected into the perineal area between the anus and the scrotum and in the following days it is possible for a small hematoma to appear which is reabsorbed within a short time.

Prostatic ultrasonography with biopsy is then carried out transrectally, then introducing a suitably covered probe with a latex glove sprinkled with a lubricating gel liquid, which relieves discomfort in the walls of the rectum.

For biopsy with a prostate ultrasound first the doctor performs a manual rectal inspection and then uses a thin catheter through which a sort of needle is inserted that will take the tissues to be analyzed in various areas of the gland, so as to have a significant sample. All this in conjunction with ultrasound that serves to visualize the affected area.

FAQ About Prostate Ultrasound

When for clinical purposes it is necessary to verify and monitor the health conditions of the prostate gland, it is essential to rely on a prostate ultrasound. This diagnostic test is performed by an ultrasound probe, and allows to identify any changes due to an ongoing disease. The pathological processes, in fact, can alter the size of the gland, but also its shape.

prostate-ultrasound-faq

How to perform prostate ultrasound

To carry out prostate ultrasound scans, an ultrasound probe of appropriate size is needed, bearing in mind that this is an examination that is carried out transrectally. In other words, the probe is inserted into the rectum, and allows images on high-frequency sound waves to be displayed on a connected screen.

The examination itself is not painful, but it is still possible to feel a certain discomfort or a particular discomfort when the probe is introduced into the rectum. The ultrasound scan is based on images that are provided in real time by devices that are equipped with transducers capable of optimizing ultrasound tissue penetration, by virtue of specific frequency ranges of these ultrasounds. At the end of the ultrasound study, the images that have been generated are recorded in digital format so that they can become part of the patient's medical record.

How to prepare for a prostate ultrasound?

Prostate ultrasound test in Delhi, therefore, is a very important exam: also for this reason it is essential that it be carried out by a professional with proven competence. The most suitable specialist to deal with is the medical radiologist. The patient is made to lie down on a bed on one side, usually the right one, and is invited to assume a fetal position, with the knees flexed. Before the probe is inserted, the doctor takes care of performing a rectal exploration with the fingers, also to track down any mechanical impediments that could make the introduction difficult.

How long does a prostate ultrasound last?

It takes at most ten minutes to complete a prostate ultrasound, which also has the merit of guaranteeing an instant report. The only shrewdness required of the patient consists in undergoing, more or less 3 or 4 hours before the examination, an enema, so that during the investigation the rectal ampulla is completely empty. Instead, the bladder must be full: for this reason the patient must not pee before the exam, while he is invited to drink a lot, as long as he avoids fizzy drinks. It should be kept in mind that, with bleeding hemorrhoids or anal fissures, an ultrasound cannot be performed.

Why we need a prostate ultrasound?

With prostate ultrasound test in Delhi it is possible to verify that the gland is in an optimal state of health. The ultrasound scan, therefore, can be carried out as a control test, in normal conditions, or to proceed with assessments made necessary by the finding of specific symptoms, such as a benign prostatic hypertrophy or prostatitis. Sometimes, it may happen that a digito-rectal control exam raises doubts about the condition of the gland, and therefore causes an ultrasound to be requested.

How often should you undergo a prostate ultrasound?

Transrectal prostate ultrasound in elderly men should be considered a routine examination, and should therefore be performed on a regular basis. For young people, however, it is only necessary if there is a concrete suspicion. As we have said, the examination serves to find possible changes in the gland, perhaps early: it is not certain that a normal urological clinical examination will make it possible to verify these alterations, just as one cannot rely solely on the symptomatology, which in most cases of the cases is non-specific, if not absent. Sometimes, the prostate increases in size following an inflammatory prostatitis that may have been caused by drug therapy.

Ultrasound Diagnosis Of Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy

The term "ectopic pregnancy" or "extrauterine" is defined as the pathological condition in which the implantation of the fertilized egg takes place in locations other than the uterine cavity. The recognition by pregnancy ultrasound and early treatment of this condition can help preserve the possibility of future pregnancies.

ectopic-pregnancy

What is ectopic pregnancy?

When the nesting takes place outside the uterus we talk about an extrauterine pregnancy (tubal pregnancy, ovarian pregnancy, abdominal pregnancy); instead, "ectopic intrauterine pregnancy" is defined when the implantation takes place inside the uterus but in an improper place, as in the case of the implant in the cervical canal (cervical pregnancy) or at the level of the tubal ostium (corneal pregnancy).

What are the causes of ectopic pregnancy?

Tubar pregnancies - the most common type of ectopic pregnancy, equal to about 95% of the total - take place when

The descent of the fertilized egg towards the uterus is delayed or deviated (due to anatomical lesions, inflammatory lesions, congenital tubal alterations, endometriosis or alterations of the pelvic anatomy due to previous surgical operations).

The development of the fertilized egg is accelerated so that it reaches the degree of maturity necessary for the implant when it is still in the tuba.

The underlying causes of other forms of extrauterine pregnancy can mostly be traced to the same factors as tubal pregnancy. Sometimes the cause is unknown.

What are the symptoms of ectopic pregnancy?

If the pregnancy is initial (4 ^ -6 ^ week), the patient is often asymptomatic. The suspicion of the presence of an ectopic pregnancy is therefore given by the presence of a positive pregnancy test without the visualization of the gestational chamber inside the uterine cavity. Blood losses are almost constantly present in cases of ectopic pregnancy. In cases of more advanced pregnancy, which involves the progressive erosion of the tube up to the rupture, to vaginal bleeding, it is accompanied by important pelvic and / or abdominal pain. In the most serious cases, that is when the tuba breaks, the consistent blood loss in the abdomen (hemoperitoneum) can lead to dizziness and fainting up to a real state of shock.

How to prevent ectopic pregnancy?

An ectopic pregnancy cannot be prevented, but some risk factors can be reduced. Among the virtuous behaviors that it is good to adopt, limit the number of sexual partners and use condoms during sexual intercourse, in order to prevent sexually transmitted infections and reduce the risk of developing conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease.

The ultrasound test of suspected ectopic pregnancy is essentially carried out by:

Analysis of the blood value and changes of the HCG hormone (pregnancy hormone).

Transvaginal and trans-abdominal ultrasonography, which make it possible to exclude the presence of a gestational chamber in the uterine cavity and to visualize pregnancy in an ectopic location. Ultrasound also allows the recognition of blood effusions in the pelvic and / or abdominal area.

Treatments

Ectopic pregnancy can be treated:

In early cases, without any therapy (spontaneous resolution) or through a medical therapy based on methotrexate (a chemotherapy that prevents the cellular growth of pregnancy).

In the most advanced or symptomatic cases, or when drug therapy has failed, through laparoscopic surgery. Depending on the case, the affected tube (salpingectomy) is removed or only the ectopic pregnancy is removed.

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