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IUD and Magnetic Resonance

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a test that is done on a large device that uses a magnetic field and energy pulses of radio waves to make pictures of the organs and structures inside the abdomen. In many cases, MRI test in east Delhi provides information about body structures that cannot be seen as well with an x-ray, ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) scan.

To start with, it is worth recalling that an IUD is an intrauterine device made of T-shaped plastic that is usually covered with copper. The IUS is a device, similar to the IUD, adding the function of releasing hormones containing levonorgestrel to prevent pregnancy. The IUD / IUS must be implanted inside the woman's uterus through the vagina, is a fast and straightforward procedure. It is the most frequently used reversible contraceptive method in the world.

Most IUDs are composed of plastic with copper wire or fixed with copper strips, while some also have a central core of silver to prevent the fragmentation of copper, and even some minimal part composed of stainless steel. Tests performed, evaluating the interactions of the magnetic field and the heating of the IUD in 3.0 Tesla’s equipment indicate that these objects are safe for patients, not suffering any displacement, artifact or heating.

The IUD is made from non-metallic materials that include polyethylene, barium sulfate (i.e., which makes it opaque to radiation), and silicone. Therefore, it is safe for patients undergoing MRI tests in all intensities of static magnetic fields.

All the publications, reports, studies and articles used for the publication of this entry show that the performance of Magnetic Resonance tests in women carrying an IUD / IUS is safe. There is no risk of movement or displacement of the IUD if a woman with an IUD undergoes an MRI.

However, it is recommended by MRI scan centers in East Delhi that, before performing the MRI, the technician is informed that he/she will perform the test of being an IUD carrier.

If you are interested in whether it is possible to do an MRI with crowns, you need to understand that mainly inert metals are used in dentistry. They do not respond to a magnetic field. Is it possible to do MRI with crowns, if you plan to examine the spine or joints of the arms and legs, pelvis, abdomen? Of course, yes, in this case, the metal will not be affected.

If the crowns are made of gold, copper alloys or steel with gold plating, the images are obtained with certain interference. Therefore, if the patient was engaged in the installation a long time ago when these materials were the most popular, the answer to the question “Is it possible to do MRI with crowns?” Is an answer, but the quality of the images may be poor.

Diagnostic Tests, a Picture is Worth a Thousand Words

Everyone has ever expected good news or bad news from the doctor while watching an image in a powerful white light. What is really expected is a diagnosis to which the healthcare professional arrives by using a photograph of the inside of our body. This procedure refers to diagnostic imaging tests.

For more than a hundred years, these techniques have evolved both in the field of nuclear medicine and in the radiological field where differentiating tests such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance, which do not use radiation, and tests such as radiography, scanner and mammography, which does use x-rays.

An image that can save lives

When you go to the Diagnostic Lab in Delhi with a pain in the only thing you think is in the nuisance that generates, hoping that the doctor to say "this is, take this other, and you will feel better.

However, finding the solution is not so easy, since the ailment is not associated with a certain test but rather the doctor selects the diagnostic scan for the image he wants based on the clinical suspicion he has.

Diagnostic radiology imaging tests are:

Radiography: It is a technique with which a diagnosis is achieved through the shades of gray that are observed in the image of a certain anatomical area, by placing it between a photographic plate and an emitter of a minimum amount of ionizing radiation.

The image of X-ray the people have is the broken bone; in their understanding, it is much more complicated. So, the use of X-ray relies on what the doctor wants to notice.

Ultrasound: after applying an always cold transmitting gel, the transducer or instrument that is placed on the area to be studied, emits ultrasound waves whose echo is transformed by the computer into a two-dimensional or three-dimensional image.

Although ultrasound is traditionally associated with fetal controls during pregnancy, it is also the main diagnostic method for imaging the heart or one of the most important tests for the study of the brain of newborns.

The ultrasound is done to see many things: the stones of the gallbladder and kidney, the study of the liver or muscle injuries among other things.

CT, scanner or computerized tomography: In this diagnostic test X-rays are used to generate cross-sectional images of our body, reconstructed by powerful computers from the information sent by the radiation receptors.

Magnetic resonance: normally when this Diagnostic Test in Delhiis performed, the patient is prevented from possessing any metallic element, since magnetic resonance generates dozens of images or cuts of our anatomy through the use of magnetic fields and radiofrequency waves.

Undergo these tests, an informed confidence

Depending on your suspicions about the patient's illness, the doctor can order one or the other of the diagnostic imaging tests analyzed. However, within them, those that can affect the health of the patient by the use of ionizing radiation are radiography, the scanner, and mammography.

The probabilistic effects of these tests, which suppose a greater probability of suffering cancer the greater the received radiation, cannot make forget their benefits, which can improve the health of the patient and even save his life, in exchange for a minimum dose of radiation.

Doppler ultrasound of the lower extremities

Doppler ultrasound of the lower extremities is a special method that allows a non-invasive method to examine the blood flow in the veins of the legs. This kind of examination is painless, quick and easy. These characteristics allow ultrasound Doppler sonography of the vessels of the lower extremities, even for children. After all, it does not deliver discomfort to the baby.

Since color Doppler test of the lower extremities is a method with which you can monitor the correct functioning of the circulatory system, the procedure allows you to detect a lot of disorders and possible pathologies.

Doppler ultrasound of the lower extremities gives the opportunity to see:

  • Presence of vascular damage in the early stages.
  • The development of compression lumen in the arteries assesses its scope and significance.
  • In what condition are the walls of blood vessels: whether there is a change in tone, decrease or increase in pressure, violations of elasticity?
  • Does the condition of the veins and arteries of the legs normal?
  • As a result of the ultrasound of veins, you get a complete picture of how even the blood flow is, whether there are changes and disturbances in the system, what nature they have, and what can cause the development of pathologies.
  • Any research manipulations are not assigned without a cause; vein Doppler sonography is no exception. Various indications are an alarming sign about the possible need for a survey.

Doppler vein of the lower extremities is useful for:

People who have found atherosclerosis in the arteries and veins in the body. If a person is diagnosed with atherosclerosis, which is not found in the vessels of the legs, you should still undergo an additional examination to exclude his appearance in the limbs.

With pain in the calf muscles. As you know, pain does not appear just like that. The presence of pain or cramps can talk about violations of the circulatory system, requiring diagnosis.

Patients who observe swelling and redness of the limbs, or vice versa the legs get cold, and the skin turns blue. The presence of these symptoms may be due to the development of atherosclerosis or the appearance of an inflammatory process in the vessels.

With the manifestation of varicose veins and vascular nodes. In this case, the USDG of the veins of the lower extremities is prescribed for the initial examination and as a diagnosis immediately before the surgical intervention.

Doppler application

The techniques are used for the differential (distinguishing) diagnosis of organic pathology (when there are real changes in organs and tissues) and mental disorders (when such changes are minimal or absent). Ultrasound is safe for the patient.

With the help of Doppler ultrasound In Delhi, vascular disorders can be identified. For example, you can diagnose their abnormalities, atherosclerotic plaques, blood supply deficiency, which cause the following symptoms:

  • Noise in the head;
  • Bouts of pain like a migraine (pain in one half of the head), as well as continuous cluster headache;
  • Short-term loss of consciousness (also called syncopal states);
  • Fainting and pre-unconscious sensations;
  • Deterioration of health in response to changes in atmospheric pressure and other meteorological conditions.

What is a Fetal Ultrasound ?

Ultrasound examination is a type of examination, which is carried out on a particular apparatus - a sonograph, which radiates high-frequency waves. This analysis allows determining the presence of pathologies of various organs.

Since ultrasound is one of the safest types of research, it can be used to examine pregnant women. In the period of gestation, up to 5 planned ultrasound examinations can be performed at various times, measured in weeks:

  1. At 5-7 week: allows you to diagnose the presence of pregnancy
  2. At 11–13: the development of the fetus, the presence or absence of pathologies, the state of the placenta is assessed
  3. At 19-21: the size of the fetus, the development of its heart, the presence of amniotic fluid in the placenta, and the sex of the baby are determined
  4. 32–34: important here are the parameters such as the degree of umbilical cord development, weight, and size of the fetus, commensurability of the size of the birth canal and the head of the baby

Before childbirth (during the first contractions or at the time of discharge of amniotic fluid): with such an ultrasound, the probability of complications during childbirth is determined.

Doppler ultrasound cost allows us to consider the structure of the circulatory system of the fetus and the presence of pathologies in it, as well as blood flow velocity and impaired functioning of the placenta. The vessels are displayed on the ultrasound results in different colors. This analysis is recommended to apply on the 12th or 20th week of carrying a child.

4D ultrasound of the fetal organs shows a spatial image in real time. So you can see and evaluate the correctness of the internal organs of the fetus. If a pregnant woman has lower abdominal pain or bleeding, the doctor may prescribe an unscheduled ultrasound scan to prevent complications.

Interpretation of ultrasound of the fetus

To interpret the results of the ultrasound, special tables of values are used, since the parameters of the fetus at different stages of its development differ.

The main criteria are:

The quality of the development of the placenta:

  • Maturity
  • How is it attached?
  • The general state of development
  • Thickness
  • Amniotic fluid volume
  • The size of the unborn child

Ultrasound test price in Noida allows identifying such pathologies in the development of the fetus, such as:

  • Down syndrome - this disease occurs due to the presence of an extra chromosome in the genome, which causes developmental delays and other disruptions in the functioning of the body.
  • Anencephaly- characterized by a complete or partial absence of the cerebral hemispheres and skull bones
  • Heart disease - a congenital disability of the myocardial wall, as well as large vessels
  • Spina bifida (including myelomeningocele and others) - the state of the spine, which is characterized by incomplete closure of the neural tube in the partially unformed spinal cord (spina bifida); with this form of the disease, as myelomeningocele, the brain and nerve roots exit to the outside (hernia of the spinal cord)
  • Hydrocephalus - excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal (cerebrospinal) fluid in the cranial cavity
  • Contamination (atresia) of the duodenum - characterized by the absence of a lumen in one of the sections of the intestine

It is important to remember that regular passage of prophylactic ultrasounds during pregnancy will help identify possible pathologies and work out effective treatment tactics.

The Complete Process of Abdomen Ultrasound

Abdominal ultrasound is a non-invasive diagnostic method that allows the assessment of the situation of all organs and blood vessels in the abdominal area. By sending specific images, in fact, it is possible to evaluate the state of health of some organs of the abdominal part, including the shape, structure and size of the various parts. Furthermore, with the integration of Doppler, more information can be obtained (through additional sound or visual indicators) regarding the circulation inside the blood vessels.

From the complete abdomen ultrasound, we can distinguish:

  • Upper abdominal ultrasound, which involves organs such as the liver, spleen, pancreas, gallbladder, biliary tract, kidneys, adrenals and lymph nodes of that area;
  • Lower abdominal ultrasound, which affects the bladder, uterus, prostate and appendages.

When one is preparing to resort to this examination, it is essential to distinguish between the ultrasounds of the ultrasound probe, completely harmless, from the radiation used during an X-ray, which is decidedly more invasive and dangerous.

How abdominal ultrasound cost in Delhi occurs?

To perform a proper abdominal ultrasound, the doctor must distribute on the affected area a quantity of gel that allows the probe to slide easily on the patient's skin and to transmit deeply the ultrasounds emitted. This probe sends the ultrasound images of the affected area, allowing a careful diagnosis to be carried out in a non-invasive way.

During this examination, the patient is lying on his back or, possibly, in a lateral position on the examination table.

The complete abdomen ultrasound takes about 20-30 minutes and costs quite little. Generally it is not painful, except for some isolated cases during which the patient feels a slight annoyance; this only occurs if the abdominal ultrasound is performed on an already inflamed area.

Why is it done, what it is used for and what is not needed whole abdomen ultrasound price?

This type of ultrasound is useful for analyzing the situation of the individual organs of the abdominal area; it is therefore fundamental to diagnose various possible pathologies. Among these, all the diseases affecting the single organs mentioned above and other problems, such as: liver diseases (such as hepatitis or cirrhosis), tumor forms, cysts, abscesses, venous and arterial changes, changes in wall thickness intestinal, as well as the presence of fluid internally and externally the abdominal cavity.

The examination does not present contraindications and, in cases of necessity, it can also be performed at home.

How to prepare for abdominal ultrasound?

In the case in which only the ultrasound of the lower abdomen is performed, it is not necessary to follow a specific diet; it is important, however, to drink plenty of natural water in the two hours before the exam. The bladder must be moderately relaxed; it would be optimal, therefore, if the patient did not urinate in the last 3-5 hours. In case this effort is not possible, it is recommended to drink a few glasses of water in the last hour before the exam.

When Do I Need to Undergo PET CT Scan ?

Computed tomography occupies a leading position in the field of visualization diagnostics. Using this method, you can select the contours, shape, and position of the tumor in the body. Positron emission tomography (PET) provides information on the metabolic activity of the tumor, in many cases accurately detect the tissue affected by cancer and confirm the effectiveness of chemotherapy.

These two processes are combined in a unique method of accurate diagnosis and tumor localization. PEC-CT can act as a tool for deciding whether surgery or chemotherapy is necessary. Using this method, you can accurately determine the size, position, activity, and area of spread of neoplastic disease. It combines the advantages of two different technologies in one device.

Benefits of PET-CT

In one session of the survey, you can determine the presence of metastases in the human body.

Immediately after the start of chemotherapy, you can determine its effectiveness. If sugar consumption in the area of cancer or metastasis is reduced, then cancer treatment is effective. If sugar consumption remains high, then it is possible at the initial stage to switch to other methods of treatment and thereby increase the chances of cure.

In the course of subsequent treatment, this diagnostic method allows to determine the possible residues of a tumor or the formation of new metastases or to exclude their presence.

You will receive an accurate diagnosis in time for an early stage of the disease. This is very important because the timely start of treatment is crucial for the treatment of cancer.

When do I need to undergo PET?

The PET CT scan method is used primarily in the diagnosis of cancer, such as cancer of the esophagus, lung or thyroid, head, and neck, including malignant lymphadenopathy (malignant lymphomas). With the help of PET-CT is determined by the focus of cancer lesions. Also, the examination reveals the degree of malignancy of the tumor and the stage of the disease. This is very important for the selection of a suitable treatment method, including the elimination of unnecessary therapeutic measures.

During or immediately after the end of treatment against cancer, the PET-CT method allows to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment. Also, PET is used to diagnose diseases of the heart and nervous system. The areas of application include, above all, the definition or exclusion of stitches before heart bypass surgery, as well as in dementia.

How is the examination?

For the examination, a small amount of a short-lived radioactive drug is administered to the patient. The patient lies comfortably on his back, if possible not moving. The medical couch gradually passes through a rather wide opening in the apparatus. The PET scanner is silent. The examination is performed using a PET scanner, which visually resembles a Computed Tomography (CT).

That is, it is not a narrow tunnel as in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). During the examination, the PET CT scan camera takes phased shots of the entire body. A computer connected to the camera analyzes the received data and outputs a complex image. It shows how the radioactive substance has spread throughout the body.

The examination time is from 20 to 45 minutes. After that, the obtained images are reconstructed on a computer to obtain the final result of the analysis. Sometimes, for a better examination of the epigastric region, an antispasmodic is introduced into the body to suspend the active activity of the colon.

Kidney Cancer and CT Scan- Know the Connection

Kidney cancer, also known as adenocarcinoma or renal cell carcinoma, hypernephroma or renal cancer, is twice as frequent in men as in women, and as specified in the latest report. Kidney cancer is twice as common in men as in women and CT is usually the best method for its detection

For its efficient detection, the Computed Tomography (CT) is generally the best method (as well as it is to detect tumors of the lung, liver or pancreas, among others), since the image provided by this imaging technique allows the doctor to confirm the presence of a tumor, measure its size, identify its exact location and at the same time determine the extent it has on other nearby tissues.

Also, the CAT can be used not only to detect cancer in the kidneys, but to detect if they suffer the following:

  • Tumors or other injuries.
  • Obstructions such as kidney stones.
  • Abscesses (infection and inflammation of the tissue of the organism characterized by swelling and pus accumulation).
  • Polycystic kidney disease.
  • Birth defects.

How to prevent kidney cancer?

There are some guidelines you can follow to prevent kidney cancer, such as:

  • Do not smoke, since tobacco represents a high percentage of cases of kidney cancer.
  • Eating a balanced diet: obesity and high blood pressure are also risk factors for kidney cancer.
  • Avoid exposure in the workplace to harmful substances such as cadmium and organic solvents.
  • It is advisable to perform an abdominal ultrasound every four or five years after age 40 in those cases with a family history of this type of cancer.

What are the risks in a CT Scan Cost of the kidneys?

If you see yourself identified with some of the following situations, it is essential that you notify the professional to avoid risks and proceed with the diagnosis through other techniques:

If you regularly take certain medications for diabetes, you may be at risk of developing metabolic acidosis (one of the acid-base balance disorders).

People with kidney disease are more likely to have kidney damage after exposure to contrast dye from a CT scan.

If you are allergic or sensitive to medications, contrast dyes, local anesthesia, iodine or latex, let them know before performing a CT scan.

In pregnant patients, radiation from CT can cause risks and negative effects on the fetus.

How is computed tomography used in oncology?

CT is used in oncology in many different ways:

  • To detect growth abnormal of tissue
  • To help diagnose the presence of a tumor
  • To get information about the stage of a cancer
  • To determine exactly where to perform (ie, guide) a biopsy procedure
  • To guide some local treatments, such as cryotherapy, radiofrequency ablation and the implantation of radioactive seeds
  • To help plan external beam radiotherapy or surgery
  • To determine if a cancer reacts to treatment
  • To detect the return (recurrence) of a tumor

The CT scan is painless. However, staying on the table in one position during the procedure can be a bit uncomfortable. The duration of a CT procedure depends on the size of the body area being scanned, but in general it only lasts from a few minutes to a half hour. For most people, CT is given on an outpatient basis in an CT scan Lab, without staying in the hospital at night.

Is there Any Difference Between 3D Ultrasound and 4D Ultrasound?

Many people wonder what the difference between 3D ultrasound and 4D ultrasounds is! Initially, these techniques based on ultrasound were limited to 2D. Technological advances now allow exploration 3 and 4d. A 3D ultrasound is a scanner that produces a three-dimensional image similar to a photograph, rather than a cross-sectional image obtained in a 2D scan. A 4D scanner is the term of the technique used. A 4D scan means that instead of just getting an image, you get a video. In a 4D scan, the actions of the fetus are visible in real time. In simple terms, a 3D ultrasound is an image, and 4D ultrasounds are videos showing movement.

Is it safe for mother and baby?

The biological effects and the safety of ultrasound techniques have received considerable attention in recent years. Several research articles, textbooks, and institutional documents have been published. The American Institute of Medicine in Ultrasound (AIUM) has stated that significant biological effects have not been independently recorded. Also, no risk has been identified with the use of ultrasound diagnostics in humans.

Do I have to see a doctor before the visit?

Yes of course. You are required to visit a Ultrasound Lab and a medical diagnostic ultrasound of your fetus before visiting the ultrasound center.

What is the best time to have a 4D/3D ultrasound?

It is recommended that you do your 4D/3D ultrasound after 16 weeks. From 16 to 20 weeks is the best time to see the whole body, but the face will not be fully formed. From week 24 the baby's face will be more developed, but it is not easy that the whole body cannot be observed. We will see the different parts of the body in separate sections.

What can I do to maximize my chances of having a clear picture?

The clarity and quality of the images of 4D ultrasounds depend both on the sonographer and on several factors that are beyond the control. These factors include, but are not limited to a percentage of body fat of the pregnant mother, position of the fetus, age, position of the placenta, etc.

To maximize the chances of obtaining good images in 4D the pregnant mother can do three simple things: (1) hydrate, taking infusions during pregnancy, fruit or drinking more (at least three days before your appointment), (2) getting a good night's rest before your appointment, and (3) eating something sweet 10 to 20 minutes before your appointment. Although these things are not going to guarantee a good ultrasound session, the possibilities will increase. Always check with your doctor before taking any of these assessments.

The 4D ultrasound in Delhi are increasingly popular, to the point that most pregnant women get a raise to try to know what their baby before seeing it in person. Anyway, we must also recognize that a large number of couples still do not know what this new technology can offer unique and consider whether the differences between a 3D/4D echo are significant enough to decide to do it.

How to Determine the Prices of MRI Test Scan?

The magnetic resonance is a test more and more requested by the doctors since it offers fascinating information to know the organs and structures of the human body. It is a secure and painless test that does not use radiation, but powerful magnets and radio waves to produce images of the body.

It can be done in different parts of the body, with different objectives. Here are some of the most performed:

The lumbar spine resonance offers detailed images of this area, including bones, discs, and other structures of the lower back. It detects problems with bones (vertebrae), softtissues (such as the spinal cord), nerves and discs.

Cranial resonance allows detailed images of the brain and surrounding nerve tissues. It is performed by MRI test labs in Delhi to diagnose and monitor many diseases and disorders such as congenital anomaly of the brain, bleeding in the brain, brain tumors, multiple sclerosis or causes of headaches, among others.

With joint resonance, detailed images of joints, muscles or tissues are obtained.

The abdominal resonance offers detailed images of the abdominal area. It is usually done to examine the blood flow in the abdomen, the blood vessels in the abdomen, the cause of swelling or abdominal pain or lymph nodes in the abdomen.

Mammary resonance facilitates a detailed view of the breasts. It is used to pinpoint the location of the lesion when it is necessary to plan surgery, define its size or assess the characteristics of the lesion before starting chemotherapy treatment.

There are other types of magnetic resonances, such as cardiac, prostatic, trans rectal, magnetic resonance angiography or MRI for the study of cerebrospinal fluid.

The price of magnetic resonance is one of the most frequent doubts since it is also one of the most requested tests by doctors today. The price of MRI depends on the number of areas covered and the quality of the resonance. Likewise, when considering the price of magnetic resonance, we must take into account the advantages and disadvantages it has compared to other diagnostic tests. Let's see in detail all these elements that influence the price of magnetic resonance.

What is the price of an MRI?

The first thing you should keep in mind is that magnetic resonance imaging is a diagnostic test that is always performed under medical prescription, that is, it must be a specialist who asks for it. It is a safe test and does not cause any discomfort because it uses radio waves and magnets to make images of the part of the body that we need. It provides clear and clear information about the key organs and structures of the human body.

Also the MRI test cost in Noida may depend on whether the resonance is performed in a closed or open space (in the case of people suffering from claustrophobia or overweight), if it has high musculoskeletal precision, if it is High Field (cerebral, of neck, abdomen or spine), if it is articulated or of high double precision. Whenever it is more accurate or more than one area, the prices of the magnetic resonance will be higher.

When considering an MRI, and the price it has, you must take into account the duration of the test, which is usually between 30 and 60 minutes. To perform it, a medical prescription is necessary and fast for 6 hours before the test and do not bring any metal to the session, such as jewelry.

What is the Best Method to Detect Colorectal Cancer as Soon as Possible?

Patients with certain diseases or predisposing conditions can benefit from a surveillance program: early diagnosis or screening. It consists of performing a fecal occult blood test and a colonoscopy to diagnose the tumor at an early or early stage in people who do not have any symptoms and have certain risk factors.

The diagnostic process begins with a proper interrogation, in which the doctor will collect information about personal and family medical history, and a complete physical examination of all systems. The information obtained in both processes will help direct the type of complementary examinations that must be performed to complete the diagnosis.

Today we have a wide range of diagnostic methods or complementary tests aimed at diagnosing cancer:

Analytical: the hemogram can show if there is anemia, this being an indirect sign of bleeding. The blood biochemistry can guide on the function of organs like the liver or the kidney.

Stool test: This is a test to detect blood in the stool, which may indicate the presence of polyps or cancer.

Tumor markers: Tumor markers are substances that can often be discovered in higher than normal amounts in the blood, urine, or body tissues of some patients with certain types of cancer. It is important to consider that tumor markers can be normal in a patient with cancer and that not all tumors can produce an elevation of markers.

Colonoscopy: colonoscopy is the introduction of a device that has a light at the end and that allows to visualize the inside of the colon and rectum and take a biopsy if the observed lesions are required. With this technique, polyps can also be resected if they are not very large.

Radiological examinations:

Opaque enema: consists in the administration of a barium contrast for the year. This contrast shows the silhouette of color and straight. It can detect injuries of a certain size. If a complete colonoscopy has been performed, it is not necessary to perform an opaque enema.

Abdominal or abdominal-pelvic ultrasound: based on whole abdomen ultrasound price. It is useful to study the liver, to know if there is free fluid in the abdomen or to detect masses in the abdomen or pelvis.

Scanning (CT scan cost in Delhi NCR) of the thorax and abdomen: it provides information on local extension, if there are metastases in the liver, lung, etc.

Abdominal resonance: it is a technique different from CT, which is usually done when there are findings in the scanner that require complementary examinations. It is essential for the correct staging of rectal cancer.

Endoscopic ultrasound: it combines the endoscopic technique with an ultrasound transmitter and produces an image (ultrasound). It is very useful for the preoperative diagnosis of rectal cancer.

Positron emission tomography (PET CT scan): is a nuclear medicine test, which involves injecting a marked contrast with a radioactive substance and measuring the emission of particles called positrons giving a global view of the body and showing if there is disease.

Laparoscopy: is a technique that involves inserting an endoscope into the abdominal cavity, through holes that the surgeon makes in the abdominal wall. In rare cases this maneuver is reached for the sole purpose of establishing the diagnosis. It is usually used as a surgical technique to remove certain tumors in this area.

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