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CT Scans to Detect Lung Cancer in Smokers

A low-dose helical computed tomography (CT scan center in Noida) scan is a type of medical test. It is used to detect early signs of lung cancer. If the test detects cancer, treatment can start early.

However, the test is not beneficial for people who smoke little or those who quit smoking more than 15 years ago and is generally not recommended for people under 55 or over 80 years of age. Even people who smoke a lot receive only a small benefit from the test, so you should think twice before taking the test.

Who should consider an analysis for detection?

The CT scan cost in Delhi for lung cancer is usually reserved for people who have the highest risk of developing this cancer, such as the following:

·        Older adults who smoke or were smokers. The analysis for the detection of lung cancer, generally, is offered to people of 55 years or more who smoke or were smokers.

·        People who have smoked a lot for many years. You can consider an analysis to detect lung cancer if you have a history of smoking 1 packet per year for 30 years or more. The pack years are calculated by multiplying the number of packets of cigarettes you smoked per day and the number of years you smoked.

·        People who once smoked a lot but stopped smoking. If you smoked a lot for a long time but have quit smoking, you can consider an analysis for the detection of lung cancer.

·        People with good health in general. If you have serious health problems, you are less likely to benefit from the screening test for lung cancer and are more likely to experience complications in follow-up testing. For this reason, the screening for lung cancer is offered to people who are in good general health.

·        In general, screening is not recommended for those who have poor lung function or other serious conditions that could make surgery difficult. This could include people who need continuous oxygen administration, who have suffered thinning without apparent cause in the past year, who have recently shed blood when coughing or who have undergone chest computed tomography screening in the past year.

·        People with a history of lung cancer. If you have been treated for lung cancer for more than five years, you may consider having an analysis for lung cancer screening.

·        People who have other risk factors for lung cancer can be those who have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, those with a family history of lung cancer and those who are exposed to asbestos at work.

How long the analysis for detection should be continued?

Not all medical groups agree on how old you can consider stopping the test for lung cancer. In general, continue to perform the annual analysis for the detection of lung cancer until the time when you do not benefit from it, as when you manifest other serious conditions that may leave you too weak to undergo cancer treatment.

What is Breast Ultrasound?

Most women know that from a certain age it is very important to have regular breast exams. Prevention always plays a prominent role, but there are diseases that detect the existence of cancer cells in time and put a rapid treatment completely changes the evolution of them. This happens, for example, in the case of breast cancer.

In addition to the exploration that gynecologists perform in consultation, breast scan cost in Delhi and diagnostic tests are also fundamental as a method of screening, to know if everything is in perfect condition or should be alerted for some reason. The most common are breast ultrasound and mammography. But is the difference between the two known?

What is mammography?

Each one has its peculiarities. The most used for the early detection of breast cancer is mammography, both for asymptomatic women and for those who have lumps, nipple discharge or sinking. It is a technique that, through minimal radiation, shows images of the interior of the woman's breasts. It is so effective that it can show changes in the breast long before the doctor or patient notice it.

Although the protocol in the public health talks about starting to get mammograms from 50 years, it is recommended that from 40 women take this test every year. Obviously, in women with a history of breast or ovarian cancer, it is necessary to begin screening before that age.

The best time to get a breast scan cost in Delhi is one week after having had the period. In this way the days in which the breasts are more swollen and sensitive are avoided. It is also important to take the tests done in previous years, so that the radiologist can compare if the breast has undergone any variation.

What is a breast ultrasound?

Breast ultrasound is a test that examines the breast using ultrasound. The doctor can see the image of the patient's breasts through a small device called a transducer. By itself, this test is not usually sent as a test for cancer detection, but as a complement. However, in women with dense breasts, with less adipose tissue, the inclusion of an ultrasound in the protocol improves the detection of this disease.

It is a painless test that does not need any preparation, although it is usually recommended not to use any moisturizing lotion in the area or deodorant. This test is very effective in finding small tumors that have not yet spread to the lymph nodes. It distinguishes between a solid mass and a cyst and helps find a tumor when the nipple produces transparent or bloody secretions. It is also a method that is used in the case of being necessary to perform a breast biopsy, functioning as a guide.

Various Tests to Detect Lung Cancer

X-ray exam is used to determine if there are lung nodules. Then you have to determine if they are malignant.

The computed tomography of the thorax (CT scan chest cost in Delhi) is a method of imaging by X-rays, which is commonly used for the diagnosis of lung diseases and is the only proven to reduce the number of deaths per test lung cancer, associated with early detection of the disease. The chest CT is indicated in all patients in which a pulmonary pathology is being studied. In recent years, it has also been shown to be effective as a screening method in lung cancer, similar to mammography for breast cancer screening.

It is not an annoying examination and practically does not have risks, except those related to the minimum radiation exposure. The CT, basically takes many pictures of the inside of the body using x-rays, allows to examine in a few minutes the entire thoracic cavity, so, including the necessary preparation, takes between 15 and 30 minutes.

According to the specialist, it is recommended as a lung cancer screening to perform a normal initial chest CT scan and subsequently a low-contrast, no-dose chest CT scan in the follow-up studies.

Tests and studies to detect lung cancer

If your doctor thinks you might have lung cancer based on the results of a screening test or because of the symptoms you have, other tests and tests will be done to confirm the suspicion.

Medical history and physical examination

Your doctor will ask about your medical history to learn more about any symptoms you have and possible risk factors. You will also be tested for signs of lung cancer or other health problems.

If the results of the history and physical examination suggest that you may have lung cancer, more tests will be done.

Tests to detect lung cancer

Sputum cytology

For this test, a sample of mucus that coughs from the lungs (sputum) is examined under a microscope to determine if it contains cancer cells. The best way to do sputum cytology is to obtain the samples early in the morning for three consecutive days.

Chest x-ray

If you have symptoms that can cause lung cancer, the chest x-ray will often be the first study that the doctor will order. Simple chest x-rays can be done in imaging centers, hospitals, and even in some doctors' offices. If something looks suspicious, your doctor may order other tests.

Computed tomography

A CT (CT scan chest cost in Delhi) uses X- rays to produce detailed cross- sectional images of the body. Instead of taking a picture, like conventional radiography, CT scans take many pictures while a device rotates around you while you lie on a stretcher. Then, a computer combines these photographs to form cross sectional images of the part of the body being studied.

Lung tumors are more likely to be detected on computed tomography (CT) than on conventional chest radiographs. CT scans can also show the size, shape, and position of any tumor in the lung, and can help find enlarged lymph nodes that may contain cancer that has spread from the lung.

What is the CT Scan Cost in Delhi?

CT scan Cost Delhi depends upon the part and area of the body and numbers of pictures to be taken. Using CT scan you can diagnose many health problems such as:

·       Pain in abdomen

·       Kidney stones

·       Internal Injuries

·       Infections, blood clots

·       Heart, blood vessels, lungs disorders

·       Urinary tract, bladder, kidney, blockages etc

·       Prostate

·       Bones, joints for ex-wrist, knee, ankle, shoulders etc.

Let’s have a glimpse of some of the most common CT scans.

Mostly CT scan can be performed to detect the injury or disease in the brain. It is also used widely conducted to the abdomen which is known as an abdominal CT scan. A few other CT scans are:

·       CT scan of spleen

·       CT scan of an adrenal gland

·       CT scan of gallbladder and bile duct

·       Used to diagnose tumors in the pancreas

·       Used to diagnose cysts, inflammatory bowel, lung cancer

·       Used to detect bone density, bone disease and spinal disorders

CT scan can successfully diagnose almost every part of your body which is not possible in an ultrasound test that is used to diagnose blood flow and soft body tissues.

Do you know how CT scan diagnoses your body?

Moving X-rays are used in CT scan to examine different parts of your body. The machine produces several images by using x rays by creating a cross-sectional view of slices of body parts such as bones, soft tissues etc. A rotating tube sends X rays into a patient's body during CT scan at CT scan centre. CT scan uses several beams instead of a single beam as in X-ray machine. The moving X-rays create a picture which records on computer. It gives a more concise and detailed view that helps to detect injuries, bleeding and critical illness.

How do you prepare yourself for CT scan test?

It depends on which part of your body is going to be scanned at CT scan centre. Different preparations are needed for different organs.

·       You may be asked to take off your clothes or wear a medical gown provided by test lab if you are required to go for chest CT scan or abdominal CT scan.

·       You are requested to remove all kind of metals wearing on your body like the watch, jewelry, electronic devices and eyeglasses to prevent interface with x-rays.

·        You may be directed to make some special preparation if you are going through some medication.

·       Breastfeeding women ask to avoid breastfeeding for a day after CT scan and if possible try to avoid CT scan.

·       In a few cases, a dye is injected into your body to get contrast image of body parts.

Do you know how many types of CT scans are available at CT scan centre?

Various CT scans are available at CT scan centers like:

  • PET CT Scan: Known as positron emission tomography used in the treatment of cancer disease.
  • Spiral or Helical CT Scan: It is the most advanced CT scan used to develop 3D images instead of 2D images.
  • HRCT (High-Resolution CT Scan): It is used to diagnose inflammation in the lungs.
  • CECT (Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography): It is used to produce brighter images of an abdominal scan.

CT scan cost depends on the type of scan prescribed by your doctor. CT scan is the most preferred and advanced technology to detect and diagnose critical diseases. 

How do You Prepare Yourself for Ultrasound Test?

The Ultrasound Test is performed to diagnose and reveal several important information lying within your body for the treatment of different disease. The Ultrasound machine uses high-frequency sound waves to generate images of the structures of scanned body parts. This is also known by the name of Sonography.

An ultrasound scan is performed by putting an ultrasound device outside your body while in some cases an ultrasound device needs to be placed inside your body.

Below are the reasons for which you need to go for an ultrasound:

Ultrasound is used to know the condition of your body from the inside. It is used to do several things such as:

·       To check the uterus and ovaries of pregnant women.

·       To check the growth of developing baby inside the womb.

·       To detect gallbladder disease.

·       To check the flow of blood inside your body.

·       In the treatment of a tumor.

·       To diagnose breast lump.

·       To check the thyroid gland.

·       To find out prostate and genital problems.

·        To find out metabolic bone diseases.

·       To help to access joint inflammation.

What is the Risk factor associated with an Ultrasound Scan?

An ultrasound scan is a risk-free procedure that uses low power sound waves. Not any particular is detected till now.  But besides being a valuable machine, it has a few limitations. One of them being that the sound waves could not travel through air and bone. Hence it cannot work well on body parts that contain gases or covered by bones like head and lungs.

How to prepare for Ultrasound Clinic?

There is no specific preparation required for an ultrasound. But a few cases need guidance such as:

·       In the case of gallbladder ultrasound, your doctor may tell you not eat or drink water at least six hours before the exam.

·       While in pelvic ultrasound you will need to drink up to six glass of water and do not go for urination to the examination ends as the full bladder is required.

·       Kids need additional preparation. Once you reach in ultrasound clinic ask your doctor for precautions to be taken.

·       Wear hospital gown or loose clothes.

·       Take off or leave at home all metal jewelry and accessory.

How ultrasound image is produced?

The doctor assigned for the test will apply gel on the area which is to be scanned. The gel restricts the production of air pockets which blocks the sound waves that create images. The gel can be easily removed with cloth or cotton.

The doctor used to press a small device on the area to be scanned to capture images. This small device is known as a transducer. The transducer is used to send sound waves in the body and it captures the image which one will bounce back and then send it computer to take its printout.

In case of a pregnancy ultrasound, a probe is used to combine with the transducer which then inserted into the natural opening of your body to capture images.

An Ultrasound machine plays a revolutionary role in the world of medical science. It is the most convenient way to capture structural images of your internal body parts and helps doctors and surgeons to provide accurate medication and treatment for fast recovery.

Why Your Doctor Needs a TSH Test Report?

A TSH is the short form of Thyroid Stimulating Hormone. Your doctor needs TSH test report to know the level of thyroid in your bloodstream. The thyroid gland is a very small gland located forefront of your neck. It has mealy a weight of less than one ounce. You will be surprised to know that when a child is inside the womb the thyroid gland developed at the back of the tongue but when he/she is born it is migrated to the front of the neck.

The thyroid gland plays an important role in human body. It is responsible to control and release of thyroid hormone in the blood. It is responsible to absorb iodine and generate two hormones T4 (thyroxine) and T3 (triiodothyronine). The T3 and T4 hormones go into the bloodstream to reach everywhere in the body to control metabolism. It converts oxygen and calories into energy.

If the quantity of thyroid hormones is not balanced in your body, you may suffer several Sevier health problems.

How to prepare for Thyroid Blood Test?

It is a very simple test and you do not require any particular preparation for it such as fasting or anything else. The TSH level in your body fluctuates all the day that's why your doctor may suggest you go for Thyroid Blood Test in the morning. The test is absolutely pain-free. You will not suffer more than a nick of a needle which is used to take out some blood for the test. 

What are the causes of imbalanced Thyroid Gland?

The problem occurs if your thyroid gland becomes underactive (hypothyroidism) or overactive (hyperthyroidism). A majority of women suffers thyroid problem in comparison to men. The imbalance thyroid gland can cause cancer. The thyroid testreveals the causes of imbalanced Thyroid Gland.

The over generated thyroid hormones causes hyperthyroidism which is the cause of several diseases such as:

Graves’ disease: It occurs due to the excess production of thyroid hormone.

Toxic adenomas: Nodules produced inside thyroid gland and starts discharging thyroid hormone that causes a chemical imbalance in the body.

Subacute thyroiditis: Inflammation of thyroid result in the leakage of excess thyroid hormone causes temporary hyperthyroidism that lasts for a few weeks.

Cancerous Growth in the Thyroid Gland: It is due to the excess release of thyroid hormone.

The deficiency of thyroid hormones causes Hypothyroidism which is the cause of several diseases such as:

Hashimoto's Thyroiditis: In this disease, the body attacks thyroid tissues, as a result, the tissues die and stop the production of thyroid hormone.

Removal of Thyroid Gland: Either thyroid is removed via surgery or destroyed chemically.

Exposure of excessive amount of iodide: Some cold and sinus medicines and heart medicines lead to release excessive iodine in your body.

Lithium: It is a drug which is also responsible for hypothyroidism.

If hypothyroidism remains untreated for long period it can cause myxedema coma.

Hence a Thyroid Profile test is an important test that reveals many issues related to the treatment of thyroid gland imbalance.

What Happens in MRI Scan

MRI stands for magnetic resonance imaging scan. It is one of the painless medical tests that last for 15 to 90 minutes depending upon the area to be scanned and the number of pictures required to be taken. The MRI Scan is used to detect brain tumors, traumatic brain injury, stroke, multiple sclerosis, infection and causes for a headache. MRI Scan gives a clearer picture of internal organs than a CT scan which involves X-Rays. In MRI Scan radio and magnetic waves used to get the report. Let's look at the complete procedure in details and know the prevention and precautions while going for MRI Scan.

What to do before the MRI Scan?

On the day of the MRI Scan, you can take regular medication as prescribed by the physician. You can eat and drink as you do on other regular days. Sometimes you will be directed not to eat or drink anything at least four hours before the test. In some cases, you are asked to drink plenty of water before the test.  

Precautions to be taken while going for MRI Test:

The MRI Scan machine uses a large magnet and radio waves. It creates a large magnetic field hence you need to remove all metal ornaments from your body such as the metal watch, jewelry etc. But you can wear gold because it is not attracted by a magnet.

You are advised to wear a hospital gown during the test.

Contrast Dye: The injection of contrast dye is used in a few cases where doctors need a clearer picture of tissues and blood vessels. A few patients can experience a few side effects of it such as headaches, skin rashes, feeling sick, and dizziness. However, a person appearing for the scan do not need to worry as these side effects doesn't remain for a longer period.

Anesthesia or Sedative: You don't need to go for anesthesia or any painkilling medication as MRI Scan is a painless procedure. MRI test Cost depends on the size of the area, the number of pictures to be taken and on other factors such as sedative etc. You are required to come with an attendant to bring you home as after sedative you are not allowed to drive for the next 24 hours. 

Kids and children need to undergo general anesthesia because you have to stay still during a test which kids or children cannot follow.

What happens during the MRI Scan?

It is a cylindrical machine open up from both ends. The patients need to lie still on the moving bed. The bed will enter into the scanner with your head first or feet first depends upon the part of the body need to be scanned.  The MRI machine is controlled by a computer kept in another room to keep away the computer from the magnetic field. The radiographer runs the machine by sitting on the computer in a separate room but can talk and see you all the time via intercom and visuals. The person comes to assist you also need to follow the same guidelines as a patient do.

What happens after the MRI Scan?

Scanning can run for up to 15 to 90 minutes. After that, you will be asked to come out from the machine. The doctor and staff will initiate the outpatient procedures. You are not allowed to consume alcohol for the next 24 hours after the MRI test. The radiologist will send your report to the concerned doctor who will tell you the results.

MRI Scan Cost may vary from place to place. But you can avail the benefit of discounts offered by some labs and online portals.

Why Should You Go For Vitamin D Test?

As per data collected by the Centers for Disease Control and Protection (CDC), one-fourth of the population is suffering from vitamin D deficiency. A normal blood test report can detect the status of vitamin D in your body. Almost all the medical labs have a facility to provide Vitamin D test.

Before going for a test you want to know, what is vitamin D?

It is naturally produced in the human body when exposed to sunlight. It is also known as a fat-soluble vitamin. Very fewer food items contain vitamin D such as milk. Vitamin D is responsible to strengthen your bones. It takes calcium from food and supplements we consume.

What are the benefits of Vitamin D?

Its benefits are not limited to absorbing calcium and strengthening your bones alone. Some other benefits are:

  •         It helps to strengthen your muscles
  •         It is involved in the smooth functioning of the immune system
  •         Helps in cell growth
  •         It helps to reduce inflammation that causes diseases such as arthritis and cancer
  •         It helps to regulate blood pressure
  •         Your doctor can recommend Vitamin D deficiency test if found necessary.

What are the reasons responsible for vitamin D deficiency?

If your vitamin D deficiency test shows that the level of serum vitamin D goes below 20 nanograms/millilitre, it proves that you are at the threshold of vitamin D deficiency.

You will be in danger zone if the serum level goes beyond 12 ng/ml. You may have fewer vitamins in your body if you do not take sufficient vitamin D or your body stops absorbing it from the food you consume.

A few common reasons responsible for the deficiency of vitamin D are:

  •         If you are exposed to harmful UVB (ultraviolet-B) rays.
  •         When you confine yourself inside your home and do not have an exposure to sunlight.
  •         If you put more sunscreen to block UV rays
  •         If you have a dark skin tone. People with dark skin color need to consume more vitamin D.
  •         Obesity also reduces the absorption level of vitamin D in your body.
  •         Ageing also impacts the body capable of absorbing vitamin D.
  •         Unhealthy liver and kidney can also responsible for vitamin D deficiency.
  •         Pregnancy and breastfeeding is also responsible.

What symptom says that you are low in vitamin D?

Vitamin D deficiency symptoms are variable and cannot detect in early age and easily. Some common symptoms are:

  •         Osteoporosis, brittle bones or you may have frequent bone fractures.
  •         You may suffer from chronic pain.
  •         Increasing blood pressure.
  •         Feeling exhausted after little work.
  •         If you feel less confidence and endurance.
  •         Infertility issues.

If you are suffering from any health disorder mentioned above you need to undergo vitamin test.

What treatment should I take to cure the deficiency of vitamin D?

The amount of vitamin required by your body depends upon several factors such as age, physical task, activity, food habits etc. To boosts the level of vitamin D in your body you can try prescribed solutions.

  •         Consume supplements for vitamin D
  •         Consume food that contains vitamin D such as fish liver oil
  •         Takeout some time to get exposure to the direct sunlight
  •         Do some exercise regularly to prevent weight gain

Consult your doctor to go for vitamin D deficiency test. You may easily find vitamin test labs in your locality.  

Know about the Types of Ultrasound

Ultrasounds can be classified in different ways: by the type of image they produce, by the area, they want to show or by the way they are made.

On this occasion, we share information about the classification of ultrasound according to its procedure. In this classification, there are three kinds of ultrasound: external ultrasound, internal or transvaginal, and endoscopic.

1. External ultrasound

External ultrasounds are the most common and are usually used to examine some organs, such as the liver, kidneys, stomach, and heart, or to track a pregnancy. Even some tissues, such as muscles or ligaments, can also be visualized by this type of ultrasound.

In this type of study, a small probe is placed on your skin and moved along the area of the body that will be examined. Before this, a lubricating gel is placed to facilitate the movement of the probe.

In this type of ultrasound, you should not feel anything other than the sensor and the gel on your skin. If you have a pelvic area scan, the study will require you to have a full bladder, which could cause some discomfort, although you can go to the bathroom immediately after finishing the study.

2. Ultrasound internal or transvaginal

An internal examination allows the doctor to have a closer perspective of some organs, such as the prostate, ovaries or uterus. During the procedure, you will be asked to lie on your back or your side, with your knees bent toward your chest.

Then, a small probe with a sterile cover, not much more extensive than a finger, will be gently inserted into the rectum or vagina to transmit the images to the monitor. Internal examinations can cause discomfort, but they are not usually painful and do not last long.

3. Endoscopic ultrasound

During an endoscopy, an endoscope is inserted into your body, usually through the mouth, to examine areas such as the stomach or esophagus.

Generally, you will be asked to reload sideways and slowly insert the endoscope until you get the desired image.

Usually, they will give you a sedative so you can relax better and local anesthesia for the throat. It is a very uncomfortable procedure, and it can make you feel nauseous, but the doctor in charge will make sure you are as comfortable as possible.

4. 2D, 3D, and 4D ultrasound

They are the most used in pregnancy processes because they offer images of the baby in all three dimensions simultaneously because the acoustic waves are sent at different angles. In the 3D dimension we obtain dynamic images while, in 4d ultrasound tests, the difference is that they incorporate the fourth dimension (time), resulting in images of the baby in motion. The diagnostic ultrasound used in pregnancies is generally a safe technique that does not cause risks for the baby since it does not produce ionizing radiation (such as that produced by X-rays).

Color Doppler test in pregnancy transforms the measurements provided by conventional Doppler in different colors that allow us to know the speed and direction of the bloodstream. In this sense, color Doppler also will enable us to differentiate thanks to its color-coded maps if, for example, a tumor is benign or malignant.

Performing a CAT Scan for the Diagnosis of Sinusitis

Do you know what exactly sinusitis is? Its causes? And how can it be detected? In this post we answer these questions and much more, we begin!

What is sinusitis?

First of all, it is essential to know exactly what sinusitis consists of: inflammation of the paranasal sinuses caused by an infection of the nasal passages or the alveoli of the teeth, which usually produces nasal obstruction and severe headache.

Sinusitis can be caused by a fungus, a bacterium, a virus or by an allergy, and excess mucus and blockage of the paranasal openings make these bacteria and other microorganisms can reproduce more easily and quickly, and thus cause the appearance of sinusitis.

Causes of sinusitis:

Next we specify what the main causes of segregation of mucus and the tamponade of the paranasal sinuses are:

·        When the cilia (hair located inside the paranasal openings) do not manage to remove the mucus due to some condition.

·        A nasal bone spur, the deviated septum or the presence of nasal polyps that block the paranasal sinuses.

·        Allergies and colds cause excessive secretion of mucus, which can also block the paranasal sinuses.

CT SCAN: the best imaging modality for sinusitis

CT scan (Computerized Axial Tomography) is the safest way to study the head, as well as the most reliable and effective imaging technique to determine if the breasts are clogged, as a CT scan of the face produces images that also show the cavities of the patient's sinuses.

In addition, performing this imaging test can detect not only sinusitis but also congenital defects in the paranasal sinuses, infection in the paranasal sinus bones, injury to the face on the paranasal sinuses, masses and tumors or nasal polyps.

What are the benefits of a CT Scan Cost?

·        The tests by CT SCAN are fast and simple.

·        It is less sensitive to patient movement than MRI Scan Cost.

·        A CT can be performed even if the patient has implanted any type of medical device, which does not happen with a

·        CT imaging provides images in real time, providing a good tool to guide minimally invasive procedures.

·        A CT scan can eliminate the need for exploratory surgery and a surgical biopsy.

·        After the CT scan, no radiation remains in the body.

·        In general, X-rays used in CT scans do not have immediate side effects.

·        The CT images are accurate, they are not invasive and they do not cause pain either.

Further…

The use of the CT SCAN is also recommended for:

·        Cases where sinusitis has already been treated with one or two cycles of antibiotics.

·        When it is necessary to check the extent of the sinus condition to establish or not a surgical indication

·        When you want to rule out the possibility of having a foreign body in the nostril

·        In case of suspected rhinolith (mineralized nasal mass)

·        To rule out sinusitis and confirm another headache such as migraines