Summer is a painfully long season and the very mention of heat waves, high temperature, and the sun shining the brightest can be dreadful. It is also the season that drains out the energy and causes fatigue to the body. The high mercury levels mean higher risks of the usual health threats of heat strokes, sunburns, and dehydration. Therefore, we all know for a fact that prevention would be a better cure besides having a Vitamin D test which can evaluate the right level of vitamin in the body. Let's have a look at some of the common summer ailments we need to be absolutely protected against.
- Heat stroke- Heat stroke is a severe form of hyperthermia, a body situation in which the temperature gets high due to excessive heat consumption. More commonly we see that the heat stroke can increase the body temperature to 40°C. This result in rising in body temperature, nausea, vomiting, and headaches occur frequently. As part of the preventive measure, if a person is suffering from a heat stroke, he must be immediately taken to a cool place, excess clothing should be removed and efforts need to be made cool the person down by spraying cold water or placing them in a tub of cold water.
- Dehydration- A simple definition of dehydration is the loss of water due to excess heat. In this situation, there is an outgo of fluids from the body more than the intake. Dehydration is the most common summer ailment as we keep losing a lot of water from the body. Two primary reasons being due to too much sweating or due to urination. The main symptom of dehydration is thirst, which can go up to unbearable levels at times. Severe dehydration can also cause headaches, vomiting, persistent tiredness and in extreme cases, seizures and diarrhea. The best and perhaps is the only way to prevent dehydration is by consuming lots of water and other fluids that help the body to recuperate after water loss.
- Prickly heat rash- When we sweat excessively, our body develops an itchy and painful combination of body rashes and blockage of sweat glands. This is known as prickly rash. Prickly heat rashes are common among people who sweat a lot and in children whose sweat glands are not yet developed properly. As a result, it can interfere with the body’s heat-regulating mechanism and cause severe exhaustion. To prevent the body from prickly heat rashes, one must take shower more often and apply talcum powder to control excess sweating.