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What Diseases Can Be Determined By Ultrasound?

If suddenly you feel unwell, ultrasound diagnostics will help to detect a health problem. After all, with the help of ultrasound, you can determine the number of diseases.

Abdominal ultrasound

Today it is the most popular and simple method for the diagnosis of various diseases of the abdominal cavity. With it, you can explore the following organs:

  • Pancreas
  • Liver and gallbladder
  • Spleen
  • Duodenum

Abdominal ultrasound helps to detect various disorders in the liver and organs of the gastrointestinal tract:

  • Hepatitis, liver cirrhosis
  • Obesity of the liver, the presence of cysts in it
  • Biliary dyskinesia
  • Inflammatory diseases of the gallbladder: cholecystitis, cholangitis
  • Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
  • An enlarged spleen may indicate diseases such as jaundice, leukopenia, cardiovascular diseases, and Hodgkin's                disease.

When do doctors recommend doing an ultrasound of the abdominal organs? Before having an ultrasound it is very important to know the abdominal ultrasound cost in Delhi

  • Discomfort after eating or after prolonged fasting
  • Heaviness in hypochondrium
  • Bitterness or dry mouth
  • Acute or encircling pain
  • Excessive flatulence
  • Bruises of the abdomen.

Breast ultrasound

Today it is the easiest and most painless method for diagnosing the state of the mammary glands. It helps to know the presence of tumors, mastopathy, and other inflammatory changes. Ultrasound of the mammary glands is recommended as prophylaxis at least 1 time per year.

Thyroid ultrasound

This type of diagnosis allows you to safely determine the location of the thyroid gland, its condition, and size (the presence or absence of an increase), as well as the presence of nodes and tumors in the body. It is not important to postpone the visit to the doctor of ultrasound diagnostics, if you have unpleasant symptoms in the thyroid gland (visual changes in the shape and size of the neck, difficulty breathing and swallowing, etc.).

Ultrasound during pregnancy

Ultrasound diagnosis plays a major role in assessing fetal development. Such an examination can detect various diseases and defects at an early stage. In addition, ultrasound is necessary to monitor and monitor the overall course of pregnancy and child development. Usually, ultrasound diagnostics is carried out for prophylactic purposes at 11-12, 20-22, and 31-32 weeks of pregnancy.

Ultrasound in gynecology

This ultrasound shows the condition of the uterus and ovaries: the doctor can evaluate the structure and thickness of the endometrium, the size of the ovaries, to establish the presence of follicles and corpus luteum in them.

  • Ultrasound of the pelvic organs will help to detect such diseases:
  • Myoma of the uterus
  • Endometriosis, endometrial hyperplasia
  • Ovarian dysfunction or inflammation
  • Cysts and ovarian tumors.

In addition, gynecological ultrasound will help determine the state after an abortion or gynecological operations, as well as to detect pregnancy at an early stage: using ultrasound; you can detect a fertilized egg in the uterus for 5-7 days of menstruation.

For the purpose of prophylaxis, it is recommended to know the whole abdomen ultrasound price and undergo an ultrasound of the pelvic organs at least once a year.

Ultrasound Of The Kidneys In Health And Disease

How the kidneys look on ultrasound is normal and how pathology is determined can be found in this article. Here you will find the basic principles that experienced doctors’ use in their work.

A normal view of the kidneys on ultrasound

A complete ultrasound examination having high ultrasound scan cost of the kidneys includes an assessment of the location, orientation, axis, size, and echogenicity of the parenchyma, the contour, the nature of the centrally located echogenic disk and the lack of visualization of the proximal ureter. Normally, the kidneys are located in the retroperitoneal space along with the lumbar muscles and are oriented parallel to their course. They occupy an oblique position, and the upper pole is located dorsal to the lower pole.

The size of the kidney depends on the age; it is measured between the two poles and compared with known nomograms. From the point of view of ultrasound of the kidneys, the most important adjacent organ on the right is the liver, and on the left is the spleen. During the first few months of life, the kidney parenchyma may be iso- or hyperechoic compared with the liver or spleen, and then it becomes hypoechoic.

The cortex can be differentiated from the cerebral bylines, reflecting slight differences in echogenicity. The presence of cortico-medullary differentiation is an indicator of the normal structure of the kidney and the integrity of the parenchyma.

The contour of the kidney in children on ultrasound can be smooth, but often it has a lobed structure. Parenchymal lobules consist of a central pyramid covered with parenchyma of cortical substance and pillars located between the pyramids. With age, the lobed structure disappears, and the contour becomes smooth.

Abnormal development of the kidney on ultrasound

Anomalies or pathology of the kidneys in children can be divided into congenital and acquired, and anatomically- anomalies in the number, localization, vascular, parenchymal and abdominal systems.

One-sided kidney agenesis on ultrasound is often detected. Unilateral agenesis of the kidney is most often determined in children during an ultrasound scan conducted:

  • With urination problems;
  • When screening for related anomalies and
  • About unrelated pathology.

On ultrasound in the renal fossa is not defined as a bean-shaped structure, and it may be located intestines. The surrounding organs are usually not changed. In such cases, it is important to conduct an ultrasound examination of the pelvis to prevent kidney dystopia. In infants, the adrenal glands are visualized in a normal anatomical position.

Kidney dystopia on ultrasonography

The kidneys begin their embryonic development in the large pelvis with the pelvis oriented anteriorly, and then they migrate to the renal fossa and complete the medial rotation by the 6th week of gestation. This process can be interrupted at any stage.

Renal vein thrombosis with an ultrasound scan

Ultrasound done by professional Ultrasound Clinics has a high diagnostic value for suspected renal vein thrombosis. Risk factors include dehydration, birth injury, and sepsis. During the acute phase, marked edema develops, and an ultrasound examines an increase in the kidney with a loss of corticomedullary differentiation. Due to edema at an early stage, the parenchyma looks hypoechoic, but with the progression of fibrosis, it becomes hyperechoic. Thrombi of small vessels look like radiant linear echogenic bands in the parenchyma. Atrophy and calcifications are visualized at a late stage in the thrombus localization zone. When color Doppler on ultrasound, there is a lack of venous blood flow.

Major Liver Disease During Ultrasound

Steatosis of the liver (different names may be: fatty hepatosis, fatty infiltration, fatty liver), which occurs on liver ultrasound, is an etiologically and pathogenetically heterogeneous syndrome, which is characterized by a prolonged and significant accumulation of triglycerides in hepatocytes. The main factor of steatosis is alcohol abuse, diabetes, obesity, unbalanced nutrition (protein deficiency), chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by impaired absorption (enteritis, pancreatitis, ulcerative colitis, etc.), chronic debilitating diseases (cancer, anemia, cardiac and pulmonary insufficiency, etc.), toxic (hepatotropic, medicinal) and bacterial factors.

Ultrasound test with a diffuse form of fatty hepatosis, as a rule, reveals an increase in the size of the liver, an unclear contour. The edges of the liver are rounded. Characteristic features include increased echogenicity of the parenchyma. Its structure is in most cases homogeneous, however, sometimes on the background of hyperechoic tissue, it is possible to detect areas of reduced reflection with uneven, fuzzy contours that do not deform the vascular pattern.

These are areas of unchanged parenchyma, which, as a rule, are detected in the portal fissure of the liver, in the projection of I, IV, V segments. The sound conduction of the liver is often reduced; the vascular pattern is depleted. In addition to diffuse, ultrasound of the liver also produces local and focal forms, when fatty infiltration extends only to limited segments and sectors of the liver, and sometimes manifests itself in the form of individual small zones, resembling focal education.

Ultrasound picture of fatty hepatosis does not always allow to clearly differentiate it from other diffuse organ lesions (chronic hepatitis, the initial stage of cirrhosis). Crucial importance in the diagnosis of steatosis and its delimitation from chronic hepatitis belongs to the puncture biopsy of the liver.

How does hepatitis show on ultrasound?

Acute hepatitis is an acute degenerative and inflammatory lesion of the liver. Hepatitis can be alcoholic or viral etiology, develop as a result of exposure to toxic or metabolic factors. The main ultrasound sign of this disease is hepatomegaly. In a significant number of observations, moreover, an increase in the size of the spleen is found. The contour of the liver usually remains clear and smooth.

Edges can be both sharp and rounded. In the severe course, accompanied by the presence of foci of necrosis, the parenchyma has a heterogeneous structure due to the appearance of multiple areas of reduced echogenicity alternating with fragments of unchanged parenchyma. With significant swelling of the liver tissue, its echogenicity is reduced to a greater extent.

Organ conduction is often increased; as a result, the vascular pattern becomes clearer, and the walls of the portal vein more contrasting. Detection of enlarged lymph nodes in the area of the hepatoduodenal ligament may be of some help in making a diagnosis.

As a rule, on ultrasound in chronic hepatitis, an increase in the size of the liver due to the right and left lobes is observed, a rounding of the edges and an increase in the angles formed by them can be observed. The contour of the liver often remains clear and smooth. The structure of the parenchyma is usually diffusely heterogeneous, the echo is increased, and the sound conductivity is reduced in most cases. There is also a progressive impoverishment of the vascular pattern. In chronic hepatitis, diffuse liver damage was found only in 2/3 cases, which, according to the ultrasound labs, is due to the absence in most cases of fairly pronounced fibrosis and/or steatosis.

How Thyroid Can Get Inspected?

Especially if you are a woman or if there are already similar cases in your family, you should monitor your thyroid, a gland that produces fundamental hormones for many of your body's activities.

The thyroid is a small endocrine gland shaped like a butterfly. It is located more or less at the base of your neck and produces several hormones that the body uses to perform some fundamental tasks, such as metabolism control, bone and muscle development, and brain functioning. For this reason, it is very important to keep it monitored. These are absolutely non-invasive procedures like a normal medical examination or the classic blood test.

The thyroid tests is above all, a simple physical examination and a blood test to assess whether the amount of hormones produced by this gland is regular or not. In case you suspect a more serious ongoing problem, your doctor, or a specialist, will prescribe you more detailed tests like a scan or even an ultrasound.

Medical examination and thyroid palpation

The first exam consists of a simple medical examination. Your GP, once you tell him the symptoms that made you worry, will look carefully at the area of your neck, at the level of the thyroid, in search of possible asymmetries, anomalies or swellings visible even with the naked eye. Then he will proceed to the palpation of the area from different positions, positioning himself both in front of and behind you, and will ensure that he is not suspiciously enlarged. If you notice any alteration, you will proceed with other, more detailed investigations.

Blood tests

In a blood test, the number of thyroid hormones present in the blood will be quantified. If it turns out to be too low, you may suffer from hypothyroidism; if the concentration is excessive, the problem could be hyperthyroidism.

Thyroid ultrasound

This is a normal ultrasound, with which, thanks to an ultrasound probe that scans the affected area, it is possible to identify the presence of various abnormalities in the form and constitution of the thyroid. First of all, the ultrasound test detects the enlargement and a possible goiter, but also the presence of nodules or a tumor mass.

Thyroid autoantibody test

Again, it is a simple blood test, but this time it serves to evaluate another datum: the presence or absence of thyroid autoantibodies. They are cells that defend your body, but, and they only attack this gland. As a result, they can cause malfunctions, but also inflammations such as thyroiditis.

Thyroid scintigraphy

If previous tests suggest a tumor, nodule formation or Basedow-Graves bite, your doctor or specialist could prescribe a thyroid scan. A decidedly more invasive procedure than the previous ones, which involves the injection of a radiopharmaceutical and screening through a device called gamma-camera.

Thyroid biopsy

Through a special needle, a microframmento of your thyroid is taken to be analyzed in the laboratory. If there is a suspicion that you have a tumor, this is the most reliable tool for verifying whether the formation is benign or not.

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