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Most Common Diagnostic Tests to Prevent Disease

When it comes to health, it is best not to risk it, so it is important to have regular check-ups and diagnostic tests to prevent future health problems and, if you have them, to be able to treat them immediately.

If you are looking for a trustworthy clinic, visit diagnostic labs in Delhi. These labs are famous for professional experts and advanced state-of-the-art machinery with which they carry out diagnostic tests.

common-diagnostic-tests

What is preventive medicine and how does it influence your health

Preventive medicine is the branch that focuses on disease prevention in line with curative medicine, from which it cannot be separated. There are diseases that humans can contract more easily, either by location or by genetics.

Genetic or hereditary diseases that can be prevented with medical tests

There are certain diseases that can be passed from parents to children through DNA either from birth or over time, that are divided into three types depending on whether they affect one or more genes. To find out if you are susceptible to inheriting these disorders, it is necessary to carry out a genetic study that consists of a blood or tissue analysis.

Perhaps the most "visible" disease in prevention campaigns is cancer. It is a multifactorial disease in which genetic factors intervene -pro germline mutations in specific genes- and environmental factors. In other words, the genetic mutations that cause cancer are usually hereditary, although they can also occur due to the exposure of a family to a common external factor such as smoking.

If your family member has suffered or is suffering from cancer, the ideal is to carry out level 2 ultrasound, nuclear PET scan Delhi, MRI test or CT scan, according to age and rhythm of life to rule out this possibility and, if positive, start treatment as soon as possible. The most common inherited cancers are breast and ovarian cancer in women, or colorectal cancer, also called as Lynch syndrome.

Healthy habits to prevent disease

It may sound like a cliche but, practicing sports daily together with a balanced and healthy diet can prevent a large number of diseases, especially those that have to do with vitamin deficiencies or excess fats -cholesterol- in your body. If you agree to carry out a health check often, such as diagnostic tests, ultrasound test, PET CT scan or blood tests, you can prevent the appearance of diseases and treat them in time if they appear.

Most important diagnostic tests in preventive medicine

Some of the most common preventive medicine tests are mammograms, and ultrasounds, in the case of women, MRI test or 3D ultrasound plays an essential role in diagnosing anatomical abnormality invisible to the human eye.

Mammography is an essential test to detect breast cancer

Although it's a scary topic, experts recommend having an annual checkup and mammograms every two to three years, especially for all women between the ages of 40 and 60. Although they do not prevent breast cancer, mammograms can save lives because, if cancer is found early, it is easier to treat.

Ultrasound, a first medical evaluation of guarantees

A breast ultrasound, or sonography, is a noninvasive imaging test that detects lesions or tumors that mammography does not distinguish.

What results does an MRI offer us today?

MRI test in east Delhi is a radiological study whose objective is to obtain images using radio magnets and probes and, contrary to tomography or radiography, MRIs do not use radiation.

Health Check-Ups That Smokers Must Take

Smokers are exposed to developing many more illnesses than non-smokers. So, to try to get your health under control and know how tobacco is affecting the body, you should carry out certain medical checks at best CT scan center in Delhi.

It is convenient that from the age of 40 regular medical check-ups are carried out to detect possible health problems early, especially if you have been smoking for a few years.

smokers-health-checkups

The most important basic checkup!

First of all, the most basic checkups should be taken. Anyone who needs health checkups (blood pressure, blood sugar, cholesterol, etc.) or five cancer checkups (stomach cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer) for cardiovascular risk factors should receive it. Ask for CBC with ESR cost in Delhi at diagnostic labs in Delhi before undergoing any health checkup.

Early check-up for lung cancer is needed because you are a smoker!

As a smoker, the most important checkup you should receive is whole PET CT scan in Delhi for 'lung cancer'. Smokers' risk of lung cancer is known to be about 23 times that of non-smokers.

The recommended annual checkups for smokers are:

-chest radiography

-analysis of blood and urine by KFT test

-electrocardiogram

-Mammography examination and vaginal cytology in women

It is important to go to the doctor once a year even if you do not have symptoms to do a complete checkup. This should be done above all by people with a family history of cancer, heart disease, diabetes and hypertension among other pathologies.

Vascular diseases are not overlooked

Smoking can cause coronary artery disease or cerebrovascular disease, the leading cause of death for adults. However, it can be diagnosed early through coronary artery CT scan, brain MRI / MRA, and carotid artery ultrasound test. One should always compare the cost of 3T brain MRI and MRI head cost in Delhi before finalizing any radiological procedure for himself.

In particular, in the case of coronary artery CT, diagnostic usefulness for coronary artery stenosis at a risk level is known to be four times higher in smokers than in the general public, and if such stenosis exists, progression can be prevented through active intervention such as stent insertion. In particular, when the risk factors of other cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia are accompanied, the above test may be considered.

Health functional food

Many smokers take multivitamins or look for health supplements such as beta-carotene and tocopherols to prevent the health risks associated with smoking. However, many studies suggest that mortality with lung cancer due to smoking is common even with those people who were having multivitamins for years, so it is not recommended to take it unless it is a special case.

The most obvious preventive measures to quit smoking

It is common knowledge that smoking is bad, but in many cases, it is not easy to quit smoking despite the repeated decision to quit smoking every year. This is because smoking is not just a habit, but a disease called nicotine addiction. Effective drugs have been developed by medical experts to help quit smoking. Smoking cessation clinics are another alternative option that havehelped chronic smokers to quit smoking.

All About Ankle Ultrasound In Case Of Sprain

3D ultrasound is a diagnostic imaging process that uses high-frequency waves to examine injured areas within the body. Although the most frequent use of pregnancy Ultrasound is to observe the development of fetuses in pregnant women, they can also be used to see organs and bones, as in the case of the ankle.

ankle-ultrasound

Contrary to traditional radiographs, ultrasound scans do not require radiation, so patients are not subject to the risks of these tests.

What can be seen on an ankle ultrasound?

Ankle ultrasounds allow doctors a more comprehensive and real-time evaluation of the injured foot. Thanks to 4D ultrasound in Delhi, as it enables you to examine all the anatomical divisions of the ankle, such as the tendons, nerves, bones and ligaments, the most common being the nerves, tendons and ligaments.

What is an ankle ultrasound for?

Let's put yourself in a situation: playing soccer with friends, you twisted your ankle abnormally, and now you feel a sharp pain when you bear weight on that foot. Your ankle may even be swollen or you may have instability when resting on your foot. These are just a few symptoms of an ankle sprain.

Ankle disorders are a relatively common pathology, especially in the world of sports and, although there are numerous methods to examine injuries in this area, such as computed tomography (CT) or MRI Test; ultrasound test is the one that offers the most benefits, especially for the evaluation of tendons, ankle nerves and ligaments.

Types of ankle injuries requiring ultrasound

Ankle ultrasound is particularly useful for evaluating sprains, ankle tendinitis, tears, dislocations or subluxations since it allows you to provide a real-time analysis of the lesion, with the advantage of avoiding exposure to X-rays, which it is highly beneficial for pregnant women and children.

What is the protocol to perform an ankle ultrasound?

If you do not know how to prepare for an ankle ultrasound or if you are nervous about what might happen, don't worry, ankle ultrasounds are a non-invasive protocol that does not require prior preparation.

The doctor at diagnostic labs in Delhi will put on a water-based gel that improves ultrasound wave transmission and gently move the transducer along the foot and ankle with moderate pressure. You may be asked to change your posture to fully analyze the structure of the foot. Visit reputed ultrasound lab and ask for 3d ultrasound cost in Delhi before undergoing any radiological test.

Can you walk with a sprained ankle?

Ankle sprains can be classified into three grades, with grade I being the lowest and grade III being the highest. In the first case, doctors recommend resting, taking non-coagulant anti-inflammatories, applying ice to the injured foot to reduce swelling, and sleeping with a pillow or cushion raising the foot above the heart. Once the inflammation has subsided, you can always walk again wearing comfortable shoes and gradually resuming stronger physical activities, as long as you do not feel discomfort.

If the pain persists or if you have trouble walking, see your doctor. If your injury is grade II, you may need to immobilize the joint with a cast or splint, while if you have a grade III sprain, you may need surgery.

Contribution of ultrasound in ankle examination in case of sprain

There are numerous imaging tests to treat ankle disorders, whether traumatic, inflammatory, infectious, or degenerative. Joint ultrasound of the foot is the first-line technique that helps to detect dislocations of the tendons, ligaments and nerves.

It is important to be able to detect ankle injuries in time to prevent them from degenerating or leading to a more serious problem and, therefore, more difficult to treat.

Mammography, Tomosynthesis and Breast Ultrasound

What is a digital mammogram and what is it for?

The digital tomosynthesis mammography is the most effective study to detect early breast cancer and other diseases of women.

There are different types of mammography, but undoubtedly the digital modality offers more accurate diagnoses and, therefore, patient treatments will be more effective, less aggressive and of a shorter duration.

breast-scan

How is a digital mammogram done?

To perform this test, a specialized technician is in charge of compressing the breast between two transparent plates to take photographs of it from two different angles. This process is repeated with the other breast.

The Hologic mammogram that ultrasound clinic have at Delhi emits minimal radiation, making it the safest technology for studying breast cancer, among other pathologies.

What is breast tomosynthesis?

It is a technology that mixes 2D mammography and PET CT scan in Delhi to obtain much more precise 3D images of the size, location and extent of diseases.

Breast tomosynthesis has some advantages such as allowing less pressure on the breast to take the x-rays, and therefore the chances of discomfort are reduced.

What is a breast ultrasound?

It consists of a non-invasive diagnostic test that, in this case, works as a complementary study to mammography. Images are taken in real time through ultrasound and without any risk to women's health.

In diagnostic labs in Delhi there is one more advantage of having a level 1 ultrasound which is the delivery of results on the spot together with the report of digital mammography and tomosynthesis.

Difference between mammography and breast ultrasound. When is each test done?

In most cases, breast ultrasound test is a complementary study that is performed after mammography to obtain an even more reliable diagnosis.

Mammography is the main tool to detect breast cancer, being an irreplaceable test for breast ultrasound. The second study can be very useful to differentiate between a simple benign cyst or a malignant tumor, and in cases of high breast density.

The ideal is to carry out a digital mammogram with tomosynthesis and followed by a breast 4d ultrasound in Delhi.

What does it mean to have a dense breast?

Dense breasts have less adipose tissue and more non-adipose tissues. These are more prone to breast cancer and at the same time offer greater difficulty in detecting the disease. Therefore, mammography remains the main test, but tomosynthesis and breast ultrasound offer the most effective diagnosis in these cases.One should always ask for breast ultrasound price in Delhi before undergoing any diagnostic test.

Between 20 and 45 years of age: It is the period of more cases of high breast density, decreasing with the arrival of menopause. A doctor's annual breast exam, self-exam, and digital mammography can be great allies.

What is a lump or solid tissue in the chest?

Finding a lump in the chest is always alarming but one should not always expect the worst. There are different types of nodules in the breasts that can be benign or malignant in each case:

Benign

  • Inflammation and normal discomfort associated with the menstrual cycle
  • Fibroadenomas
  • Cysts
  • Mastitis and abscesses
  • Fatty cysts (fatty necrosis breast nodules)
  • Lipomas
  • Adenosis of the breast
  • Intraductal papillomas
  • Phyllodes tumors of the breast (a study is necessary to determine if it is benign or malignant)
  • Ductal ectasia

Evil

  • Inflammatory breast cancer
  • Paget's disease of the nipple
  • Phyllodes tumors
  • Angosarcoma
Role of Echocardiography in Blood Flow Obstruction Disorder

Ultrasound of the heart (echocardiography) is one of the most widely used techniques for diagnosing cardiac disease since it provides excellent quality images and is:

  1. Non-invasive
  2. Harmless
  3. Relatively cheap
  4. Widely available

echocardiography

Level 2 ultrasound is also used to diagnose vascular disorders in other parts of the body.

Echocardiography can be used to detect if the heart muscle is moving normally and to measure the volume of blood pumped with each beat. This procedure can also detect abnormalities in the structure of the heart, such as defects in the heart valves , congenital anomalies (such as holes in the walls between the different chambers of the heart) and increased thickness of the walls or chambers of the heart. One should get complete information about doppler ultrasound cost before undergoing any diagnosis.

Echocardiography can also be used to detect a pericardial effusion, in which there is fluid accumulation between the two layers of the heart (pericardium) and constrictive pericarditis, in which scar tissue forms throughout the pericardium. It also detects dissection of the aorta, a tear inside the layers of the aortic wall.

The main types of ultrasound are:

  1. Two-dimensional
  2. Three-dimensional
  3. Doppler
  4. Color doppler

The two - dimensional ultrasound is the technique most widely used and produces realistic two - dimensional images, for "cuts" generated by computer. By joining the cuts, you can recreate a three-dimensional structure.

The Doppler ultrasound shows the direction and speed of blood circulation, so that it can detect the turbulent flow caused by a narrowing or blockage of blood vessels.The Doppler color shows the different speeds of blood flow in different colors.

4D ultrasound test and color doppler ultrasound are frequently used to help diagnose disorders that affect the heart and arteries and veins of the trunk, legs, and arms. Since these procedures can show the direction and speed of blood flow in the heart's chambers and blood vessels, they allow the doctor to assess the structure and function of these parts. For example, it is possible to determine whether the heart valves open and close correctly, whether and how much blood leaks when closed, and whether blood flows normally. Abnormal connections between an artery and a vein or between the heart chambers can also be detected.

How echocardiography is performed?

Ultrasound waves are emitted by a probe that can both emit and detect them (transducer). Typically, the transducer is portable and is placed on the chest over the heart. The examiner gels the skin under the transducer to help transmit the sound waves. The transducer is connected to a computer that displays the image on a screen and stores it in digital format. By changing the position and angle of the transducer, doctors can look at the heart and major nearby blood vessels from various angles to get a detailed picture of cardiac structures and function. During several moments of the exam, the person must hold their breath for about 10 seconds to ensure that well-defined images are obtained.

Color Doppler Echocardiography

Transesophageal echocardiography may be performedif the doctor needs to get more definition or to analyze the aorta or the structures of the back of the heart (especially the left atrium or the left ventricle). To carry out this procedure in ultrasound lab, a small flexible tube with an ultrasound transducer is passed through the end of the affected person's throat into the esophagus, so that the transducer is located just behind the heart. Since this procedure is uncomfortable, the person is sedated and the throat is anesthetized with an anesthetic spray. Transesophageal ultrasound test is also used when there is difficulty in performing common echocardiography due to obesity, lung disorders or other technical problems, or when the diagnosis of endocarditis is made.

Is 4D Ultrasound Safe During Pregnancy?

The ultrasound used for the baby's controls during pregnancy works with sound waves. Thanks to these waves, a general view of the baby in the womb is obtained. This image controls the other elements, such as amniotic fluid, which are important for the development and development of the baby. All these checks are extremely important to ensure a smooth delivery. Although Pregnancy Ultrasound has been used for a long time, it has been continuously improved over the past time. One of the latest options offered by the technology is a device called 4-dimensional color ultrasound (4D) and as it can be understood from its name, it provides a realistic view of the image of the babies.

3d-and-4d-ultrasound

When to Take a 4-Dimensional Ultrasound?

Ultrasound is not normally a standard test. In other words, it is not compulsory to examine the fetus with ultrasound in every routine control.

Families often demand the removal of level 1 ultrasound. They want to see a clearer view of their babies, especially in the last months of pregnancy. So, they can understand who their babies look like, see how they yawn and smile. This gives families happiness.

Sometimes there may be a request by doctors to take color dopler test in pregnancy. The reason why doctors want this is to make sure the health of the baby, to see the possible problems in advance and to start the necessary treatments as soon as possible.

Is 4-Dimensional Ultrasound Useful?

Ultrasound can be expressed as a device that acquires images with sound waves. Therefore, it does not constitute any risk to the health of the mother and baby. 4-dimensional ultrasound, known to be harmless, has very important benefits. Baby control is at the top of these. With 3D ultrasound, the development of the fetus (baby), birth defects and amniotic fluid are examined.

As more detailed images are obtained with 4-dimensional ultrasound, the baby is examined in more detail. Therefore, examination of a specific condition, spinal cord problems, half-lips and similar fetal anomalies can be examined with 4D ultrasound.

The benefits provided by 4D ultrasound are not limited to the above. Apart from this, some benefits can be listed as follows:

  • Sex of the baby is determined earlier than the position
  • Detection of anomalies occurring in the placenta
  • Determination of placental location
  • Investigation of the causes of abnormal bleeding
  • uterine fibroids, polyps and tumor formations such as the detection of non-natural
  • Detailed examination of the baby's development
  • Diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy too early
  • Detailed examination of the condition of babies in multiple pregnancies
  • Determination of structural problems in the uterus

ultrasound-in-pregnancy

Is 4-Dimensional Ultrasound Harmful?

As mentioned earlier, ultrasound is a device that acquires images with sound waves. Therefore, it is different from X-ray, MRI and similar imaging devices. These devices, which are reported to be completely harmless by experts, are not included in routine tests. Therefore, it usually depends on the demand and abnormal situations.

When to Take a 4-Dimensional Ultrasound?

It can be said that the operating system of 4-dimensional ultrasound test is relatively different from other ultrasounds. Therefore, it may not be possible to use this device at any time. It is very important that the baby's fluid is sufficient in order to obtain a clear image. This means that it can be used at 11-14 weeks at the earliest. It can be performed in addition to the routine checks performed especially at 11-13 and 18-22 weeks.

Things to Know About 4-Dimensional Ultrasound

4D ultrasounds can be expressed as the most advanced ultrasound devices. However, this does not mean that 4-dimensional devices will be completely sufficient. Because in 4-dimensional imaging, the general appearance of the baby can be seen in detail and in color. However, these devices remain inadequate after examining the internal organs. At this point, level 2 ultrasound imaging should be done again.

Common Queries About Ultrasound

Here is a list of most common questions one should want to ask before undergoing an ultrasound test:

1- Can ultrasound harm the baby?

Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves that help us generate medical images; As such, sound waves interact with the tissue producing movements at the cellular level and this is how they travel through the body. The ultrasound as such is harmless and does not generate any type of ionizing radiation as with x-rays or tomography.

ultrasound-question

2- Can perform many ultrasounds during pregnancy cause reflux?

There is nothing that relates to reflux to ultrasound. Reflux is related to the maturation of the gastroesophageal system, specifically with the proper functioning of the oesophageal sphincter that connects the oesophagus with the stomach. This sphincter or valve prevents gastric juices from returning to the oesophagus, which is not prepared to withstand the acidity of gastric juices.

This situation of "returning milk" It is relatively common and should stop happening one year after the baby's life; In any case, it is always advisable to visit the doctor to rule out that these types of conditions respond to something else.

3- Do ultrasound use radiation?

No, ultrasound does not use any type of radiation. Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound that is inaudible to humans. Humans listen in an acoustic frequency range of 20 to 20,000 Hertz. The ultrasound uses above 1 Megahertz that is 1,000,000 Hertz. The sound frequency above 1 Megahertz is not audible to humans or to most animals.

4- How long do the results of an ultrasound take?

This depends on the doctor doing the study. There is no rule about it. There are doctors who generate the report immediately after doing the study; or doctors who prefer to wait and make the report later to analyse the study in much more detail.

5- Do 3-D ultrasound use stronger waves than 2-D ultrasound?

No, it's the same ultrasound, just change the way the transducer works. The 3D / 4D transducer is essentially the same as that of 2D but is connected to a motor that moves it to be able to make volumetric acquisitions. Everything else is image processing in ultrasound equipment.

It is said easy but in reality, it requires a high processing capacity of the equipment to obtain good quality 3D or 4D images. It should be remembered that 3D or 4D not only serves to see the face of the BB, currently, volumetry is an advanced diagnostic tool for medical specialists, which allows them to assess in more detail the brain, heart, abdomen, limbs, and evaluation of blood flows, especially if a pathology is suspected.

7- With a 3D ultrasound is the prediction of the baby's sex easier and safer?

Not really, 3D ultrasound helps patients understand sex more easily. Volumetric ultrasound always depends on the foetus and its position.

8- Can a vaginal ultrasound harm the baby or hurt the mother?

No, pregnancy ultrasound does not harm the baby or the mother. The resolution of this application is advisable to make timely diagnoses during the first trimester, which will always be higher than the suprapubic ultrasound.

Alzheimer's Disease: Ultrasound To The Rescue Of The Brain

There are about 50 million people worldwide who suffer from Alzheimer's disease. This number, which will increase even more with the increase in the elderly population, has made Alzheimer's disease one of the biggest health problems of our time. There is no definitive cure for the disease currently known. With the drugs we have, we can only slow the course of the disease.

rescue-of-the-brain

Alzheimer's disease results from a slow degeneration of neurons, starting in the hippocampus (a brain structure essential for memory) and then spreading to the rest of the brain. It is characterized by recent memory disorders, executive functions, and orientation in time and space. The patient gradually loses his cognitive faculties and his autonomy.

It is characterized by neurological degeneration which affects cognitive capacities, including memory. If drugs can slow this process down, the disease is still incurable.

But research continues to open up avenues. The ultrasound technique already being tested for brain tumors could also help Alzheimer's patients. Since the brain is a very "tight" organ, chemotherapy has great difficulty in penetrating it, but ultrasound has the property of making it more permeable and of facilitating the access of the chemo to the tumor. Patients are currently in clinical trials, and the method is so promising that it will soon also be tested in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

What if we could treat Alzheimer's disease or brain tumors more effectively?

The blood-brain barrier is a kind of physiological shield all around the brain. Its mission is to prevent possible toxins from entering it. A protective barrier which also complicates the treatment of neurological diseases since therapeutic fluids, drugs cannot or very little cross it.

Alzheimer's disease, sometimes considered the disease of the century, could be cured thanks to an extraordinarily promising new technique using ultrasound to remove aggregates of toxic proteins suspected of causing this famous disease as well as dementia. A treatment that has proven itself in animal tests.

The ultrasound test technique is exceptional in that it opens this shield and therefore makes the barrier permeable. We now know that this makes it possible to better distribute chemotherapy in the brain. Originally, a discovery that creates real hope in the treatment of previously incurable brain tumors. Treatment can be greatly improved, thanks to the opening of the blood-brain barrier.

Experts have developed an ultrasound system that opens these previously waterproof vessels and make chemotherapy easier to penetrate. The molecule directly reaches its goal and it heals better.

It would be a healthy way, without medication and without any harm to the sick, to heal. Initially, the research aimed to find a way to use ultrasound to temporarily open the blood-brain barrier to help dementia-fighting antibodies better reach their target in the brain.

Ultrasound waves oscillate rapidly, activating microglial cells, destroying amyloid plaques that destroy neuron synapses in these cells. This approach activates the memory-repairing mechanism by temporarily opening the blood-brain barrier, clearing toxic protein clumps.

Since these initial observations, the team has decided to work to refine its technique. They have successfully proven that the treatment removes toxic proteins and safely restores memory. Experts suggests that if you are going to have an ultrasound, it is better to know ultrasound price in Delhi first.

When An Ultrasound Of The Urinary System Is Prescribed?

Ultrasound of the urinary system and the adrenal gland is indispensable in the diagnosis of pathological processes, formations, and tumours in the study area.

Ultrasound of the urinary system involves an examination of all organs. Such a diagnosis is prescribed by a urologist, the procedure is carried out by the transabdominal method, which does not pose a threat to health. Ultrasound of the bladder and other organs is considered the most informative method for the diagnosis of various diseases, including stones, cysts, and neoplasms.

ultrasound-urinary-system

Since the procedure is not harmful, it can be prescribed as many times as necessary to monitor the dynamics of therapy. Before having an ultrasound, it is recommended to first know the ultrasound price in Delhi.

Ultrasound of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder should be performed in the following situations:

  • Diagnosis of defects and options for the development and location of these organs;
  • Diagnosis of acute and chronic pathology of the urinary system;
  • Monitoring the dynamics of the disease and evaluating the effectiveness of its treatment;
  • Identification of tumor-like and other volumetric formations of these organs;
  • Assessment of the architectonics and intensity of the vascular pattern of the kidneys;
  • Assessment of blood supply to volume formations;
  • Study of perinephric fiber;
  • Determination of accumulations of pathological fluid in the area of ​​localization of the kidneys;
  • Control before and during the puncture of the kidneys and tumor formations in the study area;
  • Determination of calculi (stones) in the kidneys, bladder, and ureters;
  • To diagnose the causes of dysuric (violation of urination) phenomena;
  • Assessment of the volume of residual urine;
  • Routine inspection (if desired);
  • Dispensary observation for diseases of the urinary system;
  • Urinary tract injury.

WHAT DISEASES ARE DIAGNOSED IN THE STUDY

An ultrasound of the urinary system helps to identify the following diseases:

  • Cystitis;
  • Urolithiasis disease;
  • Tumors of the kidneys and cysts;
  • Kidney carbuncle;
  • Bladder diverticulum;
  • Omission and atypical position of the kidneys, etc.

Ultrasound of the adrenal gland helps to identify tumors and other volumetric processes in them.

STUDY PREPARATION

Ultrasound of the kidneys, adrenal glands, and ureters is best done on an empty stomach (the last meal should be 6 to 8 hours before the study). Before the study, it is necessary to empty the bladder. In some cases, the doctor, on the contrary, recommends a water load, that is, an ultrasound with a full bladder is performed.

Overweight patients should be prepared for an ultrasound of the urinary system in 2 to 3 days. To reduce gas production, it is recommended to follow a diet (exclude brown bread, dairy products, cabbage and legumes, cereals and jelly) and taking medications that reduce gas formation (espumisan, activated charcoal).

The study of the bladder is carried out only when it is full. For the filling, you need to drink about 1 liter of liquid 1 hour before the study and do not urinate. In the presence of emergency indications, the study of the kidneys, adrenal glands and ureters is carried out without preparation. You can know the ultrasound lower abdomen cost by visiting the best clinic of ultrasound.

Ultrasound Of The Heart: Possibilities Of The Method, Features Of The Conduct And Cost Of Diagnosis

Despite the fact that the heart is one of the most studied organs of the human body, and Indian cardiologists are one of the best in the world, in our country, unfortunately, about 1.2 million people die from cardiovascular diseases annually. And one of the main reasons for the high mortality rates, along with the wrong lifestyle, is that Russians are extremely dismissive of the early diagnosis of heart disease.

ultrasound-of-the-heart

No cardiologist can provide qualified assistance to his patient if the diagnosis is too late or inaccurate. In this article, we will talk about ultrasound of the heart, or EchoCG, a study that is among the first among the hardware methods for diagnosing the heart muscle and can detect diseases in the early stages.

Transthoracic echocardiography (EchoCG) is an ultrasound examination of the heart that is highly informative and does not cause patient discomfort. In this examination, the sensor of the device is pressed against the chest - hence the name of the procedure. At the same time, electrodes are fixed on the patient's body, with the help of which an ECG is recorded. Observing the state of the heart and having the results of an ECG, the doctor receives a comprehensive picture of the patient’s heart condition. You should also know the ultrasound test cost in Noida.

At 3hcare, transthoracic echocardiography is performed using the most modern devices. You can get both 2D and 3D images on them, measure blood flow velocity, and thus the examination becomes even more detailed. All this significantly improves the quality of diagnosis and treatment of our patients.

THE PROCEDURE FOR TRANSTHORACIC ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY

During the examination, the patient lies on his back or on his left side (this position may be preferable for the doctor). In addition to ultrasound, the patient's ECG is simultaneously recorded. If the patient suffers from pulmonary emphysema, obesity, if he has a chest injury, the examination may be difficult and will require more time. However, usually, the doctor manages to find such a position of the sensor, in which he can get an informative picture.

Depending on the indications and condition of the patient, the doctor may use different modes of the sensor, conducting a more or less detailed study. In each case, this is decided individually.

Using ultrasound, you can see the heart in different projections, measure the thickness of the walls, see the position of the heart valves, the volume of the chambers of the heart. During the examination, the doctor receives a general picture of the patient’s condition and can, according to its results, conduct an additional examination. In particular, often patients are referred for transesophageal echocardiography, during which the probe is inserted into the esophagus.

INDICATIONS FOR TRANSTHORACIC ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY

Transthoracic echocardiography is a general examination that is performed to assess the condition of the heart. The main indications for his appointment are:

  • Heartache
  • Heart murmur
  • Rhythm disturbances
  • Signs of heart failure (e.g., swelling of the legs)
  • Fatigue, poor exercise tolerance, shortness of breath, etc.

This examination has no contraindications, however, patients suffering from tachycardia or hypertension should warn the doctor about the diagnosis so that he correctly deciphers the results of echocardiography.

The examination takes approximately 30 minutes. Its results are written to disk or flash media and transferred to the patient. It is suggested to know the ultrasound test price in Noida before having one.

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