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What Is A Transvaginal Ultrasound And How Is It Done?

Transvaginal ultrasound is an imaging study used to examine the female pelvis when more detailed images of some organs are desired. A special transducer is used, and the study is painless, brief, and safe.

The transvaginal ultrasound test, such as gynecological ultrasound is an imaging test that is based on the use of ultrasound waves (i.e., high frequency), to explore the organs and structures in the female pelvis. The difference between both types of ultrasound is the transducer that emits the ultrasound waves: a thin transducer is used in transvaginal ultrasound and specially designed not to cause discomfort, which is gently inserted into the vagina. This transducer is slightly larger in size than a buffer.

Why does the doctor request a transvaginal ultrasound?

Transvaginal ultrasound provides more detailed and defined images of the organs located in the pelvis, especially the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. This is because the type of transducer allows ultrasound waves to be directed to visualize the structures of the pelvis in planes that are not possible with transabdominal gynecological ultrasound.

Generally, this study is requested when there is a pain in the pelvic region or abnormal bleeding. It provides valuable information to evaluate the presence of fibroids or polyps in the uterus, as well as cysts or other tumors in the ovaries, to evaluate causes of infertility and other possible problems in the structures of the pelvis.

How is the preparation of transvaginal ultrasound?

The transvaginal ultrasound is performed on an outpatient basis, i.e., in a clinic, and requires no special preparation. Unlike transabdominal ultrasound, you don't need to drink water or urinary bladder retention.

The ultrasound is completely painless, and it takes a few minutes. In general, fifteen minutes are enough. The professional who conducts the study will ask you to empty your bladder before starting. You will be asked to put on a gown and remove the garments from the lower half of the body (from the waist down). You will then lie on a stretcher and be asked to flex your knees, similar to when you perform the exam with your gynecologist.

Before starting transvaginal ultrasound, the transducer is covered with a latex protector that is discarded after the end of each patient's study. In addition, a thin layer of transparent gel is applied to lubricate said protector. In this way, the study generates minimal discomfort and is completely safe from a health point of view. After each study, the transducer is completely sterilized and cleaned.

There is no effect after an ultrasound. You may notice some vaginal discharge due to the lubricating gel, but it is scarce and lasts less than 24 hours. Before having an ultrasound, it is important to know ultrasound test price in Delhi.

Can you have sex before a gynecological ultrasound?

The answer is yes. Having sex the day before, or even the same day of the shift for transvaginal ultrasound does not modify or influence the results. Personal hygiene is always important.

Your privacy is protected at all times. You can request that the professional conducting the study be a woman if you feel more comfortable. At the time of requesting the turn, indicate that you wish.

Ultrasound For Children – Reasons Can Be Many

Ultrasound in children is a popular technique for diagnosing congenital abnormalities. Ultrasound helps to diagnose painlessly, quickly and accurately. Such an examination is used in all areas of medicine. Ultrasound helps to visualize the size, shape, and structure of the internal organs of the child and to identify pathological disorders in the early stages.

Types of ultrasound examination of the child

Depending on the symptoms, the children are examined such organs:

  • Examination of the abdominal cavity;
  • Kidney and bladder;
  • Brain (neuro sonography);
  • Thyroid gland;
  • Heart (echocardiography);
  • Hip joints;
  • Pelvic organs;
  • Mammary glands;
  • Doppler scanning of blood vessels.

Indication for an ultrasound of the child

A pediatrician, neurologist, orthopedist, cardiologist, pediatric gynecologist, or urologist will refer you for an ultrasound examination of the child. An indication for an ultrasound of a girl or boy is a suspicion of a deviation from the normal development or pathology of the internal organs.

There are also many congenital diseases that are asymptomatic from birth, and only after a year can somehow manifest themselves. Therefore, prophylactic ultrasound examinations of the brain, hip joints, and kidneys are recommended at an early age.

Mandatory ultrasound is performed on premature babies, babies with hereditary tendencies to pathologies, and children after difficult births. Also, an ultrasound examination of the baby will not hurt if the mother had infections during pregnancy.

Preparation for the procedure

Some special preparation for an ultrasound scan of a boy or girl is not needed, but there are several recommendations that must be adhered to: before examining the pelvic organs, give the child to drink up to 100 ml of water, since the examination is performed with a full bladder. For 1 - 2 days before ultrasound of the abdominal cavity, bakery products, fresh vegetables, fruits, and beans should be excluded from the diet.

Other types of children's ultrasound do not need special training.

Also, before the ultrasound testthink about how to dress the baby. For example, if you need to examine your hip joints, then your legs and hips are exposed, an abdominal ultrasound scan reveals your stomach. Therefore, especially in winter, choose clothes so that they can be easily removed and put on.

How is the ultrasound procedure in children?

Children's ultrasound lasts about 15 minutes. Depending on the studied area, the desired part of the body is exposed, the doctor applies a special gel and examines the image on the monitor. Parents are given a conclusion according to which a pediatrician or a specialist doctor will prescribe an individual treatment regimen.

If necessary, such an examination can be carried out daily for monitoring during treatment therapy.

Is it possible to do an ultrasound examination for children up to a year?

This is an absolutely harmless examination method. It can be carried out even for a baby a couple of hours after birth. Ultrasonic waves do not affect the health and development of the baby.

There are many advantages to such a study:

  • Allows you to identify congenital abnormalities;
  • High information content;
  • Painlessly;
  • Safely;
  • Quickly.

The child grows very quickly, and in order to control the development of internal organs, ultrasound clinics recommend systematic ultrasound diagnostics. Thanks to modern devices, the information content of ultrasound is very high and give a complete picture when making a diagnosis.

Definition Of Prostate Ultrasonography By Endorectal Approach

The ultrasound is a medical imaging technique based on the use of ultrasound, by which we can "see" inside the body. The ultrasound of the prostate, the gland just below the bladder in men and participating in the production of sperm, can be done in two ways:

For suprapubic: externally, by placing the probe above the pubis

By the endorectal route: internally, by introducing the probe into the rectum

Prostate ultrasound test in Delhi by the endorectal approach is more precise and allows to obtain a better image of the prostate. It also makes it possible to evaluate more precisely the volume of the gland as well as its "texture" and that of the accessory glands (seminal vesicles).

Why have an endorectal ultrasound?

Ultrasonography is a painless, non-invasive examination and is therefore first-line when the doctor suspects an abnormality in the prostate.

This can be the case:

  • After a rectal examination highlighting an abnormality (mass or hypertrophy) of the prostate
  • In case of urinary symptoms (frequent urge and emission of a small amount of urine, pain during urination, urinary tract infection, difficulty urinating, etc.)
  • In case of dosing showing an abnormal value of PSA (prostate antigen)
  • To diagnose Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH)
  • To guide the doctor when performing a biopsy and to help detect visually suspicious areas to better target specimens

However, endorectal ultrasound has no place in the diagnosis of prostate cancer because it is too inaccurate.

In addition to biopsies, ultrasonography is mainly used to assess prostatic volume, which tends to increase with age, which can lead to urinary discomfort (benign prostatic hypertrophy).

Examination

Ultrasound involves exposing the tissues or organs that one wishes to observe to ultrasonic waves. It does not require any preparation or anesthesia.

For endorectal ultrasound, an elongate (pencil-shaped) probe is used, covered with a condom and lubricated. It is inserted shallow into the anus, the patient lying on his side, knees bent. If a biopsy is performed at the same time, the doctor introduces a needle into the prostate, through the wall of the rectum, guided by ultrasound.

What results can be expected from an endorectal ultrasound of the prostate?

Whether it is to perform biopsies or to evaluate prostate volume, ultrasound clinics helps to diagnose prostate conditions, such as cancer (through biopsies) or benign prostatic hypertrophy. The choice of treatment will depend on the diagnosis but also the age of the patient, different risk factors, etc.

In the case of hypertrophy of the troublesome prostate, several drugs may be prescribed, including alpha-blockers and phytotherapy products (African plum or pygeum, saw palmetto).

Ultrasound Of The Kidneys In Health And Disease

How the kidneys look on ultrasound is normal and how pathology is determined can be found in this article. Here you will find the basic principles that experienced doctors’ use in their work.

A normal view of the kidneys on ultrasound

A complete ultrasound examination having high ultrasound scan cost of the kidneys includes an assessment of the location, orientation, axis, size, and echogenicity of the parenchyma, the contour, the nature of the centrally located echogenic disk and the lack of visualization of the proximal ureter. Normally, the kidneys are located in the retroperitoneal space along with the lumbar muscles and are oriented parallel to their course. They occupy an oblique position, and the upper pole is located dorsal to the lower pole.

The size of the kidney depends on the age; it is measured between the two poles and compared with known nomograms. From the point of view of ultrasound of the kidneys, the most important adjacent organ on the right is the liver, and on the left is the spleen. During the first few months of life, the kidney parenchyma may be iso- or hyperechoic compared with the liver or spleen, and then it becomes hypoechoic.

The cortex can be differentiated from the cerebral bylines, reflecting slight differences in echogenicity. The presence of cortico-medullary differentiation is an indicator of the normal structure of the kidney and the integrity of the parenchyma.

The contour of the kidney in children on ultrasound can be smooth, but often it has a lobed structure. Parenchymal lobules consist of a central pyramid covered with parenchyma of cortical substance and pillars located between the pyramids. With age, the lobed structure disappears, and the contour becomes smooth.

Abnormal development of the kidney on ultrasound

Anomalies or pathology of the kidneys in children can be divided into congenital and acquired, and anatomically- anomalies in the number, localization, vascular, parenchymal and abdominal systems.

One-sided kidney agenesis on ultrasound is often detected. Unilateral agenesis of the kidney is most often determined in children during an ultrasound scan conducted:

  • With urination problems;
  • When screening for related anomalies and
  • About unrelated pathology.

On ultrasound in the renal fossa is not defined as a bean-shaped structure, and it may be located intestines. The surrounding organs are usually not changed. In such cases, it is important to conduct an ultrasound examination of the pelvis to prevent kidney dystopia. In infants, the adrenal glands are visualized in a normal anatomical position.

Kidney dystopia on ultrasonography

The kidneys begin their embryonic development in the large pelvis with the pelvis oriented anteriorly, and then they migrate to the renal fossa and complete the medial rotation by the 6th week of gestation. This process can be interrupted at any stage.

Renal vein thrombosis with an ultrasound scan

Ultrasound done by professional Ultrasound Clinics has a high diagnostic value for suspected renal vein thrombosis. Risk factors include dehydration, birth injury, and sepsis. During the acute phase, marked edema develops, and an ultrasound examines an increase in the kidney with a loss of corticomedullary differentiation. Due to edema at an early stage, the parenchyma looks hypoechoic, but with the progression of fibrosis, it becomes hyperechoic. Thrombi of small vessels look like radiant linear echogenic bands in the parenchyma. Atrophy and calcifications are visualized at a late stage in the thrombus localization zone. When color Doppler on ultrasound, there is a lack of venous blood flow.

Major Liver Disease During Ultrasound

Steatosis of the liver (different names may be: fatty hepatosis, fatty infiltration, fatty liver), which occurs on liver ultrasound, is an etiologically and pathogenetically heterogeneous syndrome, which is characterized by a prolonged and significant accumulation of triglycerides in hepatocytes. The main factor of steatosis is alcohol abuse, diabetes, obesity, unbalanced nutrition (protein deficiency), chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by impaired absorption (enteritis, pancreatitis, ulcerative colitis, etc.), chronic debilitating diseases (cancer, anemia, cardiac and pulmonary insufficiency, etc.), toxic (hepatotropic, medicinal) and bacterial factors.

Ultrasound test with a diffuse form of fatty hepatosis, as a rule, reveals an increase in the size of the liver, an unclear contour. The edges of the liver are rounded. Characteristic features include increased echogenicity of the parenchyma. Its structure is in most cases homogeneous, however, sometimes on the background of hyperechoic tissue, it is possible to detect areas of reduced reflection with uneven, fuzzy contours that do not deform the vascular pattern.

These are areas of unchanged parenchyma, which, as a rule, are detected in the portal fissure of the liver, in the projection of I, IV, V segments. The sound conduction of the liver is often reduced; the vascular pattern is depleted. In addition to diffuse, ultrasound of the liver also produces local and focal forms, when fatty infiltration extends only to limited segments and sectors of the liver, and sometimes manifests itself in the form of individual small zones, resembling focal education.

Ultrasound picture of fatty hepatosis does not always allow to clearly differentiate it from other diffuse organ lesions (chronic hepatitis, the initial stage of cirrhosis). Crucial importance in the diagnosis of steatosis and its delimitation from chronic hepatitis belongs to the puncture biopsy of the liver.

How does hepatitis show on ultrasound?

Acute hepatitis is an acute degenerative and inflammatory lesion of the liver. Hepatitis can be alcoholic or viral etiology, develop as a result of exposure to toxic or metabolic factors. The main ultrasound sign of this disease is hepatomegaly. In a significant number of observations, moreover, an increase in the size of the spleen is found. The contour of the liver usually remains clear and smooth.

Edges can be both sharp and rounded. In the severe course, accompanied by the presence of foci of necrosis, the parenchyma has a heterogeneous structure due to the appearance of multiple areas of reduced echogenicity alternating with fragments of unchanged parenchyma. With significant swelling of the liver tissue, its echogenicity is reduced to a greater extent.

Organ conduction is often increased; as a result, the vascular pattern becomes clearer, and the walls of the portal vein more contrasting. Detection of enlarged lymph nodes in the area of the hepatoduodenal ligament may be of some help in making a diagnosis.

As a rule, on ultrasound in chronic hepatitis, an increase in the size of the liver due to the right and left lobes is observed, a rounding of the edges and an increase in the angles formed by them can be observed. The contour of the liver often remains clear and smooth. The structure of the parenchyma is usually diffusely heterogeneous, the echo is increased, and the sound conductivity is reduced in most cases. There is also a progressive impoverishment of the vascular pattern. In chronic hepatitis, diffuse liver damage was found only in 2/3 cases, which, according to the ultrasound labs, is due to the absence in most cases of fairly pronounced fibrosis and/or steatosis.

How Thyroid Can Get Inspected?

Especially if you are a woman or if there are already similar cases in your family, you should monitor your thyroid, a gland that produces fundamental hormones for many of your body's activities.

The thyroid is a small endocrine gland shaped like a butterfly. It is located more or less at the base of your neck and produces several hormones that the body uses to perform some fundamental tasks, such as metabolism control, bone and muscle development, and brain functioning. For this reason, it is very important to keep it monitored. These are absolutely non-invasive procedures like a normal medical examination or the classic blood test.

The thyroid tests is above all, a simple physical examination and a blood test to assess whether the amount of hormones produced by this gland is regular or not. In case you suspect a more serious ongoing problem, your doctor, or a specialist, will prescribe you more detailed tests like a scan or even an ultrasound.

Medical examination and thyroid palpation

The first exam consists of a simple medical examination. Your GP, once you tell him the symptoms that made you worry, will look carefully at the area of your neck, at the level of the thyroid, in search of possible asymmetries, anomalies or swellings visible even with the naked eye. Then he will proceed to the palpation of the area from different positions, positioning himself both in front of and behind you, and will ensure that he is not suspiciously enlarged. If you notice any alteration, you will proceed with other, more detailed investigations.

Blood tests

In a blood test, the number of thyroid hormones present in the blood will be quantified. If it turns out to be too low, you may suffer from hypothyroidism; if the concentration is excessive, the problem could be hyperthyroidism.

Thyroid ultrasound

This is a normal ultrasound, with which, thanks to an ultrasound probe that scans the affected area, it is possible to identify the presence of various abnormalities in the form and constitution of the thyroid. First of all, the ultrasound test detects the enlargement and a possible goiter, but also the presence of nodules or a tumor mass.

Thyroid autoantibody test

Again, it is a simple blood test, but this time it serves to evaluate another datum: the presence or absence of thyroid autoantibodies. They are cells that defend your body, but, and they only attack this gland. As a result, they can cause malfunctions, but also inflammations such as thyroiditis.

Thyroid scintigraphy

If previous tests suggest a tumor, nodule formation or Basedow-Graves bite, your doctor or specialist could prescribe a thyroid scan. A decidedly more invasive procedure than the previous ones, which involves the injection of a radiopharmaceutical and screening through a device called gamma-camera.

Thyroid biopsy

Through a special needle, a microframmento of your thyroid is taken to be analyzed in the laboratory. If there is a suspicion that you have a tumor, this is the most reliable tool for verifying whether the formation is benign or not.

Tests To Find Stomach Cancer

In general, stomach cancer is detected when a person goes to the doctor because of signs or symptoms. The doctor will record the medical history and test the patient. If stomach cancer is detected, tests will be required to confirm the diagnosis.

Medical history and medical examination

When preparing your medical history, the doctor will ask you questions about your symptoms (eating problems, pain, or abdominal swelling, etc.) and possible risk factors to see if they could suggest the presence of stomach cancer or other cause. The medical examination provides your doctor with information about your general health status, possible signs of stomach cancer and other health problems. The doctor will palpate, in particular, your abdomen, to determine if there are abnormal changes.

Endoscopic ultrasound

In endoscopic ultrasound test, a small transducer is placed on the tip of an endoscope. While you are sedated, the endoscope is used down the throat into the stomach. In this way, the transducer is located directly on the wall of the stomach where the cancer is located. The doctor can see the layers of the stomach wall, as well as nearby lymph nodes and other structures just outside the stomach.

Biopsy

Biopsies to find out if it is stomach cancer are done more frequently during an upper endoscopy. If during the endoscopy the doctor observes any abnormal area in the lining of the stomach, instruments can be passed by the endoscope to take samples and then perform a biopsy.

Imaging studies

The imaging using sound waves, X-rays, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, or radioactive imaging inside the body substances. Imaging studies can be performed for several reasons, including:

  • To help determine if an area that causes suspicion could be cancerous
  • Know how far cancer spread
  • Help determine if the treatment has been effective

Computed tomography

Computed tomography shows the stomach quite clearly, and can often confirm the location of cancer. In addition, it can show organs adjacent to the stomach, such as the liver, as well as lymph nodes and distant organs where there might be cancer spread. CT can help determine the extent (stage) of cancer, and if surgery can be a good treatment option.

Magnetic resonance imaging

Like CT, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images show detailed images of the soft tissues of the body. However, MRIs use radio waves and powerful magnets instead of X-rays.

Positron emission tomography

PET images are not as detailed as CT or MRI images, but PET can detect possible regions of cancer spread in all areas of the body at the same time. Sometimes PET is useful if your doctor thinks that cancer has spread, but does not know where. The image is not as detailed as a CT or an MRI, but it provides useful information about the entire body.

Chest x-ray

A chest x-ray can show if cancer has spread to the lungs. It could also determine if there are serious diseases of the lungs or heart. This study is not needed if a CT scan of the chest has been done by CT scan centre.

4 Radiological Tests for the Diagnosis of Esophageal Cancer

Cancer of the esophagus originates in the esophageal epithelium, of which it is an anarchic and infiltrating proliferation capable of propagating directly and through the lymphatic and blood channels.

The use of computed tomography largely eliminates the invasive methods of research in deciding the issue of tumor penetration beyond the limits of the esophagus. Computed tomography is used in the diagnosis of metastatic lesions of the liver and lymph nodes in the abdominal cavity.

Ultrasound Test examination:

Ultrasound examination is performed to detect liver metastatic lesions, detect enlarged lymph nodes in regional areas below the diaphragm and accessible areas of the mediastinum, retroperitoneal tissue, assess intra-stenotic tumor spread (when it is possible to carry out an esophageal esophageal transducer for the esophageal narrowing zone).Ultrasound examination of the neck, supraclavicular zones helps to identify metastatic lymph nodes.

X-ray of the upper gastrointestinal:

X-ray of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract: X-ray of the upper gastrointestinal tract or upper GI uses a form of real-time X-rays called fluoroscopy and barium contrast material to produce images of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine. The patient drinks a contrast material that lines the esophagus and stomach, and x-rays are taken. This procedure is also called the upper GI series. The upper GI tract examination that focuses on the esophagus is called a barium swallow or esophagogram examination.

Radiographically, the most common symptoms of esophageal cancer are:

  • The absence of the esophagus wall at the site of the tumor,
  • Violation of the relief of the mucous membrane of the esophageal wall,
  • Filling defect
  • Narrowing of the lumen or infiltration of the organ wall.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI):

MRI can be used to see abnormal areas in the brain and spinal cord that may be due to the spread of cancer. And to show the details better, you can inject gadolinium (contrast material) into a vein before doing the study.

Echography to Endoscopy:

This imaging study is beneficial in determining the size of esophageal cancer and whether it has grown to nearby areas. It can also help show if adjacent lymph nodes may be affected by cancer.

Thus, the integrated use of X-ray, esophagoscopy, data from the morphological study of the material in most cases allows to correctly recognize the disease. In some cases, it is necessary to differentiate esophageal cancer with diseases such as cardiospasm, scarring structures of the esophagus, diverticula, benign tumors and ulcers of the esophagus.

Can esophageal cancer be prevented?

As with any disease, it is not possible to prevent esophageal cancer but to help the risks of suffering from it are significantly lower. How? Avoiding the following risk factors:

  • Avoid the consumption of tobacco and alcoholic beverages.
  • You must consume healthy foods and maintain a healthy weight.
  • Reflux treatment can help prevent Barrett's esophagus (a condition in which the lining of the esophagus is damaged by gastric acid) and cancer of the esophagus.
  • Those who suffer from Tilosis (a hereditary disease that causes excessive growth of the upper layer of the skin of the palms of the hands and soles of the feet) are more likely to develop esophageal cancer.
Ultrasound During Pregnancy - Know What is There to be Known

Ultrasounds at the ultrasound lab have become a regulation for pregnant women these days. So much so, that the women may opt for one from the early weeks as well. But why is it the case? For starters, the powerful technology of ultrasound to see inside the womb can give very useful information in some situations. This is extremely beneficial to see if the pregnancy is miscarried, to measure your baby’s growth, and clarify baby’s position. What is more? An ultrasound test in the labs on a regular basis can also detect the abnormalities of a baby. The scan can also estimate your due date.

For the cases which have detected an abnormality in the baby, the experts offer help and counseling to ascertain the way forward. More often than not the complications in the pregnancy which are found in an ultrasound is addressed only with a pregnancy termination. Very rare is it possible to treat the conditions in the womb because fetal surgery generally causes labour to start.

The safety of an ultrasound test has been the talk of the town for many years now. Though there have been many assurances and corroborations from the medical fraternity which reports that it is absolutely safe, the doubt remains nevertheless. The reason being that there is no high-quality scientific studies that compare the development of children who were exposed and unexposed to modern high-powered ultrasound scans in the womb.

Therefore, as part of a standard operating procedure, the technicians in the Ultrasound Clinic are advised on following the ALARA principle. This basically means that the exposure should be limited to "as low as reasonably achievable".

What you can expect in an Ultrasound scan?

During the first cycle when the pregnancy is confirmed, the ultrasound test would record your baby's heartbeat and that your pregnancy is uterine. This also helps in allaying the fears ectopic or tubular pregnancy which needs to be discussed in detail with the doctors.

Another thing to be noted is that the ultrasound test is done using a cool gel substance which is rubbed into your lower belly. This enables the transducer to better obtain the images as it is moved around the belly. For the pregnant women who are right at the early stages of their pregnancy, the technician may perform a transvaginal (internal) ultrasound, which uses a wand shaped transducer to scan the uterus from the vaginal cavity in order to detect the baby more clearly or earlier than would be possible with a transabdominal ultrasound.

The last word

Despite all the presumptions and analogies, the fact remains that the ultrasound tests are still very much relevant and its counter-effects are all but miniscule. These tests are now available all across the world including countries like India. The tests can also be planned by various online portals which list only the trusted names in the field of diagnostics. Convenience coupled with immediate assistance is what makes these test centers a preferred place for the tests like Ultrasound.

What is the CT Scan Cost in Delhi?

CT scan Cost Delhi depends upon the part and area of the body and numbers of pictures to be taken. Using CT scan you can diagnose many health problems such as:

·       Pain in abdomen

·       Kidney stones

·       Internal Injuries

·       Infections, blood clots

·       Heart, blood vessels, lungs disorders

·       Urinary tract, bladder, kidney, blockages etc

·       Prostate

·       Bones, joints for ex-wrist, knee, ankle, shoulders etc.

Let’s have a glimpse of some of the most common CT scans.

Mostly CT scan can be performed to detect the injury or disease in the brain. It is also used widely conducted to the abdomen which is known as an abdominal CT scan. A few other CT scans are:

·       CT scan of spleen

·       CT scan of an adrenal gland

·       CT scan of gallbladder and bile duct

·       Used to diagnose tumors in the pancreas

·       Used to diagnose cysts, inflammatory bowel, lung cancer

·       Used to detect bone density, bone disease and spinal disorders

CT scan can successfully diagnose almost every part of your body which is not possible in an ultrasound test that is used to diagnose blood flow and soft body tissues.

Do you know how CT scan diagnoses your body?

Moving X-rays are used in CT scan to examine different parts of your body. The machine produces several images by using x rays by creating a cross-sectional view of slices of body parts such as bones, soft tissues etc. A rotating tube sends X rays into a patient's body during CT scan at CT scan centre. CT scan uses several beams instead of a single beam as in X-ray machine. The moving X-rays create a picture which records on computer. It gives a more concise and detailed view that helps to detect injuries, bleeding and critical illness.

How do you prepare yourself for CT scan test?

It depends on which part of your body is going to be scanned at CT scan centre. Different preparations are needed for different organs.

·       You may be asked to take off your clothes or wear a medical gown provided by test lab if you are required to go for chest CT scan or abdominal CT scan.

·       You are requested to remove all kind of metals wearing on your body like the watch, jewelry, electronic devices and eyeglasses to prevent interface with x-rays.

·        You may be directed to make some special preparation if you are going through some medication.

·       Breastfeeding women ask to avoid breastfeeding for a day after CT scan and if possible try to avoid CT scan.

·       In a few cases, a dye is injected into your body to get contrast image of body parts.

Do you know how many types of CT scans are available at CT scan centre?

Various CT scans are available at CT scan centers like:

  • PET CT Scan: Known as positron emission tomography used in the treatment of cancer disease.
  • Spiral or Helical CT Scan: It is the most advanced CT scan used to develop 3D images instead of 2D images.
  • HRCT (High-Resolution CT Scan): It is used to diagnose inflammation in the lungs.
  • CECT (Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography): It is used to produce brighter images of an abdominal scan.

CT scan cost depends on the type of scan prescribed by your doctor. CT scan is the most preferred and advanced technology to detect and diagnose critical diseases.

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