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All About Ultrasound To Know In 2020

Everyone knows how important it is to accurately determine the diagnosis before starting treatment, and not to act blindly. Only such an approach can guarantee the effectiveness of treatment. Currently, many methods are used in medicine. Ultrasound diagnostics is one of them, which allows simple and painless to carry out a qualitative and quantitative assessment of data, to study the morphological and functional characteristics of the structure of organs and systems.

ultrasound-in-2020

The modern ultrasound machine and the high professionalism of the staff allow for high-quality diagnosis. In terms of the combination of positive characteristics with ultrasound, it is difficult to compare any other method, since, probably, no one has such a combination of advantages:

Ultrasound test provides reliable information about the position, shape, and size of the internal organs and small pelvis, as well as the fetus.

  • The study is convenient and does not require complicated preparation
  • Ultrasound is publicly available
  • Ultrasound is harmless and safe for the doctor, patient at any age, including those not yet born (located in the womb)
  • The study is painless and not associated with discomfort
  • Low time spent on research. Ultrasound is performed in real-time. This circumstance gives several advantages at once:
  • No time is needed for processing the material, developing and printing any pictures, etc., the result of the study becomes apparent at the end of the study
  • The researcher sees his “picture” in real-time and has the ability to control the image, achieving the best. The ultra-sonographer will not tell the patient: “Come on Wednesday for the result; if it doesn’t work out, let’s repeat

Ultrasound has virtually no contraindications and restrictions on use.

Ultrasound method features:

  • Identification of the disease in the early stages, when there are no complaints, which is extremely important in relation to cancer
  • Clarification of the diagnosis for a more correct appointment
  • The ability to evaluate treatment results.

Is ultrasound harmful to health?

Each patient, coming to the ultrasound diagnostic room, asks himself the question whether this study will harm him. To answer the first part of the question, it is necessary to present the basic principles of the equipment used. Ultrasound is very high-frequency waves that pass through the tissues of the human body, partially reflected from them. The image on the screen appears due to the computer conversion of the ultrasonic signal to electrical. This method is not associated with any harmful effects and has nothing to do with x-rays.

How Often Do I Need To Use The Use?

Even in the absence of significant health problems, it is advisable to undergo a medical examination once a year. After all, any disease detected at an early stage (even cancer) is usually well treated. Several objective tests by ultrasound labs will allow you to obtain objective information about the state of your body: a general blood and urine test, an ultrasound scan, an ECG, an X-ray (or FLG) of the lungs every 1-2 years. Passing these tests will not take much time, but will help to maintain health for many years. Allocate 1-2 days a year for this!

The standard ultrasound screening protocol (performed annually) includes an examination of the following organs: thyroid gland, abdominal organs (liver, gall bladder, pancreas, and spleen), kidneys, and pelvic organs. In the absence of ultrasonic signs of a change in the structure of these organs, there is nothing to worry about.

FAQ About Prostate Ultrasound

When for clinical purposes it is necessary to verify and monitor the health conditions of the prostate gland, it is essential to rely on a prostate ultrasound. This diagnostic test is performed by an ultrasound probe, and allows to identify any changes due to an ongoing disease. The pathological processes, in fact, can alter the size of the gland, but also its shape.

prostate-ultrasound-faq

How to perform prostate ultrasound

To carry out prostate ultrasound scans, an ultrasound probe of appropriate size is needed, bearing in mind that this is an examination that is carried out transrectally. In other words, the probe is inserted into the rectum, and allows images on high-frequency sound waves to be displayed on a connected screen.

The examination itself is not painful, but it is still possible to feel a certain discomfort or a particular discomfort when the probe is introduced into the rectum. The ultrasound scan is based on images that are provided in real time by devices that are equipped with transducers capable of optimizing ultrasound tissue penetration, by virtue of specific frequency ranges of these ultrasounds. At the end of the ultrasound study, the images that have been generated are recorded in digital format so that they can become part of the patient's medical record.

How to prepare for a prostate ultrasound?

Prostate ultrasound test in Delhi, therefore, is a very important exam: also for this reason it is essential that it be carried out by a professional with proven competence. The most suitable specialist to deal with is the medical radiologist. The patient is made to lie down on a bed on one side, usually the right one, and is invited to assume a fetal position, with the knees flexed. Before the probe is inserted, the doctor takes care of performing a rectal exploration with the fingers, also to track down any mechanical impediments that could make the introduction difficult.

How long does a prostate ultrasound last?

It takes at most ten minutes to complete a prostate ultrasound, which also has the merit of guaranteeing an instant report. The only shrewdness required of the patient consists in undergoing, more or less 3 or 4 hours before the examination, an enema, so that during the investigation the rectal ampulla is completely empty. Instead, the bladder must be full: for this reason the patient must not pee before the exam, while he is invited to drink a lot, as long as he avoids fizzy drinks. It should be kept in mind that, with bleeding hemorrhoids or anal fissures, an ultrasound cannot be performed.

Why we need a prostate ultrasound?

With prostate ultrasound test in Delhi it is possible to verify that the gland is in an optimal state of health. The ultrasound scan, therefore, can be carried out as a control test, in normal conditions, or to proceed with assessments made necessary by the finding of specific symptoms, such as a benign prostatic hypertrophy or prostatitis. Sometimes, it may happen that a digito-rectal control exam raises doubts about the condition of the gland, and therefore causes an ultrasound to be requested.

How often should you undergo a prostate ultrasound?

Transrectal prostate ultrasound in elderly men should be considered a routine examination, and should therefore be performed on a regular basis. For young people, however, it is only necessary if there is a concrete suspicion. As we have said, the examination serves to find possible changes in the gland, perhaps early: it is not certain that a normal urological clinical examination will make it possible to verify these alterations, just as one cannot rely solely on the symptomatology, which in most cases of the cases is non-specific, if not absent. Sometimes, the prostate increases in size following an inflammatory prostatitis that may have been caused by drug therapy.

Applications And Need Of Doppler Ultrasound Test

Doppler ultrasound, or simply Eco Doppler, is one of the types of ultrasound that, based on the use of ultrasound, uses the Doppler effect.

In the case of ultrasound, the sound waves leave the ultrasound through the transducer, and bounce off the moving blood, generating different waves depending on the direction and speed of the blood flow. When the blood approaches the ultrasound the frequency will be higher and when it moves away less, this alteration in the ultrasound waves is interpreted by the ultrasound and it assigns a specific colour for each frequency, red, blue and yellow.

Through this method and thanks to this physical principle of sound waves, it is possible to evaluate the flow of vascular structures of any part of the body, being able to determine its existence, its speed and direction of flow.

Why is it important to perform a doppler ultrasound?

The Doppler ultrasound allows to know the amount of blood flow circulating through cavities and veins baby. Its importance is that its results can tell you how much blood is pumped with each beat, thus determining the good state of the baby's heart, in addition to corroborating that the blood is reaching the foetus correctly, and with it the oxygen and the nutrients

But not only important is that sense. Its realization can help detect cardiac malformations in the foetus, problems with the umbilical cord and placenta, so that you and your gynaecologist begin to act quickly, or you can simply rule out these types of problems and make sure that your baby will be born healthy.

When do you have to have a Doppler ultrasound?

This test is usually done to all pregnant women in the third trimester, starting at the 25th week of pregnancy. However, Doppler ultrasound is a non-mandatory quarterly test, which can also be done in the first and second trimesters if the gynecologist considers it necessary.

The cases in which the doctor can recommend you to do this ultrasound are the following:

In case it is suspected that there is a growth delay in the foetus. In this circumstance the doppler ultrasound is very useful to control that the baby receives blood, oxygen and nutrients correctly. In addition, it will also help to know if there are significant blood disorders to anticipate the time of delivery or to predict whether there will be a premature delivery.

If your pregnancy is listed as a risk pregnancy it is recommended that you have an ultrasound of this type in each trimester of pregnancy.

If you suffer from hypertension, what is known as preeclampsia, or you have circulatory problems in the veins. In these cases, if you decide to have this test, you will rule out that your problems are affecting the correct development of the baby.

In the case of heart disease, Doppler ultrasound also works, as you can see if this problem can affect the growth of your baby. This test is performed with the accompaniment of an echocardiogram.

If you plan to go through surgery, Doppler ultrasound is also necessary, since thanks to the study of the flow of the area to be operated you can see if there will be complications a priori.

When To Have Your Prostate Examined?

The ultrasound is a medical imaging technique based on the use of ultrasound, by which we can "see" inside the body. The ultrasound of the prostate, the gland just below the bladder in men and participating in the production of sperm, can be done in two ways:

For suprapubic: externally, by placing the probe above the pubis

By the endorectal route: internally, by introducing the probe into the rectum. Prostate ultrasound test in Delhi by the endorectal approach is more precise and allows to obtain a better image of the prostate. It also makes it possible to evaluate more precisely the volume of the gland as well as its "texture" and that of the accessory glands (seminal vesicles).

There are three major diseases of the prostate:

Prostatitis is an infection of the prostate. This infection occurs most often in young men;

If the prostate becomes too big, this disease is called adenoma of the prostate (adenoma means an abnormality of a gland) or benign prostatic hypertrophy (hypertrophy means excessive volume increase of an organ). In everyday language, men who have problems urinating because their prostate is too big and compresses the urethra say "I have prostate";

Finally, prostate cancer is common, especially after the age of 50. But it is not necessarily serious if it is detected early enough.

Why have an endorectal ultrasound?

Ultrasonography is a painless, non-invasive examination and is therefore first-line when the doctor suspects an abnormality in the prostate.

This can be the case:

After a rectal examination highlighting an abnormality (mass or hypertrophy) of the prostate

In the case of urinary symptoms (frequent urge and emission of a small amount of urine, pain during urination, urinary tract infection, difficulty urinating, etc.)

In the case of dosing showing an abnormal value of PSA (prostate antigen)

To diagnose benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)

To guide the doctor when performing a biopsy and to help him visually detect suspicious areas to better target specimens

In addition to biopsies, ultrasonography is mainly used to assess prostatic volume, which tends to increase with age, which can lead to urinary discomfort (benign prostatic hypertrophy).

Examination

Ultrasound involves exposing the tissues or organs that one wishes to observe to ultrasonic waves. It does not require any preparation or anesthesia. For endorectal ultrasound, an elongate (pencil-shaped) probe is used, covered with a condom, and lubricated. It is inserted shallow into the anus, the patient lying on his side, knees bent.

If a biopsy is performed at the same time, the doctor introduces a needle into the prostate, through the wall of the rectum, guided by ultrasound.

What results can be expected from an endorectal ultrasound of the prostate?

Whether it is to perform biopsies or to evaluate prostate volume, prostate ultrasound test in Delhi helps to diagnose prostate conditions, such as cancer (through biopsies) or benign prostatic hypertrophy. The choice of treatment will depend on the diagnosis but also the age of the patient, different risk factors, etc. In the case of hypertrophy of the troublesome prostate, several drugs may be prescribed, including alpha-blockers and phytotherapy products.

Thyroid Cancer And Its Diagnosis

In 2019, as per the American Cancer Society, about 52,070 new cases of thyroid cancer (14,260 in men and 37,810 in women) will be diagnosed in the United States. In addition, about 2170 people will die due to this tumor (1,020 men and 1,150 women). The mortality rate of thyroid cancer has been fairly stable for many years, and it remains very low compared to other cancers.

The increase in the amount of patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer is attributed to an increase in the use of the highest quality diagnostic technology, as well as to the routine use of ultrasound and fine-needle aspiration puncture (FNA). There ultrasound test cost in Delhi vary differently.

Many of the thyroid cancers are diagnosed incidentally when a patient undergoes an imaging test (computed tomography, an MRI, a positron emission tomography, or a neck ultrasound) for a reason unrelated to the thyroid. This allows today to identify cases that previously went unnoticed because they are small tumors.

Therefore, early detection of this condition implies the possibility of having more options for its treatment. One of the first tests performed by the specialist to explore the thyroid gland is manual exploration, in order to notice any abnormal mass. This type of exam usually shows a high percentage of packages, although everything depends on the conditions of each person or their complexion.

For example, in patients with obesity problems, it is more difficult to access the gland through palpation. Other times, the nodules are small or more hidden. In these cases, other studies are carried out to identify the nodules.

The most important imaging test used in the neck is high definition ultrasound, both for its accessibility and equipment economy and for its safety, since there is no exposure to any type of radiation. It is a quick and simple system, in addition to one of the most effective to confirm or rule out if a person has thyroid tumours, thanks to its greater accuracy.

Once the nodules have been identified - either because the doctor has noticed a mass on manual palpation or through an ultrasound - the next step is to find out the nature of that lesion. For this, the PAAF is used. This technique is simple, painless, safe, and highly reliable, which usually guides the expert on whether it is a nodule is benign or malignant. The procedure involves pricking the cyst and extracting a sample of cells to analyse them. Before having an ultrasound, it is good to know about the ultrasound test price first.

95% of thyroid tumours are benign, and, however, the diagnosis is sometimes neither easy nor obvious. In fact, there are cases where the malignant features of the cells are not defined. However, specialists generally have a series of guidelines to identify whether or not it is an injury that may affect the patient's health.

In short, it is important to go to the doctor at the slightest indication or suspicion, so that he can do the necessary tests, monitor the nodules or, failing that, start the treatment or removal of the thyroid gland.

What Is The Objective Of Ultrasound?

Ultrasound examination is a method of examining the condition of internal organs and tissues using ultrasonic vibration (waves). Images of the internal sphere of the body are projected on the screen, due to the fact that ultrasound passing through the tissues is reflected different with different vibrational frequencies, which are recorded by the sensor. The method is absolutely safe, not associated with radiation, and is used to recognize the disease while monitoring the dynamics of the process during treatment. Ultrasound for children is good because the examination procedure is completely painless.

Ultrasound at the point of care has the potential to save billions of dollars annually in all health systems. It has the ability to revolutionize patient care and improve the effectiveness of the procedure, reduce complications, and limit pain and suffering. Advances in ultrasound technology have driven the emergence of ultrasound at the point of care, which includes greater ease of use, superior image quality, and lower cost ultrasound units.

What is point of view ultrasound?

Attention point ultrasound refers to the use of portable ultrasound in a patient's bedside for diagnostic (for example, symptom or sign examination) and therapeutic (for example, imaging guide) purposes.

The main barrier to the future universal adoption of this "stethoscope of the future" dependent on the operator. It is the lack of widespread, efficient, and affordable training solutions. The need and demand for ultrasound training have grown in parallel with the expanded use of ultrasound technology.

Ultrasound at the point of care improves health care. While traditional methods of performing a physical examination are critically important, health professionals who become experts in the use of ultrasound at the point of care acquire a unique power. Higher fidelity, lower cost and smaller (handheld) ultrasound units, together with innovative ultrasound training solutions, has created a unique opportunity. Health care providers, facilities, and health systems that strategically incorporate ultrasound at the point of care in clinical practice will quickly be distinguished from those who refrain from incorporating this valuable modality.

How objective is ultrasound?

Ultrasound or sonography over the past two decades has become one of the main diagnostic methods, most often used in the examination of various internal organs. Unlike x-rays, ultrasound is completely safe for the body (ultrasound waves do not have a radioactive effect); therefore, it is used during pregnancy (to monitor fetal development) and other screening examinations.

Ultrasound accuracy

When making a number of diagnoses, it is ultrasound that is the preferred method of examination. It is used in the diagnosis of pathologies of the digestive system, in diseases of the genitourinary system, in obstetrics, for examining the state of superficial organs or glands (thyroid, mammary glands, etc.) by ultrasound labs. In addition to the absence of contraindications, the main advantage of the study is its diagnostic effectiveness. If we compare the results of ultrasound with pathological data, the accuracy of the results in most cases reaches 80%.

Decoding Of The Second Screening Of Ultrasound

In the second trimester, a pregnant woman is assigned a repeated screening, confirming or refuting the data obtained in the first comprehensive study. This period is most suitable for the diagnosis of hormonal levels of the fetus. The data obtained make it possible to assess its development.

If the expectant mother has to wait for a consultation of the attending physician for several days, she will certainly be interested in whether the results of the perinatal screening are normal in advance. It should be remembered that the doctor always judges the pathology only by the totality of the indicators of fetometry, and almost never takes anyone value into account.

Each child is individual even before birth. And if the future mother has really serious reasons for concern, then the ultrasound clinic will inform her about this immediately. Nevertheless, we will talk about the main indicators of the second screening and their normal values.

Body length and fetal weight

At the beginning of the second trimester, the embryo is growing very actively, and it is difficult to judge the standards. On average, the length of the fetus grows from 10 to 16 cm between the sixteenth and twentieth weeks of pregnancy. It is important to consider not an absolute indicator in centimeters, but an increase in growth by weeks. If the specialist is alert, the pregnant woman will be offered a second study after a week or two.

The fetal weight by ultrasound can only be determined using special formulas so that this value can be very inaccurate depending on the device, the doctor, and the posture of the baby in the womb. Weighing about 300 grams by the 20th week, all the organs of the baby are fully formed, and from 22 weeks or about 450 grams, a prematurely born baby can survive. It seems unbelievable!

The circumference of the abdomen and head

As well as the growth of the child, these important values ​​vary over a wide range and must strictly correspond to the gestational age. There are frequent cases when the “developmental delay” in practice turned out to be an incorrectly diagnosed gestational age. However, the widespread introduction of ultrasound diagnostics in the early stages has reduced the number of such errors.

Biparietal (BPR) and Frontooccipital Foetal head size

It is not surprising that the level 2 ultrasound of pathologies during pregnancy is based on head measurements in 3 projections. It is unlikely that at least one human organ is comparable in complexity and importance to the brain. Deviations from reference values ​​may indicate the formation of severe fetal malformations, such as anencephaly or dropsy of the brain. But as a rule, such diseases are judged by several repeated ultrasounds.

Bone length: lower leg, femur, humerus, and forearm

Some deviation from the norms indicated in the table for the weeks of pregnancy is permissible and can be determined by individual characteristics. The doctor will be warned by a sharp shortening of the entire limb or a different length of arms or legs in one child.

What Is A Transvaginal Ultrasound And How Is It Done?

Transvaginal ultrasound is an imaging study used to examine the female pelvis when more detailed images of some organs are desired. A special transducer is used, and the study is painless, brief, and safe.

The transvaginal ultrasound test, such as gynecological ultrasound is an imaging test that is based on the use of ultrasound waves (i.e., high frequency), to explore the organs and structures in the female pelvis. The difference between both types of ultrasound is the transducer that emits the ultrasound waves: a thin transducer is used in transvaginal ultrasound and specially designed not to cause discomfort, which is gently inserted into the vagina. This transducer is slightly larger in size than a buffer.

Why does the doctor request a transvaginal ultrasound?

Transvaginal ultrasound provides more detailed and defined images of the organs located in the pelvis, especially the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. This is because the type of transducer allows ultrasound waves to be directed to visualize the structures of the pelvis in planes that are not possible with transabdominal gynecological ultrasound.

Generally, this study is requested when there is a pain in the pelvic region or abnormal bleeding. It provides valuable information to evaluate the presence of fibroids or polyps in the uterus, as well as cysts or other tumors in the ovaries, to evaluate causes of infertility and other possible problems in the structures of the pelvis.

How is the preparation of transvaginal ultrasound?

The transvaginal ultrasound is performed on an outpatient basis, i.e., in a clinic, and requires no special preparation. Unlike transabdominal ultrasound, you don't need to drink water or urinary bladder retention.

The ultrasound is completely painless, and it takes a few minutes. In general, fifteen minutes are enough. The professional who conducts the study will ask you to empty your bladder before starting. You will be asked to put on a gown and remove the garments from the lower half of the body (from the waist down). You will then lie on a stretcher and be asked to flex your knees, similar to when you perform the exam with your gynecologist.

Before starting transvaginal ultrasound, the transducer is covered with a latex protector that is discarded after the end of each patient's study. In addition, a thin layer of transparent gel is applied to lubricate said protector. In this way, the study generates minimal discomfort and is completely safe from a health point of view. After each study, the transducer is completely sterilized and cleaned.

There is no effect after an ultrasound. You may notice some vaginal discharge due to the lubricating gel, but it is scarce and lasts less than 24 hours. Before having an ultrasound, it is important to know ultrasound test price in Delhi.

Can you have sex before a gynecological ultrasound?

The answer is yes. Having sex the day before, or even the same day of the shift for transvaginal ultrasound does not modify or influence the results. Personal hygiene is always important.

Your privacy is protected at all times. You can request that the professional conducting the study be a woman if you feel more comfortable. At the time of requesting the turn, indicate that you wish.

Definition Of Prostate Ultrasonography By Endorectal Approach

The ultrasound is a medical imaging technique based on the use of ultrasound, by which we can "see" inside the body. The ultrasound of the prostate, the gland just below the bladder in men and participating in the production of sperm, can be done in two ways:

For suprapubic: externally, by placing the probe above the pubis

By the endorectal route: internally, by introducing the probe into the rectum

Prostate ultrasound test in Delhi by the endorectal approach is more precise and allows to obtain a better image of the prostate. It also makes it possible to evaluate more precisely the volume of the gland as well as its "texture" and that of the accessory glands (seminal vesicles).

Why have an endorectal ultrasound?

Ultrasonography is a painless, non-invasive examination and is therefore first-line when the doctor suspects an abnormality in the prostate.

This can be the case:

  • After a rectal examination highlighting an abnormality (mass or hypertrophy) of the prostate
  • In case of urinary symptoms (frequent urge and emission of a small amount of urine, pain during urination, urinary tract infection, difficulty urinating, etc.)
  • In case of dosing showing an abnormal value of PSA (prostate antigen)
  • To diagnose Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH)
  • To guide the doctor when performing a biopsy and to help detect visually suspicious areas to better target specimens

However, endorectal ultrasound has no place in the diagnosis of prostate cancer because it is too inaccurate.

In addition to biopsies, ultrasonography is mainly used to assess prostatic volume, which tends to increase with age, which can lead to urinary discomfort (benign prostatic hypertrophy).

Examination

Ultrasound involves exposing the tissues or organs that one wishes to observe to ultrasonic waves. It does not require any preparation or anesthesia.

For endorectal ultrasound, an elongate (pencil-shaped) probe is used, covered with a condom and lubricated. It is inserted shallow into the anus, the patient lying on his side, knees bent. If a biopsy is performed at the same time, the doctor introduces a needle into the prostate, through the wall of the rectum, guided by ultrasound.

What results can be expected from an endorectal ultrasound of the prostate?

Whether it is to perform biopsies or to evaluate prostate volume, ultrasound clinics helps to diagnose prostate conditions, such as cancer (through biopsies) or benign prostatic hypertrophy. The choice of treatment will depend on the diagnosis but also the age of the patient, different risk factors, etc.

In the case of hypertrophy of the troublesome prostate, several drugs may be prescribed, including alpha-blockers and phytotherapy products (African plum or pygeum, saw palmetto).

Ultrasound Of The Kidneys In Health And Disease

How the kidneys look on ultrasound is normal and how pathology is determined can be found in this article. Here you will find the basic principles that experienced doctors’ use in their work.

A normal view of the kidneys on ultrasound

A complete ultrasound examination having high ultrasound scan cost of the kidneys includes an assessment of the location, orientation, axis, size, and echogenicity of the parenchyma, the contour, the nature of the centrally located echogenic disk and the lack of visualization of the proximal ureter. Normally, the kidneys are located in the retroperitoneal space along with the lumbar muscles and are oriented parallel to their course. They occupy an oblique position, and the upper pole is located dorsal to the lower pole.

The size of the kidney depends on the age; it is measured between the two poles and compared with known nomograms. From the point of view of ultrasound of the kidneys, the most important adjacent organ on the right is the liver, and on the left is the spleen. During the first few months of life, the kidney parenchyma may be iso- or hyperechoic compared with the liver or spleen, and then it becomes hypoechoic.

The cortex can be differentiated from the cerebral bylines, reflecting slight differences in echogenicity. The presence of cortico-medullary differentiation is an indicator of the normal structure of the kidney and the integrity of the parenchyma.

The contour of the kidney in children on ultrasound can be smooth, but often it has a lobed structure. Parenchymal lobules consist of a central pyramid covered with parenchyma of cortical substance and pillars located between the pyramids. With age, the lobed structure disappears, and the contour becomes smooth.

Abnormal development of the kidney on ultrasound

Anomalies or pathology of the kidneys in children can be divided into congenital and acquired, and anatomically- anomalies in the number, localization, vascular, parenchymal and abdominal systems.

One-sided kidney agenesis on ultrasound is often detected. Unilateral agenesis of the kidney is most often determined in children during an ultrasound scan conducted:

  • With urination problems;
  • When screening for related anomalies and
  • About unrelated pathology.

On ultrasound in the renal fossa is not defined as a bean-shaped structure, and it may be located intestines. The surrounding organs are usually not changed. In such cases, it is important to conduct an ultrasound examination of the pelvis to prevent kidney dystopia. In infants, the adrenal glands are visualized in a normal anatomical position.

Kidney dystopia on ultrasonography

The kidneys begin their embryonic development in the large pelvis with the pelvis oriented anteriorly, and then they migrate to the renal fossa and complete the medial rotation by the 6th week of gestation. This process can be interrupted at any stage.

Renal vein thrombosis with an ultrasound scan

Ultrasound done by professional Ultrasound Clinics has a high diagnostic value for suspected renal vein thrombosis. Risk factors include dehydration, birth injury, and sepsis. During the acute phase, marked edema develops, and an ultrasound examines an increase in the kidney with a loss of corticomedullary differentiation. Due to edema at an early stage, the parenchyma looks hypoechoic, but with the progression of fibrosis, it becomes hyperechoic. Thrombi of small vessels look like radiant linear echogenic bands in the parenchyma. Atrophy and calcifications are visualized at a late stage in the thrombus localization zone. When color Doppler on ultrasound, there is a lack of venous blood flow.

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