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Frequently Asked Questions about Ultrasound

An abdominal ultrasound is an imaging study that uses ultrasound to evaluate the internal organs of the abdomen, liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, and kidneys.

It can also evaluate vascular structures of the abdomen, as well as structures of the lymphatic system.

An ultrasound is used, which is used through a transducer the emission and reception of high-frequency sound waves. This transducer moves through the skin of the patient, and above the organ that interests to study, generating images of organs and structures within the abdomen. The same ultrasound through the transducer receives these waves and creates an image of the organ under study.

Each organ or tissue returns as a sound echo the waves that by its own structure generates given the density of the tissue to which it is formed, for example, the waves that emit bone, fluids or adipose tissue will be different.

How is an abdominal ultrasound done?

It is an ultrasound done lying down, and a transparent water-based conductive gel is applied to the skin on the abdomen that serves as a means for the transmission of ultrasound.

The doctor may need to change the position while performing the study, to examine different areas of the abdomen; you may also be asked to hold your breath for short periods during the study.

This ultrasound can be requested to investigate the cause of abdominal pain, kidney infections, diagnose tumors or ascites, and evaluate the presence of lithiasis in the gallbladder or kidney, among other possible causes for the study.

What is the preparation for an abdominal ultrasound?

The person is required to fast for at least 8 hours, to facilitate the observation of all the organs to be evaluated.

Does abdominal ultrasound generate any discomfort?

It is a study done by Ultrasound Labs that generates little or no discomfort. The conductive gel can feel a bit cold and damp. It is a rapid study in general and that the patient tolerates very well.

How long is an abdominal ultrasound?

Approximately an abdominal ultrasound study lasts about 30 minutes.

Are there risks to perform the abdominal ultrasound study?

There are no risks to perform it, since it is not exposed to ionizing radiation and neither is it an invasive study.

In an abdominal ultrasound, Doppler can also be used to increase the evaluation of the organs under study, through the study of its vascularization. In the course of Doppler, you can hear sounds similar to the pulse of an artery.

After the study, the patient can resume their activities in a normal and daily manner.

One of the benefits is low whole abdomen ultrasound price, its availability, and it does not use ionizing radiation.

An image is generated in real time, being a tool that eventually serves as a guide for minimally invasive procedures such as aspiration biopsies, and fine needle aspirations for drainage of liquids in the abdomen.

It has limitations for the study of hollow organs, that is, the intestine and the stomach mainly, since the air or gas contained in these organs reflects the ultrasound beam and prevents the formation of a clear image of the organ.

Diagnosing the Health Issues in Your Child

How can parents prevent and treat these conditions to give their children a healthy and happy adult life?

Congenital heart diseases are problems in the structure and functioning of the heart due to the abnormal development of the heart before birth. It is the most common congenital anomaly, and its presentation and treatment will depend on the type of malformation that is since there are several types.

The majority of congenital heart diseases are presented as an isolated defect without association with other diseases. They can also be part of various genetic and chromosomal syndromes, such as Down syndrome. And although congenital heart disease is present at birth, it may not be visible immediately or cause problems for years.

Although for most congenital disabilities a known cause cannot be identified, it is known that the consumption of alcohol and some chemical substances during pregnancy, and certain infections such as rubella, can contribute to its development. It is also important to control the level of blood sugar especially in pregnant women with diabetes and perform periodic ultrasounds to detect any problems.

Early prevention, the key

The first preventive measure is fetal cardiac ultrasound when the child is still in the uterus. However, the condition can be detected only years later, when the child is in early childhood, so periodic checks are essential. Besides, there are two other forms of diagnosis: puncture and nuchal translucency. Any of these types of studies must be done after week 20.

With early detection and adequate treatment, the child can be provided with quality and normal life expectancy, something that for years was unthinkable due to the lack of information and technology.

In general terms, the treatments will depend on the type of heart disease that is suffered. The milder ones disappear alone over the years, other more serious require medication and in the most complex one or several surgical procedures will be required.

Diagnostic tests

If the results of level 1 ultrasound are abnormal, doctors usually use diagnostic tests to determine if the baby has congenital disabilities or other possible problems. These tests are also offered to women with high-risk pregnancies, such as women aged 35 or older, women who have had their previous pregnancy affected by birth defects, women with chronic diseases such as high blood pressure, lupus, diabetes or epilepsy, and women who use certain medications.

High-resolution ultrasound

The ultrasound creates images of the baby. This ultrasound, also called second-level ultrasound, is used to look more closely at possible birth defects or other problems that have been indicated in the results of previous screening tests. It is usually done between weeks 18 and 22 of pregnancy.

Chorionic villus sampling (CVS)

In the chorionic villus test (CVS), the doctors of Ultrasound Clinic removes a small sample of the placental tissue, called chorionic villus, to analyze and determine if the baby has chromosomal or genetic alterations. In general, CVS is offered to women who have received an abnormal result on a first-trimester screening test or who may be at higher risk. This test is done between weeks 10 and 12 of pregnancy, before amniocentesis.

Amniocentesis

Amniocentesis is an examination in which the doctor removes a small amount of amniotic fluid from the area surrounding the baby. The fluid is tested to understand the baby's protein levels, which can indicate certain birth defects. Amniotic fluid cells can be analyzed for chromosomal abnormalities, such as Down syndrome, and genetic problems, such as cystic fibrosis.

Is there Any Difference Between 3D Ultrasound and 4D Ultrasound?

Many people wonder what the difference between 3D ultrasound and 4D ultrasounds is! Initially, these techniques based on ultrasound were limited to 2D. Technological advances now allow exploration 3 and 4d. A 3D ultrasound is a scanner that produces a three-dimensional image similar to a photograph, rather than a cross-sectional image obtained in a 2D scan. A 4D scanner is the term of the technique used. A 4D scan means that instead of just getting an image, you get a video. In a 4D scan, the actions of the fetus are visible in real time. In simple terms, a 3D ultrasound is an image, and 4D ultrasounds are videos showing movement.

Is it safe for mother and baby?

The biological effects and the safety of ultrasound techniques have received considerable attention in recent years. Several research articles, textbooks, and institutional documents have been published. The American Institute of Medicine in Ultrasound (AIUM) has stated that significant biological effects have not been independently recorded. Also, no risk has been identified with the use of ultrasound diagnostics in humans.

Do I have to see a doctor before the visit?

Yes of course. You are required to visit a Ultrasound Lab and a medical diagnostic ultrasound of your fetus before visiting the ultrasound center.

What is the best time to have a 4D/3D ultrasound?

It is recommended that you do your 4D/3D ultrasound after 16 weeks. From 16 to 20 weeks is the best time to see the whole body, but the face will not be fully formed. From week 24 the baby's face will be more developed, but it is not easy that the whole body cannot be observed. We will see the different parts of the body in separate sections.

What can I do to maximize my chances of having a clear picture?

The clarity and quality of the images of 4D ultrasounds depend both on the sonographer and on several factors that are beyond the control. These factors include, but are not limited to a percentage of body fat of the pregnant mother, position of the fetus, age, position of the placenta, etc.

To maximize the chances of obtaining good images in 4D the pregnant mother can do three simple things: (1) hydrate, taking infusions during pregnancy, fruit or drinking more (at least three days before your appointment), (2) getting a good night's rest before your appointment, and (3) eating something sweet 10 to 20 minutes before your appointment. Although these things are not going to guarantee a good ultrasound session, the possibilities will increase. Always check with your doctor before taking any of these assessments.

The 4D ultrasound in Delhi are increasingly popular, to the point that most pregnant women get a raise to try to know what their baby before seeing it in person. Anyway, we must also recognize that a large number of couples still do not know what this new technology can offer unique and consider whether the differences between a 3D/4D echo are significant enough to decide to do it.

How do You Prepare Yourself for Ultrasound Test?

The Ultrasound Test is performed to diagnose and reveal several important information lying within your body for the treatment of different disease. The Ultrasound machine uses high-frequency sound waves to generate images of the structures of scanned body parts. This is also known by the name of Sonography.

An ultrasound scan is performed by putting an ultrasound device outside your body while in some cases an ultrasound device needs to be placed inside your body.

Below are the reasons for which you need to go for an ultrasound:

Ultrasound is used to know the condition of your body from the inside. It is used to do several things such as:

·       To check the uterus and ovaries of pregnant women.

·       To check the growth of developing baby inside the womb.

·       To detect gallbladder disease.

·       To check the flow of blood inside your body.

·       In the treatment of a tumor.

·       To diagnose breast lump.

·       To check the thyroid gland.

·       To find out prostate and genital problems.

·        To find out metabolic bone diseases.

·       To help to access joint inflammation.

What is the Risk factor associated with an Ultrasound Scan?

An ultrasound scan is a risk-free procedure that uses low power sound waves. Not any particular is detected till now.  But besides being a valuable machine, it has a few limitations. One of them being that the sound waves could not travel through air and bone. Hence it cannot work well on body parts that contain gases or covered by bones like head and lungs.

How to prepare for Ultrasound Clinic?

There is no specific preparation required for an ultrasound. But a few cases need guidance such as:

·       In the case of gallbladder ultrasound, your doctor may tell you not eat or drink water at least six hours before the exam.

·       While in pelvic ultrasound you will need to drink up to six glass of water and do not go for urination to the examination ends as the full bladder is required.

·       Kids need additional preparation. Once you reach in ultrasound clinic ask your doctor for precautions to be taken.

·       Wear hospital gown or loose clothes.

·       Take off or leave at home all metal jewelry and accessory.

How ultrasound image is produced?

The doctor assigned for the test will apply gel on the area which is to be scanned. The gel restricts the production of air pockets which blocks the sound waves that create images. The gel can be easily removed with cloth or cotton.

The doctor used to press a small device on the area to be scanned to capture images. This small device is known as a transducer. The transducer is used to send sound waves in the body and it captures the image which one will bounce back and then send it computer to take its printout.

In case of a pregnancy ultrasound, a probe is used to combine with the transducer which then inserted into the natural opening of your body to capture images.

An Ultrasound machine plays a revolutionary role in the world of medical science. It is the most convenient way to capture structural images of your internal body parts and helps doctors and surgeons to provide accurate medication and treatment for fast recovery.

A Complete Guide On Ultrasound: Procedure, Preparation And Purpose

Ultrasound is a term that we come across everyday and we’ve seen people around us getting this test done. But what ultrasound really is? For those who are still living under the rock, ultrasound is a type of medical test that brings to use high frequency sound waves in order to capture live images of the inside of your body. Also popularly referred as Sonography, today ultrasound is one of the most widely used imaging techniques by doctors all over the world to identify problems inside the human body. What differentiates ultrasound from all the other imaging techniques is that it does not use any kind of radiation. Here in this blog we will look deeply into the purpose, procedure and preparation of ultrasound scan.

Purpose of Ultrasound

Most of the people associate the term ultrasound with pregnancy but the medical test has many purposes beyond it. Yes, ultrasound is most commonly used in scanning the stomach of a mother to be. The medical test provides the mother with the first view of her unborn child. Apart from pregnancy, ultrasound has also a wide variety of other purposes such as detecting problems in kidney, liver, eyes, bladder, brain and other vital body parts. Also the medical technique is very helpful in guiding the surgeon’s movement in complex medical procedures such as biopsies.

How to Prepare yourself for an Ultrasound Test

There is no predefined preparation for the ultrasound test but it all depends upon the body part or organ that has to be tested. In cases when the abdomen of the patient is to be examined the doctor will tell you to fast before eight hours. In other cases such as liver, gall bladder or pancreas the doctor may tell you to keep away from fat free food. For distinct cases there are different types of do’s and don’ts that doctors often advise patients. Before an ultrasound test you should inform the doctor about any medications or drugs that you have been prescribed. Be open to your doctor and follow his instructions carefully in order to avoid any kind of inconvenience later on. Although there are no side effects of an ultrasound tests but you need to adhere to the precautions briefed by your doctor.

How the Ultrasound is Actually Conducted

The ultrasound test is basically done lying down with the part meant to be tested left exposed. An ultrasound professional is called a sonographer and has deep knowledge about the imaging technique. When you visit an ultrasound clinic the sonographer applies some special kind of lubricant jelly to your body skin. The main motive behind it is to create friction so that the ultrasound transducer can be rubbed easily on the skin and moreover it also helps in transmitting the sound waves. The transducer then sends high frequency sounds, the waves then echo and reflect back once they hit any dense object such as a bone or any organ. This forms an image on the computer that can be interpreted by a doctor. The process usually doesn't take much time to complete but the time may vary depending on the complexity and on which part of the body is being examined.

What Is Pregnancy Ultrasound? Why You Need To Do So?

During pregnancy, a lot of medical examinations are done to determine the health of the fetus and the mother. When you get pregnant, the doctor may ask you to have various blood tests and urine tests to understand the condition of your body, hormone, and other elements. The health of your baby depends on you, and hence it is important to go for a regular checkup and tests to ensure that everything is under control. Pregnancy Ultrasound is one such test that every mother should go through before the delivery to determine the good health and proper growth of her baby inside the uterus.

What Is Pregnancy Ultrasound

An ultrasound which is known as sonogram is a process to monitor fetal development and at the same time to screen if there are any abnormalities in the fetus.

Some Vital Points

Nevertheless, there are some vital points that you must know before you go for this test during your pregnancy.

•    If there is no reason or need, then the medical professionals always suggest that you should not go through this test during pregnancy.

•    You have to go to the best clinic for this test during pregnancy so that you can get an accurate report on time. Since it is the question of your unborn body; hence you should not take any chance.

•    To obtain the best result you must consume two or three glass of water just before the test and try to avoid urinating. This can make your abdomen look bigger and clearer than the normal time during the test, and the images come clearer.

Why You Should Have Pregnancy Ultrasound

There can be diverse reasons for having an ultrasound during pregnancy. Generally, there are two ultrasounds done during pregnancy tenure. However, if your doctor feels then he can advise some more ultrasounds. It is mainly done to see how the fetus is doing inside your womb. The doctor needs to monitor the growth of the fetus at a regular interval and determine if there is any medical attention required by the fetus for normal development.

The ultrasound is also done to understand if there are any difficulties or abnormalities in the abdomen or uterus of the mother that can affect the baby.

When This Test Should Be Done

Pregnancy Ultrasound should be done twice or in some special cases thrice to determine the development of the baby inside the mother.

The first ultrasound should be done during the first trimester, which is from week one to week 12. This is to:

•    Confirm pregnancy

•    Check the heartbeat of the fetus

•    Look for any kind of fetal abnormalities

•    Diagnose ectopic pregnancy

•    Check for multiple pregnancy

•    Determine the gestational age of the fetus

•    Calculate the EDD or estimated due date

The second ultrasound is done during the second or the third trimester of pregnancy to

•    Monitor the normal growth of the fetus

•    Confirm the presence of multiple fetuses inside the uterus

•    Determine the congenital abnormalities in the fetus

•    View the placenta to see if there is any issue

There are a lot of other things that can be confirmed, checked and determined because of this test. To get the information about the diagnostic centers around your locality, log on to www.3hcare.in and you can book your ultrasound online with facility to pay online or pay at center.

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