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Mammography, Tomosynthesis and Breast Ultrasound

What is a digital mammogram and what is it for?

The digital tomosynthesis mammography is the most effective study to detect early breast cancer and other diseases of women.

There are different types of mammography, but undoubtedly the digital modality offers more accurate diagnoses and, therefore, patient treatments will be more effective, less aggressive and of a shorter duration.

breast-scan

How is a digital mammogram done?

To perform this test, a specialized technician is in charge of compressing the breast between two transparent plates to take photographs of it from two different angles. This process is repeated with the other breast.

The Hologic mammogram that ultrasound clinic have at Delhi emits minimal radiation, making it the safest technology for studying breast cancer, among other pathologies.

What is breast tomosynthesis?

It is a technology that mixes 2D mammography and PET CT scan in Delhi to obtain much more precise 3D images of the size, location and extent of diseases.

Breast tomosynthesis has some advantages such as allowing less pressure on the breast to take the x-rays, and therefore the chances of discomfort are reduced.

What is a breast ultrasound?

It consists of a non-invasive diagnostic test that, in this case, works as a complementary study to mammography. Images are taken in real time through ultrasound and without any risk to women's health.

In diagnostic labs in Delhi there is one more advantage of having a level 1 ultrasound which is the delivery of results on the spot together with the report of digital mammography and tomosynthesis.

Difference between mammography and breast ultrasound. When is each test done?

In most cases, breast ultrasound test is a complementary study that is performed after mammography to obtain an even more reliable diagnosis.

Mammography is the main tool to detect breast cancer, being an irreplaceable test for breast ultrasound. The second study can be very useful to differentiate between a simple benign cyst or a malignant tumor, and in cases of high breast density.

The ideal is to carry out a digital mammogram with tomosynthesis and followed by a breast 4d ultrasound in Delhi.

What does it mean to have a dense breast?

Dense breasts have less adipose tissue and more non-adipose tissues. These are more prone to breast cancer and at the same time offer greater difficulty in detecting the disease. Therefore, mammography remains the main test, but tomosynthesis and breast ultrasound offer the most effective diagnosis in these cases.One should always ask for breast ultrasound price in Delhi before undergoing any diagnostic test.

Between 20 and 45 years of age: It is the period of more cases of high breast density, decreasing with the arrival of menopause. A doctor's annual breast exam, self-exam, and digital mammography can be great allies.

What is a lump or solid tissue in the chest?

Finding a lump in the chest is always alarming but one should not always expect the worst. There are different types of nodules in the breasts that can be benign or malignant in each case:

Benign

  • Inflammation and normal discomfort associated with the menstrual cycle
  • Fibroadenomas
  • Cysts
  • Mastitis and abscesses
  • Fatty cysts (fatty necrosis breast nodules)
  • Lipomas
  • Adenosis of the breast
  • Intraductal papillomas
  • Phyllodes tumors of the breast (a study is necessary to determine if it is benign or malignant)
  • Ductal ectasia

Evil

  • Inflammatory breast cancer
  • Paget's disease of the nipple
  • Phyllodes tumors
  • Angosarcoma
Alzheimer's Disease: Ultrasound To The Rescue Of The Brain

There are about 50 million people worldwide who suffer from Alzheimer's disease. This number, which will increase even more with the increase in the elderly population, has made Alzheimer's disease one of the biggest health problems of our time. There is no definitive cure for the disease currently known. With the drugs we have, we can only slow the course of the disease.

rescue-of-the-brain

Alzheimer's disease results from a slow degeneration of neurons, starting in the hippocampus (a brain structure essential for memory) and then spreading to the rest of the brain. It is characterized by recent memory disorders, executive functions, and orientation in time and space. The patient gradually loses his cognitive faculties and his autonomy.

It is characterized by neurological degeneration which affects cognitive capacities, including memory. If drugs can slow this process down, the disease is still incurable.

But research continues to open up avenues. The ultrasound technique already being tested for brain tumors could also help Alzheimer's patients. Since the brain is a very "tight" organ, chemotherapy has great difficulty in penetrating it, but ultrasound has the property of making it more permeable and of facilitating the access of the chemo to the tumor. Patients are currently in clinical trials, and the method is so promising that it will soon also be tested in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

What if we could treat Alzheimer's disease or brain tumors more effectively?

The blood-brain barrier is a kind of physiological shield all around the brain. Its mission is to prevent possible toxins from entering it. A protective barrier which also complicates the treatment of neurological diseases since therapeutic fluids, drugs cannot or very little cross it.

Alzheimer's disease, sometimes considered the disease of the century, could be cured thanks to an extraordinarily promising new technique using ultrasound to remove aggregates of toxic proteins suspected of causing this famous disease as well as dementia. A treatment that has proven itself in animal tests.

The ultrasound test technique is exceptional in that it opens this shield and therefore makes the barrier permeable. We now know that this makes it possible to better distribute chemotherapy in the brain. Originally, a discovery that creates real hope in the treatment of previously incurable brain tumors. Treatment can be greatly improved, thanks to the opening of the blood-brain barrier.

Experts have developed an ultrasound system that opens these previously waterproof vessels and make chemotherapy easier to penetrate. The molecule directly reaches its goal and it heals better.

It would be a healthy way, without medication and without any harm to the sick, to heal. Initially, the research aimed to find a way to use ultrasound to temporarily open the blood-brain barrier to help dementia-fighting antibodies better reach their target in the brain.

Ultrasound waves oscillate rapidly, activating microglial cells, destroying amyloid plaques that destroy neuron synapses in these cells. This approach activates the memory-repairing mechanism by temporarily opening the blood-brain barrier, clearing toxic protein clumps.

Since these initial observations, the team has decided to work to refine its technique. They have successfully proven that the treatment removes toxic proteins and safely restores memory. Experts suggests that if you are going to have an ultrasound, it is better to know ultrasound price in Delhi first.

When An Ultrasound Of The Urinary System Is Prescribed?

Ultrasound of the urinary system and the adrenal gland is indispensable in the diagnosis of pathological processes, formations, and tumours in the study area.

Ultrasound of the urinary system involves an examination of all organs. Such a diagnosis is prescribed by a urologist, the procedure is carried out by the transabdominal method, which does not pose a threat to health. Ultrasound of the bladder and other organs is considered the most informative method for the diagnosis of various diseases, including stones, cysts, and neoplasms.

ultrasound-urinary-system

Since the procedure is not harmful, it can be prescribed as many times as necessary to monitor the dynamics of therapy. Before having an ultrasound, it is recommended to first know the ultrasound price in Delhi.

Ultrasound of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder should be performed in the following situations:

  • Diagnosis of defects and options for the development and location of these organs;
  • Diagnosis of acute and chronic pathology of the urinary system;
  • Monitoring the dynamics of the disease and evaluating the effectiveness of its treatment;
  • Identification of tumor-like and other volumetric formations of these organs;
  • Assessment of the architectonics and intensity of the vascular pattern of the kidneys;
  • Assessment of blood supply to volume formations;
  • Study of perinephric fiber;
  • Determination of accumulations of pathological fluid in the area of ​​localization of the kidneys;
  • Control before and during the puncture of the kidneys and tumor formations in the study area;
  • Determination of calculi (stones) in the kidneys, bladder, and ureters;
  • To diagnose the causes of dysuric (violation of urination) phenomena;
  • Assessment of the volume of residual urine;
  • Routine inspection (if desired);
  • Dispensary observation for diseases of the urinary system;
  • Urinary tract injury.

WHAT DISEASES ARE DIAGNOSED IN THE STUDY

An ultrasound of the urinary system helps to identify the following diseases:

  • Cystitis;
  • Urolithiasis disease;
  • Tumors of the kidneys and cysts;
  • Kidney carbuncle;
  • Bladder diverticulum;
  • Omission and atypical position of the kidneys, etc.

Ultrasound of the adrenal gland helps to identify tumors and other volumetric processes in them.

STUDY PREPARATION

Ultrasound of the kidneys, adrenal glands, and ureters is best done on an empty stomach (the last meal should be 6 to 8 hours before the study). Before the study, it is necessary to empty the bladder. In some cases, the doctor, on the contrary, recommends a water load, that is, an ultrasound with a full bladder is performed.

Overweight patients should be prepared for an ultrasound of the urinary system in 2 to 3 days. To reduce gas production, it is recommended to follow a diet (exclude brown bread, dairy products, cabbage and legumes, cereals and jelly) and taking medications that reduce gas formation (espumisan, activated charcoal).

The study of the bladder is carried out only when it is full. For the filling, you need to drink about 1 liter of liquid 1 hour before the study and do not urinate. In the presence of emergency indications, the study of the kidneys, adrenal glands and ureters is carried out without preparation. You can know the ultrasound lower abdomen cost by visiting the best clinic of ultrasound.

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