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Alzheimer's Disease: Ultrasound To The Rescue Of The Brain

There are about 50 million people worldwide who suffer from Alzheimer's disease. This number, which will increase even more with the increase in the elderly population, has made Alzheimer's disease one of the biggest health problems of our time. There is no definitive cure for the disease currently known. With the drugs we have, we can only slow the course of the disease.

rescue-of-the-brain

Alzheimer's disease results from a slow degeneration of neurons, starting in the hippocampus (a brain structure essential for memory) and then spreading to the rest of the brain. It is characterized by recent memory disorders, executive functions, and orientation in time and space. The patient gradually loses his cognitive faculties and his autonomy.

It is characterized by neurological degeneration which affects cognitive capacities, including memory. If drugs can slow this process down, the disease is still incurable.

But research continues to open up avenues. The ultrasound technique already being tested for brain tumors could also help Alzheimer's patients. Since the brain is a very "tight" organ, chemotherapy has great difficulty in penetrating it, but ultrasound has the property of making it more permeable and of facilitating the access of the chemo to the tumor. Patients are currently in clinical trials, and the method is so promising that it will soon also be tested in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

What if we could treat Alzheimer's disease or brain tumors more effectively?

The blood-brain barrier is a kind of physiological shield all around the brain. Its mission is to prevent possible toxins from entering it. A protective barrier which also complicates the treatment of neurological diseases since therapeutic fluids, drugs cannot or very little cross it.

Alzheimer's disease, sometimes considered the disease of the century, could be cured thanks to an extraordinarily promising new technique using ultrasound to remove aggregates of toxic proteins suspected of causing this famous disease as well as dementia. A treatment that has proven itself in animal tests.

The ultrasound test technique is exceptional in that it opens this shield and therefore makes the barrier permeable. We now know that this makes it possible to better distribute chemotherapy in the brain. Originally, a discovery that creates real hope in the treatment of previously incurable brain tumors. Treatment can be greatly improved, thanks to the opening of the blood-brain barrier.

Experts have developed an ultrasound system that opens these previously waterproof vessels and make chemotherapy easier to penetrate. The molecule directly reaches its goal and it heals better.

It would be a healthy way, without medication and without any harm to the sick, to heal. Initially, the research aimed to find a way to use ultrasound to temporarily open the blood-brain barrier to help dementia-fighting antibodies better reach their target in the brain.

Ultrasound waves oscillate rapidly, activating microglial cells, destroying amyloid plaques that destroy neuron synapses in these cells. This approach activates the memory-repairing mechanism by temporarily opening the blood-brain barrier, clearing toxic protein clumps.

Since these initial observations, the team has decided to work to refine its technique. They have successfully proven that the treatment removes toxic proteins and safely restores memory. Experts suggests that if you are going to have an ultrasound, it is better to know ultrasound price in Delhi first.

Ultrasound Of The Heart: Possibilities Of The Method, Features Of The Conduct And Cost Of Diagnosis

Despite the fact that the heart is one of the most studied organs of the human body, and Indian cardiologists are one of the best in the world, in our country, unfortunately, about 1.2 million people die from cardiovascular diseases annually. And one of the main reasons for the high mortality rates, along with the wrong lifestyle, is that Russians are extremely dismissive of the early diagnosis of heart disease.

ultrasound-of-the-heart

No cardiologist can provide qualified assistance to his patient if the diagnosis is too late or inaccurate. In this article, we will talk about ultrasound of the heart, or EchoCG, a study that is among the first among the hardware methods for diagnosing the heart muscle and can detect diseases in the early stages.

Transthoracic echocardiography (EchoCG) is an ultrasound examination of the heart that is highly informative and does not cause patient discomfort. In this examination, the sensor of the device is pressed against the chest - hence the name of the procedure. At the same time, electrodes are fixed on the patient's body, with the help of which an ECG is recorded. Observing the state of the heart and having the results of an ECG, the doctor receives a comprehensive picture of the patient’s heart condition. You should also know the ultrasound test cost in Noida.

At 3hcare, transthoracic echocardiography is performed using the most modern devices. You can get both 2D and 3D images on them, measure blood flow velocity, and thus the examination becomes even more detailed. All this significantly improves the quality of diagnosis and treatment of our patients.

THE PROCEDURE FOR TRANSTHORACIC ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY

During the examination, the patient lies on his back or on his left side (this position may be preferable for the doctor). In addition to ultrasound, the patient's ECG is simultaneously recorded. If the patient suffers from pulmonary emphysema, obesity, if he has a chest injury, the examination may be difficult and will require more time. However, usually, the doctor manages to find such a position of the sensor, in which he can get an informative picture.

Depending on the indications and condition of the patient, the doctor may use different modes of the sensor, conducting a more or less detailed study. In each case, this is decided individually.

Using ultrasound, you can see the heart in different projections, measure the thickness of the walls, see the position of the heart valves, the volume of the chambers of the heart. During the examination, the doctor receives a general picture of the patient’s condition and can, according to its results, conduct an additional examination. In particular, often patients are referred for transesophageal echocardiography, during which the probe is inserted into the esophagus.

INDICATIONS FOR TRANSTHORACIC ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY

Transthoracic echocardiography is a general examination that is performed to assess the condition of the heart. The main indications for his appointment are:

  • Heartache
  • Heart murmur
  • Rhythm disturbances
  • Signs of heart failure (e.g., swelling of the legs)
  • Fatigue, poor exercise tolerance, shortness of breath, etc.

This examination has no contraindications, however, patients suffering from tachycardia or hypertension should warn the doctor about the diagnosis so that he correctly deciphers the results of echocardiography.

The examination takes approximately 30 minutes. Its results are written to disk or flash media and transferred to the patient. It is suggested to know the ultrasound test price in Noida before having one.

All About Ultrasound To Know In 2020

Everyone knows how important it is to accurately determine the diagnosis before starting treatment, and not to act blindly. Only such an approach can guarantee the effectiveness of treatment. Currently, many methods are used in medicine. Ultrasound diagnostics is one of them, which allows simple and painless to carry out a qualitative and quantitative assessment of data, to study the morphological and functional characteristics of the structure of organs and systems.

ultrasound-in-2020

The modern ultrasound machine and the high professionalism of the staff allow for high-quality diagnosis. In terms of the combination of positive characteristics with ultrasound, it is difficult to compare any other method, since, probably, no one has such a combination of advantages:

Ultrasound test provides reliable information about the position, shape, and size of the internal organs and small pelvis, as well as the fetus.

  • The study is convenient and does not require complicated preparation
  • Ultrasound is publicly available
  • Ultrasound is harmless and safe for the doctor, patient at any age, including those not yet born (located in the womb)
  • The study is painless and not associated with discomfort
  • Low time spent on research. Ultrasound is performed in real-time. This circumstance gives several advantages at once:
  • No time is needed for processing the material, developing and printing any pictures, etc., the result of the study becomes apparent at the end of the study
  • The researcher sees his “picture” in real-time and has the ability to control the image, achieving the best. The ultra-sonographer will not tell the patient: “Come on Wednesday for the result; if it doesn’t work out, let’s repeat

Ultrasound has virtually no contraindications and restrictions on use.

Ultrasound method features:

  • Identification of the disease in the early stages, when there are no complaints, which is extremely important in relation to cancer
  • Clarification of the diagnosis for a more correct appointment
  • The ability to evaluate treatment results.

Is ultrasound harmful to health?

Each patient, coming to the ultrasound diagnostic room, asks himself the question whether this study will harm him. To answer the first part of the question, it is necessary to present the basic principles of the equipment used. Ultrasound is very high-frequency waves that pass through the tissues of the human body, partially reflected from them. The image on the screen appears due to the computer conversion of the ultrasonic signal to electrical. This method is not associated with any harmful effects and has nothing to do with x-rays.

How Often Do I Need To Use The Use?

Even in the absence of significant health problems, it is advisable to undergo a medical examination once a year. After all, any disease detected at an early stage (even cancer) is usually well treated. Several objective tests by ultrasound labs will allow you to obtain objective information about the state of your body: a general blood and urine test, an ultrasound scan, an ECG, an X-ray (or FLG) of the lungs every 1-2 years. Passing these tests will not take much time, but will help to maintain health for many years. Allocate 1-2 days a year for this!

The standard ultrasound screening protocol (performed annually) includes an examination of the following organs: thyroid gland, abdominal organs (liver, gall bladder, pancreas, and spleen), kidneys, and pelvic organs. In the absence of ultrasonic signs of a change in the structure of these organs, there is nothing to worry about.

Prostate Ultrasound With Biopsy

Prostate ultrasound with biopsy is an examination aimed at drawing up a diagnosis in relation to the state of the prostate following the manifestation of certain disorders including urination difficulties, a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder, burning, etc.

ultrasound-with-biopsy

This diagnostic test is invasive in that the prostate gland is located behind the bladder and needs to be examined to make it visible to the ultrasound system through a cannula that fits into the anus.

The reasons why prostate ultrasound test in Delhi is required with biopsy are different and among these are the high PSA values, the early diagnosis of prostate cancer, the control that is generally carried out after the age of 50 for preventive purposes, to investigate the possible causes of infertility in which prostatic activity is also connected.

The biopsy, that is the taking of a small quantity of tissues to be analysed histologically, becomes necessary when the presence of cells that could lead to a diagnosis of cancer is suspected, following the alteration of the value relative to the PSA, an acronym that is for "prostate specific antigen", but also after observing new growths during a rectal exploration.

Before the prostatic ultrasound with biopsy it is necessary that the patient prepares in time and in this he is followed by the urologist. It is necessary to take antibiotic therapy against potential infections in biopsy a few days before and suspend all those drugs that could interfere with blood coagulation. The suspension times are always related to the dispositions of the urologist in relation to the age and the concomitant pathologies presented by the same patient.

For the particularity of the execution of the prostate ultrasound test in Delhi it is good to have the bladder full that is to avoid going to the bathroom at least an hour before, and not to be fasting. The best view of the prostate requires that the canal be cleaned of any remaining stools. To do this it is necessary to perform an enema at least 3 hours before the diagnostic examination or, alternatively, to use glycerine suppositories both the previous evening and in the morning.

Of course, while this test is taking place, the patient will be naked and curled up in a foetal position with the legs drawn towards the chest.

Prostate ultrasound with biopsy involves local anaesthesia that affects both the superficial tissues and the area near the prostate so that the patient feels the least discomfort possible. The anesthetic is injected into the perineal area between the anus and the scrotum and in the following days it is possible for a small hematoma to appear which is reabsorbed within a short time.

Prostatic ultrasonography with biopsy is then carried out transrectally, then introducing a suitably covered probe with a latex glove sprinkled with a lubricating gel liquid, which relieves discomfort in the walls of the rectum.

For biopsy with a prostate ultrasound first the doctor performs a manual rectal inspection and then uses a thin catheter through which a sort of needle is inserted that will take the tissues to be analyzed in various areas of the gland, so as to have a significant sample. All this in conjunction with ultrasound that serves to visualize the affected area.

FAQ About Prostate Ultrasound

When for clinical purposes it is necessary to verify and monitor the health conditions of the prostate gland, it is essential to rely on a prostate ultrasound. This diagnostic test is performed by an ultrasound probe, and allows to identify any changes due to an ongoing disease. The pathological processes, in fact, can alter the size of the gland, but also its shape.

prostate-ultrasound-faq

How to perform prostate ultrasound

To carry out prostate ultrasound scans, an ultrasound probe of appropriate size is needed, bearing in mind that this is an examination that is carried out transrectally. In other words, the probe is inserted into the rectum, and allows images on high-frequency sound waves to be displayed on a connected screen.

The examination itself is not painful, but it is still possible to feel a certain discomfort or a particular discomfort when the probe is introduced into the rectum. The ultrasound scan is based on images that are provided in real time by devices that are equipped with transducers capable of optimizing ultrasound tissue penetration, by virtue of specific frequency ranges of these ultrasounds. At the end of the ultrasound study, the images that have been generated are recorded in digital format so that they can become part of the patient's medical record.

How to prepare for a prostate ultrasound?

Prostate ultrasound test in Delhi, therefore, is a very important exam: also for this reason it is essential that it be carried out by a professional with proven competence. The most suitable specialist to deal with is the medical radiologist. The patient is made to lie down on a bed on one side, usually the right one, and is invited to assume a fetal position, with the knees flexed. Before the probe is inserted, the doctor takes care of performing a rectal exploration with the fingers, also to track down any mechanical impediments that could make the introduction difficult.

How long does a prostate ultrasound last?

It takes at most ten minutes to complete a prostate ultrasound, which also has the merit of guaranteeing an instant report. The only shrewdness required of the patient consists in undergoing, more or less 3 or 4 hours before the examination, an enema, so that during the investigation the rectal ampulla is completely empty. Instead, the bladder must be full: for this reason the patient must not pee before the exam, while he is invited to drink a lot, as long as he avoids fizzy drinks. It should be kept in mind that, with bleeding hemorrhoids or anal fissures, an ultrasound cannot be performed.

Why we need a prostate ultrasound?

With prostate ultrasound test in Delhi it is possible to verify that the gland is in an optimal state of health. The ultrasound scan, therefore, can be carried out as a control test, in normal conditions, or to proceed with assessments made necessary by the finding of specific symptoms, such as a benign prostatic hypertrophy or prostatitis. Sometimes, it may happen that a digito-rectal control exam raises doubts about the condition of the gland, and therefore causes an ultrasound to be requested.

How often should you undergo a prostate ultrasound?

Transrectal prostate ultrasound in elderly men should be considered a routine examination, and should therefore be performed on a regular basis. For young people, however, it is only necessary if there is a concrete suspicion. As we have said, the examination serves to find possible changes in the gland, perhaps early: it is not certain that a normal urological clinical examination will make it possible to verify these alterations, just as one cannot rely solely on the symptomatology, which in most cases of the cases is non-specific, if not absent. Sometimes, the prostate increases in size following an inflammatory prostatitis that may have been caused by drug therapy.

Renal Failure And Diagnosis

The acute and chronic kidney diseases, arterial hypertension and diabetes, as well as the prolonged use of certain medications and intoxication by some heavy metals, can irreversibly damage the kidneys and lead to a ' renal insufficiency. Any significant kidney damage that lasts more than three months and does not recede with the treatment can be considered chronic, therefore, what we call chronic renal failure is the effect of a progressive and slow decline in the ability of the kidneys to filter the blood and purify it from the waste products of the body's metabolism, especially that of protein substances.

Causes of Renal Failure

Among the causes of renal failure, the most serious are currently diabetes and arterial hypertension because, if not properly controlled, they cause a rapid decrease in renal function.  But they are not the only ones. Among the causes of chronic kidney disease that can lead to kidney failure, we also find:

  • The glomerulonephritis and acute and conical pyelonephritis - inflammation of the small renal blood vessels (glomeruli) and the small tubes (tubules) through which the urine passes to be eliminated
  • Obstruction of the urinary tract often with pyelonephritis, or a strong inflammation that involves all the urinary tract and the kidney itself
  • Autoimmune diseases (such as systemic lupus erythematosus), in which antirene antibodies irreversibly damage the organ
  • Some renal anomalies such as the presence of polycystic kidney disease.

As a result of these diseases there is an accumulation of waste substances or waste from the metabolism which lead first to the increase in the concentration of nitrogen (azotemia) and other substances in the blood, compromising its optimal balance and making it more acidic. This causes numerous other ailments that we will now see.

The blood and urine tests are essential to confirm the presence of poor renal function." In particular, for the complete diagnosis of renal insufficiency we perform:

Blood and urinary tests

Renal ultrasound test

Possible renal biopsy, KFT (Kidney function test), or the removal of a tissue sample from a kidney for examination (it could be the most accurate test, but it is not advisable if the results of an ultrasound examination show that the kidneys are small and with scars).

Urinalysis can detect the presence of proteins, abnormal cells and other problems. Azotaemia and above all, creatininemia (which analysescreatine, a substance contained in the muscles, present in the blood) are the best indicators for assessing the degree of renal failure (based on renal filtration capacity). Furthermore, there may be other blood changes- such as increased potassium, phosphate and parathyroid hormone in the blood, decrease in calcium, calcitriol and vitamin.

The ultrasound, which is done to exclude an obstruction or abnormality of the urinary tract and to verify the size of the kidneys, shows, in chronic renal insufficiency, the shrinking and irregularity of the kidney.

Having identified symptoms and diagnoses of chronic renal failure, we now want to understand what the consequences for the body are.

When To Have Your Prostate Examined?

The ultrasound is a medical imaging technique based on the use of ultrasound, by which we can "see" inside the body. The ultrasound of the prostate, the gland just below the bladder in men and participating in the production of sperm, can be done in two ways:

For suprapubic: externally, by placing the probe above the pubis

By the endorectal route: internally, by introducing the probe into the rectum. Prostate ultrasound test in Delhi by the endorectal approach is more precise and allows to obtain a better image of the prostate. It also makes it possible to evaluate more precisely the volume of the gland as well as its "texture" and that of the accessory glands (seminal vesicles).

There are three major diseases of the prostate:

Prostatitis is an infection of the prostate. This infection occurs most often in young men;

If the prostate becomes too big, this disease is called adenoma of the prostate (adenoma means an abnormality of a gland) or benign prostatic hypertrophy (hypertrophy means excessive volume increase of an organ). In everyday language, men who have problems urinating because their prostate is too big and compresses the urethra say "I have prostate";

Finally, prostate cancer is common, especially after the age of 50. But it is not necessarily serious if it is detected early enough.

Why have an endorectal ultrasound?

Ultrasonography is a painless, non-invasive examination and is therefore first-line when the doctor suspects an abnormality in the prostate.

This can be the case:

After a rectal examination highlighting an abnormality (mass or hypertrophy) of the prostate

In the case of urinary symptoms (frequent urge and emission of a small amount of urine, pain during urination, urinary tract infection, difficulty urinating, etc.)

In the case of dosing showing an abnormal value of PSA (prostate antigen)

To diagnose benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)

To guide the doctor when performing a biopsy and to help him visually detect suspicious areas to better target specimens

In addition to biopsies, ultrasonography is mainly used to assess prostatic volume, which tends to increase with age, which can lead to urinary discomfort (benign prostatic hypertrophy).

Examination

Ultrasound involves exposing the tissues or organs that one wishes to observe to ultrasonic waves. It does not require any preparation or anesthesia. For endorectal ultrasound, an elongate (pencil-shaped) probe is used, covered with a condom, and lubricated. It is inserted shallow into the anus, the patient lying on his side, knees bent.

If a biopsy is performed at the same time, the doctor introduces a needle into the prostate, through the wall of the rectum, guided by ultrasound.

What results can be expected from an endorectal ultrasound of the prostate?

Whether it is to perform biopsies or to evaluate prostate volume, prostate ultrasound test in Delhi helps to diagnose prostate conditions, such as cancer (through biopsies) or benign prostatic hypertrophy. The choice of treatment will depend on the diagnosis but also the age of the patient, different risk factors, etc. In the case of hypertrophy of the troublesome prostate, several drugs may be prescribed, including alpha-blockers and phytotherapy products.

What Is The Objective Of Ultrasound?

Ultrasound examination is a method of examining the condition of internal organs and tissues using ultrasonic vibration (waves). Images of the internal sphere of the body are projected on the screen, due to the fact that ultrasound passing through the tissues is reflected different with different vibrational frequencies, which are recorded by the sensor. The method is absolutely safe, not associated with radiation, and is used to recognize the disease while monitoring the dynamics of the process during treatment. Ultrasound for children is good because the examination procedure is completely painless.

Ultrasound at the point of care has the potential to save billions of dollars annually in all health systems. It has the ability to revolutionize patient care and improve the effectiveness of the procedure, reduce complications, and limit pain and suffering. Advances in ultrasound technology have driven the emergence of ultrasound at the point of care, which includes greater ease of use, superior image quality, and lower cost ultrasound units.

What is point of view ultrasound?

Attention point ultrasound refers to the use of portable ultrasound in a patient's bedside for diagnostic (for example, symptom or sign examination) and therapeutic (for example, imaging guide) purposes.

The main barrier to the future universal adoption of this "stethoscope of the future" dependent on the operator. It is the lack of widespread, efficient, and affordable training solutions. The need and demand for ultrasound training have grown in parallel with the expanded use of ultrasound technology.

Ultrasound at the point of care improves health care. While traditional methods of performing a physical examination are critically important, health professionals who become experts in the use of ultrasound at the point of care acquire a unique power. Higher fidelity, lower cost and smaller (handheld) ultrasound units, together with innovative ultrasound training solutions, has created a unique opportunity. Health care providers, facilities, and health systems that strategically incorporate ultrasound at the point of care in clinical practice will quickly be distinguished from those who refrain from incorporating this valuable modality.

How objective is ultrasound?

Ultrasound or sonography over the past two decades has become one of the main diagnostic methods, most often used in the examination of various internal organs. Unlike x-rays, ultrasound is completely safe for the body (ultrasound waves do not have a radioactive effect); therefore, it is used during pregnancy (to monitor fetal development) and other screening examinations.

Ultrasound accuracy

When making a number of diagnoses, it is ultrasound that is the preferred method of examination. It is used in the diagnosis of pathologies of the digestive system, in diseases of the genitourinary system, in obstetrics, for examining the state of superficial organs or glands (thyroid, mammary glands, etc.) by ultrasound labs. In addition to the absence of contraindications, the main advantage of the study is its diagnostic effectiveness. If we compare the results of ultrasound with pathological data, the accuracy of the results in most cases reaches 80%.

Decoding Of The Second Screening Of Ultrasound

In the second trimester, a pregnant woman is assigned a repeated screening, confirming or refuting the data obtained in the first comprehensive study. This period is most suitable for the diagnosis of hormonal levels of the fetus. The data obtained make it possible to assess its development.

If the expectant mother has to wait for a consultation of the attending physician for several days, she will certainly be interested in whether the results of the perinatal screening are normal in advance. It should be remembered that the doctor always judges the pathology only by the totality of the indicators of fetometry, and almost never takes anyone value into account.

Each child is individual even before birth. And if the future mother has really serious reasons for concern, then the ultrasound clinic will inform her about this immediately. Nevertheless, we will talk about the main indicators of the second screening and their normal values.

Body length and fetal weight

At the beginning of the second trimester, the embryo is growing very actively, and it is difficult to judge the standards. On average, the length of the fetus grows from 10 to 16 cm between the sixteenth and twentieth weeks of pregnancy. It is important to consider not an absolute indicator in centimeters, but an increase in growth by weeks. If the specialist is alert, the pregnant woman will be offered a second study after a week or two.

The fetal weight by ultrasound can only be determined using special formulas so that this value can be very inaccurate depending on the device, the doctor, and the posture of the baby in the womb. Weighing about 300 grams by the 20th week, all the organs of the baby are fully formed, and from 22 weeks or about 450 grams, a prematurely born baby can survive. It seems unbelievable!

The circumference of the abdomen and head

As well as the growth of the child, these important values ​​vary over a wide range and must strictly correspond to the gestational age. There are frequent cases when the “developmental delay” in practice turned out to be an incorrectly diagnosed gestational age. However, the widespread introduction of ultrasound diagnostics in the early stages has reduced the number of such errors.

Biparietal (BPR) and Frontooccipital Foetal head size

It is not surprising that the level 2 ultrasound of pathologies during pregnancy is based on head measurements in 3 projections. It is unlikely that at least one human organ is comparable in complexity and importance to the brain. Deviations from reference values ​​may indicate the formation of severe fetal malformations, such as anencephaly or dropsy of the brain. But as a rule, such diseases are judged by several repeated ultrasounds.

Bone length: lower leg, femur, humerus, and forearm

Some deviation from the norms indicated in the table for the weeks of pregnancy is permissible and can be determined by individual characteristics. The doctor will be warned by a sharp shortening of the entire limb or a different length of arms or legs in one child.

Ultrasound For Children – Reasons Can Be Many

Ultrasound in children is a popular technique for diagnosing congenital abnormalities. Ultrasound helps to diagnose painlessly, quickly and accurately. Such an examination is used in all areas of medicine. Ultrasound helps to visualize the size, shape, and structure of the internal organs of the child and to identify pathological disorders in the early stages.

Types of ultrasound examination of the child

Depending on the symptoms, the children are examined such organs:

  • Examination of the abdominal cavity;
  • Kidney and bladder;
  • Brain (neuro sonography);
  • Thyroid gland;
  • Heart (echocardiography);
  • Hip joints;
  • Pelvic organs;
  • Mammary glands;
  • Doppler scanning of blood vessels.

Indication for an ultrasound of the child

A pediatrician, neurologist, orthopedist, cardiologist, pediatric gynecologist, or urologist will refer you for an ultrasound examination of the child. An indication for an ultrasound of a girl or boy is a suspicion of a deviation from the normal development or pathology of the internal organs.

There are also many congenital diseases that are asymptomatic from birth, and only after a year can somehow manifest themselves. Therefore, prophylactic ultrasound examinations of the brain, hip joints, and kidneys are recommended at an early age.

Mandatory ultrasound is performed on premature babies, babies with hereditary tendencies to pathologies, and children after difficult births. Also, an ultrasound examination of the baby will not hurt if the mother had infections during pregnancy.

Preparation for the procedure

Some special preparation for an ultrasound scan of a boy or girl is not needed, but there are several recommendations that must be adhered to: before examining the pelvic organs, give the child to drink up to 100 ml of water, since the examination is performed with a full bladder. For 1 - 2 days before ultrasound of the abdominal cavity, bakery products, fresh vegetables, fruits, and beans should be excluded from the diet.

Other types of children's ultrasound do not need special training.

Also, before the ultrasound testthink about how to dress the baby. For example, if you need to examine your hip joints, then your legs and hips are exposed, an abdominal ultrasound scan reveals your stomach. Therefore, especially in winter, choose clothes so that they can be easily removed and put on.

How is the ultrasound procedure in children?

Children's ultrasound lasts about 15 minutes. Depending on the studied area, the desired part of the body is exposed, the doctor applies a special gel and examines the image on the monitor. Parents are given a conclusion according to which a pediatrician or a specialist doctor will prescribe an individual treatment regimen.

If necessary, such an examination can be carried out daily for monitoring during treatment therapy.

Is it possible to do an ultrasound examination for children up to a year?

This is an absolutely harmless examination method. It can be carried out even for a baby a couple of hours after birth. Ultrasonic waves do not affect the health and development of the baby.

There are many advantages to such a study:

  • Allows you to identify congenital abnormalities;
  • High information content;
  • Painlessly;
  • Safely;
  • Quickly.

The child grows very quickly, and in order to control the development of internal organs, ultrasound clinics recommend systematic ultrasound diagnostics. Thanks to modern devices, the information content of ultrasound is very high and give a complete picture when making a diagnosis.

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