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Definition Of Prostate Ultrasonography By Endorectal Approach

The ultrasound is a medical imaging technique based on the use of ultrasound, by which we can "see" inside the body. The ultrasound of the prostate, the gland just below the bladder in men and participating in the production of sperm, can be done in two ways:

For suprapubic: externally, by placing the probe above the pubis

By the endorectal route: internally, by introducing the probe into the rectum

Prostate ultrasound test in Delhi by the endorectal approach is more precise and allows to obtain a better image of the prostate. It also makes it possible to evaluate more precisely the volume of the gland as well as its "texture" and that of the accessory glands (seminal vesicles).

Why have an endorectal ultrasound?

Ultrasonography is a painless, non-invasive examination and is therefore first-line when the doctor suspects an abnormality in the prostate.

This can be the case:

  • After a rectal examination highlighting an abnormality (mass or hypertrophy) of the prostate
  • In case of urinary symptoms (frequent urge and emission of a small amount of urine, pain during urination, urinary tract infection, difficulty urinating, etc.)
  • In case of dosing showing an abnormal value of PSA (prostate antigen)
  • To diagnose Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH)
  • To guide the doctor when performing a biopsy and to help detect visually suspicious areas to better target specimens

However, endorectal ultrasound has no place in the diagnosis of prostate cancer because it is too inaccurate.

In addition to biopsies, ultrasonography is mainly used to assess prostatic volume, which tends to increase with age, which can lead to urinary discomfort (benign prostatic hypertrophy).

Examination

Ultrasound involves exposing the tissues or organs that one wishes to observe to ultrasonic waves. It does not require any preparation or anesthesia.

For endorectal ultrasound, an elongate (pencil-shaped) probe is used, covered with a condom and lubricated. It is inserted shallow into the anus, the patient lying on his side, knees bent. If a biopsy is performed at the same time, the doctor introduces a needle into the prostate, through the wall of the rectum, guided by ultrasound.

What results can be expected from an endorectal ultrasound of the prostate?

Whether it is to perform biopsies or to evaluate prostate volume, ultrasound clinics helps to diagnose prostate conditions, such as cancer (through biopsies) or benign prostatic hypertrophy. The choice of treatment will depend on the diagnosis but also the age of the patient, different risk factors, etc.

In the case of hypertrophy of the troublesome prostate, several drugs may be prescribed, including alpha-blockers and phytotherapy products (African plum or pygeum, saw palmetto).

What Diseases Can Be Determined By Ultrasound?

If suddenly you feel unwell, ultrasound diagnostics will help to detect a health problem. After all, with the help of ultrasound, you can determine the number of diseases.

Abdominal ultrasound

Today it is the most popular and simple method for the diagnosis of various diseases of the abdominal cavity. With it, you can explore the following organs:

  • Pancreas
  • Liver and gallbladder
  • Spleen
  • Duodenum

Abdominal ultrasound helps to detect various disorders in the liver and organs of the gastrointestinal tract:

  • Hepatitis, liver cirrhosis
  • Obesity of the liver, the presence of cysts in it
  • Biliary dyskinesia
  • Inflammatory diseases of the gallbladder: cholecystitis, cholangitis
  • Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
  • An enlarged spleen may indicate diseases such as jaundice, leukopenia, cardiovascular diseases, and Hodgkin's                disease.

When do doctors recommend doing an ultrasound of the abdominal organs? Before having an ultrasound it is very important to know the abdominal ultrasound cost in Delhi

  • Discomfort after eating or after prolonged fasting
  • Heaviness in hypochondrium
  • Bitterness or dry mouth
  • Acute or encircling pain
  • Excessive flatulence
  • Bruises of the abdomen.

Breast ultrasound

Today it is the easiest and most painless method for diagnosing the state of the mammary glands. It helps to know the presence of tumors, mastopathy, and other inflammatory changes. Ultrasound of the mammary glands is recommended as prophylaxis at least 1 time per year.

Thyroid ultrasound

This type of diagnosis allows you to safely determine the location of the thyroid gland, its condition, and size (the presence or absence of an increase), as well as the presence of nodes and tumors in the body. It is not important to postpone the visit to the doctor of ultrasound diagnostics, if you have unpleasant symptoms in the thyroid gland (visual changes in the shape and size of the neck, difficulty breathing and swallowing, etc.).

Ultrasound during pregnancy

Ultrasound diagnosis plays a major role in assessing fetal development. Such an examination can detect various diseases and defects at an early stage. In addition, ultrasound is necessary to monitor and monitor the overall course of pregnancy and child development. Usually, ultrasound diagnostics is carried out for prophylactic purposes at 11-12, 20-22, and 31-32 weeks of pregnancy.

Ultrasound in gynecology

This ultrasound shows the condition of the uterus and ovaries: the doctor can evaluate the structure and thickness of the endometrium, the size of the ovaries, to establish the presence of follicles and corpus luteum in them.

  • Ultrasound of the pelvic organs will help to detect such diseases:
  • Myoma of the uterus
  • Endometriosis, endometrial hyperplasia
  • Ovarian dysfunction or inflammation
  • Cysts and ovarian tumors.

In addition, gynecological ultrasound will help determine the state after an abortion or gynecological operations, as well as to detect pregnancy at an early stage: using ultrasound; you can detect a fertilized egg in the uterus for 5-7 days of menstruation.

For the purpose of prophylaxis, it is recommended to know the whole abdomen ultrasound price and undergo an ultrasound of the pelvic organs at least once a year.

Purpose of Ultrasound Test

What is an ultrasound?

Ultrasound is a test that has been largely associated with pregnancy. It is rather a common sight to carry out ultrasound test in the hospitals with ultrasound laboratory in Delhi in order to find out the gender of the baby and also to identify the anomalies or birth defects early on. But fetal imaging is only one of the common uses for ultrasounds.

How does the procedure work?

An ultrasound can develop a live image of the inside of the body using sound waves in an ultrasound lab in Delhi. This is done by using a tool called a transducer which produces high frequency sounds that human ears cannot process and then uses the echoes to discover all the information about the organs and tissues inside. This information is then shown on a computer screen. It takes a trained ultrasound technician to be able to perform the test properly. Once the test is done, a radiologist or doctor can interpret the images in order to diagnose conditions.

What is an ultrasound used for?

An ultrasound has many different uses, but here are the most common:

  1. Pregnancy: In the beginning of the pregnancy an ultrasound image can be used to confirm pregnancy and reveal due dates. As the pregnancy progresses it can be used to determine the presence of twins and reveal the gender of the baby. And ultrasound can also be used to find out any problems like birth defects, breech positioning, ectopic pregnancies, issues with the placenta, and more.​
  2. Diagnostics: Ultrasound imaging is often used to find out issues that include the heart and blood vessels, gallbladder, kidneys, bladder, ovaries, uterus, liver and basically any organ inside the body. This procedure is also used to perform a thyroid biopsy or a breast biopsy to determine if there is a presence of cancer. Doctors also use this imaging to help guide the biopsy needle through the skin to a very precise area in order to retrieve tissue to test.

What are the different types of ultrasound?

Most of the time an ultrasound can be successfully done using the transducer on top of skin. However, if this does not produce a clear picture the technician use a special transducer in one of the body's openings.

What are the benefits of ultrasound?

  • They are painless and do not require needles or incisions, although the transducer wand can sometimes be uncomfortable.​
  • There is no use of radiation which makes these tests safer than X-rays, CT scans or an MRI. There are absolutely no harmful side effects.​
  • Soft tissues don't show it very well in the next day but very clearly in an ultrasound image.​
    They are easily accessible and cost less and other techniques.​

What is expected during ultrasound?

At times the doctor may issue instructions such is not eating or drinking or wearing lotion or perfume before the test. You may need to drink several glasses if your bladder needs to be full. You will also be given a gown for wearing so that the ultrasound technician can easily maneuver the transducer in the area which will be screened.

You will be down on the bed and the ultrasound tech will use a water-based gel so that the transducer can make contact with the skin without allowing for any air between; the measurements, notes, and still images maybe taken during the process.

While an MRI can take up to two hours, an ultrasound can take anywhere from 10 minutes to about one hour. You will be awake and alert for the entire process, and the technician will often be able to show you on the computer what they are seeing.

How much will an ultrasound cost?

There are two things that need to be considered while getting a fair idea as to what the ultrasound cost in Delhi is. The first point is of course the fact that it depends mostly on the part of the body which has to be examined in the ultrasound test. Next, given the fact that India is a diverse country multi-tier facility like super specialty hospitals and nursing homes, the prices vary. Ideally, the cost of ultrasound ranges between INR 500 and 3200.

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