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Ultrasound During Pregnancy - Know What is There to be Known

Ultrasounds at the ultrasound lab have become a regulation for pregnant women these days. So much so, that the women may opt for one from the early weeks as well. But why is it the case? For starters, the powerful technology of ultrasound to see inside the womb can give very useful information in some situations. This is extremely beneficial to see if the pregnancy is miscarried, to measure your baby’s growth, and clarify baby’s position. What is more? An ultrasound test in the labs on a regular basis can also detect the abnormalities of a baby. The scan can also estimate your due date.

For the cases which have detected an abnormality in the baby, the experts offer help and counseling to ascertain the way forward. More often than not the complications in the pregnancy which are found in an ultrasound is addressed only with a pregnancy termination. Very rare is it possible to treat the conditions in the womb because fetal surgery generally causes labour to start.

The safety of an ultrasound test has been the talk of the town for many years now. Though there have been many assurances and corroborations from the medical fraternity which reports that it is absolutely safe, the doubt remains nevertheless. The reason being that there is no high-quality scientific studies that compare the development of children who were exposed and unexposed to modern high-powered ultrasound scans in the womb.

Therefore, as part of a standard operating procedure, the technicians in the Ultrasound Clinic are advised on following the ALARA principle. This basically means that the exposure should be limited to "as low as reasonably achievable".

What you can expect in an Ultrasound scan?

During the first cycle when the pregnancy is confirmed, the ultrasound test would record your baby's heartbeat and that your pregnancy is uterine. This also helps in allaying the fears ectopic or tubular pregnancy which needs to be discussed in detail with the doctors.

Another thing to be noted is that the ultrasound test is done using a cool gel substance which is rubbed into your lower belly. This enables the transducer to better obtain the images as it is moved around the belly. For the pregnant women who are right at the early stages of their pregnancy, the technician may perform a transvaginal (internal) ultrasound, which uses a wand shaped transducer to scan the uterus from the vaginal cavity in order to detect the baby more clearly or earlier than would be possible with a transabdominal ultrasound.

The last word

Despite all the presumptions and analogies, the fact remains that the ultrasound tests are still very much relevant and its counter-effects are all but miniscule. These tests are now available all across the world including countries like India. The tests can also be planned by various online portals which list only the trusted names in the field of diagnostics. Convenience coupled with immediate assistance is what makes these test centers a preferred place for the tests like Ultrasound.

Why You might Need an Ultrasound for Heart?

An average person would always relate the ultrasound Test the examination wherein the hard tissues of the body are to be detected. Some of them may also be of the opinion that the ultrasound test is done to check the fetus health inside mother's womb. An ultrasound of heart is relatively less known test and yet one cannot downplay its importance in detecting the heart ailments. An ultrasound clinic is the place to go to for the test. Let us take a look as to what are the conditions of the heart that can be detected by a heart ultrasound.

One of the most common problems has been the heart murmurs. Similarly, to diagnose and determine the valve condition, ultrasound test is very much required. Other minor and major conditions wherein you have to go for ultrasound are:

·        Detection of the presence of abnormalities in heart's structure.

·        Size and thickness measurement of the heart and its chamber.

·        Ultrasound for heart is also done to examine the motion of the chamber walls and the extent of damage which has been caused to the heart muscle post heart attack.

·        Assessment with regard to how different parts of the heart are functioning in patients with chronic heart disease

·        Look for Congestive Heart Problems. Also the presence of tumor in the heart can be identified in the same test.

·        Assess for and monitor congenital defects

·        Evaluation of blood flow through the heart is also done in the ultrasound lab.

·        In the pre-heart transplant cases, the ultrasound test check for the major blood vessels have been damaged by traumatic injury

·        Cardiomyopathy, a problem in the heart muscle can also be determined.

·        The heart might suffer from the problem of abnormal heart rhythms known as arrythmias

·        Assess EF –ejection fraction levels (heart flow)

Moreover, the ultrasound lab can also rule out these abnormalities.

Popularity of heart ultrasound

There are several reasons that contribute to the popularity heart ultrasound (also known as cardiac ultrasound). Other than being a test which does not involve a sedative for echo, ultrasound for heart is:

·         It does not involve the injection of a dye in a regular echo. It can be used to enhance an echo (contrast echo), but it is hardly a necessity for all echocardiograms.

·        Unlike MRI scan, the patient is not put into a closed chamber table at the time of the procedure. Echo is conducted whilst the patient lies on a comfortable table.

·        The ultrasound lab always has the availability of Echo scanning equipment that uses the advanced technology. This technology may not be available in every healthcare setting.

·        This is the most accepted procedure of diagnosis of heart health, a variety of heart diseases and ailments. Age is not a factor when it comes to the use of echo in any stage of life.

·        There is zero involvement of radiation exposure in the echo.

Given the fact that over millions of people in the world succumbs to heart failure and other similar ailments, the cardiac ultrasound must be conducted whenever needed.

A Complete Guide On Ultrasound: Procedure, Preparation And Purpose

Ultrasound is a term that we come across everyday and we’ve seen people around us getting this test done. But what ultrasound really is? For those who are still living under the rock, ultrasound is a type of medical test that brings to use high frequency sound waves in order to capture live images of the inside of your body. Also popularly referred as Sonography, today ultrasound is one of the most widely used imaging techniques by doctors all over the world to identify problems inside the human body. What differentiates ultrasound from all the other imaging techniques is that it does not use any kind of radiation. Here in this blog we will look deeply into the purpose, procedure and preparation of ultrasound scan.

Purpose of Ultrasound

Most of the people associate the term ultrasound with pregnancy but the medical test has many purposes beyond it. Yes, ultrasound is most commonly used in scanning the stomach of a mother to be. The medical test provides the mother with the first view of her unborn child. Apart from pregnancy, ultrasound has also a wide variety of other purposes such as detecting problems in kidney, liver, eyes, bladder, brain and other vital body parts. Also the medical technique is very helpful in guiding the surgeon’s movement in complex medical procedures such as biopsies.

How to Prepare yourself for an Ultrasound Test

There is no predefined preparation for the ultrasound test but it all depends upon the body part or organ that has to be tested. In cases when the abdomen of the patient is to be examined the doctor will tell you to fast before eight hours. In other cases such as liver, gall bladder or pancreas the doctor may tell you to keep away from fat free food. For distinct cases there are different types of do’s and don’ts that doctors often advise patients. Before an ultrasound test you should inform the doctor about any medications or drugs that you have been prescribed. Be open to your doctor and follow his instructions carefully in order to avoid any kind of inconvenience later on. Although there are no side effects of an ultrasound tests but you need to adhere to the precautions briefed by your doctor.

How the Ultrasound is Actually Conducted

The ultrasound test is basically done lying down with the part meant to be tested left exposed. An ultrasound professional is called a sonographer and has deep knowledge about the imaging technique. When you visit an ultrasound clinic the sonographer applies some special kind of lubricant jelly to your body skin. The main motive behind it is to create friction so that the ultrasound transducer can be rubbed easily on the skin and moreover it also helps in transmitting the sound waves. The transducer then sends high frequency sounds, the waves then echo and reflect back once they hit any dense object such as a bone or any organ. This forms an image on the computer that can be interpreted by a doctor. The process usually doesn't take much time to complete but the time may vary depending on the complexity and on which part of the body is being examined.

What Is Pregnancy Ultrasound? Why You Need To Do So?

During pregnancy, a lot of medical examinations are done to determine the health of the fetus and the mother. When you get pregnant, the doctor may ask you to have various blood tests and urine tests to understand the condition of your body, hormone, and other elements. The health of your baby depends on you, and hence it is important to go for a regular checkup and tests to ensure that everything is under control. Pregnancy Ultrasound is one such test that every mother should go through before the delivery to determine the good health and proper growth of her baby inside the uterus.

What Is Pregnancy Ultrasound

An ultrasound which is known as sonogram is a process to monitor fetal development and at the same time to screen if there are any abnormalities in the fetus.

Some Vital Points

Nevertheless, there are some vital points that you must know before you go for this test during your pregnancy.

•    If there is no reason or need, then the medical professionals always suggest that you should not go through this test during pregnancy.

•    You have to go to the best clinic for this test during pregnancy so that you can get an accurate report on time. Since it is the question of your unborn body; hence you should not take any chance.

•    To obtain the best result you must consume two or three glass of water just before the test and try to avoid urinating. This can make your abdomen look bigger and clearer than the normal time during the test, and the images come clearer.

Why You Should Have Pregnancy Ultrasound

There can be diverse reasons for having an ultrasound during pregnancy. Generally, there are two ultrasounds done during pregnancy tenure. However, if your doctor feels then he can advise some more ultrasounds. It is mainly done to see how the fetus is doing inside your womb. The doctor needs to monitor the growth of the fetus at a regular interval and determine if there is any medical attention required by the fetus for normal development.

The ultrasound is also done to understand if there are any difficulties or abnormalities in the abdomen or uterus of the mother that can affect the baby.

When This Test Should Be Done

Pregnancy Ultrasound should be done twice or in some special cases thrice to determine the development of the baby inside the mother.

The first ultrasound should be done during the first trimester, which is from week one to week 12. This is to:

•    Confirm pregnancy

•    Check the heartbeat of the fetus

•    Look for any kind of fetal abnormalities

•    Diagnose ectopic pregnancy

•    Check for multiple pregnancy

•    Determine the gestational age of the fetus

•    Calculate the EDD or estimated due date

The second ultrasound is done during the second or the third trimester of pregnancy to

•    Monitor the normal growth of the fetus

•    Confirm the presence of multiple fetuses inside the uterus

•    Determine the congenital abnormalities in the fetus

•    View the placenta to see if there is any issue

There are a lot of other things that can be confirmed, checked and determined because of this test. To get the information about the diagnostic centers around your locality, log on to www.3hcare.in and you can book your ultrasound online with facility to pay online or pay at center.

Thyroid Ultrasound - Conditions and Essential Information

Thyroid Ultrasound

Ultrasound can be used to check for an overactive or hypoactive gland. An ultrasound may also be ordered if your doctor considers a thyroid tumor when examining the neck. Thyroid ultrasound is used to look at the thyroid, a gland located in the neck that regulates metabolism and conducted at Ultrasound clinics.

How is Ultrasound Performed?

The ultrasound is a painless method that uses sound waves to create images from inside the body. The examination is conducted at the ultrasound lab or clinic.

The patient lies with the neck extended beyond its usual limit (hyperextended). The radiologist applies a lubricating gel on the neck and then passes a wand, called a transducer, over the area.

The transducer releases sound waves, which pass through the body and bounce from the area under study (in this case, the thyroid gland). A computer analyzes the pattern that sound waves create when they bounce and make an image.

Why Thyroid Ultrasound?

               

Ultrasound Test is safe and non-painful and produces images of the interior of the body using sound waves. It involves the use of a small transducer (probe) and an ultrasound gel for exposing the body to high-frequency acoustic waves. The transducer picks up the bouncing sounds, and a computer then uses those sound waves to create an image.

Ultrasound examinations do not use ionizing radiation (as used on x-rays). Since the ultrasound images are captured in real-time, they can show the structure and movement of the internal organs of the body, as well as the blood flowing through the blood vessels.

Ultrasound imaging is a non-invasive medical examination that helps doctors diagnose and treat medical conditions.

Thyroid Ultrasound Test produces images of the thyroid gland and adjacent structures in the neck. The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck, just above the clavicle bone, and is butterfly shaped, with a lobe on each side of the neck connected by a narrow band of tissue. It is one of nine endocrine glands located in the body that produces and send hormones to the bloodstream.

Some of the Common Uses of the Procedure

Usually, the ultrasound of the thyroid is used:

  • To determine if a lump in the neck originates in the thyroid or any adjacent structure
  • To analyze the appearance of the nodules in the thyroid and thus determine if they are one of the most common benign nodules    or if the nodule has characteristics that require a biopsy. If a biopsy is needed, fine-needle aspiration guided by ultrasound can  help improve biopsy accuracy.
  • To look for additional nodules in patients with one or more nodules palpated on a physical examination
  • To see if a thyroid nodule has grown substantially over time

Since ultrasound provides real-time imaging (images that are continuously renewed), it can also be used to guide procedures such as aspiration biopsy, in which a needle is used to extract samples of cells from an abnormal area to be subjected to Laboratory analysis. Ultrasound is also used to aid the insertion of a catheter or other drainage device and helps ensure accurate placement and drainage of the fluid for diagnosis and relief of patient discomfort.

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