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Common Queries About Ultrasound

Here is a list of most common questions one should want to ask before undergoing an ultrasound test:

1- Can ultrasound harm the baby?

Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves that help us generate medical images; As such, sound waves interact with the tissue producing movements at the cellular level and this is how they travel through the body. The ultrasound as such is harmless and does not generate any type of ionizing radiation as with x-rays or tomography.

ultrasound-question

2- Can perform many ultrasounds during pregnancy cause reflux?

There is nothing that relates to reflux to ultrasound. Reflux is related to the maturation of the gastroesophageal system, specifically with the proper functioning of the oesophageal sphincter that connects the oesophagus with the stomach. This sphincter or valve prevents gastric juices from returning to the oesophagus, which is not prepared to withstand the acidity of gastric juices.

This situation of "returning milk" It is relatively common and should stop happening one year after the baby's life; In any case, it is always advisable to visit the doctor to rule out that these types of conditions respond to something else.

3- Do ultrasound use radiation?

No, ultrasound does not use any type of radiation. Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound that is inaudible to humans. Humans listen in an acoustic frequency range of 20 to 20,000 Hertz. The ultrasound uses above 1 Megahertz that is 1,000,000 Hertz. The sound frequency above 1 Megahertz is not audible to humans or to most animals.

4- How long do the results of an ultrasound take?

This depends on the doctor doing the study. There is no rule about it. There are doctors who generate the report immediately after doing the study; or doctors who prefer to wait and make the report later to analyse the study in much more detail.

5- Do 3-D ultrasound use stronger waves than 2-D ultrasound?

No, it's the same ultrasound, just change the way the transducer works. The 3D / 4D transducer is essentially the same as that of 2D but is connected to a motor that moves it to be able to make volumetric acquisitions. Everything else is image processing in ultrasound equipment.

It is said easy but in reality, it requires a high processing capacity of the equipment to obtain good quality 3D or 4D images. It should be remembered that 3D or 4D not only serves to see the face of the BB, currently, volumetry is an advanced diagnostic tool for medical specialists, which allows them to assess in more detail the brain, heart, abdomen, limbs, and evaluation of blood flows, especially if a pathology is suspected.

7- With a 3D ultrasound is the prediction of the baby's sex easier and safer?

Not really, 3D ultrasound helps patients understand sex more easily. Volumetric ultrasound always depends on the foetus and its position.

8- Can a vaginal ultrasound harm the baby or hurt the mother?

No, pregnancy ultrasound does not harm the baby or the mother. The resolution of this application is advisable to make timely diagnoses during the first trimester, which will always be higher than the suprapubic ultrasound.

Ultrasound Diagnosis Of Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy

The term "ectopic pregnancy" or "extrauterine" is defined as the pathological condition in which the implantation of the fertilized egg takes place in locations other than the uterine cavity. The recognition by pregnancy ultrasound and early treatment of this condition can help preserve the possibility of future pregnancies.

ectopic-pregnancy

What is ectopic pregnancy?

When the nesting takes place outside the uterus we talk about an extrauterine pregnancy (tubal pregnancy, ovarian pregnancy, abdominal pregnancy); instead, "ectopic intrauterine pregnancy" is defined when the implantation takes place inside the uterus but in an improper place, as in the case of the implant in the cervical canal (cervical pregnancy) or at the level of the tubal ostium (corneal pregnancy).

What are the causes of ectopic pregnancy?

Tubar pregnancies - the most common type of ectopic pregnancy, equal to about 95% of the total - take place when

The descent of the fertilized egg towards the uterus is delayed or deviated (due to anatomical lesions, inflammatory lesions, congenital tubal alterations, endometriosis or alterations of the pelvic anatomy due to previous surgical operations).

The development of the fertilized egg is accelerated so that it reaches the degree of maturity necessary for the implant when it is still in the tuba.

The underlying causes of other forms of extrauterine pregnancy can mostly be traced to the same factors as tubal pregnancy. Sometimes the cause is unknown.

What are the symptoms of ectopic pregnancy?

If the pregnancy is initial (4 ^ -6 ^ week), the patient is often asymptomatic. The suspicion of the presence of an ectopic pregnancy is therefore given by the presence of a positive pregnancy test without the visualization of the gestational chamber inside the uterine cavity. Blood losses are almost constantly present in cases of ectopic pregnancy. In cases of more advanced pregnancy, which involves the progressive erosion of the tube up to the rupture, to vaginal bleeding, it is accompanied by important pelvic and / or abdominal pain. In the most serious cases, that is when the tuba breaks, the consistent blood loss in the abdomen (hemoperitoneum) can lead to dizziness and fainting up to a real state of shock.

How to prevent ectopic pregnancy?

An ectopic pregnancy cannot be prevented, but some risk factors can be reduced. Among the virtuous behaviors that it is good to adopt, limit the number of sexual partners and use condoms during sexual intercourse, in order to prevent sexually transmitted infections and reduce the risk of developing conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease.

The ultrasound test of suspected ectopic pregnancy is essentially carried out by:

Analysis of the blood value and changes of the HCG hormone (pregnancy hormone).

Transvaginal and trans-abdominal ultrasonography, which make it possible to exclude the presence of a gestational chamber in the uterine cavity and to visualize pregnancy in an ectopic location. Ultrasound also allows the recognition of blood effusions in the pelvic and / or abdominal area.

Treatments

Ectopic pregnancy can be treated:

In early cases, without any therapy (spontaneous resolution) or through a medical therapy based on methotrexate (a chemotherapy that prevents the cellular growth of pregnancy).

In the most advanced or symptomatic cases, or when drug therapy has failed, through laparoscopic surgery. Depending on the case, the affected tube (salpingectomy) is removed or only the ectopic pregnancy is removed.

The First Pregnancy Ultrasound After An In Vitro Fertilization Treatment

On what day after IVF do the first pregnancy ultrasound, what it will show and tell about pregnancy

In vitro fertilization, or IVF, makes it possible to give birth to women with infertility and other diseases. For the timely detection of various deviations in the development of the foetus, research using ultrasound waves is widely used. The first ultrasound after IVF can be done 3 weeks after the successful implantation of embryos.

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Indications for ultrasound

Ultrasound scan after IVF makes it possible to detect multiple pregnancy, ectopic attachment of the embryo and others in time pathology foetal development. About possible of pregnancy can be found by level chorionic gonadotropin in the blood, or hCG.

Three weeks after the successful transfer of embryos using research, you can:

  • Make sure that pregnancy has come;
  • Determine the degree of viability of the foetus;
  • Diagnose the development of possible pathologies;
  • Exclude the possibility miscarriage;
  • Determine the place of fixation of the foetal egg;
  • Find out the number of embryos;
  • Determine the condition of the ovaries.

The first ultrasound at ECO and coming of pregnancy should be done to exclude down syndromes. An ultrasound study after a failed IVF allows you to determine the cause of this and develop measures to prevent it.

When to do ultrasounds?

After a day of embryo implantation (DPP), the level is measured HCG. When a result of 100 mU/ml is achieved, a conclusion can be drawn about the development of pregnancy. However, for the final result after IVF, you must pass ultrasound procedure.

Ultrasound after IVF is carried out as during normal pregnancy. Diagnostic methods are divided into transvaginal and transabdominal. It is extremely rare to use both options.

With the transvaginal ultrasound method, a sensor placed in a special condom is inserted into vagina. With this method, the most accurate results are achieved even at the initial stage. Due to the small size of the embryo, determining its location is quite difficult. To maximize the proximity of the ultrasound sensor to the fatal egg, it should be administered precisely by the transvaginal method.

The transabdominal ultrasound method for IVF is used in late pregnancy. The study is carried out in a supine position. A gel is applied to the skin of the abdomen, which improves the patency of ultrasonic vibrations. When the sensor moves through the body, the resulting image appears on the screen.

When conducting IVF, several embryos are used. Sometimes only one of them begins to develop. In many cases, everything takes root, so it is very important to know their exact number. This is necessary to remove excess embryos as early as possible. For this purpose, ultrasound is also used.

Sometimes, with a failed implantation, ectopic pregnancy. In this case, the foetus instead of the uterus is attached to the fallopian tube or to the ovaries. A pregnancy ultrasound helps to notice this pathology at an early stage.

Ultrasound after IVF is one of the most important diagnostic procedures. It allows you to evaluate the effectiveness of medical intervention and determine the order of further actions. There is no need to fear for the health of the unborn child. The specified method has no contraindications and is safe for everyone. During the bearing of the baby, it is better to undergo an examination several times. This will help detect any pathology development.

Second Screening During Pregnancy: How To Prepare And Decipher The Results

Nowadays, doctors refer to every pregnant woman to an ultrasound scan. The standard implies three ultrasound examinations, regardless of the presence of complaints, even if the fetus is rated as healthy.

The so-called perinatal screenings include, in addition to ultrasound, a biochemical blood test of the expectant mother. Why screening for 2 trimesters is needed, and what are the standards for ultrasound, how long it is performed and why - we will talk about this and another in this article.

When is ultrasound prescribed?

A screening pregnancy ultrasound is usually performed 3 times since it is customary to divide the gestation period into 3 trimesters.

The first screening is done from the 10th to the 14th week of pregnancy, and often only this study involves a double test: in addition to ultrasound, an analysis of the venous blood of a pregnant woman is performed.

The results of such a procedure with an accurate statistical probability determine how possible the development of dangerous abnormalities in the fetus.

Second ultrasound screening, as a rule, does not include other tests. The exception is a suspicion of pathology during the first study or women of the so-called risk groups. An ultrasound of 2 trimesters is done from the 18-20th to the 24th week from the last menstruation. Compliance with the exact terms is very important since if they are inconsistent, the interpretation of ultrasound is considered inaccurate.

And finally, the third screening corresponds to the 3rd trimester of pregnancy, performed from the 30th to the 34th week.

Who needs a second screening, and why?

Level 2 ultrasound cost in Delhi in our country is prescribed for every pregnant woman, regardless of the presence of complaints. But you should be especially careful with the study of pregnant women at risk.

  • First pregnant women over 35 years old;
  • Closely married persons;
  • Pregnant women with a burdened obstetric and gynaecological history;
  • Parents with alcoholism and drug addiction.

But all other expectant mothers should treat the second ultrasound screening responsibly so as not to miss the occurrence of a threatening pregnancy pathology at an early stage. Correspondence of the screening result and the ultrasound norm will allow the woman to feel calm, realizing that everything is in order with her and the child.

On What Terms Do An Ultrasound During Pregnancy?

During the waiting period for the baby, the fairer sex has to undergo numerous studies and pass a lot of tests. So, before each appointment with a gynecologist, the expectant mother must donate blood and urine for examination. The results obtained permit us to judge the course of pregnancy and the state of health of a woman. In this article, we will discuss about how long an ultrasound scan is done during pregnancy. You will find out the features of this diagnosis. You can also find out the generally accepted terms for an ultrasound during pregnancy.

Ultrasound diagnostics

This type of research has been used for a long time. Every year there is an improvement in inspection methods. So, in modern medical clinics, you can not only go through an ordinary ultrasound scan but also do a study in several planes (3D and 4D).

Ultrasound diagnostics is carried out as follows. During the study, the doctor applies a special sensor to the patient’s body that sends pulses. This ultrasound is reflected from the organs and gives an image on the screen. The patient and the doctor cannot hear the ultrasound, as it has very high frequencies. It is worth noting that the study can be carried out in several ways. In the earliest phases of embryo development, a transvaginal probe is selected. The doctor puts on it a special conductive gel and injects into the vagina. Later pregnancy allows for a transabdominal ultrasound. In this case, a slightly different sensor is selected, which is applied to the stomach of the future mother. Before having ultrasound, you should know 4d ultrasound cost in Delhi.

How many times do an ultrasound during pregnancy and before it occurs?

If a woman only plans to conceive, then the doctor prescribes her a course of examinations called folliculometry. This method allows you to track the growth of the follicle and determine the exact time the egg leaves it. Thanks to this method, the probability of conception increase several times. During folliculometry, a woman is given one to three ultrasound examinations.

With the onset of pregnancy, the expectant mother should visit the ultrasound room as prescribed by the doctor. How many times do an ultrasound in this case? In the normal course of pregnancy, the study is conducted no more than three or four times over the entire period. However, in half the cases, women are forced to undergo this procedure more often. Establishment of the fact of pregnancy: for how long? When can you safely go for an ultrasound to determine the fetal egg in the uterine cavity? What are the terms for an ultrasound during pregnancy in this case?

Establishment of the fact of pregnancy: for how long?

When can you safely go for a 4d ultrasound in Delhi to determine the fetal egg in the uterine cavity? What are the terms for an ultrasound during pregnancy in this case?

You can establish the completed conception starting from the fifth week of pregnancy. However, you will not be able to see the embryo. However, an experienced specialist will detect a formation in the uterine cavity, which will subsequently become your child. At earlier times, there is a chance of error, since some devices cannot recognize such a small point (during this period, the size of the fetal egg is not more than two millimeters).

Myths And Truth About Prenatal Screening

Prenatal screenings cause a lot of conflicting opinions and feedback. Someone is convinced of their necessity; others are convinced of their complete inexpediency. What kind of research is this, and should all pregnant women really take them? To understand this issue, let's weigh the pros and cons and separate the existing myths from the objective data of scientific medicine.

The argument "against" number 1: ultrasound harm the baby

There is a fairly common opinion that Pregnancy Ultrasound negatively affects the nervous system of a child, annoys him - during the examination, children often try to hide from the apparatus, cover their heads with hands. Therefore, children whose mothers regularly performed ultrasound during pregnancy are more restless than babies whose mothers have refused ultrasound diagnosis. Is it really?

According to doctors, ultrasound cannot cause the baby absolutely no harm - modern equipment is absolutely safe. Therefore, official medicine insists that absolutely all pregnant women should undergo an ultrasound. Indeed, the timely diagnosis allows, firstly, to see the full picture of the course of pregnancy, and secondly, if necessary, to correct certain problems.

Especially important are the data obtained on ultrasound of the first prenatal screening (at 11-13 weeks of pregnancy). During this period during the study:

  • The number of embryos in the uterus and their viability are determined;
  • Put a more accurate period of pregnancy;
  • Gross defects are excluded;
  • Determines the thickness of the collar space - (that is, the amount of subcutaneous fluid on the back of the child's            neck is measured - in normal TVP should not exceed 2.7 mm);
  • The presence or absence of the nasal bone is investigated.

The argument "against" No. 2: a biochemical blood test gives an unreliable result

Many mothers are sure that it is impossible to make at least some reliable conclusions on one analysis- too many factors can affect the result. And, in part, they are really right. However, it is necessary to study the analysis process more closely in order to understand on what basis the doctor makes a conclusion. The second screening takes place at 18-21 weeks of pregnancy. This study includes a "triple" or "quadruple test. "Everything happens the same way as in the first trimester- the woman again takes a blood test. Only in this case, the results of the analysis are used to determine not two, but three (or, respectively, four) indicators.

The argument "against" No. 3: "I have good heredity- I do not need screenings."

Some mothers do not see the point of going through screenings - all relatives are healthy, what problems could there be? Indeed, there are certain groups of women who are primarily recommended to undergo Pregnancy Ultrasound to identify possible pathologies in the development of a child. These are women over 35–40 years old (since after this age, the risk of developing abnormalities in a child increases several times) and expectant mothers with certain diseases (for example, diabetes).

A Complete Guide On Ultrasound: Procedure, Preparation And Purpose

Ultrasound is a term that we come across everyday and we’ve seen people around us getting this test done. But what ultrasound really is? For those who are still living under the rock, ultrasound is a type of medical test that brings to use high frequency sound waves in order to capture live images of the inside of your body. Also popularly referred as Sonography, today ultrasound is one of the most widely used imaging techniques by doctors all over the world to identify problems inside the human body. What differentiates ultrasound from all the other imaging techniques is that it does not use any kind of radiation. Here in this blog we will look deeply into the purpose, procedure and preparation of ultrasound scan.

Purpose of Ultrasound

Most of the people associate the term ultrasound with pregnancy but the medical test has many purposes beyond it. Yes, ultrasound is most commonly used in scanning the stomach of a mother to be. The medical test provides the mother with the first view of her unborn child. Apart from pregnancy, ultrasound has also a wide variety of other purposes such as detecting problems in kidney, liver, eyes, bladder, brain and other vital body parts. Also the medical technique is very helpful in guiding the surgeon’s movement in complex medical procedures such as biopsies.

How to Prepare yourself for an Ultrasound Test

There is no predefined preparation for the ultrasound test but it all depends upon the body part or organ that has to be tested. In cases when the abdomen of the patient is to be examined the doctor will tell you to fast before eight hours. In other cases such as liver, gall bladder or pancreas the doctor may tell you to keep away from fat free food. For distinct cases there are different types of do’s and don’ts that doctors often advise patients. Before an ultrasound test you should inform the doctor about any medications or drugs that you have been prescribed. Be open to your doctor and follow his instructions carefully in order to avoid any kind of inconvenience later on. Although there are no side effects of an ultrasound tests but you need to adhere to the precautions briefed by your doctor.

How the Ultrasound is Actually Conducted

The ultrasound test is basically done lying down with the part meant to be tested left exposed. An ultrasound professional is called a sonographer and has deep knowledge about the imaging technique. When you visit an ultrasound clinic the sonographer applies some special kind of lubricant jelly to your body skin. The main motive behind it is to create friction so that the ultrasound transducer can be rubbed easily on the skin and moreover it also helps in transmitting the sound waves. The transducer then sends high frequency sounds, the waves then echo and reflect back once they hit any dense object such as a bone or any organ. This forms an image on the computer that can be interpreted by a doctor. The process usually doesn't take much time to complete but the time may vary depending on the complexity and on which part of the body is being examined.

What Is Pregnancy Ultrasound? Why You Need To Do So?

During pregnancy, a lot of medical examinations are done to determine the health of the fetus and the mother. When you get pregnant, the doctor may ask you to have various blood tests and urine tests to understand the condition of your body, hormone, and other elements. The health of your baby depends on you, and hence it is important to go for a regular checkup and tests to ensure that everything is under control. Pregnancy Ultrasound is one such test that every mother should go through before the delivery to determine the good health and proper growth of her baby inside the uterus.

What Is Pregnancy Ultrasound

An ultrasound which is known as sonogram is a process to monitor fetal development and at the same time to screen if there are any abnormalities in the fetus.

Some Vital Points

Nevertheless, there are some vital points that you must know before you go for this test during your pregnancy.

•    If there is no reason or need, then the medical professionals always suggest that you should not go through this test during pregnancy.

•    You have to go to the best clinic for this test during pregnancy so that you can get an accurate report on time. Since it is the question of your unborn body; hence you should not take any chance.

•    To obtain the best result you must consume two or three glass of water just before the test and try to avoid urinating. This can make your abdomen look bigger and clearer than the normal time during the test, and the images come clearer.

Why You Should Have Pregnancy Ultrasound

There can be diverse reasons for having an ultrasound during pregnancy. Generally, there are two ultrasounds done during pregnancy tenure. However, if your doctor feels then he can advise some more ultrasounds. It is mainly done to see how the fetus is doing inside your womb. The doctor needs to monitor the growth of the fetus at a regular interval and determine if there is any medical attention required by the fetus for normal development.

The ultrasound is also done to understand if there are any difficulties or abnormalities in the abdomen or uterus of the mother that can affect the baby.

When This Test Should Be Done

Pregnancy Ultrasound should be done twice or in some special cases thrice to determine the development of the baby inside the mother.

The first ultrasound should be done during the first trimester, which is from week one to week 12. This is to:

•    Confirm pregnancy

•    Check the heartbeat of the fetus

•    Look for any kind of fetal abnormalities

•    Diagnose ectopic pregnancy

•    Check for multiple pregnancy

•    Determine the gestational age of the fetus

•    Calculate the EDD or estimated due date

The second ultrasound is done during the second or the third trimester of pregnancy to

•    Monitor the normal growth of the fetus

•    Confirm the presence of multiple fetuses inside the uterus

•    Determine the congenital abnormalities in the fetus

•    View the placenta to see if there is any issue

There are a lot of other things that can be confirmed, checked and determined because of this test. To get the information about the diagnostic centers around your locality, log on to www.3hcare.in and you can book your ultrasound online with facility to pay online or pay at center.

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