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What To Do If Your Head Constantly Hurts?

We all face a headache, though not so often. But what if the head hurts constantly, and not three times a month? The reason can be both in lifestyle and in poor health.

How lifestyle affects headache?

If you suffer from regular headaches, pay attention to your habits. Discomfort can occur due to fatigue, hunger, lack of sleep, overwork or stress. To get rid of the pain, try changing your schedule at least for a couple of weeks:

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Go to bed early - a person needs at least 8 hours of sleep to rest. But do not sleep for more than 10 hours. In this case, the level of oxygen and sugar in the blood will decrease and cause a headache.

If you are sitting at books, a computer for a long time or your work is connected with looking at small details - once in half an hour get distracted. Stand, doubt, and do not strain your eyes for at least a couple of minutes.

Stop drinking alcohol. It affects blood pressure and affects the state of the vessels of the head.

Try to avoid stressful situations and negative emotions. If the headache is not caused by disease, then these simple tips will help you avoid it.

To relieve pain, you can take an analgesic (which medicine is right for you, the doctor will help you choose), have a bite to eat, lie down to sleep for half an hour, ventilate the room and do a head massage.

When your head hurts constantly, your doctor may refer you to an MRI or CT scan of your head

If the causes of the headache are not clear, the neurologist will refer you to an MRI scan centre in Noida- they will quickly determine the cause of the discomfort. And if everything is in order with the brain itself, a competent neurologist will be able to find the source of pain and send the desired specialty to the doctor.

Heart and spine as a cause of pain

Often the head hurts due to problems with the heart and blood vessels. Usually, older people are affected, but some diseases are common among young people:

High and low blood pressure. The head hurts when the weather changes, with a sharp rise, dizziness may begin and darken in the eyes. This is due to vascular tension and oxygen deprivation of the brain.

Vascular disease. With them, the pain lasts for several hours in the eye area, blood can flow from the nose.

Sclerosis and pinched vessels are the inevitable companions of atherosclerosis and scoliosis. Due to the reduced vascular lumen, less oxygen enters the brain, the head begins to hurt either over the entire area or in the back of the head and temples.

Stroke - thrombosis or rupture of cerebral vessels. There is a severe dull pain, a person may lose mobility on one side of the face or body, cease to distinguish between familiar objects. At the first symptoms of a stroke, you need to urgently call an ambulance - in a few hours the brain will die.

To detect pressure problems you just need to monitor your condition or visit an ultrasound clinic. It is no coincidence that at every appointment with the therapist you are necessarily measured with pressure. Do not be alarmed if it has changed one day: it is completely normal. But vascular diseases can be seen only on MRI of the brain or magnetic resonance imaging. You will be referred to these examinations in order to accurately establish the diagnosis if it did not work out right away.

FAQ About Prostate Ultrasound

When for clinical purposes it is necessary to verify and monitor the health conditions of the prostate gland, it is essential to rely on a prostate ultrasound. This diagnostic test is performed by an ultrasound probe, and allows to identify any changes due to an ongoing disease. The pathological processes, in fact, can alter the size of the gland, but also its shape.

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How to perform prostate ultrasound

To carry out prostate ultrasound scans, an ultrasound probe of appropriate size is needed, bearing in mind that this is an examination that is carried out transrectally. In other words, the probe is inserted into the rectum, and allows images on high-frequency sound waves to be displayed on a connected screen.

The examination itself is not painful, but it is still possible to feel a certain discomfort or a particular discomfort when the probe is introduced into the rectum. The ultrasound scan is based on images that are provided in real time by devices that are equipped with transducers capable of optimizing ultrasound tissue penetration, by virtue of specific frequency ranges of these ultrasounds. At the end of the ultrasound study, the images that have been generated are recorded in digital format so that they can become part of the patient's medical record.

How to prepare for a prostate ultrasound?

Prostate ultrasound test in Delhi, therefore, is a very important exam: also for this reason it is essential that it be carried out by a professional with proven competence. The most suitable specialist to deal with is the medical radiologist. The patient is made to lie down on a bed on one side, usually the right one, and is invited to assume a fetal position, with the knees flexed. Before the probe is inserted, the doctor takes care of performing a rectal exploration with the fingers, also to track down any mechanical impediments that could make the introduction difficult.

How long does a prostate ultrasound last?

It takes at most ten minutes to complete a prostate ultrasound, which also has the merit of guaranteeing an instant report. The only shrewdness required of the patient consists in undergoing, more or less 3 or 4 hours before the examination, an enema, so that during the investigation the rectal ampulla is completely empty. Instead, the bladder must be full: for this reason the patient must not pee before the exam, while he is invited to drink a lot, as long as he avoids fizzy drinks. It should be kept in mind that, with bleeding hemorrhoids or anal fissures, an ultrasound cannot be performed.

Why we need a prostate ultrasound?

With prostate ultrasound test in Delhi it is possible to verify that the gland is in an optimal state of health. The ultrasound scan, therefore, can be carried out as a control test, in normal conditions, or to proceed with assessments made necessary by the finding of specific symptoms, such as a benign prostatic hypertrophy or prostatitis. Sometimes, it may happen that a digito-rectal control exam raises doubts about the condition of the gland, and therefore causes an ultrasound to be requested.

How often should you undergo a prostate ultrasound?

Transrectal prostate ultrasound in elderly men should be considered a routine examination, and should therefore be performed on a regular basis. For young people, however, it is only necessary if there is a concrete suspicion. As we have said, the examination serves to find possible changes in the gland, perhaps early: it is not certain that a normal urological clinical examination will make it possible to verify these alterations, just as one cannot rely solely on the symptomatology, which in most cases of the cases is non-specific, if not absent. Sometimes, the prostate increases in size following an inflammatory prostatitis that may have been caused by drug therapy.

Different Types Of Ultrasound Screening

The first level ultrasound consists of the ultrasound performed on the territory to all the pregnant women.

The regional protocol foresees three echography:

The first trimester, at 10-13 weeks, aims to confirm the viability of the foetus and to date pregnancy, i.e. to establish whether the size of the foetus is compatible with the weeks of reported amenorrhea. Furthermore, in the evaluation of twin pregnancies, the determination of chronicity (= number of placentas) plays a fundamental role.

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The second trimester, at 18-22 weeks (morphological), aims to evaluate the anatomy of the foetus, according to the guidelines. The guidelines are directives that guarantee a quality standard (ie the operator is obliged to look at certain fundamental structures). The amount of amniotic fluid and the position of the placenta are also observed during the examination. Furthermore, the foetus is measured to check that growth is regular and that development proceeds normally.

The third trimester, at 30-34 weeks (growth), aims to assess foetal growth. The amount of amniotic fluid and the position of the placenta is also checked.

What is second level ultrasound?

The level 2 ultrasound is an ultrasound on indication that is aimed at solving a specific question. Local operators send the patient for more detailed control in a centre where more sophisticated ultrasound machines are available. The indications for the second level can be multiple:

  • Suspected malformation
  • Finding of soft markers
  • Control of foetal growth, if there is a suspicion of a defect or over-growth
  • Reduction or excess of amniotic fluid
  • Taking teratogenic drugs in pregnancy
  • Infection in pregnancy
  • Some maternal pathologies, for example insulin-dependent diabetes
  • Previous born with malformation
  • Increased alpha-fetoprotein in amniotic fluid

What is third-level ultrasound?

In the case where second level ultrasound has been confirmed as the existence of a malformation picture, the ultrasound evaluation will be performed by personnel who are particularly expert in the evaluation of anatomy and in the management of foetal pathology. This must be done in accordance with the most modern concepts of foetal medicine, and with the help of the most recent literature data.

The expert in foetal medicine (who is an obstetric doctor), performs the diagnosis and uses the advice of professionals of different specialties: geneticist, pediatric cardiologist, infectivologist, orthopedist, neurologist, pediatric surgeon (depending on the malformation highlighted), who they are called to complete prenatal counseling and to establish continuity of treatment after birth.

What is the minimal ultrasound?

The minimal ultrasound is that ultrasound check that simply aims to supplement the clinical examination. The parameters that can be evaluated include, for example, the display of the fetal heart rate, the amount of amniotic fluid and the fetal presentation (ie the position of the foetus in utero). The ultrasound clinic that performs “minimum” checks is not required to issue a report, but can record the result of this check in the patient's medical record. It is therefore important to point out that not all doctors who handle ultrasound probes are ultrasound scanners, and that a check carried out without issuing written reports IS NOT AND DOES NOT REPLACE an official ultrasound scan.

When To Have Your Prostate Examined?

The ultrasound is a medical imaging technique based on the use of ultrasound, by which we can "see" inside the body. The ultrasound of the prostate, the gland just below the bladder in men and participating in the production of sperm, can be done in two ways:

For suprapubic: externally, by placing the probe above the pubis

By the endorectal route: internally, by introducing the probe into the rectum. Prostate ultrasound test in Delhi by the endorectal approach is more precise and allows to obtain a better image of the prostate. It also makes it possible to evaluate more precisely the volume of the gland as well as its "texture" and that of the accessory glands (seminal vesicles).

There are three major diseases of the prostate:

Prostatitis is an infection of the prostate. This infection occurs most often in young men;

If the prostate becomes too big, this disease is called adenoma of the prostate (adenoma means an abnormality of a gland) or benign prostatic hypertrophy (hypertrophy means excessive volume increase of an organ). In everyday language, men who have problems urinating because their prostate is too big and compresses the urethra say "I have prostate";

Finally, prostate cancer is common, especially after the age of 50. But it is not necessarily serious if it is detected early enough.

Why have an endorectal ultrasound?

Ultrasonography is a painless, non-invasive examination and is therefore first-line when the doctor suspects an abnormality in the prostate.

This can be the case:

After a rectal examination highlighting an abnormality (mass or hypertrophy) of the prostate

In the case of urinary symptoms (frequent urge and emission of a small amount of urine, pain during urination, urinary tract infection, difficulty urinating, etc.)

In the case of dosing showing an abnormal value of PSA (prostate antigen)

To diagnose benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)

To guide the doctor when performing a biopsy and to help him visually detect suspicious areas to better target specimens

In addition to biopsies, ultrasonography is mainly used to assess prostatic volume, which tends to increase with age, which can lead to urinary discomfort (benign prostatic hypertrophy).

Examination

Ultrasound involves exposing the tissues or organs that one wishes to observe to ultrasonic waves. It does not require any preparation or anesthesia. For endorectal ultrasound, an elongate (pencil-shaped) probe is used, covered with a condom, and lubricated. It is inserted shallow into the anus, the patient lying on his side, knees bent.

If a biopsy is performed at the same time, the doctor introduces a needle into the prostate, through the wall of the rectum, guided by ultrasound.

What results can be expected from an endorectal ultrasound of the prostate?

Whether it is to perform biopsies or to evaluate prostate volume, prostate ultrasound test in Delhi helps to diagnose prostate conditions, such as cancer (through biopsies) or benign prostatic hypertrophy. The choice of treatment will depend on the diagnosis but also the age of the patient, different risk factors, etc. In the case of hypertrophy of the troublesome prostate, several drugs may be prescribed, including alpha-blockers and phytotherapy products.

What Is The Objective Of Ultrasound?

Ultrasound examination is a method of examining the condition of internal organs and tissues using ultrasonic vibration (waves). Images of the internal sphere of the body are projected on the screen, due to the fact that ultrasound passing through the tissues is reflected different with different vibrational frequencies, which are recorded by the sensor. The method is absolutely safe, not associated with radiation, and is used to recognize the disease while monitoring the dynamics of the process during treatment. Ultrasound for children is good because the examination procedure is completely painless.

Ultrasound at the point of care has the potential to save billions of dollars annually in all health systems. It has the ability to revolutionize patient care and improve the effectiveness of the procedure, reduce complications, and limit pain and suffering. Advances in ultrasound technology have driven the emergence of ultrasound at the point of care, which includes greater ease of use, superior image quality, and lower cost ultrasound units.

What is point of view ultrasound?

Attention point ultrasound refers to the use of portable ultrasound in a patient's bedside for diagnostic (for example, symptom or sign examination) and therapeutic (for example, imaging guide) purposes.

The main barrier to the future universal adoption of this "stethoscope of the future" dependent on the operator. It is the lack of widespread, efficient, and affordable training solutions. The need and demand for ultrasound training have grown in parallel with the expanded use of ultrasound technology.

Ultrasound at the point of care improves health care. While traditional methods of performing a physical examination are critically important, health professionals who become experts in the use of ultrasound at the point of care acquire a unique power. Higher fidelity, lower cost and smaller (handheld) ultrasound units, together with innovative ultrasound training solutions, has created a unique opportunity. Health care providers, facilities, and health systems that strategically incorporate ultrasound at the point of care in clinical practice will quickly be distinguished from those who refrain from incorporating this valuable modality.

How objective is ultrasound?

Ultrasound or sonography over the past two decades has become one of the main diagnostic methods, most often used in the examination of various internal organs. Unlike x-rays, ultrasound is completely safe for the body (ultrasound waves do not have a radioactive effect); therefore, it is used during pregnancy (to monitor fetal development) and other screening examinations.

Ultrasound accuracy

When making a number of diagnoses, it is ultrasound that is the preferred method of examination. It is used in the diagnosis of pathologies of the digestive system, in diseases of the genitourinary system, in obstetrics, for examining the state of superficial organs or glands (thyroid, mammary glands, etc.) by ultrasound labs. In addition to the absence of contraindications, the main advantage of the study is its diagnostic effectiveness. If we compare the results of ultrasound with pathological data, the accuracy of the results in most cases reaches 80%.

Second Screening During Pregnancy: How To Prepare And Decipher The Results

Nowadays, doctors refer to every pregnant woman to an ultrasound scan. The standard implies three ultrasound examinations, regardless of the presence of complaints, even if the fetus is rated as healthy.

The so-called perinatal screenings include, in addition to ultrasound, a biochemical blood test of the expectant mother. Why screening for 2 trimesters is needed, and what are the standards for ultrasound, how long it is performed and why - we will talk about this and another in this article.

When is ultrasound prescribed?

A screening pregnancy ultrasound is usually performed 3 times since it is customary to divide the gestation period into 3 trimesters.

The first screening is done from the 10th to the 14th week of pregnancy, and often only this study involves a double test: in addition to ultrasound, an analysis of the venous blood of a pregnant woman is performed.

The results of such a procedure with an accurate statistical probability determine how possible the development of dangerous abnormalities in the fetus.

Second ultrasound screening, as a rule, does not include other tests. The exception is a suspicion of pathology during the first study or women of the so-called risk groups. An ultrasound of 2 trimesters is done from the 18-20th to the 24th week from the last menstruation. Compliance with the exact terms is very important since if they are inconsistent, the interpretation of ultrasound is considered inaccurate.

And finally, the third screening corresponds to the 3rd trimester of pregnancy, performed from the 30th to the 34th week.

Who needs a second screening, and why?

Level 2 ultrasound cost in Delhi in our country is prescribed for every pregnant woman, regardless of the presence of complaints. But you should be especially careful with the study of pregnant women at risk.

  • First pregnant women over 35 years old;
  • Closely married persons;
  • Pregnant women with a burdened obstetric and gynaecological history;
  • Parents with alcoholism and drug addiction.

But all other expectant mothers should treat the second ultrasound screening responsibly so as not to miss the occurrence of a threatening pregnancy pathology at an early stage. Correspondence of the screening result and the ultrasound norm will allow the woman to feel calm, realizing that everything is in order with her and the child.

Decoding Of The Second Screening Of Ultrasound

In the second trimester, a pregnant woman is assigned a repeated screening, confirming or refuting the data obtained in the first comprehensive study. This period is most suitable for the diagnosis of hormonal levels of the fetus. The data obtained make it possible to assess its development.

If the expectant mother has to wait for a consultation of the attending physician for several days, she will certainly be interested in whether the results of the perinatal screening are normal in advance. It should be remembered that the doctor always judges the pathology only by the totality of the indicators of fetometry, and almost never takes anyone value into account.

Each child is individual even before birth. And if the future mother has really serious reasons for concern, then the ultrasound clinic will inform her about this immediately. Nevertheless, we will talk about the main indicators of the second screening and their normal values.

Body length and fetal weight

At the beginning of the second trimester, the embryo is growing very actively, and it is difficult to judge the standards. On average, the length of the fetus grows from 10 to 16 cm between the sixteenth and twentieth weeks of pregnancy. It is important to consider not an absolute indicator in centimeters, but an increase in growth by weeks. If the specialist is alert, the pregnant woman will be offered a second study after a week or two.

The fetal weight by ultrasound can only be determined using special formulas so that this value can be very inaccurate depending on the device, the doctor, and the posture of the baby in the womb. Weighing about 300 grams by the 20th week, all the organs of the baby are fully formed, and from 22 weeks or about 450 grams, a prematurely born baby can survive. It seems unbelievable!

The circumference of the abdomen and head

As well as the growth of the child, these important values ​​vary over a wide range and must strictly correspond to the gestational age. There are frequent cases when the “developmental delay” in practice turned out to be an incorrectly diagnosed gestational age. However, the widespread introduction of ultrasound diagnostics in the early stages has reduced the number of such errors.

Biparietal (BPR) and Frontooccipital Foetal head size

It is not surprising that the level 2 ultrasound of pathologies during pregnancy is based on head measurements in 3 projections. It is unlikely that at least one human organ is comparable in complexity and importance to the brain. Deviations from reference values ​​may indicate the formation of severe fetal malformations, such as anencephaly or dropsy of the brain. But as a rule, such diseases are judged by several repeated ultrasounds.

Bone length: lower leg, femur, humerus, and forearm

Some deviation from the norms indicated in the table for the weeks of pregnancy is permissible and can be determined by individual characteristics. The doctor will be warned by a sharp shortening of the entire limb or a different length of arms or legs in one child.

What Ensures a Good Sonogram Image?

For a pregnant woman, the images of sonogram matters the most and why not? After all they give a sneak peek of what the baby may look like. In this age of social media many Ultrasound Clinic have also created online groups for sharing the ultrasound images which make the ladies drool over them. In the last 4-5 years elective ultrasound has become increasingly popular as more mothers want to see their baby’s face before he/she is born. And thanks to recent advances in technology, ultrasound machines can render 3D and 4D imaging that is more lifelike than ever before. But, there is something to be very specific about; that the two expecting mothers do not have the same wombs and the 3D images of sonogram does get influenced by the same. There are quite a lot of factors that influence the clarity of ultrasound photos. I am going to list the top 5 in order of importance below:

1.     The Location of the Placenta- Your placenta is the organ that develops inside your uterus during pregnancy that provides oxygen and nutrients to your growing baby. The placenta is attached to the uterine wall either in the front (called an anterior placenta), or in the back (a posterior placenta). If you have an anterior placenta, it will be over the top of baby’s face, making it harder to get clear photos. Therefore, the recommended timeframe to get 3D/4D imaging is at 28-34 weeks, before baby gets too big and squished into the placenta. If your placenta is posterior, it will be under the baby, and you can wait until 34-38 weeks to have your ultrasound. If you don’t know where your placenta is located, you can email us an ultrasound picture from your anatomy scan, and we can tell you.

2.     The amount of amniotic fluid- A higher amount of fluid present in the amniotic sac would ensure that the 3D/4D imaging is clear. Higher fluid levels are especially important if you have an anterior placenta because we need to have fluid between baby’s face and the placenta to be able to get images. To make sure you have fluid in the amniotic sac, it is recommended that you drink 65 to 80 ounces of water a day, every day, the week leading up to your ultrasound appointment.

3.     The position of the baby- It is ideal that your baby is head down (meaning the head is down low near your cervix). This is the position baby should be in before you go into labor. This position also yields the best 3D/4D imaging in the Ultrasound Test. The baby’s face should also be pointing upwards towards your stomach. If baby is looking towards your spine it would be impossible to get images. Babies in the breach position i.e. the gaping position are also harder to get images of, especially with an anterior placenta.

4.     The make and model of the Ultrasound Machine- Just like any other technology, the newer more modern devices and equipment produce better quality imaging. There are several major manufacturers of ultrasound machines. The leading brands offer the latest cutting-edge 3D/4D and high definition ultrasound technology. Ultrasound facilities that use newer, updated machines in the Ultrasound labs Delhi can provide you with better imaging of your baby.

5.     The experience of the sonographer- Learning to do ultrasounds is not an easy endeavor. Extensive professional training and several years of hands on practice is required to gain the experience necessary to acquire clear 3D/4D imaging. Additionally, the ultrasound tech should be knowledgeable about the tricks to get baby in the right position for photos. You’ll want to choose a facility that has an experienced tech who has performed, not just hundreds, but thousands of ultrasounds.

What is High Definition Ultrasound?

In today’s world technology is changing and advancing faster than most of us can keep up with. The field of diagnostics and medical care is no exception. Rather it is the first field of studies and practical use that gets updated as per the changing faces of technology. The medical industry is no different, and each year they are coming out with more advanced, high tech equipment, allowing us to see and understand the human body like never before. Within the ultrasound industry there have been some major cutting edge advancements in just the past few years. The leaders of supplying medical equipment including those for ultrasound in the best ultrasound in south Delhi have manufactured such ultrasound machines that it can produce amazingly crisp and detailed images in the prenatal ultrasound. Some of the machine manufacturing companies have also developed what is known as Feto Realistic View. In lament terms, the improved image quality is comparable to the newer technologies available on the consumer market, such as high definition TV’s.

Like every expecting mother, of course you want the best experience seeing your unborn baby. So you’re probably wondering where you can find this new technology and if it costs more. Most doctors’ clinics/ medical facilities have been slow to upgrade, but many elective ultrasound clinic in Delhi have started to. But you must be wary of facilities who say they offer high definition images. Some use the term “high definition” loosely in order to deceive consumers in believing they actually have the new technology by the leading brands.

For what is really important to point out, time and again the best ultrasound in Delhi have demonstrated high definition and improved resolution using a novel scanning system integrated with a commercial ultrasound machine. The result is a volumetric 3D ultrasound data set that can be visualized using standard techniques. Unlike other 3D ultrasound images, image quality is improved from standard 2D data. Image definition and bandwidth is improved using patent pending techniques. The system can be used to image patients or wounded soldiers for general imaging of anatomy such as abdominal organs, extremities, and the neck.

Although the risks associated with X-ray carcinogenesis are relatively low at diagnostic dose levels, concerns remain for individuals in high-risk categories. In addition, cost and portability of CT and MRI machines can be prohibitive. In comparison, ultrasound can provide portable, low-cost, non-ionizing imaging. Previous clinical trials comparing ultrasound to CT were used to demonstrate qualitative and quantitative improvements of ultrasound using the latest technologies.

Transverse leg images demonstrated much higher clarity and lower noise than what is seen in traditional ultrasound images. An X-ray CT scan was provided of the same cross-section for comparison. The results of our most recent trials demonstrate the advantages of 3D and high definition ultrasound and motion compensation compared with 2D ultrasound. Metal objects can also be observed within the anatomy.

A high definition ultrasound can be availed for low-cost i.e. it can be priced at as low as INR 900 and can go up to INR 8000 with level II (Twins).

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