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What Is The Objective Of Ultrasound?

Ultrasound examination is a method of examining the condition of internal organs and tissues using ultrasonic vibration (waves). Images of the internal sphere of the body are projected on the screen, due to the fact that ultrasound passing through the tissues is reflected different with different vibrational frequencies, which are recorded by the sensor. The method is absolutely safe, not associated with radiation, and is used to recognize the disease while monitoring the dynamics of the process during treatment. Ultrasound for children is good because the examination procedure is completely painless.

Ultrasound at the point of care has the potential to save billions of dollars annually in all health systems. It has the ability to revolutionize patient care and improve the effectiveness of the procedure, reduce complications, and limit pain and suffering. Advances in ultrasound technology have driven the emergence of ultrasound at the point of care, which includes greater ease of use, superior image quality, and lower cost ultrasound units.

What is point of view ultrasound?

Attention point ultrasound refers to the use of portable ultrasound in a patient's bedside for diagnostic (for example, symptom or sign examination) and therapeutic (for example, imaging guide) purposes.

The main barrier to the future universal adoption of this "stethoscope of the future" dependent on the operator. It is the lack of widespread, efficient, and affordable training solutions. The need and demand for ultrasound training have grown in parallel with the expanded use of ultrasound technology.

Ultrasound at the point of care improves health care. While traditional methods of performing a physical examination are critically important, health professionals who become experts in the use of ultrasound at the point of care acquire a unique power. Higher fidelity, lower cost and smaller (handheld) ultrasound units, together with innovative ultrasound training solutions, has created a unique opportunity. Health care providers, facilities, and health systems that strategically incorporate ultrasound at the point of care in clinical practice will quickly be distinguished from those who refrain from incorporating this valuable modality.

How objective is ultrasound?

Ultrasound or sonography over the past two decades has become one of the main diagnostic methods, most often used in the examination of various internal organs. Unlike x-rays, ultrasound is completely safe for the body (ultrasound waves do not have a radioactive effect); therefore, it is used during pregnancy (to monitor fetal development) and other screening examinations.

Ultrasound accuracy

When making a number of diagnoses, it is ultrasound that is the preferred method of examination. It is used in the diagnosis of pathologies of the digestive system, in diseases of the genitourinary system, in obstetrics, for examining the state of superficial organs or glands (thyroid, mammary glands, etc.) by ultrasound labs. In addition to the absence of contraindications, the main advantage of the study is its diagnostic effectiveness. If we compare the results of ultrasound with pathological data, the accuracy of the results in most cases reaches 80%.

Second Screening During Pregnancy: How To Prepare And Decipher The Results

Nowadays, doctors refer to every pregnant woman to an ultrasound scan. The standard implies three ultrasound examinations, regardless of the presence of complaints, even if the fetus is rated as healthy.

The so-called perinatal screenings include, in addition to ultrasound, a biochemical blood test of the expectant mother. Why screening for 2 trimesters is needed, and what are the standards for ultrasound, how long it is performed and why - we will talk about this and another in this article.

When is ultrasound prescribed?

A screening pregnancy ultrasound is usually performed 3 times since it is customary to divide the gestation period into 3 trimesters.

The first screening is done from the 10th to the 14th week of pregnancy, and often only this study involves a double test: in addition to ultrasound, an analysis of the venous blood of a pregnant woman is performed.

The results of such a procedure with an accurate statistical probability determine how possible the development of dangerous abnormalities in the fetus.

Second ultrasound screening, as a rule, does not include other tests. The exception is a suspicion of pathology during the first study or women of the so-called risk groups. An ultrasound of 2 trimesters is done from the 18-20th to the 24th week from the last menstruation. Compliance with the exact terms is very important since if they are inconsistent, the interpretation of ultrasound is considered inaccurate.

And finally, the third screening corresponds to the 3rd trimester of pregnancy, performed from the 30th to the 34th week.

Who needs a second screening, and why?

Level 2 ultrasound cost in Delhi in our country is prescribed for every pregnant woman, regardless of the presence of complaints. But you should be especially careful with the study of pregnant women at risk.

  • First pregnant women over 35 years old;
  • Closely married persons;
  • Pregnant women with a burdened obstetric and gynaecological history;
  • Parents with alcoholism and drug addiction.

But all other expectant mothers should treat the second ultrasound screening responsibly so as not to miss the occurrence of a threatening pregnancy pathology at an early stage. Correspondence of the screening result and the ultrasound norm will allow the woman to feel calm, realizing that everything is in order with her and the child.

Decoding Of The Second Screening Of Ultrasound

In the second trimester, a pregnant woman is assigned a repeated screening, confirming or refuting the data obtained in the first comprehensive study. This period is most suitable for the diagnosis of hormonal levels of the fetus. The data obtained make it possible to assess its development.

If the expectant mother has to wait for a consultation of the attending physician for several days, she will certainly be interested in whether the results of the perinatal screening are normal in advance. It should be remembered that the doctor always judges the pathology only by the totality of the indicators of fetometry, and almost never takes anyone value into account.

Each child is individual even before birth. And if the future mother has really serious reasons for concern, then the ultrasound clinic will inform her about this immediately. Nevertheless, we will talk about the main indicators of the second screening and their normal values.

Body length and fetal weight

At the beginning of the second trimester, the embryo is growing very actively, and it is difficult to judge the standards. On average, the length of the fetus grows from 10 to 16 cm between the sixteenth and twentieth weeks of pregnancy. It is important to consider not an absolute indicator in centimeters, but an increase in growth by weeks. If the specialist is alert, the pregnant woman will be offered a second study after a week or two.

The fetal weight by ultrasound can only be determined using special formulas so that this value can be very inaccurate depending on the device, the doctor, and the posture of the baby in the womb. Weighing about 300 grams by the 20th week, all the organs of the baby are fully formed, and from 22 weeks or about 450 grams, a prematurely born baby can survive. It seems unbelievable!

The circumference of the abdomen and head

As well as the growth of the child, these important values ​​vary over a wide range and must strictly correspond to the gestational age. There are frequent cases when the “developmental delay” in practice turned out to be an incorrectly diagnosed gestational age. However, the widespread introduction of ultrasound diagnostics in the early stages has reduced the number of such errors.

Biparietal (BPR) and Frontooccipital Foetal head size

It is not surprising that the level 2 ultrasound of pathologies during pregnancy is based on head measurements in 3 projections. It is unlikely that at least one human organ is comparable in complexity and importance to the brain. Deviations from reference values ​​may indicate the formation of severe fetal malformations, such as anencephaly or dropsy of the brain. But as a rule, such diseases are judged by several repeated ultrasounds.

Bone length: lower leg, femur, humerus, and forearm

Some deviation from the norms indicated in the table for the weeks of pregnancy is permissible and can be determined by individual characteristics. The doctor will be warned by a sharp shortening of the entire limb or a different length of arms or legs in one child.

What Ensures a Good Sonogram Image?

For a pregnant woman, the images of sonogram matters the most and why not? After all they give a sneak peek of what the baby may look like. In this age of social media many Ultrasound Clinic have also created online groups for sharing the ultrasound images which make the ladies drool over them. In the last 4-5 years elective ultrasound has become increasingly popular as more mothers want to see their baby’s face before he/she is born. And thanks to recent advances in technology, ultrasound machines can render 3D and 4D imaging that is more lifelike than ever before. But, there is something to be very specific about; that the two expecting mothers do not have the same wombs and the 3D images of sonogram does get influenced by the same. There are quite a lot of factors that influence the clarity of ultrasound photos. I am going to list the top 5 in order of importance below:

1.     The Location of the Placenta- Your placenta is the organ that develops inside your uterus during pregnancy that provides oxygen and nutrients to your growing baby. The placenta is attached to the uterine wall either in the front (called an anterior placenta), or in the back (a posterior placenta). If you have an anterior placenta, it will be over the top of baby’s face, making it harder to get clear photos. Therefore, the recommended timeframe to get 3D/4D imaging is at 28-34 weeks, before baby gets too big and squished into the placenta. If your placenta is posterior, it will be under the baby, and you can wait until 34-38 weeks to have your ultrasound. If you don’t know where your placenta is located, you can email us an ultrasound picture from your anatomy scan, and we can tell you.

2.     The amount of amniotic fluid- A higher amount of fluid present in the amniotic sac would ensure that the 3D/4D imaging is clear. Higher fluid levels are especially important if you have an anterior placenta because we need to have fluid between baby’s face and the placenta to be able to get images. To make sure you have fluid in the amniotic sac, it is recommended that you drink 65 to 80 ounces of water a day, every day, the week leading up to your ultrasound appointment.

3.     The position of the baby- It is ideal that your baby is head down (meaning the head is down low near your cervix). This is the position baby should be in before you go into labor. This position also yields the best 3D/4D imaging in the Ultrasound Test. The baby’s face should also be pointing upwards towards your stomach. If baby is looking towards your spine it would be impossible to get images. Babies in the breach position i.e. the gaping position are also harder to get images of, especially with an anterior placenta.

4.     The make and model of the Ultrasound Machine- Just like any other technology, the newer more modern devices and equipment produce better quality imaging. There are several major manufacturers of ultrasound machines. The leading brands offer the latest cutting-edge 3D/4D and high definition ultrasound technology. Ultrasound facilities that use newer, updated machines in the Ultrasound labs Delhi can provide you with better imaging of your baby.

5.     The experience of the sonographer- Learning to do ultrasounds is not an easy endeavor. Extensive professional training and several years of hands on practice is required to gain the experience necessary to acquire clear 3D/4D imaging. Additionally, the ultrasound tech should be knowledgeable about the tricks to get baby in the right position for photos. You’ll want to choose a facility that has an experienced tech who has performed, not just hundreds, but thousands of ultrasounds.

What is High Definition Ultrasound?

In today’s world technology is changing and advancing faster than most of us can keep up with. The field of diagnostics and medical care is no exception. Rather it is the first field of studies and practical use that gets updated as per the changing faces of technology. The medical industry is no different, and each year they are coming out with more advanced, high tech equipment, allowing us to see and understand the human body like never before. Within the ultrasound industry there have been some major cutting edge advancements in just the past few years. The leaders of supplying medical equipment including those for ultrasound in the best ultrasound in south Delhi have manufactured such ultrasound machines that it can produce amazingly crisp and detailed images in the prenatal ultrasound. Some of the machine manufacturing companies have also developed what is known as Feto Realistic View. In lament terms, the improved image quality is comparable to the newer technologies available on the consumer market, such as high definition TV’s.

Like every expecting mother, of course you want the best experience seeing your unborn baby. So you’re probably wondering where you can find this new technology and if it costs more. Most doctors’ clinics/ medical facilities have been slow to upgrade, but many elective ultrasound clinic in Delhi have started to. But you must be wary of facilities who say they offer high definition images. Some use the term “high definition” loosely in order to deceive consumers in believing they actually have the new technology by the leading brands.

For what is really important to point out, time and again the best ultrasound in Delhi have demonstrated high definition and improved resolution using a novel scanning system integrated with a commercial ultrasound machine. The result is a volumetric 3D ultrasound data set that can be visualized using standard techniques. Unlike other 3D ultrasound images, image quality is improved from standard 2D data. Image definition and bandwidth is improved using patent pending techniques. The system can be used to image patients or wounded soldiers for general imaging of anatomy such as abdominal organs, extremities, and the neck.

Although the risks associated with X-ray carcinogenesis are relatively low at diagnostic dose levels, concerns remain for individuals in high-risk categories. In addition, cost and portability of CT and MRI machines can be prohibitive. In comparison, ultrasound can provide portable, low-cost, non-ionizing imaging. Previous clinical trials comparing ultrasound to CT were used to demonstrate qualitative and quantitative improvements of ultrasound using the latest technologies.

Transverse leg images demonstrated much higher clarity and lower noise than what is seen in traditional ultrasound images. An X-ray CT scan was provided of the same cross-section for comparison. The results of our most recent trials demonstrate the advantages of 3D and high definition ultrasound and motion compensation compared with 2D ultrasound. Metal objects can also be observed within the anatomy.

A high definition ultrasound can be availed for low-cost i.e. it can be priced at as low as INR 900 and can go up to INR 8000 with level II (Twins).

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