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Decoding Of The Second Screening Of Ultrasound

In the second trimester, a pregnant woman is assigned a repeated screening, confirming or refuting the data obtained in the first comprehensive study. This period is most suitable for the diagnosis of hormonal levels of the fetus. The data obtained make it possible to assess its development.

If the expectant mother has to wait for a consultation of the attending physician for several days, she will certainly be interested in whether the results of the perinatal screening are normal in advance. It should be remembered that the doctor always judges the pathology only by the totality of the indicators of fetometry, and almost never takes anyone value into account.

Each child is individual even before birth. And if the future mother has really serious reasons for concern, then the ultrasound clinic will inform her about this immediately. Nevertheless, we will talk about the main indicators of the second screening and their normal values.

Body length and fetal weight

At the beginning of the second trimester, the embryo is growing very actively, and it is difficult to judge the standards. On average, the length of the fetus grows from 10 to 16 cm between the sixteenth and twentieth weeks of pregnancy. It is important to consider not an absolute indicator in centimeters, but an increase in growth by weeks. If the specialist is alert, the pregnant woman will be offered a second study after a week or two.

The fetal weight by ultrasound can only be determined using special formulas so that this value can be very inaccurate depending on the device, the doctor, and the posture of the baby in the womb. Weighing about 300 grams by the 20th week, all the organs of the baby are fully formed, and from 22 weeks or about 450 grams, a prematurely born baby can survive. It seems unbelievable!

The circumference of the abdomen and head

As well as the growth of the child, these important values ​​vary over a wide range and must strictly correspond to the gestational age. There are frequent cases when the “developmental delay” in practice turned out to be an incorrectly diagnosed gestational age. However, the widespread introduction of ultrasound diagnostics in the early stages has reduced the number of such errors.

Biparietal (BPR) and Frontooccipital Foetal head size

It is not surprising that the level 2 ultrasound of pathologies during pregnancy is based on head measurements in 3 projections. It is unlikely that at least one human organ is comparable in complexity and importance to the brain. Deviations from reference values ​​may indicate the formation of severe fetal malformations, such as anencephaly or dropsy of the brain. But as a rule, such diseases are judged by several repeated ultrasounds.

Bone length: lower leg, femur, humerus, and forearm

Some deviation from the norms indicated in the table for the weeks of pregnancy is permissible and can be determined by individual characteristics. The doctor will be warned by a sharp shortening of the entire limb or a different length of arms or legs in one child.

Ultrasound For Children – Reasons Can Be Many

Ultrasound in children is a popular technique for diagnosing congenital abnormalities. Ultrasound helps to diagnose painlessly, quickly and accurately. Such an examination is used in all areas of medicine. Ultrasound helps to visualize the size, shape, and structure of the internal organs of the child and to identify pathological disorders in the early stages.

Types of ultrasound examination of the child

Depending on the symptoms, the children are examined such organs:

  • Examination of the abdominal cavity;
  • Kidney and bladder;
  • Brain (neuro sonography);
  • Thyroid gland;
  • Heart (echocardiography);
  • Hip joints;
  • Pelvic organs;
  • Mammary glands;
  • Doppler scanning of blood vessels.

Indication for an ultrasound of the child

A pediatrician, neurologist, orthopedist, cardiologist, pediatric gynecologist, or urologist will refer you for an ultrasound examination of the child. An indication for an ultrasound of a girl or boy is a suspicion of a deviation from the normal development or pathology of the internal organs.

There are also many congenital diseases that are asymptomatic from birth, and only after a year can somehow manifest themselves. Therefore, prophylactic ultrasound examinations of the brain, hip joints, and kidneys are recommended at an early age.

Mandatory ultrasound is performed on premature babies, babies with hereditary tendencies to pathologies, and children after difficult births. Also, an ultrasound examination of the baby will not hurt if the mother had infections during pregnancy.

Preparation for the procedure

Some special preparation for an ultrasound scan of a boy or girl is not needed, but there are several recommendations that must be adhered to: before examining the pelvic organs, give the child to drink up to 100 ml of water, since the examination is performed with a full bladder. For 1 - 2 days before ultrasound of the abdominal cavity, bakery products, fresh vegetables, fruits, and beans should be excluded from the diet.

Other types of children's ultrasound do not need special training.

Also, before the ultrasound testthink about how to dress the baby. For example, if you need to examine your hip joints, then your legs and hips are exposed, an abdominal ultrasound scan reveals your stomach. Therefore, especially in winter, choose clothes so that they can be easily removed and put on.

How is the ultrasound procedure in children?

Children's ultrasound lasts about 15 minutes. Depending on the studied area, the desired part of the body is exposed, the doctor applies a special gel and examines the image on the monitor. Parents are given a conclusion according to which a pediatrician or a specialist doctor will prescribe an individual treatment regimen.

If necessary, such an examination can be carried out daily for monitoring during treatment therapy.

Is it possible to do an ultrasound examination for children up to a year?

This is an absolutely harmless examination method. It can be carried out even for a baby a couple of hours after birth. Ultrasonic waves do not affect the health and development of the baby.

There are many advantages to such a study:

  • Allows you to identify congenital abnormalities;
  • High information content;
  • Painlessly;
  • Safely;
  • Quickly.

The child grows very quickly, and in order to control the development of internal organs, ultrasound clinics recommend systematic ultrasound diagnostics. Thanks to modern devices, the information content of ultrasound is very high and give a complete picture when making a diagnosis.

Ultrasound During Pregnancy - Know What is There to be Known

Ultrasounds at the ultrasound lab have become a regulation for pregnant women these days. So much so, that the women may opt for one from the early weeks as well. But why is it the case? For starters, the powerful technology of ultrasound to see inside the womb can give very useful information in some situations. This is extremely beneficial to see if the pregnancy is miscarried, to measure your baby’s growth, and clarify baby’s position. What is more? An ultrasound test in the labs on a regular basis can also detect the abnormalities of a baby. The scan can also estimate your due date.

For the cases which have detected an abnormality in the baby, the experts offer help and counseling to ascertain the way forward. More often than not the complications in the pregnancy which are found in an ultrasound is addressed only with a pregnancy termination. Very rare is it possible to treat the conditions in the womb because fetal surgery generally causes labour to start.

The safety of an ultrasound test has been the talk of the town for many years now. Though there have been many assurances and corroborations from the medical fraternity which reports that it is absolutely safe, the doubt remains nevertheless. The reason being that there is no high-quality scientific studies that compare the development of children who were exposed and unexposed to modern high-powered ultrasound scans in the womb.

Therefore, as part of a standard operating procedure, the technicians in the Ultrasound Clinic are advised on following the ALARA principle. This basically means that the exposure should be limited to "as low as reasonably achievable".

What you can expect in an Ultrasound scan?

During the first cycle when the pregnancy is confirmed, the ultrasound test would record your baby's heartbeat and that your pregnancy is uterine. This also helps in allaying the fears ectopic or tubular pregnancy which needs to be discussed in detail with the doctors.

Another thing to be noted is that the ultrasound test is done using a cool gel substance which is rubbed into your lower belly. This enables the transducer to better obtain the images as it is moved around the belly. For the pregnant women who are right at the early stages of their pregnancy, the technician may perform a transvaginal (internal) ultrasound, which uses a wand shaped transducer to scan the uterus from the vaginal cavity in order to detect the baby more clearly or earlier than would be possible with a transabdominal ultrasound.

The last word

Despite all the presumptions and analogies, the fact remains that the ultrasound tests are still very much relevant and its counter-effects are all but miniscule. These tests are now available all across the world including countries like India. The tests can also be planned by various online portals which list only the trusted names in the field of diagnostics. Convenience coupled with immediate assistance is what makes these test centers a preferred place for the tests like Ultrasound.

All About The Latest Ultrasound Technology And The Importance Of Diagnostic Doctors

Ultrasound diagnostics today is one of the most popular instrumental methods for examining the body. The leading manufacturers of ultrasonic scanners, in the face of reasonably large competition, strive for continuous improvement of equipment, introducing new options and modifying devices. On this basis, the difference between modern scanners and machines twenty years ago is very significant.

In this context, modern ultrasound diagnostics on the latest progressive equipment is increasingly coming to the fore in the choice of the clinician for the optimal patient examination technique, successfully competing with such methods as MRI and CT. A separate link here is ultrasound in obstetrics, where the identification of some fetal malformations became possible only with the advent of high-tech ultrasound scanners.

What are the advantages of 3D / 4D ultrasound over a conventional two-dimensional ultrasound regarding diagnosis? Do these methods apply preferentially to specific organs?

The essence of the 3D ultrasound study is that the scanner displays an image in a three-dimensional format, in contrast to the usual two-dimensional ultrasound (2D), where the area under study is displayed in two planes with the natural gray-black shades. 4D Ultrasound examination allows obtaining a similar 3D three-dimensional image in video format in real time.

Of course, the main body of diagnostic information is obtained by the ultrasound diagnostics doctor using a conventional 2D mode, where the necessary assessment of the structure of organs and tissues is carried out, and various measurements are made. Nevertheless, the 3D / 4D imaging format in the past few years has been actively introduced into ultrasound, with a priority in the field of obstetrics and having low 4d ultrasound cost in India.

It is in obstetrics and gynecology that the maximum diagnostic value of 3D research is achieved as a technique to more accurately differentiate fetal malformations, assess the placenta and umbilical cord. Nowadays, 3D / 4D ultrasound imaging is very much in demand among future young parents, as the first photo and video clip in their baby's photo album. As an auxiliary technique, 3D / 4D is also used in general ultrasound and diagnosis of vascular pathologies.

Can a person who feels great, have made an ultrasound diagnosis, and detect something that means a disease or the onset of disease?

In fact, the main focus of modern diagnostic medicine is precisely the identification of diseases prior to the stage of their manifestation, i.e., pronounced clinical manifestations. It is for this purpose that diagnostic equipment is being improved, more adaptive research methods are being developed, and research work is being carried out. Often it is on an ultrasound study that doctors first identify the asymptomatic development of the disease, advising patients on further methods of additional examination and priority consultations of narrow specialists.

Doctors of ultrasound diagnostics actively and fruitfully cooperate with doctors of almost all medical specialties and, accordingly, the potential list of detected diseases directly depends on the diagnostic capabilities of an Ultrasound Clinic. The closest cooperation with the aim of assisting in the diagnosis of specific diseases has been established with therapeutic doctors, endocrinologists, gastroenterologists, cardiologists, neurologists, surgeons, urologists, orthopedists, pediatricians, etc.

Why You might Need an Ultrasound for Heart?

An average person would always relate the ultrasound Test the examination wherein the hard tissues of the body are to be detected. Some of them may also be of the opinion that the ultrasound test is done to check the fetus health inside mother's womb. An ultrasound of heart is relatively less known test and yet one cannot downplay its importance in detecting the heart ailments. An ultrasound clinic is the place to go to for the test. Let us take a look as to what are the conditions of the heart that can be detected by a heart ultrasound.

One of the most common problems has been the heart murmurs. Similarly, to diagnose and determine the valve condition, ultrasound test is very much required. Other minor and major conditions wherein you have to go for ultrasound are:

·        Detection of the presence of abnormalities in heart's structure.

·        Size and thickness measurement of the heart and its chamber.

·        Ultrasound for heart is also done to examine the motion of the chamber walls and the extent of damage which has been caused to the heart muscle post heart attack.

·        Assessment with regard to how different parts of the heart are functioning in patients with chronic heart disease

·        Look for Congestive Heart Problems. Also the presence of tumor in the heart can be identified in the same test.

·        Assess for and monitor congenital defects

·        Evaluation of blood flow through the heart is also done in the ultrasound lab.

·        In the pre-heart transplant cases, the ultrasound test check for the major blood vessels have been damaged by traumatic injury

·        Cardiomyopathy, a problem in the heart muscle can also be determined.

·        The heart might suffer from the problem of abnormal heart rhythms known as arrythmias

·        Assess EF –ejection fraction levels (heart flow)

Moreover, the ultrasound lab can also rule out these abnormalities.

Popularity of heart ultrasound

There are several reasons that contribute to the popularity heart ultrasound (also known as cardiac ultrasound). Other than being a test which does not involve a sedative for echo, ultrasound for heart is:

·         It does not involve the injection of a dye in a regular echo. It can be used to enhance an echo (contrast echo), but it is hardly a necessity for all echocardiograms.

·        Unlike MRI scan, the patient is not put into a closed chamber table at the time of the procedure. Echo is conducted whilst the patient lies on a comfortable table.

·        The ultrasound lab always has the availability of Echo scanning equipment that uses the advanced technology. This technology may not be available in every healthcare setting.

·        This is the most accepted procedure of diagnosis of heart health, a variety of heart diseases and ailments. Age is not a factor when it comes to the use of echo in any stage of life.

·        There is zero involvement of radiation exposure in the echo.

Given the fact that over millions of people in the world succumbs to heart failure and other similar ailments, the cardiac ultrasound must be conducted whenever needed.

5 Things You Must Check Before Going To An Ultrasound Clinic For Examination

Ultrasound is also known as ultrasonography which is a medical examination to get images of the inner parts of your body with the help of high-frequency sound wave. It is done to find out the cause of various diseases or to check whether the current treatment procedure is doing well on that particular part. Your doctor can advise you to go for a USG scan to diagnose different types of disease. At the same time, this examination process is also used to check the condition of the fetus

However, before you follow the instructions of your doctor and go for an ultrasound test, you should check these five points in an ultrasound clinic to be sure that you will get a good service.

The Reputation Of The Clinic

A reputed diagnostic clinic can offer you the best service under any circumstances. They have earned that reputation because of their efficient and dedicated services for several years in the market. People trust their name because they know that these organizations will always offer accurate and genuine reports. You must consider visiting a recognized and experienced diagnostic center for your USG.

The Ultrasound Scanners & Other Equipment

As a patient, we are usually not aware about the ultrasound scanners the labs are using, in terms of latest technology as accuracy of results depends on the quality of scanners to scan each and every action while doing the process. A well-maintained, hygienic and advanced clinic must have some latest instrument and machines through which the tests are performed. Diagnostic centers with latest scanners provides the best results for Ultrasound tests.

The Experts

Ensure that the clinic has some of the expert radiologists in their department of ultrasound. These experts must have proper degrees, experience, and dedication towards their job. They must be certified professionals who can handle such tests well. Many times, it depends on the radiologist that how accurately the images will be studied and prepared. They play an essential role in assisting the doctors to diagnose the real cause of the disease.

The Cost

It is necessary to check the cost of this service. Know the average ultrasound test price in Delhi from various diagnostic centers. Now decide which one will be the most affordable option for you. Log on to www.3hcare.in to get the list of diagnostic labs near by your area with their cost for ultrasound test to compare at your end.

The Location

Though it may not be a big issue for those who have their own cars, you should check the location of the diagnostic center or the ultrasound clinic before you book the test. Ensure that you do not need to travel a long path because you have some health issues. Find the diagnostic lab near to your home or office which is easy to access for you.

At 3H Care, you can find out the list of diagnostic centers where ultrasound test is done with care. You can get discounts on this test through 3H Care too.

A Complete Guide On Ultrasound: Procedure, Preparation And Purpose

Ultrasound is a term that we come across everyday and we’ve seen people around us getting this test done. But what ultrasound really is? For those who are still living under the rock, ultrasound is a type of medical test that brings to use high frequency sound waves in order to capture live images of the inside of your body. Also popularly referred as Sonography, today ultrasound is one of the most widely used imaging techniques by doctors all over the world to identify problems inside the human body. What differentiates ultrasound from all the other imaging techniques is that it does not use any kind of radiation. Here in this blog we will look deeply into the purpose, procedure and preparation of ultrasound scan.

Purpose of Ultrasound

Most of the people associate the term ultrasound with pregnancy but the medical test has many purposes beyond it. Yes, ultrasound is most commonly used in scanning the stomach of a mother to be. The medical test provides the mother with the first view of her unborn child. Apart from pregnancy, ultrasound has also a wide variety of other purposes such as detecting problems in kidney, liver, eyes, bladder, brain and other vital body parts. Also the medical technique is very helpful in guiding the surgeon’s movement in complex medical procedures such as biopsies.

How to Prepare yourself for an Ultrasound Test

There is no predefined preparation for the ultrasound test but it all depends upon the body part or organ that has to be tested. In cases when the abdomen of the patient is to be examined the doctor will tell you to fast before eight hours. In other cases such as liver, gall bladder or pancreas the doctor may tell you to keep away from fat free food. For distinct cases there are different types of do’s and don’ts that doctors often advise patients. Before an ultrasound test you should inform the doctor about any medications or drugs that you have been prescribed. Be open to your doctor and follow his instructions carefully in order to avoid any kind of inconvenience later on. Although there are no side effects of an ultrasound tests but you need to adhere to the precautions briefed by your doctor.

How the Ultrasound is Actually Conducted

The ultrasound test is basically done lying down with the part meant to be tested left exposed. An ultrasound professional is called a sonographer and has deep knowledge about the imaging technique. When you visit an ultrasound clinic the sonographer applies some special kind of lubricant jelly to your body skin. The main motive behind it is to create friction so that the ultrasound transducer can be rubbed easily on the skin and moreover it also helps in transmitting the sound waves. The transducer then sends high frequency sounds, the waves then echo and reflect back once they hit any dense object such as a bone or any organ. This forms an image on the computer that can be interpreted by a doctor. The process usually doesn't take much time to complete but the time may vary depending on the complexity and on which part of the body is being examined.

What Is Pregnancy Ultrasound? Why You Need To Do So?

During pregnancy, a lot of medical examinations are done to determine the health of the fetus and the mother. When you get pregnant, the doctor may ask you to have various blood tests and urine tests to understand the condition of your body, hormone, and other elements. The health of your baby depends on you, and hence it is important to go for a regular checkup and tests to ensure that everything is under control. Pregnancy Ultrasound is one such test that every mother should go through before the delivery to determine the good health and proper growth of her baby inside the uterus.

What Is Pregnancy Ultrasound

An ultrasound which is known as sonogram is a process to monitor fetal development and at the same time to screen if there are any abnormalities in the fetus.

Some Vital Points

Nevertheless, there are some vital points that you must know before you go for this test during your pregnancy.

•    If there is no reason or need, then the medical professionals always suggest that you should not go through this test during pregnancy.

•    You have to go to the best clinic for this test during pregnancy so that you can get an accurate report on time. Since it is the question of your unborn body; hence you should not take any chance.

•    To obtain the best result you must consume two or three glass of water just before the test and try to avoid urinating. This can make your abdomen look bigger and clearer than the normal time during the test, and the images come clearer.

Why You Should Have Pregnancy Ultrasound

There can be diverse reasons for having an ultrasound during pregnancy. Generally, there are two ultrasounds done during pregnancy tenure. However, if your doctor feels then he can advise some more ultrasounds. It is mainly done to see how the fetus is doing inside your womb. The doctor needs to monitor the growth of the fetus at a regular interval and determine if there is any medical attention required by the fetus for normal development.

The ultrasound is also done to understand if there are any difficulties or abnormalities in the abdomen or uterus of the mother that can affect the baby.

When This Test Should Be Done

Pregnancy Ultrasound should be done twice or in some special cases thrice to determine the development of the baby inside the mother.

The first ultrasound should be done during the first trimester, which is from week one to week 12. This is to:

•    Confirm pregnancy

•    Check the heartbeat of the fetus

•    Look for any kind of fetal abnormalities

•    Diagnose ectopic pregnancy

•    Check for multiple pregnancy

•    Determine the gestational age of the fetus

•    Calculate the EDD or estimated due date

The second ultrasound is done during the second or the third trimester of pregnancy to

•    Monitor the normal growth of the fetus

•    Confirm the presence of multiple fetuses inside the uterus

•    Determine the congenital abnormalities in the fetus

•    View the placenta to see if there is any issue

There are a lot of other things that can be confirmed, checked and determined because of this test. To get the information about the diagnostic centers around your locality, log on to www.3hcare.in and you can book your ultrasound online with facility to pay online or pay at center.

Thyroid Ultrasound - Conditions and Essential Information

Thyroid Ultrasound

Ultrasound can be used to check for an overactive or hypoactive gland. An ultrasound may also be ordered if your doctor considers a thyroid tumor when examining the neck. Thyroid ultrasound is used to look at the thyroid, a gland located in the neck that regulates metabolism and conducted at Ultrasound clinics.

How is Ultrasound Performed?

The ultrasound is a painless method that uses sound waves to create images from inside the body. The examination is conducted at the ultrasound lab or clinic.

The patient lies with the neck extended beyond its usual limit (hyperextended). The radiologist applies a lubricating gel on the neck and then passes a wand, called a transducer, over the area.

The transducer releases sound waves, which pass through the body and bounce from the area under study (in this case, the thyroid gland). A computer analyzes the pattern that sound waves create when they bounce and make an image.

Why Thyroid Ultrasound?

               

Ultrasound Test is safe and non-painful and produces images of the interior of the body using sound waves. It involves the use of a small transducer (probe) and an ultrasound gel for exposing the body to high-frequency acoustic waves. The transducer picks up the bouncing sounds, and a computer then uses those sound waves to create an image.

Ultrasound examinations do not use ionizing radiation (as used on x-rays). Since the ultrasound images are captured in real-time, they can show the structure and movement of the internal organs of the body, as well as the blood flowing through the blood vessels.

Ultrasound imaging is a non-invasive medical examination that helps doctors diagnose and treat medical conditions.

Thyroid Ultrasound Test produces images of the thyroid gland and adjacent structures in the neck. The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck, just above the clavicle bone, and is butterfly shaped, with a lobe on each side of the neck connected by a narrow band of tissue. It is one of nine endocrine glands located in the body that produces and send hormones to the bloodstream.

Some of the Common Uses of the Procedure

Usually, the ultrasound of the thyroid is used:

  • To determine if a lump in the neck originates in the thyroid or any adjacent structure
  • To analyze the appearance of the nodules in the thyroid and thus determine if they are one of the most common benign nodules    or if the nodule has characteristics that require a biopsy. If a biopsy is needed, fine-needle aspiration guided by ultrasound can  help improve biopsy accuracy.
  • To look for additional nodules in patients with one or more nodules palpated on a physical examination
  • To see if a thyroid nodule has grown substantially over time

Since ultrasound provides real-time imaging (images that are continuously renewed), it can also be used to guide procedures such as aspiration biopsy, in which a needle is used to extract samples of cells from an abnormal area to be subjected to Laboratory analysis. Ultrasound is also used to aid the insertion of a catheter or other drainage device and helps ensure accurate placement and drainage of the fluid for diagnosis and relief of patient discomfort.

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