You have no items in your shopping cart.
Show Location
×

THE TEST JUST ADDED TO YOUR BASKET


CONTINUE ADD MORE GO TO CART

Blog

The Fuss And Debate Over Prenatal Screening

Prenatal screening and its utility or importance has got polarized opinions. While some feel it is the need of the hour, the other group is convinced of their complete inexpediency. Therefore we really need to look at the pros and cons that prenatal screening has on offer for pregnant women.

prenatal screening

The doctors opine that prenatal screening in an ultrasound has no harmful effects and that the use of the latest and advanced equipment to conduct this test makes the test even more fail-safe. The various aspects which can be looked over with the help of ultrasound are:

  • The number of embryos in the uterus and their viability are determined;
  • Put a more accurate period of pregnancy;
  • Gross defects are excluded;
  • Determines the thickness of the collar space - (that is, the amount of subcutaneous fluid on the back of the child's neck is measured - in normal TVP should not exceed 2.7 mm);
  • The presence or absence of the nasal bone is investigated.

However, there are quite a few arguments which make prenatal screening questionable to many. Many mothers are sure that it is impossible to make at least some reliable conclusions on one analysis- too many factors can affect the result. And, in part, they are really right. However, it is necessary to study the analysis process more closely in order to understand on what basis the doctor makes a conclusion. The second screening takes place at 18-21 weeks of pregnancy. This study includes a "triple" or "quadruple test”. The test follows the same step as in the first trimester- the woman again takes a blood test. Only in this case, the results of the analysis are used to determine not two, but three (or, respectively, four) indicators.

Some mothers point out strong heredity and don’t see a reason to go for ultrasound. There is a mindset which governs their judgement; all relatives are healthy, what problems could there be? Indeed, there are certain groups of women who are primarily recommended to undergo Pregnancy Ultrasound to identify possible pathologies in the development of a child. These are women over 35–40 years old (since after this age, the risk of developing abnormalities in a child increases several times) and expectant mothers with certain diseases (for example, diabetes). For getting a more clear view on the Pregnancy Ultrasound, get in touch with the diagnostic labs in delhi which can also guide you on the process to be followed for this test.

Myths And Realities Of Ultrasound, In Pregnancy

First of all, it is very important to understand the way an ultrasound device works.

The ultrasound uses sound waves, which penetrate the tissues of the body, by placing the transducer accompanied by gel as a conductive medium and in this way the sound waves that bounce off the different organs are processed by the ultrasound devices in two-dimensional images.

ultrasound-in-pregnancy

These images will give the doctor information about the size, shape, and texture of the body part, also in the case of pregnancy determine the condition of the baby, listen to his heart, see his movements and if possible observe the sex.

The images are interpreted by radiologists and sonographers, who will inform the patient about the different findings and make the study diagnosis.

An ultrasound scan usually takes 25-30 minutes, but it may take a little longer.

Many people say that ultrasound can cause diseases in the baby, that you don't have to do many because they hurt you and this causes fear and insecurity in your breast. However, Pregnancy Ultrasound can give you and your doctor valuable information about the status of your baby and its correct development.

Since we understood how ultrasound equipment works let's get into the subject of myths and realities.

- MYTH THE ULTRASOUND CAN DAMAGE THE BABY.

* REALITY ultrasound in a simple innocuous and painless technique. It does not involve radiation or exposure, for which it is safe for both the breast and the baby.

-MYTH: NO MORE THAN THREE ULTRASOUNDS MUST BE MADE.

* REALITY: It really depends a lot on the indication of your doctor, and it would have no risk to perform more ultrasounds, you have to keep in mind that the baby's development is constant and that there are risks and complications; such as multiple pregnancies, hypertension (high pressure in the mother), stunted baby growth, gestational diabetes, and bleeding.

- MYTH: THE ULTRASOUND OF THE FIRST QUARTER MUST BE TRANSVAGINAL.

* FACT: Although it is the favourite method by radiologists and sonographers before 12 weeks of pregnancy because it allows a sharper image, abdominal ultrasound can be done without any problem and as an example is the image taken in a baby of only 10 weeks of life.

- MYTH: 4D ULTRASOUND IS BETTER THAN NORMAL (2D).

* REALITY: this is false, most of the diagnoses that are made by ultrasound are made by means of 2D ultrasound or normal call, however, 4d ultrasound in Delhi allows us to see in three dimensions and in addition to the movements in real-time to babies, which allows us to see your body and face.

- MYTH: 4D ULTRASOUND CAN ONLY BE DONE AT THE END OF PREGNANCY.

* FACT: Ultrasound of this type is recommended between weeks 26 and 30 because the baby has the size to assess small details such as the mouth, nose, and fingers are his hands, but if they can be done when the babies are small.

- MYTH: THE ECOGRAPHY DETECTS THE BABY'S ANOMALIES.

* REALITY: true, although only in one part. Ultrasound is a diagnostic tool dependent on the ability and knowledge that the doctor has when conducting the study, this being very important, as well as the quality and resolution of the ultrasound equipment. There are studies that show that the ability to detect anomalies at close to 75%, which means that almost one in every 4 anomalies could go unnoticed.

Common Queries About Ultrasound

Here is a list of most common questions one should want to ask before undergoing an ultrasound test:

1- Can ultrasound harm the baby?

Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves that help us generate medical images; As such, sound waves interact with the tissue producing movements at the cellular level and this is how they travel through the body. The ultrasound as such is harmless and does not generate any type of ionizing radiation as with x-rays or tomography.

ultrasound-question

2- Can perform many ultrasounds during pregnancy cause reflux?

There is nothing that relates to reflux to ultrasound. Reflux is related to the maturation of the gastroesophageal system, specifically with the proper functioning of the oesophageal sphincter that connects the oesophagus with the stomach. This sphincter or valve prevents gastric juices from returning to the oesophagus, which is not prepared to withstand the acidity of gastric juices.

This situation of "returning milk" It is relatively common and should stop happening one year after the baby's life; In any case, it is always advisable to visit the doctor to rule out that these types of conditions respond to something else.

3- Do ultrasound use radiation?

No, ultrasound does not use any type of radiation. Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound that is inaudible to humans. Humans listen in an acoustic frequency range of 20 to 20,000 Hertz. The ultrasound uses above 1 Megahertz that is 1,000,000 Hertz. The sound frequency above 1 Megahertz is not audible to humans or to most animals.

4- How long do the results of an ultrasound take?

This depends on the doctor doing the study. There is no rule about it. There are doctors who generate the report immediately after doing the study; or doctors who prefer to wait and make the report later to analyse the study in much more detail.

5- Do 3-D ultrasound use stronger waves than 2-D ultrasound?

No, it's the same ultrasound, just change the way the transducer works. The 3D / 4D transducer is essentially the same as that of 2D but is connected to a motor that moves it to be able to make volumetric acquisitions. Everything else is image processing in ultrasound equipment.

It is said easy but in reality, it requires a high processing capacity of the equipment to obtain good quality 3D or 4D images. It should be remembered that 3D or 4D not only serves to see the face of the BB, currently, volumetry is an advanced diagnostic tool for medical specialists, which allows them to assess in more detail the brain, heart, abdomen, limbs, and evaluation of blood flows, especially if a pathology is suspected.

7- With a 3D ultrasound is the prediction of the baby's sex easier and safer?

Not really, 3D ultrasound helps patients understand sex more easily. Volumetric ultrasound always depends on the foetus and its position.

8- Can a vaginal ultrasound harm the baby or hurt the mother?

No, pregnancy ultrasound does not harm the baby or the mother. The resolution of this application is advisable to make timely diagnoses during the first trimester, which will always be higher than the suprapubic ultrasound.

Ultrasound Diagnosis Of Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy

The term "ectopic pregnancy" or "extrauterine" is defined as the pathological condition in which the implantation of the fertilized egg takes place in locations other than the uterine cavity. The recognition by pregnancy ultrasound and early treatment of this condition can help preserve the possibility of future pregnancies.

ectopic-pregnancy

What is ectopic pregnancy?

When the nesting takes place outside the uterus we talk about an extrauterine pregnancy (tubal pregnancy, ovarian pregnancy, abdominal pregnancy); instead, "ectopic intrauterine pregnancy" is defined when the implantation takes place inside the uterus but in an improper place, as in the case of the implant in the cervical canal (cervical pregnancy) or at the level of the tubal ostium (corneal pregnancy).

What are the causes of ectopic pregnancy?

Tubar pregnancies - the most common type of ectopic pregnancy, equal to about 95% of the total - take place when

The descent of the fertilized egg towards the uterus is delayed or deviated (due to anatomical lesions, inflammatory lesions, congenital tubal alterations, endometriosis or alterations of the pelvic anatomy due to previous surgical operations).

The development of the fertilized egg is accelerated so that it reaches the degree of maturity necessary for the implant when it is still in the tuba.

The underlying causes of other forms of extrauterine pregnancy can mostly be traced to the same factors as tubal pregnancy. Sometimes the cause is unknown.

What are the symptoms of ectopic pregnancy?

If the pregnancy is initial (4 ^ -6 ^ week), the patient is often asymptomatic. The suspicion of the presence of an ectopic pregnancy is therefore given by the presence of a positive pregnancy test without the visualization of the gestational chamber inside the uterine cavity. Blood losses are almost constantly present in cases of ectopic pregnancy. In cases of more advanced pregnancy, which involves the progressive erosion of the tube up to the rupture, to vaginal bleeding, it is accompanied by important pelvic and / or abdominal pain. In the most serious cases, that is when the tuba breaks, the consistent blood loss in the abdomen (hemoperitoneum) can lead to dizziness and fainting up to a real state of shock.

How to prevent ectopic pregnancy?

An ectopic pregnancy cannot be prevented, but some risk factors can be reduced. Among the virtuous behaviors that it is good to adopt, limit the number of sexual partners and use condoms during sexual intercourse, in order to prevent sexually transmitted infections and reduce the risk of developing conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease.

The ultrasound test of suspected ectopic pregnancy is essentially carried out by:

Analysis of the blood value and changes of the HCG hormone (pregnancy hormone).

Transvaginal and trans-abdominal ultrasonography, which make it possible to exclude the presence of a gestational chamber in the uterine cavity and to visualize pregnancy in an ectopic location. Ultrasound also allows the recognition of blood effusions in the pelvic and / or abdominal area.

Treatments

Ectopic pregnancy can be treated:

In early cases, without any therapy (spontaneous resolution) or through a medical therapy based on methotrexate (a chemotherapy that prevents the cellular growth of pregnancy).

In the most advanced or symptomatic cases, or when drug therapy has failed, through laparoscopic surgery. Depending on the case, the affected tube (salpingectomy) is removed or only the ectopic pregnancy is removed.

The First Pregnancy Ultrasound After An In Vitro Fertilization Treatment

On what day after IVF do the first pregnancy ultrasound, what it will show and tell about pregnancy

In vitro fertilization, or IVF, makes it possible to give birth to women with infertility and other diseases. For the timely detection of various deviations in the development of the foetus, research using ultrasound waves is widely used. The first ultrasound after IVF can be done 3 weeks after the successful implantation of embryos.

first-pregnancy-ultrasound

Indications for ultrasound

Ultrasound scan after IVF makes it possible to detect multiple pregnancy, ectopic attachment of the embryo and others in time pathology foetal development. About possible of pregnancy can be found by level chorionic gonadotropin in the blood, or hCG.

Three weeks after the successful transfer of embryos using research, you can:

  • Make sure that pregnancy has come;
  • Determine the degree of viability of the foetus;
  • Diagnose the development of possible pathologies;
  • Exclude the possibility miscarriage;
  • Determine the place of fixation of the foetal egg;
  • Find out the number of embryos;
  • Determine the condition of the ovaries.

The first ultrasound at ECO and coming of pregnancy should be done to exclude down syndromes. An ultrasound study after a failed IVF allows you to determine the cause of this and develop measures to prevent it.

When to do ultrasounds?

After a day of embryo implantation (DPP), the level is measured HCG. When a result of 100 mU/ml is achieved, a conclusion can be drawn about the development of pregnancy. However, for the final result after IVF, you must pass ultrasound procedure.

Ultrasound after IVF is carried out as during normal pregnancy. Diagnostic methods are divided into transvaginal and transabdominal. It is extremely rare to use both options.

With the transvaginal ultrasound method, a sensor placed in a special condom is inserted into vagina. With this method, the most accurate results are achieved even at the initial stage. Due to the small size of the embryo, determining its location is quite difficult. To maximize the proximity of the ultrasound sensor to the fatal egg, it should be administered precisely by the transvaginal method.

The transabdominal ultrasound method for IVF is used in late pregnancy. The study is carried out in a supine position. A gel is applied to the skin of the abdomen, which improves the patency of ultrasonic vibrations. When the sensor moves through the body, the resulting image appears on the screen.

When conducting IVF, several embryos are used. Sometimes only one of them begins to develop. In many cases, everything takes root, so it is very important to know their exact number. This is necessary to remove excess embryos as early as possible. For this purpose, ultrasound is also used.

Sometimes, with a failed implantation, ectopic pregnancy. In this case, the foetus instead of the uterus is attached to the fallopian tube or to the ovaries. A pregnancy ultrasound helps to notice this pathology at an early stage.

Ultrasound after IVF is one of the most important diagnostic procedures. It allows you to evaluate the effectiveness of medical intervention and determine the order of further actions. There is no need to fear for the health of the unborn child. The specified method has no contraindications and is safe for everyone. During the bearing of the baby, it is better to undergo an examination several times. This will help detect any pathology development.

Myths And Truth About Prenatal Screening

Prenatal screenings cause a lot of conflicting opinions and feedback. Someone is convinced of their necessity; others are convinced of their complete inexpediency. What kind of research is this, and should all pregnant women really take them? To understand this issue, let's weigh the pros and cons and separate the existing myths from the objective data of scientific medicine.

The argument "against" number 1: ultrasound harm the baby

There is a fairly common opinion that Pregnancy Ultrasound negatively affects the nervous system of a child, annoys him - during the examination, children often try to hide from the apparatus, cover their heads with hands. Therefore, children whose mothers regularly performed ultrasound during pregnancy are more restless than babies whose mothers have refused ultrasound diagnosis. Is it really?

According to doctors, ultrasound cannot cause the baby absolutely no harm - modern equipment is absolutely safe. Therefore, official medicine insists that absolutely all pregnant women should undergo an ultrasound. Indeed, the timely diagnosis allows, firstly, to see the full picture of the course of pregnancy, and secondly, if necessary, to correct certain problems.

Especially important are the data obtained on ultrasound of the first prenatal screening (at 11-13 weeks of pregnancy). During this period during the study:

  • The number of embryos in the uterus and their viability are determined;
  • Put a more accurate period of pregnancy;
  • Gross defects are excluded;
  • Determines the thickness of the collar space - (that is, the amount of subcutaneous fluid on the back of the child's            neck is measured - in normal TVP should not exceed 2.7 mm);
  • The presence or absence of the nasal bone is investigated.

The argument "against" No. 2: a biochemical blood test gives an unreliable result

Many mothers are sure that it is impossible to make at least some reliable conclusions on one analysis- too many factors can affect the result. And, in part, they are really right. However, it is necessary to study the analysis process more closely in order to understand on what basis the doctor makes a conclusion. The second screening takes place at 18-21 weeks of pregnancy. This study includes a "triple" or "quadruple test. "Everything happens the same way as in the first trimester- the woman again takes a blood test. Only in this case, the results of the analysis are used to determine not two, but three (or, respectively, four) indicators.

The argument "against" No. 3: "I have good heredity- I do not need screenings."

Some mothers do not see the point of going through screenings - all relatives are healthy, what problems could there be? Indeed, there are certain groups of women who are primarily recommended to undergo Pregnancy Ultrasound to identify possible pathologies in the development of a child. These are women over 35–40 years old (since after this age, the risk of developing abnormalities in a child increases several times) and expectant mothers with certain diseases (for example, diabetes).

Recommendations Before Doing a 4D or 5D Ultrasound

Are you going to get a 4D or 5D ultrasound and you do not know how to prepare yourself to be perfect? In that case, take note of the recommendations we give you in this post!

Avoid giving you moisturizer 48/72 hours before your ultrasound 4D or 5D

We know that during pregnancy the use of this product in your tummy is essential to take care of the skin. However, you should know that body creams have a fatty film that produces interference in the ultrasound. This influences the quality of the image, making it difficult to visualize your baby. Therefore, this is one of our main recommendations before your 4D or 5D ultrasound.

Try to drink 2 liters of water every day- 3 or 4 days before

Drink plenty of water the days before your 4d ultrasound test will help make the amniotic fluid clearer. Thanks to this, the ultrasound will provide sharper images.

Bring some sweet or exciting drink on the day of the session

Sometimes babies are on their backs or asleep. In order to get them to move and see their faces better, one of our recommendations before your 4D or 5D ultrasound is to take an ounce of chocolate or coffee, as long as the professional advises.

Take 1.5 liters on the day of your 4D or 5D ultrasound and avoid urinating 15 minutes before

In the same way that it is essential to consume fluids before performing a 4D or 5D ultrasound, it is the same day of the session. Also, it would be preferable if your bladder was half full. Therefore, it is advisable to avoid going to the bathroom at least 15 minutes before the 4D or 5D ultrasound. In this way, you are favoring the visualization of the baby.

Wear comfortable clothes and relax

On the day of your 4D or 5D ultrasound, choose items of clothing that you feel comfortable with during the session. A pair of pants that you can undo and a wide blouse with your tummy to the air would be two great options. Remember that the duration of your 4D or 5D ultrasound will be approximately 30 minutes. Therefore, from Forty Weeks we advise you to relax and enjoy this unique experience!

The importance of knowing when to have a 4D or 5D ultrasound

Finally, one of the best recommendations before your 4D or 5D ultrasound is that you choose when to perform it. The week of pregnancy in which you decide to enjoy this experience will be crucial to get the best viewing of your baby. We remind you that as the pregnancy progresses, your baby is located in the pelvic area, which can hinder the visibility of some parts of your body.

Follow our recommendations and enjoy this day

From Forty Weeks we want you to feel comfortable and be able to see your baby as clearly as possible, so it is essential that you follow these recommendations before your 4d ultrasound test. In case it is not possible to see it, do not worry. Our professionals will teach you different exercises to facilitate the movement of the baby, or we will repeat the session without additional cost. Are you ready to live an extraordinary experience?

Show Footer