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A Complete Guide On Ultrasound: Procedure, Preparation And Purpose

Ultrasound is a term that we come across everyday and we’ve seen people around us getting this test done. But what ultrasound really is? For those who are still living under the rock, ultrasound is a type of medical test that brings to use high frequency sound waves in order to capture live images of the inside of your body. Also popularly referred as Sonography, today ultrasound is one of the most widely used imaging techniques by doctors all over the world to identify problems inside the human body. What differentiates ultrasound from all the other imaging techniques is that it does not use any kind of radiation. Here in this blog we will look deeply into the purpose, procedure and preparation of ultrasound scan.

Purpose of Ultrasound

Most of the people associate the term ultrasound with pregnancy but the medical test has many purposes beyond it. Yes, ultrasound is most commonly used in scanning the stomach of a mother to be. The medical test provides the mother with the first view of her unborn child. Apart from pregnancy, ultrasound has also a wide variety of other purposes such as detecting problems in kidney, liver, eyes, bladder, brain and other vital body parts. Also the medical technique is very helpful in guiding the surgeon’s movement in complex medical procedures such as biopsies.

How to Prepare yourself for an Ultrasound Test

There is no predefined preparation for the ultrasound test but it all depends upon the body part or organ that has to be tested. In cases when the abdomen of the patient is to be examined the doctor will tell you to fast before eight hours. In other cases such as liver, gall bladder or pancreas the doctor may tell you to keep away from fat free food. For distinct cases there are different types of do’s and don’ts that doctors often advise patients. Before an ultrasound test you should inform the doctor about any medications or drugs that you have been prescribed. Be open to your doctor and follow his instructions carefully in order to avoid any kind of inconvenience later on. Although there are no side effects of an ultrasound tests but you need to adhere to the precautions briefed by your doctor.

How the Ultrasound is Actually Conducted

The ultrasound test is basically done lying down with the part meant to be tested left exposed. An ultrasound professional is called a sonographer and has deep knowledge about the imaging technique. When you visit an ultrasound clinic the sonographer applies some special kind of lubricant jelly to your body skin. The main motive behind it is to create friction so that the ultrasound transducer can be rubbed easily on the skin and moreover it also helps in transmitting the sound waves. The transducer then sends high frequency sounds, the waves then echo and reflect back once they hit any dense object such as a bone or any organ. This forms an image on the computer that can be interpreted by a doctor. The process usually doesn't take much time to complete but the time may vary depending on the complexity and on which part of the body is being examined.

What Is Pregnancy Ultrasound? Why You Need To Do So?

During pregnancy, a lot of medical examinations are done to determine the health of the fetus and the mother. When you get pregnant, the doctor may ask you to have various blood tests and urine tests to understand the condition of your body, hormone, and other elements. The health of your baby depends on you, and hence it is important to go for a regular checkup and tests to ensure that everything is under control. Pregnancy Ultrasound is one such test that every mother should go through before the delivery to determine the good health and proper growth of her baby inside the uterus.

What Is Pregnancy Ultrasound

An ultrasound which is known as sonogram is a process to monitor fetal development and at the same time to screen if there are any abnormalities in the fetus.

Some Vital Points

Nevertheless, there are some vital points that you must know before you go for this test during your pregnancy.

•    If there is no reason or need, then the medical professionals always suggest that you should not go through this test during pregnancy.

•    You have to go to the best clinic for this test during pregnancy so that you can get an accurate report on time. Since it is the question of your unborn body; hence you should not take any chance.

•    To obtain the best result you must consume two or three glass of water just before the test and try to avoid urinating. This can make your abdomen look bigger and clearer than the normal time during the test, and the images come clearer.

Why You Should Have Pregnancy Ultrasound

There can be diverse reasons for having an ultrasound during pregnancy. Generally, there are two ultrasounds done during pregnancy tenure. However, if your doctor feels then he can advise some more ultrasounds. It is mainly done to see how the fetus is doing inside your womb. The doctor needs to monitor the growth of the fetus at a regular interval and determine if there is any medical attention required by the fetus for normal development.

The ultrasound is also done to understand if there are any difficulties or abnormalities in the abdomen or uterus of the mother that can affect the baby.

When This Test Should Be Done

Pregnancy Ultrasound should be done twice or in some special cases thrice to determine the development of the baby inside the mother.

The first ultrasound should be done during the first trimester, which is from week one to week 12. This is to:

•    Confirm pregnancy

•    Check the heartbeat of the fetus

•    Look for any kind of fetal abnormalities

•    Diagnose ectopic pregnancy

•    Check for multiple pregnancy

•    Determine the gestational age of the fetus

•    Calculate the EDD or estimated due date

The second ultrasound is done during the second or the third trimester of pregnancy to

•    Monitor the normal growth of the fetus

•    Confirm the presence of multiple fetuses inside the uterus

•    Determine the congenital abnormalities in the fetus

•    View the placenta to see if there is any issue

There are a lot of other things that can be confirmed, checked and determined because of this test. To get the information about the diagnostic centers around your locality, log on to www.3hcare.in and you can book your ultrasound online with facility to pay online or pay at center.

Why are prenatal (pregnancy) health checkups and ultrasounds important?

prenatal health checkup

Why are Pre Natal Health Check Ups Important?

Getting yourself regularly checked during your pregnancy is extremely important. This can help you and your baby remain happy. You’ll be able to prevent the problems by being able to spot the problems when the problems occur. This will help you prevent getting diseases during your pregnancy.

During your first visit to the doctor, your full physical examination will be performed by your doctor. Your doctor might examine your breast; do a pelvic examination for checking your uterus. Your cervical exam might also be done. This would include a pap test too. You would have to answer to many questions associated with your health habits, lifestyle and relationships. It’s necessary for you to be honest with your doctor. During prenatal health checkup visits, you’ll be asked to get the following done-

Your weight and Height checked

Your body mass index will be calculated by checking your weight and height. If you would be overweight as compared to your height, you’ll be at a higher risk of problems during your pregnancy.

Your Urine Checked

Sample of your urine will be collected for checking many things like Protein or Albumin. If your Urine is found to be possessing Protein or Albumin, an infection is diagnosed. This infection needs to be treated.

Your Blood Pressure Checked

You might get high blood pressure because of your pregnancy. In such a case you’ll have to refer to your doctor.

Your Blood tests done

Your varied types of blood tests would be done to check your RhD factor, blood group, Iron levels, Gestational Diabetes and various other infections.

Your Pap (Smear) Test done

This helps in finding the warning signs of Cervical Cancer. The national Cervical Screening program has recommended every pregnant woman to get this test done in case if you haven’t got this test done since last two years.

Group B Streptococcus done

GBS Bacteria is present in the body of 30 percent of the people. In the body of a woman this Bacteria is present in the intestine and the vagina. Though in most of the cases it doesn’t cause any harm during pregnancies, in certain cases it may infect the baby. This happens either before or after the labour and the repercussion of the same can be a very serious illness.

If you happen to get infected, you’ll be given the antibiotics so that your baby doesn’t get infected. If you acquire Group B Streptococcal infection of the urinary tract with GBS, you’ll be given antibiotics. From inside the vagina, a swab will be taken to check whether you possess this Bacterial infection or not. This would be done when you would be 36 weeks pregnant.

Why Prenatal Ultra Sound is important?

Inquisitive about the way your baby is developing in the womb? Getting an ultrasound done would reveal the development of your baby through the images created using sound waves. The Pelvic organs of the female during pregnancy get checked with the help of the ultrasound.

For determining, screening and measuring the potential problems with the pregnancy, an ultrasound test is important. Your health care provider would determine the best scanning schedule for you. This test during the first twelve weeks is done to -

  •         Find if the pregnancy is normal or not
  •         Determine your baby’s age
  •         Look for problems that may lead to the miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy
  •         Determine your baby’s heart rate
  •         Find multiple pregnancies
  •         Identify problems associated with your uterus, ovaries, placenta and cervix
  •         Find whether or not you have an increased risk of down syndrome

It may be done in the second and third trimester to -

  •         Find the age, position and growth of your baby
  •         Identify problems revealing the growth of your fetus
  •         Check whether you have twins or triplets
Level 1 & 2 Pregnancy Ultrasound Cost In Delhi NCR

Name of Test

Market Price

3Hcare Lowest Price

Level 1 Ultrasound Test Price in Delhi NCR

Rs. 1100.00

Rs. 600.00

Lower 2 Ultrasound Test Price in Delhi NCR 

Rs. 1800.00

Rs. 1200.00

What Is Level 1 Ultrasound in Pregnancy?

The first ultrasound of pregnancy is between 6 and 14 weeks and provides the first information on the embryo and its state of well-being. If carried out between 11 and 13 weeks, it can be combined with a blood test to estimate the risk of chromosomal diseases.

It is the first meeting, one of the most exciting, of the future parents with their baby. We talk about the first ultrasound, which is typically performed in the first trimester of pregnancy. If carried out early, around 6-7 weeks, what you see is only a "string bean" with a small beating heart.

This ultrasound is also known as obstetric ultrasound. Obstetric ultrasound uses sound waves to produce images of a baby (embryo or fetus) that is inside a pregnant woman, as well as the uterus and the mother's ovaries. It does not use ionizing radiations which has no harmful effects, and that's why it is the favored method for monitoring pregnant women and their unborn babies.

A Doppler ultrasound (a technique that evaluates blood flow in the umbilical cord, in the fetus, or in the placenta) may be part of this test.

This procedure does not require any special preparation. Because you only need to expose the area of the lower abdomen, it would be convenient to wear a loose, two-piece outfit. Leave the jewelry at home. Level 1 Ultrasound is safe and painless and produces images of the inside of the body using sound waves. Because ultrasound images are captured in real time, they can show the structure and movement of the internal organs of the body, as well as the blood that flows through the blood vessels.

Obstetric ultrasound provides images of an embryo or fetus inside a woman's uterus, as well as the uterus and the mother's ovaries.

During an obstetric ultrasound, the examiner can evaluate the blood flow in the umbilical cord or, in some cases, assess the blood flow in the fetus or placenta.

What Is Level 2 Ultrasound in Pregnancy? 

It is the study that is carried out with a high definition ultrasound equipment, counting with experienced doctors in the area, whose preparation allows them to know the normal development of the fetus in the different stages of pregnancy as well as the detection of abnormalities in its formation. In turn, they must perform a diagnostic integration, monitoring, prognosis, and treatment in these cases, which is a support for the treating physician.

The term 2nd level ultrasound refers to an examination on a particular indication for at-risk pregnancy, performed by a highly skilled operator with high-tech equipment, aimed at investigating the diagnosis of fetal abnormalities and evaluating fetal end-endemic growth, to the maternal-fetal hemodynamic control through the use of Doppler Velocimetry and to the monitoring of obstetric pathology.

For patients who request it, the examination can be completed by an ultrasound scan to screen for chromosomal abnormalities and a transvaginal ultrasound of the cervix for predicting premature delivery.

First Trimester

You didn’t get your period. You have sore breasts and you are tired. You get your pregnancy test done and find yourself to be pregnant. Good News!! You are pregnant and it’s time for you to get your blood test and an ultrasound done.

What should you expect during your examination?

When you’ll be six to eight weeks pregnant, your first ultrasound also called as the sonogram will be done. You should ask your doctor whether your bladder should be full for the test or not. Since sound waves are easily able to travel through the liquid, therefore, your bladder being full can make your ultrasound’s quality to be better.

At this stage your baby is very small therefore, your uterus and your Fallopian tube are close to your birth canal as compared to the abdomen, hence, your transvaginal test or TVS will be conducted so that your doctor can get a clearer picture.Don’t worry!! This test is absolutely painless.A thin wand like transducer probe transmitting sound waves of high frequency will be placed in your Vagina through your Uterus. These sound waves bounce off the fetus sending the signals back to the machine converting these bounced back reflections of the image of your baby. These images are black and white. A clearer picture will be seen after 13 weeks as the first snapshot of your baby will not give a very clear picture.

Importance of the First Trimester

After listening to the heartbeat of your baby, your doctor estimates the age of your baby by measuring the length of your baby from head to bottom. Since the baby is extremely small and is growing about a millimetre per day, therefore, your doctor will be able to find out the milestones during your pregnancy.This ultrasound will help your doctor rule out the possibility of a tubal or ectopic pregnancy. This pregnancy happens when your fetus starts growing in the Fallopian tube and not in the Uterus. Also, whether your pregnancy is with the multiples or not will be revealed by your doctor.

Second Trimester

After 18-20 weeks of your pregnancy, you are scheduled for a detailed ultrasound. This ultrasound will give you a good look at your baby.

What should you expect during examination?

This Ultrasound also called as the level 2 ultrasound anatomy scan will be held for about 25 to 45 minutes. This would happen only if you have one baby but if you have multiples, the time to be taken for this ultrasound might be more than 45 minutes. This is done by the doctor to ensure that all the organs of your baby are developing properly. Though this will give you a detailed picture of your developing child but only a doctor’s eye will be able to correctly distinguish between the Kidneys and the stomach. So, seek the help of your doctor or the technician who is doing the ultrasound for you to see the organs of your baby properly.

While you are made to lie on the examination table, your doctor would slather gel on your abdomen and then will use a plastic transducer on the belly. This would transmit sound waves of high frequency through your uterus. Believe me –it’s actually an amazing experience to see your child on the TV screen.

Importance of the Second Trimester

This would be the most thorough check up of your baby. The heart’s rate will be checked by the doctor. Also, if there are certain abnormalities persisting in the Heart, Liver, Brain and the Kidneys, the doctor will be able to diagnose. Your baby’s fingers and toes will be counted by the doctor, the birth defects will be checked, the Placenta will be examined and Amniotic fluid level will be measured. The technician or the doctor will also be able to determine the Sex of the baby. For getting the glimpse of your baby’s bone structure and the nose, you can even seek a 3-D view.

When the ultrasound of your baby is used for the medical purposes, it’s supposed to be extremely safe for you as well as your baby. You should only be careful with the person performing the ultrasound-it has to be a trained professional possessing ample experience for correctly interpreting the results and detecting abnormalities.

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