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Onco Screening Or Early Diagnosis Of Tumors

Once screening or early diagnosis of tumors means a variety of examinations of the patient. A person can be formally healthy, and the tumor does not make itself felt at the beginning.

Who has an indication for cancer screening? Those patients who have:

  • Genetic predisposition to tumors. If mom, dad, brother, sister, grandparents, cousins ​​and cousins ​​have suffered from cancer, then it is likely that the disease will be diagnosed in the patient.
  • There are cysts and hemangiomas on the body or internal organs. In this case, talk about the risk of malignancy. This is the phenomenon when a benign tumor becomes malignant. This can happen with cysts, hemangiomas, osteomas and other similar tumors. That is why it is so important to diagnose tumors early. The earlier the cancer is detected, the more likely it is to get rid of it successfully.
  • The man reached 35 years of age. According to statistics, it is people aged 35 and over who most often suffer from cancer.
  • Presence of bad habits, wrong way of life, bad food, ecology. The more factors a particular person has, the more prone they are to cancer. At least, experts say so. According to statistics, every third smoker sooner or later develops tumors in the lungs or bronchi, trachea.
  • A large number of stressful situations. Doctors have long proven that stress provokes the development of cancer.
  • Even if the patient is not in any of the risk groups, he can undergo cancer screening prescribed by a doctor, after prior consultation.

Cancer in the early stages is asymptomatic. Sometimes there is weight loss or constant nausea and vomiting. But to determine whether there is a tumor in the body, you can only with the help of cancer screening or early diagnosis. No other research methods will provide a complete picture of the situation.

Today oncostring is carried out with the help of modern high-tech equipment. The procedure does not take much time, which is convenient for the doctor and, of course, the patient.

How often should you be screened for cancer? Provided that the person is not worried about anything, it is enough to conduct research at least once a year. If cancer is suspected, it is not necessary to make a self-diagnosis, it would be correct to see a doctor and get the best CT scan in Delhi as soon as possible.

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women around the world. In the early stages, breast cancer may not cause pain or other symptoms. At the same time, the detection of this type of cancer at an early stage is the key to successful treatment.

Every woman after the age of 20 should have self-examinations once a month (on days 10-12 of the menstrual cycle), as well as be examined by a mammologist once a year.

The main methods of diagnosing breast cancer:

  • Examination by an oncologist surgeon;
  • Ultrasound of the mammary glands and regional lymph nodes (for women under 40)

If a tumor is detected, a biopsy is performed (needle needle or trepan biopsy). If there is evidence of a tumor process, mandatory (chest X-ray, abdominal ultrasound) or additional (computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, radioisotope examination, etc.) methods of examination are prescribed. For knowing ultrasound scan cost, contact your consulted doctor as soon as possible.

For further treatment planning, laboratory tests (general analysis of blood, urine, blood type, etc.) are performed.

Things You Need To Know About PET Scan

There are questions with regard to PET-Scan. By and large the name of the scan in English is "positron emission tomography”. In nuclear medicine exam often called PET or positron emission tomography. The process of PET scan is pretty much the same as scintigraphy wherein the analyzing the functioning of an organ or a structure of the body is done by using a contrast product injected into the patient. The radiotracer gets activated by coming in contact with the organs and in the presence of an anomaly.

pet-scan

Images of these reactions are captured by a machine and reproduced on a computer screen. The three-dimensional reconstruction makes it possible to visualize the zones of high concentration of the tracer (zones in red). The doctor can identify an abnormality or pathology. As one of the primary advantage, A PET scan allows the obtaining of 3D cuts, which is not the case of scintigraphy. This comes out as a useful method in oncology for detecting or monitoring a tumor.

Why prescribe a tomography?

PET CT scan is mainly prescribed:

  • For the detection of metastases, to know the effectiveness of treatment put in place or to confirm a tumor recurrence when a blood test revealed an increase in tumor markers.
  • In cardiology to study the functioning of the myocardium (for example after a heart attack) or coronary arteries
  • In neurology to confirm the presence of brain damage and degenerative disease such as Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease.

How does a PET scan work?

In terms of the time duration, the PET scan takes about two hours. Intravenous injection of the radioactive substance is the first step. The patient is kept laid down for one hour in a usual basis. It is the standard time required in order to have the contrast material to enter the body and reach the organs to be examined. The patient is then placed for about twenty minutes in a machine equipped with a ring-shaped opening whilst they are still lying on their back. That's when PET images are created. The results cannot be put out or discussed immediately as it takes some time for study and analysis of the image.

Some of the health conditions determined in PET scan are:

  • The presence and nature of tumor lesions, recurrence of the disease or metastasis of cancer at an early stage;
  • The presence of vascular disorders, post-traumatic changes, foci of epilepsy and Parkinsonism in the brain, as well as causes of dementia;
  • The viability of the myocardium (heart muscle) in ischemic heart disease, congenital heart defects.
Mammography, Tomosynthesis and Breast Ultrasound

What is a digital mammogram and what is it for?

The digital tomosynthesis mammography is the most effective study to detect early breast cancer and other diseases of women.

There are different types of mammography, but undoubtedly the digital modality offers more accurate diagnoses and, therefore, patient treatments will be more effective, less aggressive and of a shorter duration.

breast-scan

How is a digital mammogram done?

To perform this test, a specialized technician is in charge of compressing the breast between two transparent plates to take photographs of it from two different angles. This process is repeated with the other breast.

The Hologic mammogram that ultrasound clinic have at Delhi emits minimal radiation, making it the safest technology for studying breast cancer, among other pathologies.

What is breast tomosynthesis?

It is a technology that mixes 2D mammography and PET CT scan in Delhi to obtain much more precise 3D images of the size, location and extent of diseases.

Breast tomosynthesis has some advantages such as allowing less pressure on the breast to take the x-rays, and therefore the chances of discomfort are reduced.

What is a breast ultrasound?

It consists of a non-invasive diagnostic test that, in this case, works as a complementary study to mammography. Images are taken in real time through ultrasound and without any risk to women's health.

In diagnostic labs in Delhi there is one more advantage of having a level 1 ultrasound which is the delivery of results on the spot together with the report of digital mammography and tomosynthesis.

Difference between mammography and breast ultrasound. When is each test done?

In most cases, breast ultrasound test is a complementary study that is performed after mammography to obtain an even more reliable diagnosis.

Mammography is the main tool to detect breast cancer, being an irreplaceable test for breast ultrasound. The second study can be very useful to differentiate between a simple benign cyst or a malignant tumor, and in cases of high breast density.

The ideal is to carry out a digital mammogram with tomosynthesis and followed by a breast 4d ultrasound in Delhi.

What does it mean to have a dense breast?

Dense breasts have less adipose tissue and more non-adipose tissues. These are more prone to breast cancer and at the same time offer greater difficulty in detecting the disease. Therefore, mammography remains the main test, but tomosynthesis and breast ultrasound offer the most effective diagnosis in these cases.One should always ask for breast ultrasound price in Delhi before undergoing any diagnostic test.

Between 20 and 45 years of age: It is the period of more cases of high breast density, decreasing with the arrival of menopause. A doctor's annual breast exam, self-exam, and digital mammography can be great allies.

What is a lump or solid tissue in the chest?

Finding a lump in the chest is always alarming but one should not always expect the worst. There are different types of nodules in the breasts that can be benign or malignant in each case:

Benign

  • Inflammation and normal discomfort associated with the menstrual cycle
  • Fibroadenomas
  • Cysts
  • Mastitis and abscesses
  • Fatty cysts (fatty necrosis breast nodules)
  • Lipomas
  • Adenosis of the breast
  • Intraductal papillomas
  • Phyllodes tumors of the breast (a study is necessary to determine if it is benign or malignant)
  • Ductal ectasia

Evil

  • Inflammatory breast cancer
  • Paget's disease of the nipple
  • Phyllodes tumors
  • Angosarcoma
What Is PET/CT And What Are Its Benefits?

PET (Positron Emission Tomography) and CT (Computed Tomography) devices are used together to get metabolic and anatomical data about organs. Positron emission tomography (PET) is an imaging test that assists determine how your tissues and organs function. The PET scan uses a radioactive drug (tracer) to demonstrate this activity.

This tracer can be injected in the body, swallowed or inhaled, depending on the organ or tissue to be examined by PET scanning. The tracer is collected in body areas with a high level of chemical activity, often corresponding to disease areas. In a PET scan, these areas appear as bright spots. The PET CT scan is useful in detecting or evaluating a variety of disorders, including certain cancers, heart disease, and brain disorders.

Why PET / CT Scanning?

PET CT scan in Delhi is an effective way to detect chemical activity in body areas. Some cancers can help identify various disorders, including heart disease and brain disorders. Images obtained from PET scanning provide different information than those obtained by other scanning methods like computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A PET scan or combined CT-PET scan will allow your doctor to better diagnose your condition.

Cancer

Since cancer cells have a higher metabolic rate than normal cells, they appear as bright spots in PET scans. PET scans may be useful for:

  • Detection of cancer
  • Detecting whether your cancer has spread
  • To check whether cancer treatment works.
  • Determination of cancer recurrence.

PET scans should be interpreted with caution because non-cancerous disorders appear to be cancerous and many types of cancer do not appear in PET scans.

Heart disease

PET scans can show areas in the heart where blood flow is reduced: This information can help you and your doctor in deciding whether you will benefit from a procedure to open a clot-blocked heart artery (angioplasty) or coronary artery bypass surgery.

Brain disorders

PET CT scan in Delhi can be used to assess specific brain disorders, such as:

  • Tumours
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Seizures

What are the advantages and risks associated with PET/CT?

Benefits

Nuclear medicine examinations provide specific information that cannot often be obtained by other imaging methods, including information about both the body's function and anatomical structure.

Nuclear medicine examinations provide the most useful information for diagnosing and, if available, determining the appropriate treatment for many diseases.

Nuclear medicine is less costly than surgical exploration and can provide more accurate information.

Nuclear medicine often offers the potential to detect disease at the earliest stage before symptoms appear or abnormalities are detected by other diagnostic tests.

PET scans can detect the possibility of benign or malignant lesions, eliminating the need for surgical biopsy or identifying the best biopsy site.

PET scans may also provide additional information used in radiation therapy planning.

PET CT Scan for Breast Scanning

For many years now, oncology of mammary glands has been leading in the general statistics of cancers. And the number of cases of breast cancer increases. Therefore, early diagnosis of breast cancer is so important, which allows you to begin treatment without delay and thereby increase the chances of a full recovery.

In modern medicine, methods are used to diagnose breast cancer: biopsy and histology, MRI, mammography, scintigraphy, ultrasound, and PET-CT. The latter approach is the most effective method. With a   PET CT scan, it is possible to see the tumor at the molecular level as part of the diagnosis.

PET-CT Diagnosis in Breast Cancer

PET-CT is a positron emission tomography with the connection of the possibilities of computed tomography. The advantages of PET-CT diagnosis in breast cancer in front of MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and CT are apparent: this technique not only fixes structural changes in tissues but also provides information about the dynamics and quality of the changes that occur.

Today, in most modern cancer centers, this highly sensitive method is used. But in the PET-CT examination, the scanner is not essential in itself, but the presence of radioactive contrast substances, which are intravenously administered to the patient before the start of the study and accumulate in the cancer cells of a particular disease.

CT scan center in Noida specialists have long experience and skills in the application of the PET-CT method and develop new contrast agents for research, including breast cancer.

During the Whole Cycle of Breast Cancer Treatment, Clinic Specialists use PET-CT Studies at Various Stages:

-        At the scene of diagnosis, PET-CT with FES, and FDG allow determining the spread of cancer beyond the breast.

-        At the scene of treatment, PET-CT can track the effectiveness of the therapy.

-        In some cases, PET-CT with a particular isotope is used in the planning of radiation therapy.

-      When metastasizing breast cancer into bone tissue, clinic specialists conduct PET-CT with the isotope Naf, which is more sensitive than usual scintigraphy.

-        With hormonal types of breast cancer in the clinic, a PET-CT scan with the FES isotope is conducted.

According to the consequences of the study, specialists write an opinion for oncologists. Description of pictures PET-CT requires specialized knowledge and experience in diagnosis. The specialist should be able to distinguish between the accumulations of contrast in cancer cells from other changes.

PET CT scan in Delhi forbreast cancer makes it possible for specialists to see the spread of the disease in soft tissues, bone tissue, and distant organs. This allows specialists to make surgical intervention high-precision, and medical and radiation treatment - the most effective.

The experience of specialized clinics says that conducting PET-CT diagnostics in breast cancer often leads to a change in the treatment regimen since it reveals features that cannot be seen with other methods of investigation. So, with the use of this modern method, the prescribed treatment - surgery, preparations for chemo-immunotherapy, radiotherapy or a combination of several ways, acts more specifically, causing minimal damage to the general condition of the body. Correctly selected treatment improves prognosis and reduces the risk of complications from ongoing therapy and relapses.

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