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Most Common Diagnostic Tests to Prevent Disease

When it comes to health, it is best not to risk it, so it is important to have regular check-ups and diagnostic tests to prevent future health problems and, if you have them, to be able to treat them immediately.

If you are looking for a trustworthy clinic, visit diagnostic labs in Delhi. These labs are famous for professional experts and advanced state-of-the-art machinery with which they carry out diagnostic tests.

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What is preventive medicine and how does it influence your health

Preventive medicine is the branch that focuses on disease prevention in line with curative medicine, from which it cannot be separated. There are diseases that humans can contract more easily, either by location or by genetics.

Genetic or hereditary diseases that can be prevented with medical tests

There are certain diseases that can be passed from parents to children through DNA either from birth or over time, that are divided into three types depending on whether they affect one or more genes. To find out if you are susceptible to inheriting these disorders, it is necessary to carry out a genetic study that consists of a blood or tissue analysis.

Perhaps the most "visible" disease in prevention campaigns is cancer. It is a multifactorial disease in which genetic factors intervene -pro germline mutations in specific genes- and environmental factors. In other words, the genetic mutations that cause cancer are usually hereditary, although they can also occur due to the exposure of a family to a common external factor such as smoking.

If your family member has suffered or is suffering from cancer, the ideal is to carry out level 2 ultrasound, nuclear PET scan Delhi, MRI test or CT scan, according to age and rhythm of life to rule out this possibility and, if positive, start treatment as soon as possible. The most common inherited cancers are breast and ovarian cancer in women, or colorectal cancer, also called as Lynch syndrome.

Healthy habits to prevent disease

It may sound like a cliche but, practicing sports daily together with a balanced and healthy diet can prevent a large number of diseases, especially those that have to do with vitamin deficiencies or excess fats -cholesterol- in your body. If you agree to carry out a health check often, such as diagnostic tests, ultrasound test, PET CT scan or blood tests, you can prevent the appearance of diseases and treat them in time if they appear.

Most important diagnostic tests in preventive medicine

Some of the most common preventive medicine tests are mammograms, and ultrasounds, in the case of women, MRI test or 3D ultrasound plays an essential role in diagnosing anatomical abnormality invisible to the human eye.

Mammography is an essential test to detect breast cancer

Although it's a scary topic, experts recommend having an annual checkup and mammograms every two to three years, especially for all women between the ages of 40 and 60. Although they do not prevent breast cancer, mammograms can save lives because, if cancer is found early, it is easier to treat.

Ultrasound, a first medical evaluation of guarantees

A breast ultrasound, or sonography, is a noninvasive imaging test that detects lesions or tumors that mammography does not distinguish.

What results does an MRI offer us today?

MRI test in east Delhi is a radiological study whose objective is to obtain images using radio magnets and probes and, contrary to tomography or radiography, MRIs do not use radiation.

How Advanced Radiology Paved Way In Cancer Treatment?

Cancer is one of the leading deadly diseases that spread rapidly in our country as well as all over the world. Cancer is increasing, but there are promising new ways to strengthen diagnosis and treatment. Especially when diagnosed at an early stage, full success can be achieved in the treatment of many types of cancer. The share of high-tech devices in this success is huge.

cancer-treatment

Beam Treatment Makes a Smile Face

Radiotherapy is one of the fastest developing areas in the treatment of cancer in recent years. Thanks to targeted irradiation, the tumor can be completely destroyed with high doses of radiation, while critical organs and tissues are protected.

The dose given to the patient is reduced by a third in the truebeam device, which is beneficial in the treatment of all cancers, and this reduces the risk of radiation-induced secondary cancer.

Unlimited Treatment Is Provided

In radiosurgery, where surgical treatment is performed without scalpels, bloodless and rays, advanced technology gammaknife and cyberknife devices come to the fore. With the cyberknife (space scalpel), the first and only robotic radiosurgery system in the world, a spot impulse is imposed on the tumor with precise accuracy. This method, which is used as an alternative to surgery, can eliminate the malignant tumor just like surgery. It gives a hope to patients in tumor treatment that cannot be treated with conventional radiotherapy, require a complex operation or cannot be operated.

With the PET CT scan, the rays are focused focally on the brain and cancerous tissues in high doses. Normal tissues are largely protected from the effects of radiation.

MRI test in East Delhi is used in brain tumors, lung, prostate, head and neck and pancreatic cancers, and fewer metastases that cannot be treated with other methods.

Gamma Knife Is Being The Same Day Disclaimer

From brain tumors tovascular bundle cephalic nodes(smaller than 3.5 cm),both can be treated quickly in a single session.

Normal surrounding brain tissue is preserved. The patients can return home on the same day with gamma knife, which is applied for one session and does not require intensive care with anesthesia.

Breast Cancer Is Determining In An Early Stage

It is now possible to diagnose and treat breast cancer, one of the most common cancer types in women, at the earliest stage. Tomosynthesis mammography, 4d ultrasound in Delhi, vacuum biopsy, and MR-guided biopsy make improvements in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer.

Tomosynthesis mammography facilitates the detection of cancer and decreases unnecessary shooting, biopsy and surgery rates by increasing the opportunity to make a correct diagnosis. The nozzle is compressed less than normal mammography, thus providing shooting comfort. In nuclear PET Scan Delhi, no area of the breast is overlooked, and errors due to inexperienced practitioners are minimized.

Tissue Sample In 30 Seconds

Vacuum biopsy is the most advanced needle biopsy method. It is used only for the diagnosis of findings that can be detected in mammography and MRI test labs in Delhi. It stands out as the preferred method in biopsy of suspicious calcifications, which may be the earliest finding of breast cancer. The patient is not treated and does not feel pain. It is possible to take more tissue samples than other methods in about half a minute. Therefore, the chance of correct diagnosis is 97-100 percent.

Digital Mammography: New Technology in Breast Imaging

The most important factor in the treatment of diseases is early diagnosis. Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer among women today. Breast cancer, which has become the fearful dream of most women over the age of 35, is a type of cancer that can be diagnosed and treated early.

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Mammography helps to show the formation and development of even small tissues and cells that are not noticed when examined by hand. Mammography, one of a kind of imaging systems, helps doctors in the medical world with its life-saving feature in breast cancer.

Women are sensitive to breast cancer, of course, but some types of examinations they perform on their own are not sufficient to understand whether breast cancer has occurred. Generally; they try to decide whether there are any injuries from the skin of the breast, color change, whether there is any ingress of the nipple or noticeable change in the vessels. Know about breast scan cost in Delhi to confirm the presence of tumor under breast.

However, breast cancer is not a disease that can manifest itself as obviously as it is thought. Sometimes it is impossible to notice this with the naked eye, as it provides internal growth. When scanning with mammography, even invisible diseases and cancerous cells can be detected. Experts of diagnostic labs in Delhi warn that all women over the age of 35 must be checked twice a year.

What is mammography?

Thanks to the developments in the modern medical world and the new generation imaging systems developed, breast cancers that were previously untreatable can now be treated. According to the experts' diagnostic test in Delhi reports, 90% of the results obtained in mammography screening can be successful.

Since mammography is an improved imaging method, whether the cancer cell or mass is large or small, it helps to learn the size of the cancer without changing anything. With the imaging method, which provides extremely convenience for early diagnosis, the patient is healed again and continues his life in a healthy way.

What is fibroadenoma?

Approximately 10 percent of women have fibroadenoma. Fibroadenoma is called "benign tumor". These tumors can be seen in women between the ages of 15-30. Fibroadenoma, which begins to grow under the influence of the hormone estrogen, manifests itself mostly during pregnancy. In the period of menopause, this growth leaves its place to shrink. Fibroadenoma, consisting of connective tissue and gland cells, can be single or multiple. Women with a large number of fibroadenomas are more likely to have breast cancer.

Changing the level of hormones in women during pregnancy affects the more prominent Fibroadenomas. During these periods or before menstruation, mild pain or swelling can be observed.

More precise information about the multiplicity of fibroadenomas can be obtained with 4D ultrasound test and PET CT scan

What are the mammography types?

Screening mammography:

Screening mammography is a type of imaging applied to women who do not have any complaints. The purpose of exploring CT scan cost in east Delhi is to diagnose in the early period and to determine the appropriate treatment method before cancer danger or suspicion, if any.
 
Diagnostic mammography:

Diagnostic mammography forwomen who have complaints in the breast is to investigate the causes of the abnormal formations detected in the breast, and suspect cancer if any, and determine the appropriate treatment method. As a result of diagnostic 4D ultrasound in Delhi, it gives the doctor the most accurate information.

Tests To Detect Oesophageal Cancer

Usually, oesophageal cancers are discovered when a person has signs or symptoms. If oesophageal cancer is suspected, studies and tests will be necessary to confirm the diagnosis. If cancer is discovered, additional tests will be performed to help determine the extent of cancer.

Medical history and physical exam

If you have symptoms of oesophageal cancer, the doctor will ask questions about your medical history to analyze possible risk factors and learn more about the symptoms.

Your doctor will also do a test to detect possible signs of oesophageal cancer and other medical problems. The doctor will probably pay special attention to your neck and chest areas.

If the test results are abnormal, your doctor will probably order tests to help find the problem. You may also be asked to contact a gastroenterologist (a doctor who specializes in diseases of the digestive system) for further tests and treatment.

Imaging studies to find oesophageal cancer

The imaging using sound waves, X-rays, magnetic fields, or radioactive imaging inside the body substances. Imaging studies can be done for many reasons, such as:

  • Help find a suspicious area that could be cancer
  • Know if cancer has spread, and if so, how far
  • Help determine if the treatment is effective
  • Detect possible signs of cancer returning after treatment

Study with barium intake

In this test, the patient swallows a thick, limestone fluid called barium that covers the walls of the esophagus. When x-rays are taken, barium delineates the esophagus. This test can be done alone or as part of a series of x-rays that include the stomach and part of the intestine, called x-rays of the upper gastrointestinal tract. A barium intake test can show any abnormal area on the normally uniform surface of the inner lining of the esophagus, but cannot be used to determine how far cancer has spread outside the esophagus.

CT scan

A CT (computed tomography, CT) uses x - rays to produce detailed cross-sectionall images of the body. This study can help determine if oesophageal cancer has spread to nearby organs and lymph nodes (bean-shaped groups of immune system cells where cancers often spread first) or to distant parts of the body. Before conducting the study, you may be asked to drink approximately 1 to 2 pints (between half and one liter) of a liquid called oral contrast. This helps to delineate the esophagus and intestines. If you are having trouble swallowing, you should inform your doctor before the CT. Before having a CT scan, it is essential to know CT scan cost in south Delhi.

Magnetic resonance imaging

Like computed tomography (CT), the MRI (magnetic resonance imaging, MRI) provides detailed images of soft tissues. However, MRIs use powerful radio waves and magnets instead of X-rays. To better show the details, a contrast material, called gadolinium, may be injected into a vein before the study is done. MRI can be used to see abnormal areas in the brain and spinal cord that may be due to the spread of cancer.

Positron emission tomography

Generally, the positron emission tomography (positron emission tomography, PET) uses a form of radioactive sugar (known as fluorodeoxyglucose or FDG) is injected into the blood. Normal cells use different amounts of sugar, depending on how fast they are growing. Cancer cells, which grow rapidly, are more likely to absorb larger amounts of radioactive sugar than normal cells. These areas of radioactivity can be seen on a PET CT scan using a special camera.

What is the Best Method to Detect Colorectal Cancer as Soon as Possible?

Patients with certain diseases or predisposing conditions can benefit from a surveillance program: early diagnosis or screening. It consists of performing a fecal occult blood test and a colonoscopy to diagnose the tumor at an early or early stage in people who do not have any symptoms and have certain risk factors.

The diagnostic process begins with a proper interrogation, in which the doctor will collect information about personal and family medical history, and a complete physical examination of all systems. The information obtained in both processes will help direct the type of complementary examinations that must be performed to complete the diagnosis.

Today we have a wide range of diagnostic methods or complementary tests aimed at diagnosing cancer:

Analytical: the hemogram can show if there is anemia, this being an indirect sign of bleeding. The blood biochemistry can guide on the function of organs like the liver or the kidney.

Stool test: This is a test to detect blood in the stool, which may indicate the presence of polyps or cancer.

Tumor markers: Tumor markers are substances that can often be discovered in higher than normal amounts in the blood, urine, or body tissues of some patients with certain types of cancer. It is important to consider that tumor markers can be normal in a patient with cancer and that not all tumors can produce an elevation of markers.

Colonoscopy: colonoscopy is the introduction of a device that has a light at the end and that allows to visualize the inside of the colon and rectum and take a biopsy if the observed lesions are required. With this technique, polyps can also be resected if they are not very large.

Radiological examinations:

Opaque enema: consists in the administration of a barium contrast for the year. This contrast shows the silhouette of color and straight. It can detect injuries of a certain size. If a complete colonoscopy has been performed, it is not necessary to perform an opaque enema.

Abdominal or abdominal-pelvic ultrasound: based on whole abdomen ultrasound price. It is useful to study the liver, to know if there is free fluid in the abdomen or to detect masses in the abdomen or pelvis.

Scanning (CT scan cost in Delhi NCR) of the thorax and abdomen: it provides information on local extension, if there are metastases in the liver, lung, etc.

Abdominal resonance: it is a technique different from CT, which is usually done when there are findings in the scanner that require complementary examinations. It is essential for the correct staging of rectal cancer.

Endoscopic ultrasound: it combines the endoscopic technique with an ultrasound transmitter and produces an image (ultrasound). It is very useful for the preoperative diagnosis of rectal cancer.

Positron emission tomography (PET CT scan): is a nuclear medicine test, which involves injecting a marked contrast with a radioactive substance and measuring the emission of particles called positrons giving a global view of the body and showing if there is disease.

Laparoscopy: is a technique that involves inserting an endoscope into the abdominal cavity, through holes that the surgeon makes in the abdominal wall. In rare cases this maneuver is reached for the sole purpose of establishing the diagnosis. It is usually used as a surgical technique to remove certain tumors in this area.

Prostate Cancer: How to Determine and What to do after this?

The stage of diagnosis of prostate cancer begins with the appointment of an urologist or oncologist. As a rule, by this time the patient suspects the disease according to the parameters of the PSA test, or after a routine examination of the urologist.

The diagnosis of prostate cancer is always based on histological findings. For this, a puncture or saturation biopsy is performed.

For the most effective treatment of prostate cancer requires accurate information about the localization of cancer. Therefore, the diagnostic labs use a number of PET-CT examinations, shown in prostate cancer. PET-CT is used not only at the stage of diagnosis, but also when calculating the radiation dosimetry plan and when evaluating the effectiveness of targeted therapy. The specialists of the hospital have a unique experience in the use of PET-CT with radioisotope sensitive to prostate cancer.

This examination determines prostate cancer with low PSA, when cancer spreads to the lymph nodes and is particularly effective in tracking the recurrence of the disease after surgery or radiation therapy. PET-CT with PSMA allows doctors to more accurately conduct diagnostics and select optimal treatment for the patient, taking into account its effectiveness and preservation of quality of life. The information on the exact location of the cancer is extremely important for the surgeon when deciding on the operation.

At the stage of diagnosing prostate cancer, it is important to obtain accurate information about the disease, for further treatment planning.

As part of routine physical examinations, men usually undergo a PSA (Prostatic Specific Antigen) test to test prostate cancer. The moment of truth comes when indicators are high, indicating the possibility of cancer. What to do in this case? Do you want to retake the test? To make a painful biopsy? And the worst thing is- what if the diagnosis is confirmed? Quickly start treatment, at the risk of causing impotence and incontinence?

Still more complicating is the fact that there is no clear consensus among experts on testing and treating prostate cancer. Many of them are generally against the PET CT scan, since the results usually lead to unwanted biopsy and unnecessary treatment.

Prostate cancer develops so slowly that only 15-20% of men are really in danger, but it was still impossible to distinguish between moderate cancer and life-threatening cancer, so we in vain treated somewhere 85% of men, putting them under the threat of impotence and incontinence almost without reason.

Ultrasound can measure the size of the prostate for biopsy, and color Doppler ultrasound captures an increased flow of blood that helps determine the cancer. The new technology also allows you to consider specific suspicious areas for biopsy.

If you have an elevated PSA, experts recommends:

  • Ask your doctor to perform a rectal examination to check if there are any swelling or disturbances and to pass an ultrasound to measure the size of the prostate;
  • If there is a suspicion of an infection, take a course of antibiotics and do a repeat PSA test;
  • MRI prostate using 3.0 Tesla. This technology determines cancer tumors with an accuracy of 85-90%, even very tiny, with a size of 5mm.
  • Make color ultrasound dopplerography.
  • Only then make a biopsy using information from MRI and Doppler ultrasound so that doctors can get more accurate results.

If you decide to undergo treatment, get a second opinion and discuss options for robotic prostatectomy, proton radiation and cryotherapy.

PET CT Scan For Cancer, Heart Problems, Brain Disorders, Nervous System Diagnosis

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What is a PET Scan?

PET is a positron emission tomography that makes your doctor check your body for various diseases. In this type of a scan special dyes are used and these dyes have radioactive tracers. After the tracers are injected into a vein of your arm, your organs and tissues start absorbing the tracer. Your body is put under a PET scanner and your doctor is able to find out whether your organs and tissues are working appropriately or not. The PET CT scan helps your doctor to find the blood flow, usage of the oxygen and usage of the sugar by your body, glucose metabolism and many more diseases.

This procedure is an outpatient procedure which implies that you are allowed to go back home after the completion of the procedure.

Why is the PET Scan done?

The PET scan is done to diagnose whether you are suffering from the following diseases or not-

Though other imaging tests like the CT scan and the MRI are also beneficial yet PET scans are able to diagnose the problems persisting at the cellular level. This enables the doctor to very clearly view the diseases called as the complex systemic diseases like

  • Brain tumours
  • Seizures
  • Memory disorders
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Lung Cancer Lymph Nodes
  • PET scan for diabetics

When PET is used for diagnosing the cancer, it helps your doctor to view very clearly the metabolization of the cancer and to know the areas to which the cancer has spread. The response of the tumour to the chemotherapy is also shown using the PET.

What is the procedure of the PET Scan?

During the PET scan procedure, you’ll either be given a gas to inhale or else a solution to drink. You might be given tracers via a vein in your arm. For absorbing the tracers, your body would need some time, therefore, you’ll be asked to wait for about an hour tentatively before the beginning of the scan.

Now you’ll be made to lie on a narrow table and this table would be attached to the PET machine. The table will be made to glide into the machine. This would be a slow procedure.

You’ll be asked not to move at all during the scan. You’ll also be asked not to breathe for some time. While the test would be on, you’ll be made to hear buzzing and clicking noises.

When all the important images would be recorded, you’ll be made to slide out of the machine. Your test would have completed.

After the test gets completed, you’ll be asked to carry on your normal day. You might be given certain instructions by the doctor. You’ll be asked to drink ample fluids for letting you flush the tracers out of your body’s system. Mostly, it takes about two days to let all the tracers leave your body.

When will you get your PET CT Scan results?

PET scan results would be available within 24-48 hours. A trained specialist will be asked to interpret the images of the PET. This information will be shared will your doctor. Your doctor with you will go through your results at your follow up appointment.

How should you prepare yourself for the PET scan?

Complete instructions will be given to you by your doctor for the PET scan preparation (rules). You should reveal your prescriptions and the medicines being taken by you to your doctor. You will not be allowed to eat anything for more than eight hours before the procedure takes place though you’ll be allowed to drink water.

In case if you are pregnant, you should tell your doctor because the test could be unsafe for your baby. You’ll be given special instructions for your test in case if you are Diabetic because fasting may impact your sugar levels of the blood.

Hospital will provide you with a gown to wear and will ask you to remove your jewellery as metal can be an interference in the procedure.

How much would the PET Scan Cost?

You can get the PET scan of your chest, brain or the whole body done at various diagnostic centres associated with 3HCare. Cost of PET CT scan can differ at different labs. To get a transparent and competitive pricing for your scan, logon to 3H Care portal and book your test.

To know more about the price of a PET scan in different cities in India click lowest PET Scan price

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