Alzheimer's is very high in the ranking of diseases that concern society. Every day more people turn to search engines like Google to find more information on this type of senile dementia.
What is Alzheimer's disease?
The first definition of Alzheimer's states that it is a type of dementia in older people. There are others such as Parkinson's, vascular or multi-infarction.
In this case, the abilities to develop a normal life disappear, starting with memory, thought and language, and progress slowly until forgetting family members, how to write and read, or patients becoming more nervous or aggressive.
This disease, without cure, usually appears from 60 years onwards and the probabilities are higher when there are cases of other relatives who have suffered from it. One can undergo MRI test from MRI scan center in new Delhi to diagnose the severity of Alzheimer’s disease.
There are several risk factors that influence the appearance of this type of senile dementia that is important to know for early detection:
•The genetic influence causes that they increase between 2 and 4 times the probabilities that a person with a relative with Alzheimer's suffers from the disease as well.
•As people's ages advance, the possibilities also grow. With 65 years the risk is 10% while with 85 the probability grows to 50%.
•Health problems affect the appearance of pathology such as head trauma or long-term arterial hypertension.
•Unhealthy habits related to sedentary lifestyle, eating and smoking also have a negative influence.
There are various signs in people that indicate the possible existence of Alzheimer's, and here are some of them to anticipate the disease:
- Decreased memory that affects daily life.
- Difficulty planning and solving numerical problems.
- Daily household chores, work, and free time become more complicated.
- Disorientation in time and space.
- Vision problems sometimes occur in people with Alzheimer's.
- Problems with the use of language such as forgetting how to say a word.
- Loss of initiative, good judgment and good humor.
Alzheimer's can be divided in two ways. On the one hand, in the mild, moderate and severe phases, and on the other hand, on the GDS scale (Global Deterioration Scale). Unifying both classifications, the stages of the disease would be as follows:
- The emergence of the mild phase in which the first symptoms of the disease occur coincides with GDS3 and GDS4. At that time, slight memory loss occurs, disorientation in unfamiliar environments, difficulty in performing complex tasks due to lack of concentration, but the behavior is totally normal in familiar environments, with family and with habitual friends. The diagnosis of dementia occurs at this stage.
- In the moderate phase, GDS5 and GDS6 are given, times when performing certain daily activities such as dressing, eating, washing, or controlling bowel movements become complicated for patients.
- The severe phase corresponds to GDS7 and in it the Alzheimer patient is cognitively and functionally dependent.
Diagnostic tests to detect Alzheimer's early
To determine the existence or not of Alzheimer, a complete neurological study is carried out, which includes MRI test. MRI scan center in east Delhi provides highly detailed images of the brain without emitting radiation harmful to people.
Also, the MRI from MRI scan center and MRI test labs in Delhi can be used to rule out other possible diseases that are causing the symptoms such as spills, tumors or fluid accumulation.
Eating habits to prevent Alzheimer's
Diet is one of the important factors that can prevent the appearance of this disease related to loss of memory and cognitive abilities. In this sense, there are some habits to follow:
- Saturated or trans fats are bad allies against dementia of this type since negative substances accumulate in the brain.
- Regular consumption of fruits, vegetables and legumes reduces the risks of cognitive decline.
- Vitamin E is brain-healthy and can be found in nuts or seeds, mangoes, papayas, avocados, tomatoes, red peppers, spinach, and enriched breads and cereals.
- Vitamin B is found in products of animal origin and its benefits are noted in memory and in the reduction of muscle atrophy.
- The consumption of multivitamins such as iron and copper should be avoided unless it is done by prescription.