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Breast MRI Scan: Purpose, Procedure, and Results

Thoracic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a type of imaging test that uses magnets and radio waves to check for abnormalities in the mammary gland. MRI gives doctors the opportunity to see soft tissue in your body. Your doctor may ask you to get a breast MRI if they suspect that there is an abnormality in the chest.

Why Breast MRI is done?

Breast MRIs are used to examine your breast when other imaging tests are insufficient or inconclusive to screen for breast cancer in women at high risk of having the disease and to check the progression of breast cancer, as well as the effectiveness of its treatment. Your doctor may also order breast MRI if you have:

  • Dense breast tissue
  • Signs of breast cancer
  • Family history of breast cancer
  • Leaking or torn breast implant
  • Neoplasm in the chest
  • Precancerous changes in the breast

Breast MRIs are intended for use with mammography. While breast MRI scan centre in Noida can detect several abnormalities, there are some breast cancers that mammography can better visualize.

How is breast MRI performed?

An MRI machine includes a flat table that can slide in and out of the machine. A rounded, wheel, as the part where magnets and radio waves emit from imaging the chest. Before being scanned, you will change into hospital clothes and remove all jewelry and body piercings. If you use a contrast dye, a dropper will be inserted into your hand so that the dye can be injected into the blood.

In the MRI room, you will lie on your stomach on a soft table. There will be depression on the table where your breasts will rest. The technician will slide you into the car. The doctor will give you instructions on when to conduct more and when to hold your breath. The technician will be in a separate room will be watching and monitoring that collect images, and therefore, these instructions will be given through a microphone.

You won’t feel the car is running, but you can hear loud noises, such as slams or thuds, and possibly a humming noise. A technician can give you a plug. Testing can take up to an hour. After the images have been recorded, you can change and leave.

Breast MRI Results

A radiologist of MRI test lab in Delhi will examine your breast MRI, dictate your interpretation results, and give conclusions to your doctor, who will review them after receiving the results. Your doctor will discuss your results or schedule a follow-up appointment. MRI produces black and white images. Tumors and other abnormalities may occur as bright white spots. These are white spots where the contrast agent is collected due to increased cell activity.

If an MRI scan indicates that the mass may be malignant, your doctor will recommend a biopsy as a follow-up test. This involves surgical removal of a small sample of tissue from a suspicious lump. A biopsy will help the doctor find out if the bump is malignant or not.

Can Brain MRI Detect Epilepsy?

To determine a disease such as epilepsy, MRI is much more effective than computed tomography. MRI uses x-rays, which are considered harmless to the body. Brain tissue may be subject to morphological changes; it is precisely magnetic resonance imaging that can determine them. Epileptic seizures in adults occur due to a brain tumor. The cause of the onset and development of the disease can be injuries, infectious diseases, chronic and acute intoxications.

Causes of the disease and the role of MRI in its diagnosis

In the process of diagnosis using MRI, you can determine the appearance of the main focus of the disease. The appearance of the focus primarily concerns a chronic disease. Magnetic resonance imaging allows you to determine the causes of seizures, to determine the size of the foci and their number, to determine the development of the disease for a certain period.

How is an examination using a tomograph for epilepsy?

Before you start diagnosing with MRI test in east Delhi, you must follow certain rules. Try to conduct an examination at the first sign of a disease. The sooner you spend them, the better. The patient must remove all metal objects. The scanning process takes no more than an hour. In order to prevent a seizure during scanning, it is necessary to exclude the occurrence of stressful situations; the patient should be as stable as possible. It is forbidden to conduct a scan if there are stimulants and implants in the patient's body. Tomography in heart failure is also undesirable.

Contrast method

A special contrast agent is used to implement this method. Gadolinium solution is administered intravenously with constant medical supervision. Gadolinium is a light gray metal used as a component in the production of phosphors. It is absolutely safe for humans. After use, it is excreted from the body in a natural way.

Thus, for a successful MRI diagnosis, it is necessary:

Competent, compiled by an epileptologist physician, referral to an MR study. In most cases, based on the clinical picture and EEG results, the neurologist-epileptologist can make an assumption about the nature and localization of the pathological process and should reflect this in the direction.

A modern MRI scanner with a sufficient magnetic induction power of at least 1.5 T and the ability to conduct research with a minimum slice thickness.

A qualified doctor of radiation diagnostics, having training in neurology, well knowing the specifics of the functioning of the nervous system and applying, if necessary, additional methods of data collection that go beyond the scope of the usual protocol.

The absence of a proper dialogue between neurologists-epileptologists and MRI scan centers in New Delhi, as well as, often, insufficient qualifications of both of them, explains a large number of negative results in MRI diagnostics of epilepsy. At the same time, global trends in the development of epileptology indicate a constant decrease in the number of cryptogenic (with undetermined causal) epilepsies and an increase in the number of symptomatic that is, developing secondarily against the background of structural and morphological changes in the brain.

Lumbar Facet Syndrome: Things To Know About This Common Back Pain

Lumbar facet syndrome is commonly encountered spinal joint pain in terms of location in the spine. The lower lumbar vertebrae virtually universally experience degeneration in the facet joints, possibly causing the patient to endure the typical minor aches and pains of aging. However, it should be known that severe pain due to facet joint changes is extremely rare and is not a normal part of spinal aging for most people.

Lumbar facet joint pain's diagnosis is often a tough job for the MRI scan center in Delhi as most patients who are labeled with the condition do not show symptoms or verified evidence of any spinal pathology. Furthermore, the patients may state the symptoms which may not be logical in medical when considering a facet syndrome diagnosis. There are important points to consider when evaluating a diagnosis of facet joint pain in the lower back region.

What is the cause of lumbar facet syndrome?

Like mentioned in the discussion above, degeneration of the lumbar facet joints is basically a universal condition among adults meaning it can affect people regardless of what their race of body composition is. When the body enters the old age, it is pretty common an occurrence that the facet joints will demonstrate minor to moderate arthritic changes. It is in this period that the deterioration of the synovial capsules surrounding these joints is possible. The prime reason for this degeneration is due to the frequent bending and flexing of the lumbar spine necessary to live a typical life. It should be noted that lumbar facet joint degeneration is not inherently painful. There are only rare cases which can produce any significant symptoms whatsoever.

When facet joint deterioration shows the traditional pathological symptomatic conditions, it is diagnosed as facet joint syndrome. The primary causes of painful facet joints include problematic osteophytes which interfere with normal joint movement, combined with the generally increased interactions between vertebral bones due to a wearing away of the protective cartilage and lubricating fluid in the joint. Facet joint pathology does not have major branch of study or diagnosis but it can become more severe in some of the uncommon instances.

Some lumbar facet symptoms

Lumbar facet symptoms are pain being experienced only upon mobilizing affected joints. The pain is also restricted to the highly specific ranges of motion and particular movements. The symptoms or rather the point of pain for lumbar face should be located directly on the spine. They should be localized and not radiating or far-ranging in virtually every case profile. The most common location by far is between L4 and L5, as well as between L5 and S1. This is the region that suffers the earliest, most significant and most common degeneration in the human vertebral column.

For the treatment of these symptoms, there are typically drug therapies which are effective in most of the cases. The other alternative is injection therapy which addresses the direct risks to the spinal anatomy, such as infection and spinal fluid leaks. They also spare the systemic effects of oral route drugs. Few patients also find relief in joint manipulation by a chiropractic practitioner.

What Does The 3Tesla Resonance Will Reveal The Multiple Sclerosis?

It has been announced as an important advance in the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system that affects 75,000 Italians and 2.5 million people worldwide.

This is the demonstration that it is possible to identify the brain lesions typical of multiple sclerosis (MS), distinguishing them from similar injuries but due to other pathologies, using a 3 Tesla (3T) magnetic resonance instead of 7 Tesla (7T), more powerful equipment that allows this discrimination in an easy way but that is still mainly used only for research purposes.

WHAT IS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease related to the central nervous system in which the immune system affects the myelin sheath that coats the nerve fibers in the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves. As this process progresses, which also causes the appearance of scars (sclerosis), they gradually lose the ability to transmit the electrical signal to other nerves. It can occur in people of any age and condition; it has mainly a chronic course in which the disease progresses and can cause serious disability.

WHY THE NEUROIMAGING IS SO IMPORTANT

High cost of 3t brain MRI has powerful scanners that resonate the protons of our body, mostly contained in the water of which we are made, and transform the signal they emit into extremely precise images of anatomical structures.

In the case of the brain, the detail is very high up to being able to identify even very small brain structures, such as venules. Pathological changes appear as alterations of this signal. Unfortunately, however, many lesions of extremely different pathologies resemble each other from the point of view of the signal, but understanding exactly where they are located nevertheless greatly helps the diagnosis. For example, MS lesions are perivenular.

And so, as far as the diagnosis of this pathology is clinical, high-field resonance is often necessary, so much so that it is included among the examinations required by diagnostic criteria recognized by the scientific community.

Being able to distinguish in this way, brain lesions from MS from other brain lesions with MRI is therefore fundamental for the diagnosis in cases where some lesion appears, but its nature is not clear.

And making the diagnosis immediately and very quickly is very important because we must try to stop the disease as soon as possible. But a resonance of a certain sensibility counts above all in the progression controls of the illness, when the «lesion load» is evaluated; when new lesions appear from one control to the other, seeing them or not seeing them, or exchanging a new vascular-type lesion with an MS lesion can change the therapy. MRI images are equally important in therapeutic monitoring, ie, in assessing the effects of therapies.

Modern high and very high field imaging machines allow us to obtain highly detailed high-resolution images and are used for the study of numerous neurodegenerative and inflammatory diseases. It is in this part of patients that the new discovery is inserted, moving in the clinical field a technique developed on the very high field of Cost of 3t MRI in Delhi.

MRI- An Imaging Study To Diagnose The Diseases

Magnetic resonance imaging is a modern method for studying the structure, condition, and function of internal organs. It is based on the measurement of electromagnetic waves emanating from body tissues. These signals are transmitted to a computer, which decodes them and converts them into an image. The obtained data is analyzed and evaluated by a specialist conducting an MRI.

Modern equipment allows obtaining a three-dimensional image of the internal organs so that the study has high information content. MRI helps to identify a large number of diseases that are not so accurately diagnosed using other methods.

MRI has great advantages over invasive and radiographic methods, as it is a safe and comfortable procedure. Due to this, the study is used in the diagnosis of diseases of many organs and systems:

  • Brain;
  • Vessels of the neck and brain;
  • Jaw and temporomandibular joint;
  • Joints;
  • Spinal cord;
  • Spine;
  • Abdominal organs;
  • Pelvic organs;
  • Respiratory system;
  • Endocrine system;
  • Lymphatic system;
  • Reproductive system.

One of the most common areas of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of diseases of the nervous system. MRI of the brain allows detecting tumors and determining the stage of their development, diagnosing problems with vessels, multiple sclerosis, and other pathologies.

Many patients are interested in - with MRI of the brain, radiation occurs, and is it dangerous? What dose of radiation does the body receive during the research? Is MRI Hazardous to Health?

MRI Radiation Level

Unlike X-rays and computed tomography (CT), patients receive a zero dose of radiation during an MRI scan, since this study is not based on ionizing radiation, but on electromagnetic effects.

The effect of a magnetic resonance imager is comparable to that of a cell phone or microwave. MRI done by MRI test labs in Delhi does not cause irregularities in the structure, condition, and function of tissues and organs, being at the same time a highly accurate diagnostic method.

Therefore, you can be sure that there is no radiation during an MRI scan of the brain.

Magnetic resonance imaging in oncopathology?

Patients with oncologic MRI are prescribed with the use of a contrast agent - to increase the information content of the study: this allows a detailed study of the tumor and its vascular network. Due to the high precision and diagnosis, the most effective treatment is prescribed.

The absence of irradiation provides the possibility of using MRI for cancer patients with confirmed diagnoses of various malignant tumors, which are not recommended for X-ray methods. X-ray and computed tomography due to ionizing radiation harm the tissues of the body: cause changes in DNA and adversely affect the already existing pathological processes. Electromagnetic effects during MRI are safe for both tumors and healthy tissues and organs.

How often can I do magnetic resonance imaging?

In the absence of contraindications, MRI may be prescribed - depending on the disease and the characteristics of its course - as often as necessary to develop an effective treatment plan or to correct it. Since the procedure is safe for the body, it can be carried out with a minimum time interval.

The frequency of an MRI can only be determined by a doctor. If there is an urgent need or in accordance with the developed plan of dynamic observation, the study is carried out several times in one day.

What is Contrast MRI?

Similar to X-ray or CT scans (computerized tomography), an MRI scan gives a precise picture of the scanned part of the body by using magnetic waves. But unlike CT scans, MRIs are done without any radiation. MRIs are further divided into two categories; contrast and non-contrast. Not many know about the latter. To answer the question as to what contrast MRI is, the explanation is rather simple. Contrast MRI differs from the regular MRI because it uses contrast dye which is injected into a patient prior to the scan. If you have been recommended to have a contrast MRI scan, here is what you need to know.

Uses and Advantages

Contrast MRIs are ordered by the physicians because they provide vivid images of certain conditions of the body. At times, the physician may also recommend a contrast MRI when the regular MRI fails to obtain render satisfactory image. Moreover, contrast MRI has proven to be worthy for in those cases where in the patients have undergone a back surgery. Not only does contrast MRI dye render clearer images but sharper images as well.

What’s involved in a Contrast Injection?

The key component involved in contrast injection is Gadolinium, which is a paramagnetic metal ion, is commonly used in contrast MRIs. It is used because of the way it travels within magnetic fields. In fact, it’s used in about 30 percent of MRI scans. To inject gadolinium or another type of contrast material, the technician will place a tourniquet and use an IV or a small butterfly needle. On an estimated basis, 10-20 milliliters of dye will be injected in the vein of the patient. The injection roughly takes 10-30 seconds. In the next step, the radiologist removes the needle and places the patient into the MRI machine for commencing the scan process. The gadolinium contrast medium can also be dispensed with the use of an automated injector.

How to Prepare

There is no such special preparation required to go for contrast MRI exam. The patient may continue to eat normally and keep taking their medicine unless told otherwise. To be on the safe side, it is always better to chalk out a diet plan or prescribed medication with your physician before making any changes. You’ll have to complete a screening form in which you will note any health conditions that could present a health risk or interfere with your exam. You’ll also be interviewed by a technician to make sure you understand all the questions on the screening form. You can’t wear anything that’s metallic, so you’ll have to remove metal jewelry, watches, hairpins and other items. Some of the potentially harmful and magnetic field attracting articles include magnetic strip laced credit cards, belt buckles, shoes, pens, keys, coins, hearing aids and all electronic devices. Most importantly, you should relax during your scan. To get over any of your doubt or concerns, discuss all the possible side effects with your physician or technician who would carry out the scan. Lastly, do not have any second thoughts about contacting mri test lab in Delhi.

MRI Scan: The Procedure, its Types and the Frequently Asked Questions

A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan is a common procedure around the world.

MRI scan at a MRI Scan Centre is conducted by using a strong filed radio or magnetic waves that help in obtaining the detailed images of the organs within the body.

Since the time it was first introduced to the world of diagnostics, many doctors and researchers have termed MRI as "revolutionary".


What is MRI of the Body?

In simple terms MRI stands for Magnetic resonance imaging. It is a noninvasive (meaning there is no need to make an incision whatsoever) form of medical test used by the physicians to diagnose medical conditions.

This test uses a powerful magnetic field, radio frequency pulses. The final result of the test is recorded in a computer wherein the detailed pictures of organs, bones, tissues and virtually every internal body structure is made visible in this test.  The biggest advantage is that the mri test labs in delhidoes not use ionizing radiation (x-rays).

The presence of certain disease in various parts of the body is also found out in the MR images. The mri scan labs in delhi ncr have the facility to transmit the images from the computer and have them printed or copied in a CD so they can be sent to the doctors for evaluation and plan the further treatment.

What are Some Common Uses of the Procedure?

MR imaging of the body is performed to evaluate:

·        The most vital organs like hearts, liver, kidney etc. can be monitored with the help of MRI scan.

·        MRI scan is also helpful to detect the diseases of the pelvic organs as well as the reproductive organs such as the uterus and ovaries in females and the prostate gland in males.

·        Blood vessels (including MR Angiography).

·        Lymph nodes.

·        Physicians use an MR examination to help diagnose or monitor treatment for conditions such as:

·        Tumors of the chest, abdomen or pelvis.

·        Diseases of the liver, such as cirrhosis, and abnormalities of the bile ducts and pancreas.

·        Inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.

·        It is also recommended for congenital heart disease.

·        Malformations of the blood vessels and inflammation of the vessels (vasculitis).

·        A fetus in the womb of a pregnant woman.

What Does the Equipment Look Like?

The traditional MRI unit in the MRI Scan Centre looks pretty much the same as a cylinder-shaped tube surrounded by a circular magnet. The patient is made to lie down on a moveable examination table that slides into the center of the magnet that emits the magnetic waves.

There are some MRI units that are known as short-bore system. These are designed in a way that the magnets do not surround the person in entirety. Some newer MRI machines come with a larger diameter which can more comfortable for patients of larger physical frame or those who are claustrophobic. The other MRI machines are open to the sides i.e. open MRI. As a result, the newer open MRI units are capable of high quality images for various types of exams. The same cannot be said for the old MRI units since they use backdated technology. Moreover, the open MRI cannot be considered fit for certain types of examinations. It is therefore advised to consult your mri scan labs in delhi ncr.
The computer workstation that does all the post processing of the images is located separately at a safe distance from the scanner.

Preparation

An MRI scan requires very little preparation prior to the scan.

Once you arrive at the MRI lab for a full body mri scan cost in delhi, the doctors would suggest to change into a gown or other free flowing cloth. Since this test is completely reliant on the magnetic fields, it is critical that the person undergoing the test shows up without wearing any metal object. In doing so, the doctor would ask to remove any object that interferes with the machine.

Some of the cases make it difficult to have an MRI for a person. These can be for the presence of the metal inside their body such as such as bullets, shrapnel, or other metallic foreign bodies. The medical devices like cochlear implants, aneursym clips, and pacemakers can also hinder the MRI scans.

Individuals who are anxious or nervous about enclosed spaces should tell their doctor. They shall be given medication prior to the MRI procedure to make the process comfortable.

Moreover, the MRI patients might be given an injection of intravenous (IV) contrast liquid. This may be done to improve the visibility of a particular tissue that is relevant to the scan.

The radiologist, a doctor who specializes in medical images, will then talk the individual through the MRI scanning process and answer any questions they may have about the procedure.

During an MRI Scan

Once the patient is placed into the scanner, the MRI technician ensures that the person is comfortable with the help of an intercom. The process is not commenced until the patient is ready.

It is vital to stay till throughout the scan as any movement can disrupt the images. Another thing to be noticed is that the scanner would produce loud clanging noise albeit it is not something to be scared of. Certain images require the person to hold their breath at times. Nevertheless, if the patient is too uncomfortable to go through the test, they can speak to the technician and request the scan to be stopped.

After an MRI Scan

Post MRI scan, the radiologist and the team of technicians would examine the images and see if there is a need to go for another scan. If not then the patient can go home.

Next the radiologist will prepare a report for the requesting doctor. Hence the patients are told to schedule an appointment with the doctor discussing the results.

Side Effects

Rarely do patients feel or experience any kind of pain or niggle from an MRI scan.

That said, some people may complain of nausea, headache. The allergy due to the contrast material is rare but its possibility is not ruled out. It can cause hives or itchy eyes. Therefore one must notify the technician to avoid any adverse reaction.

Those who suffer from claustrophobia are the ones who feel discomfort during an MRI scan.

Function

An MRI scanner contains two powerful magnets. These are the most important parts of the equipment.

The human body is largely made of water molecules, which are comprised of hydrogen and oxygen atoms. At the center of each atom lies an even smaller particle called a proton, which serves as a magnet and is sensitive to any magnetic field

Normally, the water molecules in the body are randomly arranged, but on entering an MRI scanner, the first magnet causes the water molecules to align in one direction, either north or south.

The second magnetic field is then turned on and off in a series of quick pulses, causing each hydrogen atom to change its alignment when switched on and then quickly switch back to its original relaxed state when switched off.

Passing electricity through gradient coils, which also cause the coils to vibrate, creates the magnetic field, causing a knocking sound inside the scanner.

Although the patient cannot feel these changes, the scanner can detect them and, in conjunction with a computer, can create a detailed cross-sectional image for the radiologist.

Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging fMRI

Functional magnetic resonance imaging or functional MRI (fMRI) uses MRI technology to measure cognitive activity by monitoring blood flow to certain areas of the brain.

The blood flow increases in areas where neurons are active. This gives an insight into the activity of neurons in the brain.

This technique has revolutionized brain mapping, by allowing researchers to assess the brain and spinal cord without the need for invasive procedures or drug injections.

Functional MRI helps researchers learn about the function of a normal, diseased, or injured brain.

fMRI is also used in clinical practice. Standard MRI scans are useful for detecting anomalies in tissue structure. However, an fMRI scan can help detect anomalies in activity.

In short, fMRI tests what tissues do rather than how they look.

As such, doctors use fMRI to assess the risks of brain surgery by identifying the regions of the brain involved in critical functions, such as speaking, movement, sensing, or planning.

Functional MRI can also be used to determine the effects of tumors, stroke, head and brain injuries, or neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's.

How Stay Calm During MRI Scan?

Claustrophobia is a fear of being confined to a small space. Some people might be okay in a small room but terrified of being trapped in an elevator; others with claustrophobia might be fine in the elevator but terrified of being in a tight box. But general estimates put the numbers around five to ten perfect of the population, though. While for the most part claustrophobia won’t impact your day-to-day life, there are certain circumstances where it can become an issue. One of the most common scenarios where claustrophobia becomes a problem is when you need an MRI. MRI machines are notorious for making people feel uncomfortable; even someone who never felt claustrophobic before may do so once they are inside the machine. However, the information that this machine can provide to your doctor can be vital for diagnosing health concerns such as tumors, inflammation in the bowels, or even cirrhosis of the liver. So getting through the process, claustrophobic or not, is a must.

Thankfully, there are a number of things that you can do to make the process of getting an MRI easier on yourself so you can overcome your fears and get the imaging that you need. We’ve been working with patients in the Tulsa area for decades; during that time, we’ve discovered a lot of helpful tips that you might find useful if you are feeling apprehensive about your scan.

Answering the Most Frequently Asked Questions

How Long Will an MRI Scan Take?

MRI scans' time duration ranges between 20 and 60 minutes. The part of the body which is required to be analyzed and how many images are required would also affect the time taken. If, after the first MRI scan, the images are not clear enough for the radiologist, they may ask the patient to undergo a second scan straight away.

I Have Braces or Filings, Should I Still Undergo the Scan?

Although braces and fillings are unaffected by the scan, they may distort certain images. The doctor and technician will discuss this beforehand. The MRI scan may take longer if additional images are required.

I am Claustrophobic, What Can I Do?

The doctor and radiologist will be able to talk the patient through the whole procedure and address any anxieties. Open MRI scanners are available in some locations for certain body parts to help patients who have claustrophobia.

A person can take medication prior to the test to ease anxiety.

Do I Need an Injection of Contrast Before my MRI Scan?

A contrast dye can improve diagnostic accuracy by highlighting certain tissues.

Some patients may need to have a contrast agent injected before the scan.

Can I Have an MRI scan if I am Pregnant?

Unfortunately, there is no simple answer. Let a doctor know about the pregnancy before the scan. There have been relatively few studies on the effect of MRI scans on pregnancy.

Typically, doctors do not recommend contrast material for women who are pregnant.

MRI scans should be restricted during the first trimester unless the information is considered essential. MRI scans during the second and third trimester are safe at 3.0 tesla (T) or less. The tesla is a measurement of magnetic strength.

Cost of MRI scan

MRI scan is a large scale process of scanning and it has the capability to generate images of high quality for almost the entire body. The MRI Scan Cost ranges between INR 4800 and INR 7200.

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