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Can Brain MRI Detect Epilepsy?

To determine a disease such as epilepsy, MRI is much more effective than computed tomography. MRI uses x-rays, which are considered harmless to the body. Brain tissue may be subject to morphological changes; it is precisely magnetic resonance imaging that can determine them. Epileptic seizures in adults occur due to a brain tumor. The cause of the onset and development of the disease can be injuries, infectious diseases, chronic and acute intoxications.

Causes of the disease and the role of MRI in its diagnosis

In the process of diagnosis using MRI, you can determine the appearance of the main focus of the disease. The appearance of the focus primarily concerns a chronic disease. Magnetic resonance imaging allows you to determine the causes of seizures, to determine the size of the foci and their number, to determine the development of the disease for a certain period.

How is an examination using a tomograph for epilepsy?

Before you start diagnosing with MRI test in east Delhi, you must follow certain rules. Try to conduct an examination at the first sign of a disease. The sooner you spend them, the better. The patient must remove all metal objects. The scanning process takes no more than an hour. In order to prevent a seizure during scanning, it is necessary to exclude the occurrence of stressful situations; the patient should be as stable as possible. It is forbidden to conduct a scan if there are stimulants and implants in the patient's body. Tomography in heart failure is also undesirable.

Contrast method

A special contrast agent is used to implement this method. Gadolinium solution is administered intravenously with constant medical supervision. Gadolinium is a light gray metal used as a component in the production of phosphors. It is absolutely safe for humans. After use, it is excreted from the body in a natural way.

Thus, for a successful MRI diagnosis, it is necessary:

Competent, compiled by an epileptologist physician, referral to an MR study. In most cases, based on the clinical picture and EEG results, the neurologist-epileptologist can make an assumption about the nature and localization of the pathological process and should reflect this in the direction.

A modern MRI scanner with a sufficient magnetic induction power of at least 1.5 T and the ability to conduct research with a minimum slice thickness.

A qualified doctor of radiation diagnostics, having training in neurology, well knowing the specifics of the functioning of the nervous system and applying, if necessary, additional methods of data collection that go beyond the scope of the usual protocol.

The absence of a proper dialogue between neurologists-epileptologists and MRI scan centers in New Delhi, as well as, often, insufficient qualifications of both of them, explains a large number of negative results in MRI diagnostics of epilepsy. At the same time, global trends in the development of epileptology indicate a constant decrease in the number of cryptogenic (with undetermined causal) epilepsies and an increase in the number of symptomatic that is, developing secondarily against the background of structural and morphological changes in the brain.

Back Pain And Shortness Of Breath: Finding Out The Causes

Having back pain and trouble breathing can be particularly concerning, especially if you’re unsure about the cause. The back pain coupled with shortness of breath undoubtedly puts a person under a lot of discomforts. Hence, the persistent problem must go through some diagnosis in the MRI test as well as consulting to the doctor. The reason for back pain can be many. Let us find out each of them which compound the problem of back pain and shortness of breath.

  1. Intercostal muscle strain- Few people are aware of the intercostals muscles, a muscle formation which runs between adjacent ribs and play an important role in expanding and contracting the rib cage when breathing. If one or more of these muscles are strained along the back, the symptoms can range from a mild tenderness or stiffness to intense, sharp back pain. Thus can also result in breathing difficulties due to expansion and contraction of rib cage.

An intercostal muscle can be strained in various ways, such as:

  • Overuse/overexertion- A common reason for any muscle group to get a strain is overuse of the same. The intercostal muscle is no different. Some activities rowing can cause a muscle to overstretch and develop small tears. A sudden or awkward movement can also strain a muscle.
  • Direct trauma- This refers to the direct impact on the ribs due to collision or a fall. The injury or the direct trauma directly impacts the ribs and connecting muscles could injure one or more of the intercostal muscles.

An intercostal muscle strain typically starts to ease within a few days. The average time for fully recovery takes 6 to 8 weeks. The initial level of pain which may be severe can be relieved with ice, heat packs, or over-the-counter pain medications

2. Severe kyphosis- A healthy thoracic spine (upper back) is slightly curved forward, which is called a kyphotic curve or kyphosis. However, if the thoracic spine is curved at least 50 degrees, it is considered hyperkyphosis, also commonly referred to as kyphosis

Besides the aforementioned major reasons for back pain, the MRI scan center in Delhi has also listed reasons that can cause shortness of breath due to severe back pain. These are:

  • Scoliosis- The abnormal sideways twisting and rotation of the spine, called scoliosis. Though it is rare but this abnormal movement can become severe enough to affect breathing. Sometimes both scoliosis and kyphosis are present together.
  • Allergic reactions- Medicines are very likely to put people at risk of developing an allergic reaction to some medications for back pain, such as muscle relaxants. Several troubling signs and symptom could indicate an allergic reaction to back pain medication, such as difficulty breathing, chest tightness, swelling in the throat (or arms or legs), etc.

Every unexplainable pain that goes to the excruciating levels must be referred to the physicians who can guide in the subsequent process of diagnosis. A well plan and routine therapy can undoubtedly ease the problem of shortness of breath due to back pain.

Why Leg Cramps Must Be Given Immediate Attention?

It is more of a common problem that we face these days irrespective of what age bracket we come under. Waking up after a good night's sleep, we experience a certain kind of stiffness in the leg muscles in areas like ankles, calves and even knee caps. Commonly known as leg cramps, the pain is also known as “charley horse. The pain can be and can happen when a muscle gets involuntarily stiff and can’t relax. The condition is more of a nuisance as we age. If the pain gets to the unbearable ranges, a CT scan must be obtained to check what the condition and bone health are.

The reasons for leg cramps are quite a lot. Some of the common ones include:

  • Lack of hydration- We have seen many a time an athlete is down on the ground due to a sudden leg cramp and muscle pull. This point to nothing but hydration. The liquid flow in the body is needed to keep the muscle's constituent's intact.
  • Lack of adequate nutrition- It is a necessity to have a balance of electrolytes (calcium, sodium, potassium, and magnesium) for the contraction and relaxation of a muscle. But the same should not be done by self-treating with supplements. If you take an excess of food supplements, it can be harmful. Hence, you must focus on the simplicity of the food eating whilst maintaining an intake of mostly complex nutrients which are not processed.
  • Side-effects due to medication- Some medications such as statins and furosemide can also cause muscle cramps. It has been frequently observed among the suffering people that they complain of cramps in the legs when they begin taking a new medication. If the problems persist, consult your doctors immediately.
  • Poor blood circulation- A certain amount of daily activity can improve the circulation of the entire body including that of the legs. Lack of walking or even excessive leg activity for that matter can cause hurt in your legs. Therefore, the initial bout of pain in the legs should not be ignored and must be consulted with an orthopedic doctor.
  • Ignoring exercises like stretching- After a long hour of sleep, the body does tend to develop uneven postures that can add to the problem of leg cramps. One should not start off without a stretching exercise to ease the muscles before a strenuous day.

One of the most important things that we tend to forget is the fact that our muscle for legs does most of the balancing act. It is the legs that carry the weight of the entire body. Therefore, even a bit of discomfort in the leg muscle must not be ignored. For the problems that are impending for long should be tested in an MRI scan to figure if these are ominous signs to something threatening. Seek the services of the MRI scan centers in West Delhi which can obtain clear images of the concerned area.

Lumbar Facet Syndrome: Things To Know About This Common Back Pain

Lumbar facet syndrome is commonly encountered spinal joint pain in terms of location in the spine. The lower lumbar vertebrae virtually universally experience degeneration in the facet joints, possibly causing the patient to endure the typical minor aches and pains of aging. However, it should be known that severe pain due to facet joint changes is extremely rare and is not a normal part of spinal aging for most people.

Lumbar facet joint pain's diagnosis is often a tough job for the MRI scan center in Delhi as most patients who are labeled with the condition do not show symptoms or verified evidence of any spinal pathology. Furthermore, the patients may state the symptoms which may not be logical in medical when considering a facet syndrome diagnosis. There are important points to consider when evaluating a diagnosis of facet joint pain in the lower back region.

What is the cause of lumbar facet syndrome?

Like mentioned in the discussion above, degeneration of the lumbar facet joints is basically a universal condition among adults meaning it can affect people regardless of what their race of body composition is. When the body enters the old age, it is pretty common an occurrence that the facet joints will demonstrate minor to moderate arthritic changes. It is in this period that the deterioration of the synovial capsules surrounding these joints is possible. The prime reason for this degeneration is due to the frequent bending and flexing of the lumbar spine necessary to live a typical life. It should be noted that lumbar facet joint degeneration is not inherently painful. There are only rare cases which can produce any significant symptoms whatsoever.

When facet joint deterioration shows the traditional pathological symptomatic conditions, it is diagnosed as facet joint syndrome. The primary causes of painful facet joints include problematic osteophytes which interfere with normal joint movement, combined with the generally increased interactions between vertebral bones due to a wearing away of the protective cartilage and lubricating fluid in the joint. Facet joint pathology does not have major branch of study or diagnosis but it can become more severe in some of the uncommon instances.

Some lumbar facet symptoms

Lumbar facet symptoms are pain being experienced only upon mobilizing affected joints. The pain is also restricted to the highly specific ranges of motion and particular movements. The symptoms or rather the point of pain for lumbar face should be located directly on the spine. They should be localized and not radiating or far-ranging in virtually every case profile. The most common location by far is between L4 and L5, as well as between L5 and S1. This is the region that suffers the earliest, most significant and most common degeneration in the human vertebral column.

For the treatment of these symptoms, there are typically drug therapies which are effective in most of the cases. The other alternative is injection therapy which addresses the direct risks to the spinal anatomy, such as infection and spinal fluid leaks. They also spare the systemic effects of oral route drugs. Few patients also find relief in joint manipulation by a chiropractic practitioner.

MRI- An Imaging Study To Diagnose The Diseases

Magnetic resonance imaging is a modern method for studying the structure, condition, and function of internal organs. It is based on the measurement of electromagnetic waves emanating from body tissues. These signals are transmitted to a computer, which decodes them and converts them into an image. The obtained data is analyzed and evaluated by a specialist conducting an MRI.

Modern equipment allows obtaining a three-dimensional image of the internal organs so that the study has high information content. MRI helps to identify a large number of diseases that are not so accurately diagnosed using other methods.

MRI has great advantages over invasive and radiographic methods, as it is a safe and comfortable procedure. Due to this, the study is used in the diagnosis of diseases of many organs and systems:

  • Brain;
  • Vessels of the neck and brain;
  • Jaw and temporomandibular joint;
  • Joints;
  • Spinal cord;
  • Spine;
  • Abdominal organs;
  • Pelvic organs;
  • Respiratory system;
  • Endocrine system;
  • Lymphatic system;
  • Reproductive system.

One of the most common areas of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of diseases of the nervous system. MRI of the brain allows detecting tumors and determining the stage of their development, diagnosing problems with vessels, multiple sclerosis, and other pathologies.

Many patients are interested in - with MRI of the brain, radiation occurs, and is it dangerous? What dose of radiation does the body receive during the research? Is MRI Hazardous to Health?

MRI Radiation Level

Unlike X-rays and computed tomography (CT), patients receive a zero dose of radiation during an MRI scan, since this study is not based on ionizing radiation, but on electromagnetic effects.

The effect of a magnetic resonance imager is comparable to that of a cell phone or microwave. MRI done by MRI test labs in Delhi does not cause irregularities in the structure, condition, and function of tissues and organs, being at the same time a highly accurate diagnostic method.

Therefore, you can be sure that there is no radiation during an MRI scan of the brain.

Magnetic resonance imaging in oncopathology?

Patients with oncologic MRI are prescribed with the use of a contrast agent - to increase the information content of the study: this allows a detailed study of the tumor and its vascular network. Due to the high precision and diagnosis, the most effective treatment is prescribed.

The absence of irradiation provides the possibility of using MRI for cancer patients with confirmed diagnoses of various malignant tumors, which are not recommended for X-ray methods. X-ray and computed tomography due to ionizing radiation harm the tissues of the body: cause changes in DNA and adversely affect the already existing pathological processes. Electromagnetic effects during MRI are safe for both tumors and healthy tissues and organs.

How often can I do magnetic resonance imaging?

In the absence of contraindications, MRI may be prescribed - depending on the disease and the characteristics of its course - as often as necessary to develop an effective treatment plan or to correct it. Since the procedure is safe for the body, it can be carried out with a minimum time interval.

The frequency of an MRI can only be determined by a doctor. If there is an urgent need or in accordance with the developed plan of dynamic observation, the study is carried out several times in one day.

Why is Magnetic Resonance so Noisy?

In past years, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI diagnostic labs in Delhi) has become one of the most requested tests within a diagnostic imaging service thanks to its great potential to differentiate the different tissues that make up the human body, but why is it so noisy? It is the question that many patients ask themselves at the end of the test.

The Magnetic resonance machine basically consists of a powerful magnet, mostly superconductors, with a transmitter and a radio wave receiver, in addition to all the electronics necessary to coordinate its operation. The magnet creates a powerful magnetic field even more powerful than that of the earth, the transmitter, in turn, emits radio waves that are directed towards the patient, these waves excite the protons of the different tissues and the receiver picks up the signal emitted with which will create the image.

There are four magnets, one main, the largest and most powerful, and the other three smaller ones are the gradients, which are inside a large metal coil called a gradient coil. This coil is composed of copper electromagnets that create a secondary magnetic field in each of the three directions of space and fulfill a fundamental function since they are responsible for spatially locating the RM signal and coding it in order to create the image.

What is so much acoustic noise? To create the magnetic field an electric current has to be applied and when this is applied in the presence of a static magnetic field they produce variable magnetic forces that act on the gradient coil (mechanical vibration) and cause it to expand and contract rapidly in a matter of milliseconds producing movements or vibrations generating noise that is manifested throughout the room, so we can say that the main responsible for the noise generated by the magnetic resonance machine are the gradient coils.

There are other factors that contribute to generate noise such as the modification of acquisition parameters, acoustic noise tends to improve with the reduction of the thickness of cut, the field of vision (FOV), RT (repetition time) and ET (echo time) but this may affect the resulting image.

On the other hand, the acoustic noise characteristics have a spatial dependence depending on the position and the size of the patient; the levels can vary by about 10dB.

Studies conducted including a variety of pulse sequences where several gradients are applied resulted in this type of sequences (3D and GR) being among the strongest with levels ranging from 103-113 dB. Other studies also measured the acoustic noise generated by echo planar (EPI) and FSE (fast spin echo) sequences in 1.5T, noise levels ranging from 114 to 115 dB and in 3T levels in the range of 126 to 131 dB for these noise levels the use of hearing protection is recommended.

When the patient asks about technical issues like this we cannot use a very technical language since the patient would not understand us, we have to find a way to make ourselves understood in order to satisfy their curiosity. A patient informed about the MRI test cost in Noida that is going to be performed tends to collaborate and feel safer.

MRI Under Child Anesthesia: Is It Safe To Do This?

MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) - A procedure of studying the human body with the help of a magnetic field and radio waves. This is a non-invasive diagnosis without compromising the integrity of the skin. The device is based on a magnetic field, pulses that transmit information to the computer. Thanks to this device you can visualize the human body in three projections - axial, sagittal and coronal. In this article, we'll look at how MRI is done under anesthesia to a child.

The MRI test discount in Delhi procedure allows you to diagnose the following pathologies: anomalies of the brain, pituitary, abdominal and pelvic organs.

MRI of the brain in development

To obtain a clear image, the immobility of the patient being examined is a prerequisite. If a person has a clear consciousness and can follow the doctor's instructions during the survey, then no additional substances are used. Thus, it is possible to do MRI for children without anesthesia.

If the patient is sick and cannot stay in a stationary state for a long time, or the child is too small, then a medicinal dream is recommended. Use such types of general anesthesia: intravenous and endotracheal, mask or with a laryngeal mask.

The examination can be carried out in outpatient or inpatient settings. The patient is placed on a fixed table, and his body position is secured with the necessary belts and rollers. There are also individual wires and devices that are located around the circumference of the subject area of the body.

It is possible to use contrast for a better image of the investigated site. Before this, it is necessary to clarify the patient whether he is allergic reactions to iodine. Most often, the procedure uses a contrast substance gadolinium.

It is also essential to check the functional capacity of the kidneys before the test since, in the presence of renal failure, the contrast agent cannot be excreted. In this case, do not use contrast.

The substance is administered intravenously with a syringe or injector. Before use, determine the amount and speed of administration of the drug, which is synchronized with the work of the scanner. Then, the patient table is placed inside the magnet, and the remaining medical personnel leaves the room.

Examining without anesthesia

MRI scan discount on child without anesthesia is also performed. In case it can lie still during the procedure. If the child does not have claustrophobia, epilepsy and seizures. As a rule, medicament sleep is not required for children older than five years.

MRI for adults

If the patient is conscious and can follow the doctor's instructions, then anesthesia is not needed. If he has a violation of consciousness, and a person cannot stay in place for a while, then a drug-induced sleep is required.

You need to prepare for the procedure. Preparation includes several essential items: stopping food intake 9 hours before the study, taking water for 2 hours, you need to remove artificial limbs, lenses, jewelry and metal objects.

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