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MRI Of The Brain (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)

MRI is a modern study of brain structures by recording an RF signal when a patient is placed in a device with a high magnetic field, which allows doctors to conduct a high-quality diagnosis of brain diseases/ injuries. Unlike other methods of radiation diagnostics, such as computed tomography, radiography, during MRI we get more diagnostic information, the accuracy of which is now the highest among all methods of radiation diagnostics of brain structures. In addition, with an MRI of the brain, the patient is not exposed to ionizing radiation; therefore, this procedure is safer for health than other diagnostic methods.

BASIC INDICATIONS FOR MRI OF THE BRAIN

Diseases of the vascular system of the brain. In most cases, patients are referred for MRI test in east Delhi if the person has suffered a stroke or if there has been a hemorrhage in the brain. In this case, you can accurately see the affected area and understand how severe the hemorrhage was in order to use certain drugs to improve the patient's condition.

Endured various head injuries, especially those accompanied by neurological disorders, such as malfunctioning of the senses.

Oncological processes of the brain (primary tumors, secondary changes - metastases). In this case, MRI allows you to monitor the situation and see how much the tumor has increased or decreased after treatment.

Infectious diseases that occur with damage to the nervous system, such as meningitis, encephalitis, brain abscess, which, if improperly treated or absent, can lead to death.

Congenital anomalies of the substance of the brain for a long time may not produce significant symptoms, but under certain conditions (increased blood pressure, trauma, etc.), cause complications ending in temporary disability or disability.

Epilepsy, a condition accompanied by a malfunction of the cerebral cortex, in this situation it is necessary to see which part of the brain is damaged and what is its general condition.

Where to do an MRI of the brain

MRI- the gold standard for brain research, is the most accurate, safe and informative method of radiation diagnostics, both for assessing the anatomical structure of the brain and for visualizing pathological changes in its structure, and some specific studies can evaluate brain metabolism, but at the same time it requires the availability of modern expensive equipment in a medical institution, as well as highly qualified specialists who can make the correct diagnosis h based on studies.

Brain MRI is a painless procedure, as a result of which, using the influence of a magnetic field, and layered, detailed images of brain structures are obtained. MRI is a safe method of examination, i.e., when scanning, X-ray (ionizing) radiation is not used, and the patient is not "irradiated" during the procedure, as a result of several examinations it is possible to go through at a time. It is good to know the MRI test cost in Noida before undergoing the treatment.

If necessary, MRI of the brain is performed with contrast. A contrast agent is used to study processes in the organ or tissue under study in more detail. When injected into a vein, the blood flow brings a contrast medium to the zone of interest, after which a targeted study of this zone is performed, this allows you to identify and confirm the presence, as well as evaluate the dynamics of oncological and inflammatory processes in the brain.

Magnetic Resonance In Children

Brain resonance is primarily used when a structural brain injury is suspected, that is, a problem that we can "photograph."

As in all the complementary tests, the information it offers is of no value if the context of symptoms and signs of the patient that the neurosurgeon will have obtained during the medical visit and with which he will develop a diagnostic hypothesis is not taken into account.

It is essential in the study of pathologies that occur with alterations in brain structure such as childhood cerebral palsy, malformations, or the consequences of trauma or infection, among others.

It is also used in the study of some types of epilepsy, to ensure that there is no underlying cause. And very rarely before a headache.

For the study of vascular diseases, tumours, neurodegenerative processes, and prior to brain surgery, the MRI images are combined with other special resonance techniques:

  • Spectroscopy:

Provides information on brain metabolism

  • Diffusion: study the microscopic molecular movement
  • Perfusion: allows to see cerebral blood flow
  • Angiography:

Visualize, after contrast injection, arteries, and veins

  • Tractography:

To see the structure of brain fibers

  • Functional MRI:

The image is obtained while the patient performs a task and their brain activity is studied

How is a resonance made?

Unlike other imaging techniques, such as simple radiology or CT, magnetic resonance imaging does not use radiation (X-rays), but rather very strong magnets and radio waves that have no side effects. This makes resonance, along with ultrasound, the safest and safest procedure to obtain body images.

The waves pass through the tissue to be studied, finding different resistance depending on the amount of water it contains. Thus, the device produces a very reliable and accurate map of the studied area much sharper than that obtained by other techniques.

The strong magnetic fields that are created during an MRI force to remove all metal objects from the room. Even smaller objects cause interference by vibrating under the force of the magnet, resulting in blurry images without utility, large objects can fly away, causing accidents. Before having an MRI, one should know the MRI test cost in Noida.

That is why the patient should take off his clothes and put on a hospital gown before laying him on the narrow stretcher that slides inside the resonance tube. To better visualize the images, contrast is sometimes given to the patient through an intravenous line. The most widely used is gadolinium, which is very safe and rarely causes side effects - nausea and local pain - and very rarely allergic reactions. It is contraindicated in patients with severe kidney problems.

The time required to obtain the images is very long, about 30 minutes minimum - depending on the surface to be studied, and the patient must be absolutely still so that they do not get blurred. In addition, the intense noise of the device prevents spontaneous sleep. Children under 6 years of age and children with difficulties to collaborate need to be sedated so that the MRI obtains clear images. Sedation will be done by MRI test labs in Delhi who will be present throughout the examination.

Lumbar Facet Syndrome: Things To Know About This Common Back Pain

Lumbar facet syndrome is commonly encountered spinal joint pain in terms of location in the spine. The lower lumbar vertebrae virtually universally experience degeneration in the facet joints, possibly causing the patient to endure the typical minor aches and pains of aging. However, it should be known that severe pain due to facet joint changes is extremely rare and is not a normal part of spinal aging for most people.

Lumbar facet joint pain's diagnosis is often a tough job for the MRI scan center in Delhi as most patients who are labeled with the condition do not show symptoms or verified evidence of any spinal pathology. Furthermore, the patients may state the symptoms which may not be logical in medical when considering a facet syndrome diagnosis. There are important points to consider when evaluating a diagnosis of facet joint pain in the lower back region.

What is the cause of lumbar facet syndrome?

Like mentioned in the discussion above, degeneration of the lumbar facet joints is basically a universal condition among adults meaning it can affect people regardless of what their race of body composition is. When the body enters the old age, it is pretty common an occurrence that the facet joints will demonstrate minor to moderate arthritic changes. It is in this period that the deterioration of the synovial capsules surrounding these joints is possible. The prime reason for this degeneration is due to the frequent bending and flexing of the lumbar spine necessary to live a typical life. It should be noted that lumbar facet joint degeneration is not inherently painful. There are only rare cases which can produce any significant symptoms whatsoever.

When facet joint deterioration shows the traditional pathological symptomatic conditions, it is diagnosed as facet joint syndrome. The primary causes of painful facet joints include problematic osteophytes which interfere with normal joint movement, combined with the generally increased interactions between vertebral bones due to a wearing away of the protective cartilage and lubricating fluid in the joint. Facet joint pathology does not have major branch of study or diagnosis but it can become more severe in some of the uncommon instances.

Some lumbar facet symptoms

Lumbar facet symptoms are pain being experienced only upon mobilizing affected joints. The pain is also restricted to the highly specific ranges of motion and particular movements. The symptoms or rather the point of pain for lumbar face should be located directly on the spine. They should be localized and not radiating or far-ranging in virtually every case profile. The most common location by far is between L4 and L5, as well as between L5 and S1. This is the region that suffers the earliest, most significant and most common degeneration in the human vertebral column.

For the treatment of these symptoms, there are typically drug therapies which are effective in most of the cases. The other alternative is injection therapy which addresses the direct risks to the spinal anatomy, such as infection and spinal fluid leaks. They also spare the systemic effects of oral route drugs. Few patients also find relief in joint manipulation by a chiropractic practitioner.

What Does The 3Tesla Resonance Will Reveal The Multiple Sclerosis?

It has been announced as an important advance in the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system that affects 75,000 Italians and 2.5 million people worldwide.

This is the demonstration that it is possible to identify the brain lesions typical of multiple sclerosis (MS), distinguishing them from similar injuries but due to other pathologies, using a 3 Tesla (3T) magnetic resonance instead of 7 Tesla (7T), more powerful equipment that allows this discrimination in an easy way but that is still mainly used only for research purposes.

WHAT IS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease related to the central nervous system in which the immune system affects the myelin sheath that coats the nerve fibers in the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves. As this process progresses, which also causes the appearance of scars (sclerosis), they gradually lose the ability to transmit the electrical signal to other nerves. It can occur in people of any age and condition; it has mainly a chronic course in which the disease progresses and can cause serious disability.

WHY THE NEUROIMAGING IS SO IMPORTANT

High cost of 3t brain MRI has powerful scanners that resonate the protons of our body, mostly contained in the water of which we are made, and transform the signal they emit into extremely precise images of anatomical structures.

In the case of the brain, the detail is very high up to being able to identify even very small brain structures, such as venules. Pathological changes appear as alterations of this signal. Unfortunately, however, many lesions of extremely different pathologies resemble each other from the point of view of the signal, but understanding exactly where they are located nevertheless greatly helps the diagnosis. For example, MS lesions are perivenular.

And so, as far as the diagnosis of this pathology is clinical, high-field resonance is often necessary, so much so that it is included among the examinations required by diagnostic criteria recognized by the scientific community.

Being able to distinguish in this way, brain lesions from MS from other brain lesions with MRI is therefore fundamental for the diagnosis in cases where some lesion appears, but its nature is not clear.

And making the diagnosis immediately and very quickly is very important because we must try to stop the disease as soon as possible. But a resonance of a certain sensibility counts above all in the progression controls of the illness, when the «lesion load» is evaluated; when new lesions appear from one control to the other, seeing them or not seeing them, or exchanging a new vascular-type lesion with an MS lesion can change the therapy. MRI images are equally important in therapeutic monitoring, ie, in assessing the effects of therapies.

Modern high and very high field imaging machines allow us to obtain highly detailed high-resolution images and are used for the study of numerous neurodegenerative and inflammatory diseases. It is in this part of patients that the new discovery is inserted, moving in the clinical field a technique developed on the very high field of Cost of 3t MRI in Delhi.

Why is Magnetic Resonance so Noisy?

In past years, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI diagnostic labs in Delhi) has become one of the most requested tests within a diagnostic imaging service thanks to its great potential to differentiate the different tissues that make up the human body, but why is it so noisy? It is the question that many patients ask themselves at the end of the test.

The Magnetic resonance machine basically consists of a powerful magnet, mostly superconductors, with a transmitter and a radio wave receiver, in addition to all the electronics necessary to coordinate its operation. The magnet creates a powerful magnetic field even more powerful than that of the earth, the transmitter, in turn, emits radio waves that are directed towards the patient, these waves excite the protons of the different tissues and the receiver picks up the signal emitted with which will create the image.

There are four magnets, one main, the largest and most powerful, and the other three smaller ones are the gradients, which are inside a large metal coil called a gradient coil. This coil is composed of copper electromagnets that create a secondary magnetic field in each of the three directions of space and fulfill a fundamental function since they are responsible for spatially locating the RM signal and coding it in order to create the image.

What is so much acoustic noise? To create the magnetic field an electric current has to be applied and when this is applied in the presence of a static magnetic field they produce variable magnetic forces that act on the gradient coil (mechanical vibration) and cause it to expand and contract rapidly in a matter of milliseconds producing movements or vibrations generating noise that is manifested throughout the room, so we can say that the main responsible for the noise generated by the magnetic resonance machine are the gradient coils.

There are other factors that contribute to generate noise such as the modification of acquisition parameters, acoustic noise tends to improve with the reduction of the thickness of cut, the field of vision (FOV), RT (repetition time) and ET (echo time) but this may affect the resulting image.

On the other hand, the acoustic noise characteristics have a spatial dependence depending on the position and the size of the patient; the levels can vary by about 10dB.

Studies conducted including a variety of pulse sequences where several gradients are applied resulted in this type of sequences (3D and GR) being among the strongest with levels ranging from 103-113 dB. Other studies also measured the acoustic noise generated by echo planar (EPI) and FSE (fast spin echo) sequences in 1.5T, noise levels ranging from 114 to 115 dB and in 3T levels in the range of 126 to 131 dB for these noise levels the use of hearing protection is recommended.

When the patient asks about technical issues like this we cannot use a very technical language since the patient would not understand us, we have to find a way to make ourselves understood in order to satisfy their curiosity. A patient informed about the MRI test cost in Noida that is going to be performed tends to collaborate and feel safer.

How to Determine the Prices of MRI Test Scan?

The magnetic resonance is a test more and more requested by the doctors since it offers fascinating information to know the organs and structures of the human body. It is a secure and painless test that does not use radiation, but powerful magnets and radio waves to produce images of the body.

It can be done in different parts of the body, with different objectives. Here are some of the most performed:

The lumbar spine resonance offers detailed images of this area, including bones, discs, and other structures of the lower back. It detects problems with bones (vertebrae), softtissues (such as the spinal cord), nerves and discs.

Cranial resonance allows detailed images of the brain and surrounding nerve tissues. It is performed by MRI test labs in Delhi to diagnose and monitor many diseases and disorders such as congenital anomaly of the brain, bleeding in the brain, brain tumors, multiple sclerosis or causes of headaches, among others.

With joint resonance, detailed images of joints, muscles or tissues are obtained.

The abdominal resonance offers detailed images of the abdominal area. It is usually done to examine the blood flow in the abdomen, the blood vessels in the abdomen, the cause of swelling or abdominal pain or lymph nodes in the abdomen.

Mammary resonance facilitates a detailed view of the breasts. It is used to pinpoint the location of the lesion when it is necessary to plan surgery, define its size or assess the characteristics of the lesion before starting chemotherapy treatment.

There are other types of magnetic resonances, such as cardiac, prostatic, trans rectal, magnetic resonance angiography or MRI for the study of cerebrospinal fluid.

The price of magnetic resonance is one of the most frequent doubts since it is also one of the most requested tests by doctors today. The price of MRI depends on the number of areas covered and the quality of the resonance. Likewise, when considering the price of magnetic resonance, we must take into account the advantages and disadvantages it has compared to other diagnostic tests. Let's see in detail all these elements that influence the price of magnetic resonance.

What is the price of an MRI?

The first thing you should keep in mind is that magnetic resonance imaging is a diagnostic test that is always performed under medical prescription, that is, it must be a specialist who asks for it. It is a safe test and does not cause any discomfort because it uses radio waves and magnets to make images of the part of the body that we need. It provides clear and clear information about the key organs and structures of the human body.

Also the MRI test cost in Noida may depend on whether the resonance is performed in a closed or open space (in the case of people suffering from claustrophobia or overweight), if it has high musculoskeletal precision, if it is High Field (cerebral, of neck, abdomen or spine), if it is articulated or of high double precision. Whenever it is more accurate or more than one area, the prices of the magnetic resonance will be higher.

When considering an MRI, and the price it has, you must take into account the duration of the test, which is usually between 30 and 60 minutes. To perform it, a medical prescription is necessary and fast for 6 hours before the test and do not bring any metal to the session, such as jewelry.

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