Prevention begins with a good diagnosis
If you notice that your bones fracture easily, if you are a woman of pre-menopausal age or if you have sedentary lifestyle habits, it may be necessary to have a DEXA scan to rule out osteoporosis and be able to prevent it before it appears.
What is osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by a decrease in bone mass and a deterioration in the quality of the bones, therefore, increasing the risk of fractures. Although this disease is prevalent in women, especially during menopause, when calcium assimilation is less, it also occurs in older men. According to the experts of diagnostic labs in Delhi, it is estimated that 1 in 4 postmenopausal women suffers from osteoporosis, increasing the percentage to 40% in women between 70 and 79 years of age. In the case of men, factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption or a sedentary lifestyle intensify the risk of suffering from this disease.
Difference between osteoporosis and osteopenia
Osteopenia is the progressive loss of bone mineral density with age, which can lead, but is not always the case, to osteoporosis.
Differences between osteoarthritis, arthritis and osteoporosis
While osteopenia and osteoporosis affect the bones, arthritis and osteoarthritis are diseases that are concentrated in the joints and in the cartilage tissues that surround them. Both arthritis and osteoarthritis are usually painful, unlike osteoporosis and cannot be diagnosed by DEXA scan, but the patient would need a complementary examination such as x-rays and other imaging tests like 3D ultrasound or MRI test.
How to prevent and cure osteoporosis?
The diagnostic test that helps experts to detect osteoporosis is called DEXA scan and its function is to measure the calcium level of bones.
Main symptoms of osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is known as the silent epidemic since it has no symptoms beyond the pain that appears with the fracture, so detecting it becomes very complicated. It is recommended to make an appointment with your orthopedic surgeon especially after 50 years or if bones fracture easily.
Best treatments for osteoporosis
You can treat osteoporosis naturally or with advanced medical help:
- Playing sports or exercising is vital to strengthen the bones.
- Limit your alcohol intake
- Quit smoking
- Adopt a diet rich in calcium
- Take supplements of calcium and vitamin D
Also, there are advanced treatments that treat the most serious cases of osteoporosis. One of them is the osteoforming treatment, which stimulates the formation and strengthening of the bones. On the other hand, antiresorptive drugs prevent the loss of bone mass thanks to elements such as bisphosphonates and selective estrogen receptor modulators.
How is a bone densitometry done?
The densitometry test does not require any special preparation. Experts recommend not taking calcium supplements during the 24 hours prior to the test and to come without metallic objects (earrings, belts, etc). The specific technique they use to carry out a bone densitometry test is called DEXA scan in which small doses of X-rays are exposed to the bones. Normally, depending on the part of the body to be evaluated, it is done on a stretcher and does not last more than 1 hour.
Is the bone densitometry test painful?
In no case will you feel pain after the DEXA scan test since it is a simple, non-invasive process that uses a minimal dose of radiation.
Therefore, if you feel your bones are fragile or if you want to rule out the diagnosis, put yourself in the hands of our professionals and make an appointment for a densitometry in one of the best medical centers in Delhi.