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MRI For Children: Diagnosis Without Fear

Magnetic resonance imaging has long established itself as a reliable diagnostic method that can identify pathology at an early stage of development. But despite the assurances of the doctors that the procedure is completely safe, many are still distrustful of this type of diagnosis. And especially when it comes to examining a child.

The first and main question: is an MRI scan safe for children?

The tomography itself does not carry any danger to humans. It works without the formation of any harmful radiation, unlike x-rays or computed tomography. Diagnosis is based on the influence of a powerful magnetic field and radio frequency waves on a specific area of ​​the body. I emphasize: it is harmless to both an adult and a child. And we get high-precision images in any plane, visualizing anatomical sections. These images allow you to most accurately diagnose and determine the treatment strategy.

At what age is MRI test in east Delhi prescribed for children? And what can be identified using such a diagnosis?

- Numerous studies have proven the complete harmlessness of MRI, suggest that the procedure can be prescribed even to new-borns. Moreover, with the help of a tomography, we can even conduct an examination of the foetus, which is still in the womb, to exclude developmental abnormalities. But this is done only according to the testimony of doctors and only in the last trimester of pregnancy. For babies up to a year, MRI is prescribed to identify congenital pathologies or if there is a suspicion of developing an infectious disease that can cause complications, including to the central nervous system.

There are situations when new-borns have cerebral haemorrhages or ischemia, when the brain receives insufficient nutrition. It is difficult to do without MRI if it is a suspicion of oncological processes: unfortunately, no adults are safe from them, no children. All these conditions require different treatment, but they have one thing in common: in such cases, an urgent and reliable diagnosis is needed. The sooner we figure out what’s the matter, the sooner we can help the child.

How is the procedure going and are there any differences between MRI for children and adults?

- At first glance, there are no global differences in MRI for an adult and a child. The bottom line is one: a person is located on the table of the tomography, the apparatus is configured depending on the area being studied and the patient’s parameters.

The procedure lasts from 20 minutes to an hour. After processing the results by a computer, the doctor receives a reliable image of certain organs in the form of layered images. Nevertheless, the MR diagnosis of the child has its own nuances. Any childhood age has features that need to be considered.

A newborn, a five-year-old baby, a teenager - they require a different approach to the examination. Firstly, the MRI device is set up in a certain way; the corresponding programs are selected. Secondly, depending on age approaches to preparing a child for the procedure also change. During the examination, the patient is required to be completely still - otherwise, we will not get clear pictures.

And if it is quite possible to explain this to a teenager, then with kids under 5 years old a completely different story. They do not understand what is happening, they can’t lie still, and they are scared of equipment and doctors. To know the MRI scan price in Delhi, you will have to consult the MRI labs. There is only one way out - to have an MRI under anaesthesia.

Can Brain MRI Detect Epilepsy?

To determine a disease such as epilepsy, MRI is much more effective than computed tomography. MRI uses x-rays, which are considered harmless to the body. Brain tissue may be subject to morphological changes; it is precisely magnetic resonance imaging that can determine them. Epileptic seizures in adults occur due to a brain tumor. The cause of the onset and development of the disease can be injuries, infectious diseases, chronic and acute intoxications.

Causes of the disease and the role of MRI in its diagnosis

In the process of diagnosis using MRI, you can determine the appearance of the main focus of the disease. The appearance of the focus primarily concerns a chronic disease. Magnetic resonance imaging allows you to determine the causes of seizures, to determine the size of the foci and their number, to determine the development of the disease for a certain period.

How is an examination using a tomograph for epilepsy?

Before you start diagnosing with MRI test in east Delhi, you must follow certain rules. Try to conduct an examination at the first sign of a disease. The sooner you spend them, the better. The patient must remove all metal objects. The scanning process takes no more than an hour. In order to prevent a seizure during scanning, it is necessary to exclude the occurrence of stressful situations; the patient should be as stable as possible. It is forbidden to conduct a scan if there are stimulants and implants in the patient's body. Tomography in heart failure is also undesirable.

Contrast method

A special contrast agent is used to implement this method. Gadolinium solution is administered intravenously with constant medical supervision. Gadolinium is a light gray metal used as a component in the production of phosphors. It is absolutely safe for humans. After use, it is excreted from the body in a natural way.

Thus, for a successful MRI diagnosis, it is necessary:

Competent, compiled by an epileptologist physician, referral to an MR study. In most cases, based on the clinical picture and EEG results, the neurologist-epileptologist can make an assumption about the nature and localization of the pathological process and should reflect this in the direction.

A modern MRI scanner with a sufficient magnetic induction power of at least 1.5 T and the ability to conduct research with a minimum slice thickness.

A qualified doctor of radiation diagnostics, having training in neurology, well knowing the specifics of the functioning of the nervous system and applying, if necessary, additional methods of data collection that go beyond the scope of the usual protocol.

The absence of a proper dialogue between neurologists-epileptologists and MRI scan centers in New Delhi, as well as, often, insufficient qualifications of both of them, explains a large number of negative results in MRI diagnostics of epilepsy. At the same time, global trends in the development of epileptology indicate a constant decrease in the number of cryptogenic (with undetermined causal) epilepsies and an increase in the number of symptomatic that is, developing secondarily against the background of structural and morphological changes in the brain.

Lumbar Facet Syndrome: Things To Know About This Common Back Pain

Lumbar facet syndrome is commonly encountered spinal joint pain in terms of location in the spine. The lower lumbar vertebrae virtually universally experience degeneration in the facet joints, possibly causing the patient to endure the typical minor aches and pains of aging. However, it should be known that severe pain due to facet joint changes is extremely rare and is not a normal part of spinal aging for most people.

Lumbar facet joint pain's diagnosis is often a tough job for the MRI scan center in Delhi as most patients who are labeled with the condition do not show symptoms or verified evidence of any spinal pathology. Furthermore, the patients may state the symptoms which may not be logical in medical when considering a facet syndrome diagnosis. There are important points to consider when evaluating a diagnosis of facet joint pain in the lower back region.

What is the cause of lumbar facet syndrome?

Like mentioned in the discussion above, degeneration of the lumbar facet joints is basically a universal condition among adults meaning it can affect people regardless of what their race of body composition is. When the body enters the old age, it is pretty common an occurrence that the facet joints will demonstrate minor to moderate arthritic changes. It is in this period that the deterioration of the synovial capsules surrounding these joints is possible. The prime reason for this degeneration is due to the frequent bending and flexing of the lumbar spine necessary to live a typical life. It should be noted that lumbar facet joint degeneration is not inherently painful. There are only rare cases which can produce any significant symptoms whatsoever.

When facet joint deterioration shows the traditional pathological symptomatic conditions, it is diagnosed as facet joint syndrome. The primary causes of painful facet joints include problematic osteophytes which interfere with normal joint movement, combined with the generally increased interactions between vertebral bones due to a wearing away of the protective cartilage and lubricating fluid in the joint. Facet joint pathology does not have major branch of study or diagnosis but it can become more severe in some of the uncommon instances.

Some lumbar facet symptoms

Lumbar facet symptoms are pain being experienced only upon mobilizing affected joints. The pain is also restricted to the highly specific ranges of motion and particular movements. The symptoms or rather the point of pain for lumbar face should be located directly on the spine. They should be localized and not radiating or far-ranging in virtually every case profile. The most common location by far is between L4 and L5, as well as between L5 and S1. This is the region that suffers the earliest, most significant and most common degeneration in the human vertebral column.

For the treatment of these symptoms, there are typically drug therapies which are effective in most of the cases. The other alternative is injection therapy which addresses the direct risks to the spinal anatomy, such as infection and spinal fluid leaks. They also spare the systemic effects of oral route drugs. Few patients also find relief in joint manipulation by a chiropractic practitioner.

MRI- An Imaging Study To Diagnose The Diseases

Magnetic resonance imaging is a modern method for studying the structure, condition, and function of internal organs. It is based on the measurement of electromagnetic waves emanating from body tissues. These signals are transmitted to a computer, which decodes them and converts them into an image. The obtained data is analyzed and evaluated by a specialist conducting an MRI.

Modern equipment allows obtaining a three-dimensional image of the internal organs so that the study has high information content. MRI helps to identify a large number of diseases that are not so accurately diagnosed using other methods.

MRI has great advantages over invasive and radiographic methods, as it is a safe and comfortable procedure. Due to this, the study is used in the diagnosis of diseases of many organs and systems:

  • Brain;
  • Vessels of the neck and brain;
  • Jaw and temporomandibular joint;
  • Joints;
  • Spinal cord;
  • Spine;
  • Abdominal organs;
  • Pelvic organs;
  • Respiratory system;
  • Endocrine system;
  • Lymphatic system;
  • Reproductive system.

One of the most common areas of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of diseases of the nervous system. MRI of the brain allows detecting tumors and determining the stage of their development, diagnosing problems with vessels, multiple sclerosis, and other pathologies.

Many patients are interested in - with MRI of the brain, radiation occurs, and is it dangerous? What dose of radiation does the body receive during the research? Is MRI Hazardous to Health?

MRI Radiation Level

Unlike X-rays and computed tomography (CT), patients receive a zero dose of radiation during an MRI scan, since this study is not based on ionizing radiation, but on electromagnetic effects.

The effect of a magnetic resonance imager is comparable to that of a cell phone or microwave. MRI done by MRI test labs in Delhi does not cause irregularities in the structure, condition, and function of tissues and organs, being at the same time a highly accurate diagnostic method.

Therefore, you can be sure that there is no radiation during an MRI scan of the brain.

Magnetic resonance imaging in oncopathology?

Patients with oncologic MRI are prescribed with the use of a contrast agent - to increase the information content of the study: this allows a detailed study of the tumor and its vascular network. Due to the high precision and diagnosis, the most effective treatment is prescribed.

The absence of irradiation provides the possibility of using MRI for cancer patients with confirmed diagnoses of various malignant tumors, which are not recommended for X-ray methods. X-ray and computed tomography due to ionizing radiation harm the tissues of the body: cause changes in DNA and adversely affect the already existing pathological processes. Electromagnetic effects during MRI are safe for both tumors and healthy tissues and organs.

How often can I do magnetic resonance imaging?

In the absence of contraindications, MRI may be prescribed - depending on the disease and the characteristics of its course - as often as necessary to develop an effective treatment plan or to correct it. Since the procedure is safe for the body, it can be carried out with a minimum time interval.

The frequency of an MRI can only be determined by a doctor. If there is an urgent need or in accordance with the developed plan of dynamic observation, the study is carried out several times in one day.

IUD and Magnetic Resonance

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a test that is done on a large device that uses a magnetic field and energy pulses of radio waves to make pictures of the organs and structures inside the abdomen. In many cases, MRI test in east Delhi provides information about body structures that cannot be seen as well with an x-ray, ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) scan.

To start with, it is worth recalling that an IUD is an intrauterine device made of T-shaped plastic that is usually covered with copper. The IUS is a device, similar to the IUD, adding the function of releasing hormones containing levonorgestrel to prevent pregnancy. The IUD / IUS must be implanted inside the woman's uterus through the vagina, is a fast and straightforward procedure. It is the most frequently used reversible contraceptive method in the world.

Most IUDs are composed of plastic with copper wire or fixed with copper strips, while some also have a central core of silver to prevent the fragmentation of copper, and even some minimal part composed of stainless steel. Tests performed, evaluating the interactions of the magnetic field and the heating of the IUD in 3.0 Tesla’s equipment indicate that these objects are safe for patients, not suffering any displacement, artifact or heating.

The IUD is made from non-metallic materials that include polyethylene, barium sulfate (i.e., which makes it opaque to radiation), and silicone. Therefore, it is safe for patients undergoing MRI tests in all intensities of static magnetic fields.

All the publications, reports, studies and articles used for the publication of this entry show that the performance of Magnetic Resonance tests in women carrying an IUD / IUS is safe. There is no risk of movement or displacement of the IUD if a woman with an IUD undergoes an MRI.

However, it is recommended by MRI scan centers in East Delhi that, before performing the MRI, the technician is informed that he/she will perform the test of being an IUD carrier.

If you are interested in whether it is possible to do an MRI with crowns, you need to understand that mainly inert metals are used in dentistry. They do not respond to a magnetic field. Is it possible to do MRI with crowns, if you plan to examine the spine or joints of the arms and legs, pelvis, abdomen? Of course, yes, in this case, the metal will not be affected.

If the crowns are made of gold, copper alloys or steel with gold plating, the images are obtained with certain interference. Therefore, if the patient was engaged in the installation a long time ago when these materials were the most popular, the answer to the question “Is it possible to do MRI with crowns?” Is an answer, but the quality of the images may be poor.

Types of Magnetic Resonance that Exist

In the diagnosis by the image, different techniques allow us to obtain results of great value for the study and analysis of our state of health and development. Each technique, of course, has its specificities and characteristics that make it more suitable for one or another situation.

While the X-rays offer a high-quality image to study the hard tissues inside our body, such as bones or teeth, the Magnetic Resonances provide us a vision difficult to improve soft tissues such as muscles, organs, and joints. But like Radiographs, there are many types of Magnetic Resonances, so let's take a look at these types and in what cases they are usually used.

What is a Magnetic Resonance?

A Magnetic Resonance, which is also called Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) or Magnetic Resonance Imaging, allows us to obtain images of the interior of our body based on the properties of the magnetic fields of water bodies - always under a medical prescription.

The technological basis is the following: the reaction of the bodies that contain hydrogen nuclei, that is to say, that has a composition formed partly by liquids, is directly proportional to the strength of the applied magnetic field. Thus, by capturing this reaction, images of the interior of our body can be generated. It is a system similar to that of ultrasound, although ultrasound uses sound waves instead of magnetic fields.

The two techniques are completely innocuous and harmless to our body and do not involve irradiation, one of the elements that differentiate CT scan from Magnetic Resonance.

What types of Resonances are there?

Obtaining the images of a Magnetic Resonance takes a while, and its use is usually limited to a specific part, joint or organ, so there are different types of MRI to adapt in the best way to the needs of each case. Keep in mind that you do not need the same power to explore internal areas such as organs and the brain than for the more superficial explorations of muscles or bones.

This fact has made possible the adaptation of the technology, and for example, for a Knee Resonance, one can have the possibility of performing it with a smaller machine that does not require to be introduced in it during a prolonged period.

All these types of improvements are aimed at improving comfort and accuracy to make the test more accessible and more useful for you. So, although later MRI Scan Centres could subdivide much more, insignificant terms these are the types of magnetic resonances that we can find:

Muscle-Skeletal Magnetic Resonance. In general, it includes:

•       Knee MRI.

•       Column MRI: cervical, dorsal and lumbar.

•       Shoulder MRI.

•       MRI of Hip.

•       Cranial MRI.

High Field MRI. Ideal for visualizing internal organs and operating areas.

•       Cerebral MRI.

•       Neck MRI.

•       Thoracic MRI.

•       RMN Abdomen.

•       Pelvic MRI.

Areas operated: operated knee, operated column, operated shoulder, operated wrist, etc.

Open Magnetic Resonance (No Claustrophobic). If you are a claustrophobic person, always ask the center if they have the machine open for your type of MRI.

Articular Magnetic Resonance. Only the study of the upper and lower extremities of the body can be done, neither shoulder nor hip. Exclusive for:

•       Knee MRI.

•       Ankle MRI.

•       Standing MRI.

•       Elbow MRI.

•       Wrist MRI.

•       And Hand-held MRI.

Keep in mind that depending on the machinery and services offered by each specialist center, the division of MRI types may vary or be otherwise oriented.

What are Skeletal Muscle Resonances?

The most common Magnetic Resonances are those whose objective to explore are lesions or less internal affectations such as those that can be suffered in muscles or bones. The power needed to be able to visualize these affectations correctly is not as high as that is necessary for deeper areas. So, these Resonances have low MRI scan price in Delhi and are more straightforward.

Why And When You Need To Have MRI Scan?

In today’s world, there are different types of medical examinations done with the help of multiple devices so that doctors can get the best result and offer the accurate treatment to the patients. MRI Scan is one such examination that is done to determine different health conditions of a patient and plan the future treatment process.

What is MRI Scan?

Magnetic resonance imaging or MRI scan is a radiological technique. In this method radio waves, magnetism and a computer are used to create the images of the body structure of the patient. The scanner looks like a large tube which is surrounded by a huge circular magnet.

There is a moveable bed on which you as a patient need to lie down and then that bed will be inserted into that tube which is surrounded by a magnet to get the images.

Why Do You Need MRI Scan?

This is an advanced and sophisticated ways to determine the causes of your certain health issues and helps the doctors to find the right solution for the same.

What Can Be Seen Through MRI Scan?

There are a number of things that can be diagnosed with the help of a successful MRI Scan. The doctor will suggest you to scan a relevant sector to identify the issues in that particular part of your body.

•    Ailments of the brain including dementia and brain tumors

•    Vascular abnormalities

•    Spinal injuries and related ailments

•    Sports injuries

•    Female pelvic problems

•    Prostate issues

•    Some typical gastrointestinal tract issues

•    Certain ENT conditions

•    Bone ad soft tissue conditions

That means a wide range of health issues can be diagnosed with the help of proper MRI scan. However, you need to go to a reputed and experienced pathology center where you can have the best MRI scan done by the experts in this field.

Who Should Not Have This Test?

Certain individuals should not go through this test because of the presence of powerful magnetic force in the scanner. Though your doctor will know better and will not let you have this test, but you should also be informed of the fact that when you cannot have an MRI Scan. You cannot have this test if you have

1.    A cochlear implant

2.    A cardiac pacemaker

3.    Certain clips inside your head due to brain operations

4.    Any kind of metallic foreign body inside your eyes

5.    Had any kind of surgeries within last eight weeks

6.    If you are carrying a baby

In such conditions, you will be considered as not fit for going through an MRI Scan in any circumstances.

Preparing For This Test

There is no need to some special preparation for this test. You need to change your regular clothes and have to wear a gown before you lie down on that bed for the test. Since magnets are used in this test; hence, you have to remove any kind of metal from your body; even your credit and debit cards too.

However, sometimes the patients are given intravenous (IV) contrast liquid injection to get a clearer image of particular body tissues.

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