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Breast MRI Scan: Purpose, Procedure, and Results

Thoracic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a type of imaging test that uses magnets and radio waves to check for abnormalities in the mammary gland. MRI gives doctors the opportunity to see soft tissue in your body. Your doctor may ask you to get a breast MRI if they suspect that there is an abnormality in the chest.

Why Breast MRI is done?

Breast MRIs are used to examine your breast when other imaging tests are insufficient or inconclusive to screen for breast cancer in women at high risk of having the disease and to check the progression of breast cancer, as well as the effectiveness of its treatment. Your doctor may also order breast MRI if you have:

  • Dense breast tissue
  • Signs of breast cancer
  • Family history of breast cancer
  • Leaking or torn breast implant
  • Neoplasm in the chest
  • Precancerous changes in the breast

Breast MRIs are intended for use with mammography. While breast MRI scan centre in Noida can detect several abnormalities, there are some breast cancers that mammography can better visualize.

How is breast MRI performed?

An MRI machine includes a flat table that can slide in and out of the machine. A rounded, wheel, as the part where magnets and radio waves emit from imaging the chest. Before being scanned, you will change into hospital clothes and remove all jewelry and body piercings. If you use a contrast dye, a dropper will be inserted into your hand so that the dye can be injected into the blood.

In the MRI room, you will lie on your stomach on a soft table. There will be depression on the table where your breasts will rest. The technician will slide you into the car. The doctor will give you instructions on when to conduct more and when to hold your breath. The technician will be in a separate room will be watching and monitoring that collect images, and therefore, these instructions will be given through a microphone.

You won’t feel the car is running, but you can hear loud noises, such as slams or thuds, and possibly a humming noise. A technician can give you a plug. Testing can take up to an hour. After the images have been recorded, you can change and leave.

Breast MRI Results

A radiologist of MRI test lab in Delhi will examine your breast MRI, dictate your interpretation results, and give conclusions to your doctor, who will review them after receiving the results. Your doctor will discuss your results or schedule a follow-up appointment. MRI produces black and white images. Tumors and other abnormalities may occur as bright white spots. These are white spots where the contrast agent is collected due to increased cell activity.

If an MRI scan indicates that the mass may be malignant, your doctor will recommend a biopsy as a follow-up test. This involves surgical removal of a small sample of tissue from a suspicious lump. A biopsy will help the doctor find out if the bump is malignant or not.

Why Is MRI Scan So Noisy?

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become in recent years one of the most requested tests within a diagnostic imaging service thanks to its great potential to differentiate the different tissues that make up the human body, but why is it so noisy. It is the question that many patients ask themselves at the end of the test.

The Magnetic Resonance imaging machine is basically composed of a powerful magnet, mostly superconductors, with a transmitter and a radio wave receiver, in addition to all the electronics needed to coordinate its operation. The magnet creates a powerful magnetic field even more powerful than that of the earth, the transmitter, in turn, emits radio waves that are directed towards the patient, these waves excite the protons of the different tissues and the receiver picks up the emitted signal with which will create the image.

There are four magnets, one main, the largest and most powerful, and the other three smaller ones are the gradients, which are inside a large metal coil called the gradient coil. This coil is composed of copper electromagnets that create a secondary magnetic field in each of the three directions of space and fulfill a fundamental function since they are responsible for spatially locating the Magnetic Resonance signal and encoding it to create the image that is performed by MRI scan centre in East Delhi.

Why so much acoustic noise? To generate the magnetic field an electric current has to be applied and when it is applied in the presence of a static magnetic field they produce variable magnetic forces that act on the gradient coil (mechanical vibration) and causes it to expand and contract rapidly in a matter of milliseconds producing movements or vibrations generating the noise that is manifested throughout the room, so we can say that the main reason the noise generated by the RM machine present in the MRI test labs in Delhi are the gradient coils.

There are other factors that contribute to generate noise such as the modification of acquisition parameters, acoustic noise tends to improve with the decrease of the thickness of cut, the field of vision (FOV), TR (repetition time) and TE ( echo time) but this may affect the resulting image.

On the other hand, the characteristics of the acoustic noise have a spatial dependence depending on the position and the size of the patient the levels can vary in about 10dB.

Studies conducted including a variety of pulse sequences where several gradients are applied resulted in this type of sequence (3D and GR) being among the strongest with levels ranging from 103 - 113 dB. Other studies also measured the acoustic noise generated by the echo-planar (EPI) and the FSE (fast spin-echo) sequences in 1.5T, noise levels ranging from 114 to 115 dB and at 3T levels in the range of 126 to 131 dB for these noise levels the use of hearing protection is recommended.

General Electric GE developed a technology called Silent Scan a few years ago that allows to reduce acoustic noise to a level similar to that of ambient sound, if we take into account that an RM scanner without this technology generates a noise of approximately 100 dB, depending on several factors, this decrease of almost 30 dB causes greater patient satisfaction and generates a more pleasant silent and comfortable experience.

Back Pain And Shortness Of Breath: Finding Out The Causes

Having back pain and trouble breathing can be particularly concerning, especially if you’re unsure about the cause. The back pain coupled with shortness of breath undoubtedly puts a person under a lot of discomforts. Hence, the persistent problem must go through some diagnosis in the MRI test as well as consulting to the doctor. The reason for back pain can be many. Let us find out each of them which compound the problem of back pain and shortness of breath.

  1. Intercostal muscle strain- Few people are aware of the intercostals muscles, a muscle formation which runs between adjacent ribs and play an important role in expanding and contracting the rib cage when breathing. If one or more of these muscles are strained along the back, the symptoms can range from a mild tenderness or stiffness to intense, sharp back pain. Thus can also result in breathing difficulties due to expansion and contraction of rib cage.

An intercostal muscle can be strained in various ways, such as:

  • Overuse/overexertion- A common reason for any muscle group to get a strain is overuse of the same. The intercostal muscle is no different. Some activities rowing can cause a muscle to overstretch and develop small tears. A sudden or awkward movement can also strain a muscle.
  • Direct trauma- This refers to the direct impact on the ribs due to collision or a fall. The injury or the direct trauma directly impacts the ribs and connecting muscles could injure one or more of the intercostal muscles.

An intercostal muscle strain typically starts to ease within a few days. The average time for fully recovery takes 6 to 8 weeks. The initial level of pain which may be severe can be relieved with ice, heat packs, or over-the-counter pain medications

2. Severe kyphosis- A healthy thoracic spine (upper back) is slightly curved forward, which is called a kyphotic curve or kyphosis. However, if the thoracic spine is curved at least 50 degrees, it is considered hyperkyphosis, also commonly referred to as kyphosis

Besides the aforementioned major reasons for back pain, the MRI scan center in Delhi has also listed reasons that can cause shortness of breath due to severe back pain. These are:

  • Scoliosis- The abnormal sideways twisting and rotation of the spine, called scoliosis. Though it is rare but this abnormal movement can become severe enough to affect breathing. Sometimes both scoliosis and kyphosis are present together.
  • Allergic reactions- Medicines are very likely to put people at risk of developing an allergic reaction to some medications for back pain, such as muscle relaxants. Several troubling signs and symptom could indicate an allergic reaction to back pain medication, such as difficulty breathing, chest tightness, swelling in the throat (or arms or legs), etc.

Every unexplainable pain that goes to the excruciating levels must be referred to the physicians who can guide in the subsequent process of diagnosis. A well plan and routine therapy can undoubtedly ease the problem of shortness of breath due to back pain.

The Advantages of MRI 3T Scans

MRI scans has been gaining a lot of attention and one might have come across the term pretty often even if they have not undergone the same in person. In case you aren't sure what it is, MRI stands for magnetic resonance imaging. This technique is best defined as a method of imaging that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce detailed images of your body's internal organs and tissues. An MRI machine can also produce three-dimensional images that may be viewed from several different angles.

Like all the other units, there is a unit for measuring the magnetic field emitted in the 3t MRI scan. It is known as a Tesla (T). By and large, the MRI scanners operate at strength of 1.5 Tesla. However, the 3 Tesla MRI, differs in the operational features as it operates at twice the normal strength. This provides a greater signal-to-noise ratio, which is a major determinant in generating the highest quality image.  The strength of a 3 Tesla MRI yields myriad benefits for radiologists and their patients. Listed below are just a few.

Advantages of Using a 3T MRI Scanner

  • ​It is extremely efficient, leading to shorter examination times.
  • It provides a more pleasant patient experience, since the shorter size of the magnet bore relieves the sense of confinement patients associate with most MRI scanners.
  • It is due to the higher image resolution of the 3T MRI scan that they are able to produce more detailed images, which are beneficial when diagnosing pathological conditions involving the brain, spine, and musculoskeletal system. The resolution and clarity also allow radiologists to identify smaller lesions and anatomical structures that cannot be seen with less powerful machines.
  • It allows for more sophisticated imaging procedures with more accurate diagnosis.
  • It lowers the risk of distorted images, thus eliminating the need for repeated scans.

Because the 3 Tesla MRI scanners is so reliable, physicians, radiology experts, and the rest of the health care team are able to provide you with a quicker diagnosis and more accurate treatment, which improves your chances of seeing a positive outcome. We offer 3T MRI scans at our diagnostic imaging centers. There is also a MRI anesthesia wherein the claustrophobic and high-aucity patients are made to go mild sedation so the scan can get underway effectively.

Cost of 3t MRI scan

It is clear that the 3t MRI scan is the most powerful of all the scans due to the fact they have the ability to produce vivid images of the area scanned. There are variations in the types of scan, let's say the brain. Hence the cost of 3t brain mri is likely to differ. For instance the cost of MRI 3t orbit is INR 11400 whereas the cost of MRI 3T breast is INR 9500.

If you are on the lookout for the trusted portal to get the estimated cost for pathological tests like MRI 3T scan, you may log in to www.3hcare.in and plan your tests accordingly.

MRI Scan: The Procedure, its Types and the Frequently Asked Questions

A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan is a common procedure around the world.

MRI scan at a MRI Scan Centre is conducted by using a strong filed radio or magnetic waves that help in obtaining the detailed images of the organs within the body.

Since the time it was first introduced to the world of diagnostics, many doctors and researchers have termed MRI as "revolutionary".


What is MRI of the Body?

In simple terms MRI stands for Magnetic resonance imaging. It is a noninvasive (meaning there is no need to make an incision whatsoever) form of medical test used by the physicians to diagnose medical conditions.

This test uses a powerful magnetic field, radio frequency pulses. The final result of the test is recorded in a computer wherein the detailed pictures of organs, bones, tissues and virtually every internal body structure is made visible in this test.  The biggest advantage is that the mri test labs in delhidoes not use ionizing radiation (x-rays).

The presence of certain disease in various parts of the body is also found out in the MR images. The mri scan labs in delhi ncr have the facility to transmit the images from the computer and have them printed or copied in a CD so they can be sent to the doctors for evaluation and plan the further treatment.

What are Some Common Uses of the Procedure?

MR imaging of the body is performed to evaluate:

·        The most vital organs like hearts, liver, kidney etc. can be monitored with the help of MRI scan.

·        MRI scan is also helpful to detect the diseases of the pelvic organs as well as the reproductive organs such as the uterus and ovaries in females and the prostate gland in males.

·        Blood vessels (including MR Angiography).

·        Lymph nodes.

·        Physicians use an MR examination to help diagnose or monitor treatment for conditions such as:

·        Tumors of the chest, abdomen or pelvis.

·        Diseases of the liver, such as cirrhosis, and abnormalities of the bile ducts and pancreas.

·        Inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.

·        It is also recommended for congenital heart disease.

·        Malformations of the blood vessels and inflammation of the vessels (vasculitis).

·        A fetus in the womb of a pregnant woman.

What Does the Equipment Look Like?

The traditional MRI unit in the MRI Scan Centre looks pretty much the same as a cylinder-shaped tube surrounded by a circular magnet. The patient is made to lie down on a moveable examination table that slides into the center of the magnet that emits the magnetic waves.

There are some MRI units that are known as short-bore system. These are designed in a way that the magnets do not surround the person in entirety. Some newer MRI machines come with a larger diameter which can more comfortable for patients of larger physical frame or those who are claustrophobic. The other MRI machines are open to the sides i.e. open MRI. As a result, the newer open MRI units are capable of high quality images for various types of exams. The same cannot be said for the old MRI units since they use backdated technology. Moreover, the open MRI cannot be considered fit for certain types of examinations. It is therefore advised to consult your mri scan labs in delhi ncr.
The computer workstation that does all the post processing of the images is located separately at a safe distance from the scanner.

Preparation

An MRI scan requires very little preparation prior to the scan.

Once you arrive at the MRI lab for a full body mri scan cost in delhi, the doctors would suggest to change into a gown or other free flowing cloth. Since this test is completely reliant on the magnetic fields, it is critical that the person undergoing the test shows up without wearing any metal object. In doing so, the doctor would ask to remove any object that interferes with the machine.

Some of the cases make it difficult to have an MRI for a person. These can be for the presence of the metal inside their body such as such as bullets, shrapnel, or other metallic foreign bodies. The medical devices like cochlear implants, aneursym clips, and pacemakers can also hinder the MRI scans.

Individuals who are anxious or nervous about enclosed spaces should tell their doctor. They shall be given medication prior to the MRI procedure to make the process comfortable.

Moreover, the MRI patients might be given an injection of intravenous (IV) contrast liquid. This may be done to improve the visibility of a particular tissue that is relevant to the scan.

The radiologist, a doctor who specializes in medical images, will then talk the individual through the MRI scanning process and answer any questions they may have about the procedure.

During an MRI Scan

Once the patient is placed into the scanner, the MRI technician ensures that the person is comfortable with the help of an intercom. The process is not commenced until the patient is ready.

It is vital to stay till throughout the scan as any movement can disrupt the images. Another thing to be noticed is that the scanner would produce loud clanging noise albeit it is not something to be scared of. Certain images require the person to hold their breath at times. Nevertheless, if the patient is too uncomfortable to go through the test, they can speak to the technician and request the scan to be stopped.

After an MRI Scan

Post MRI scan, the radiologist and the team of technicians would examine the images and see if there is a need to go for another scan. If not then the patient can go home.

Next the radiologist will prepare a report for the requesting doctor. Hence the patients are told to schedule an appointment with the doctor discussing the results.

Side Effects

Rarely do patients feel or experience any kind of pain or niggle from an MRI scan.

That said, some people may complain of nausea, headache. The allergy due to the contrast material is rare but its possibility is not ruled out. It can cause hives or itchy eyes. Therefore one must notify the technician to avoid any adverse reaction.

Those who suffer from claustrophobia are the ones who feel discomfort during an MRI scan.

Function

An MRI scanner contains two powerful magnets. These are the most important parts of the equipment.

The human body is largely made of water molecules, which are comprised of hydrogen and oxygen atoms. At the center of each atom lies an even smaller particle called a proton, which serves as a magnet and is sensitive to any magnetic field

Normally, the water molecules in the body are randomly arranged, but on entering an MRI scanner, the first magnet causes the water molecules to align in one direction, either north or south.

The second magnetic field is then turned on and off in a series of quick pulses, causing each hydrogen atom to change its alignment when switched on and then quickly switch back to its original relaxed state when switched off.

Passing electricity through gradient coils, which also cause the coils to vibrate, creates the magnetic field, causing a knocking sound inside the scanner.

Although the patient cannot feel these changes, the scanner can detect them and, in conjunction with a computer, can create a detailed cross-sectional image for the radiologist.

Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging fMRI

Functional magnetic resonance imaging or functional MRI (fMRI) uses MRI technology to measure cognitive activity by monitoring blood flow to certain areas of the brain.

The blood flow increases in areas where neurons are active. This gives an insight into the activity of neurons in the brain.

This technique has revolutionized brain mapping, by allowing researchers to assess the brain and spinal cord without the need for invasive procedures or drug injections.

Functional MRI helps researchers learn about the function of a normal, diseased, or injured brain.

fMRI is also used in clinical practice. Standard MRI scans are useful for detecting anomalies in tissue structure. However, an fMRI scan can help detect anomalies in activity.

In short, fMRI tests what tissues do rather than how they look.

As such, doctors use fMRI to assess the risks of brain surgery by identifying the regions of the brain involved in critical functions, such as speaking, movement, sensing, or planning.

Functional MRI can also be used to determine the effects of tumors, stroke, head and brain injuries, or neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's.

How Stay Calm During MRI Scan?

Claustrophobia is a fear of being confined to a small space. Some people might be okay in a small room but terrified of being trapped in an elevator; others with claustrophobia might be fine in the elevator but terrified of being in a tight box. But general estimates put the numbers around five to ten perfect of the population, though. While for the most part claustrophobia won’t impact your day-to-day life, there are certain circumstances where it can become an issue. One of the most common scenarios where claustrophobia becomes a problem is when you need an MRI. MRI machines are notorious for making people feel uncomfortable; even someone who never felt claustrophobic before may do so once they are inside the machine. However, the information that this machine can provide to your doctor can be vital for diagnosing health concerns such as tumors, inflammation in the bowels, or even cirrhosis of the liver. So getting through the process, claustrophobic or not, is a must.

Thankfully, there are a number of things that you can do to make the process of getting an MRI easier on yourself so you can overcome your fears and get the imaging that you need. We’ve been working with patients in the Tulsa area for decades; during that time, we’ve discovered a lot of helpful tips that you might find useful if you are feeling apprehensive about your scan.

Answering the Most Frequently Asked Questions

How Long Will an MRI Scan Take?

MRI scans' time duration ranges between 20 and 60 minutes. The part of the body which is required to be analyzed and how many images are required would also affect the time taken. If, after the first MRI scan, the images are not clear enough for the radiologist, they may ask the patient to undergo a second scan straight away.

I Have Braces or Filings, Should I Still Undergo the Scan?

Although braces and fillings are unaffected by the scan, they may distort certain images. The doctor and technician will discuss this beforehand. The MRI scan may take longer if additional images are required.

I am Claustrophobic, What Can I Do?

The doctor and radiologist will be able to talk the patient through the whole procedure and address any anxieties. Open MRI scanners are available in some locations for certain body parts to help patients who have claustrophobia.

A person can take medication prior to the test to ease anxiety.

Do I Need an Injection of Contrast Before my MRI Scan?

A contrast dye can improve diagnostic accuracy by highlighting certain tissues.

Some patients may need to have a contrast agent injected before the scan.

Can I Have an MRI scan if I am Pregnant?

Unfortunately, there is no simple answer. Let a doctor know about the pregnancy before the scan. There have been relatively few studies on the effect of MRI scans on pregnancy.

Typically, doctors do not recommend contrast material for women who are pregnant.

MRI scans should be restricted during the first trimester unless the information is considered essential. MRI scans during the second and third trimester are safe at 3.0 tesla (T) or less. The tesla is a measurement of magnetic strength.

Cost of MRI scan

MRI scan is a large scale process of scanning and it has the capability to generate images of high quality for almost the entire body. The MRI Scan Cost ranges between INR 4800 and INR 7200.

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