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How To Determine The Cause Of "Knee Pain"?

One of the most common complaints after outdoor activities is a pain in the knee joint. Its cause can be both sharp traumatic effects and prolonged static loads. If you are concerned about “knee pain”, then you need to consult a traumatologist, because in some cases joint pain can be a harbinger of serious pathology.

Diagnosis of the causes of "knee pain"

In the vast majority of cases, the damage is complex, and without visualization of damaged structures to identify problem areas can be problematic. For this, an MRI study is performed by MRI scan centre in New Delhi to study the anatomical structures of the joint and identify the cause of the pain.

In the knee joint are most often damaged:

  • Menisci (red markers)
  • Bags of the joint in the form of inflammation.
  • Ligaments:
  • Cruciform- front and back
  • Collateral
  • Own patellar ligament

When does it make sense to examine an MRI of the knee?

With each step, the knee joints experience a three-dimensional load of the weight of the whole organism. For a short period, the knee can withstand much more. Like no other joint, the knee provides mobility. Cartilage and meniscus absorb a heavy load, and the ligaments further stabilize the knee.

Often, problems with the knee joint occur in children and adolescents in connection with growth, since the individual elements of the knee joint must constantly adapt to each other.

The knee joint is already inherently subjected to a constant load, and the additional load (for example, during sports) causes damage to it. Excessive rotation often causes ligament rupture, especially the cruciate ligament. An overload can also lead to the rupture of the meniscus. These two diagnoses cannot be made by X-ray. This requires an MRI scan.

In addition, the knee joint refers to those joints that are the most susceptible to wear (arthrosis). An MRI scanner shows how worn the cartilage is. Determining the degree of wear is very important in developing a treatment plan.

What is this survey?

Using a strong magnetic field, the internal structures of the knee are visualized in the framework of magnetic resonance imaging. This allows MRI scan centres in east Delhi to make an accurate diagnosis.

If the artificial knee cannot be avoided, then MRI images are an important part in terms of preparing the patient for surgery. It is necessary to clearly determine the type and position of the artificial joint.

As part of the examination (examination lasts up to 20 minutes), you lie on a movable couch, which is sent to the tunnel. It is open front and back. Using a strong magnetic field, layered images of the knee are created to consider the smallest changes. Such changes cannot be detected using x-rays, and the examination is painless and takes place for the patient in a gentle manner.

If necessary, a contrast agent is introduced in order to better consider the individual parts of the knee joint and possible damage. The used contrast medium does not contain iodine and only in rare cases, causes side effects.

Lumbar Facet Syndrome: Things To Know About This Common Back Pain

Lumbar facet syndrome is commonly encountered spinal joint pain in terms of location in the spine. The lower lumbar vertebrae virtually universally experience degeneration in the facet joints, possibly causing the patient to endure the typical minor aches and pains of aging. However, it should be known that severe pain due to facet joint changes is extremely rare and is not a normal part of spinal aging for most people.

Lumbar facet joint pain's diagnosis is often a tough job for the MRI scan center in Delhi as most patients who are labeled with the condition do not show symptoms or verified evidence of any spinal pathology. Furthermore, the patients may state the symptoms which may not be logical in medical when considering a facet syndrome diagnosis. There are important points to consider when evaluating a diagnosis of facet joint pain in the lower back region.

What is the cause of lumbar facet syndrome?

Like mentioned in the discussion above, degeneration of the lumbar facet joints is basically a universal condition among adults meaning it can affect people regardless of what their race of body composition is. When the body enters the old age, it is pretty common an occurrence that the facet joints will demonstrate minor to moderate arthritic changes. It is in this period that the deterioration of the synovial capsules surrounding these joints is possible. The prime reason for this degeneration is due to the frequent bending and flexing of the lumbar spine necessary to live a typical life. It should be noted that lumbar facet joint degeneration is not inherently painful. There are only rare cases which can produce any significant symptoms whatsoever.

When facet joint deterioration shows the traditional pathological symptomatic conditions, it is diagnosed as facet joint syndrome. The primary causes of painful facet joints include problematic osteophytes which interfere with normal joint movement, combined with the generally increased interactions between vertebral bones due to a wearing away of the protective cartilage and lubricating fluid in the joint. Facet joint pathology does not have major branch of study or diagnosis but it can become more severe in some of the uncommon instances.

Some lumbar facet symptoms

Lumbar facet symptoms are pain being experienced only upon mobilizing affected joints. The pain is also restricted to the highly specific ranges of motion and particular movements. The symptoms or rather the point of pain for lumbar face should be located directly on the spine. They should be localized and not radiating or far-ranging in virtually every case profile. The most common location by far is between L4 and L5, as well as between L5 and S1. This is the region that suffers the earliest, most significant and most common degeneration in the human vertebral column.

For the treatment of these symptoms, there are typically drug therapies which are effective in most of the cases. The other alternative is injection therapy which addresses the direct risks to the spinal anatomy, such as infection and spinal fluid leaks. They also spare the systemic effects of oral route drugs. Few patients also find relief in joint manipulation by a chiropractic practitioner.

What to Choose - Urography or MRI of the Kidneys

To assess the function of the urinary system of the body and identify its diseases, the doctor will offer you several research options - this will be either CT, ultrasound, urography or MRI of the kidneys. But what to choose? Let us dwell on the last two methods. The human urinary system includes the ureters, renal pelvis, bladder, and prostate. The complexity of the device of this system causes a large number of research methods.

Urography or MRI of the kidney: research principle

Renal urography, unlike MRI, is an x-ray examination method. With the passage of urography by MRI Scan Centres in East Delhi, a contrast agent is injected into the patient, which is subsequently excreted through the kidneys. There are three types of urography:

  • Overview, without contrast;
  • Excretory, take a picture sometime after the introduction of contrast;
  • Intravenous, contrast is injected into a vein, after which 3–4 shots are taken at the second, fifth and seventh minutes, which allows us to estimate the rate at which contrast is removed.

Normally, contrast agents should not accumulate in the tissues or be modified but should be well excreted through the kidneys. Usually, use radiopaque preparations based on iodine.

Urography is prescribed for:

  • Infectious processes in the kidneys;
  • Injuries;
  • Suspected neoplasm;
  • Urolithiasis;
  • Developmental abnormalities;
  • Kidney diseases (nephroptosis, hydronephrosis).

Indications for kidney MRI are almost the same as for urography, but this method of research is not X-ray but MRI test labs in Delhi uses a magnetic field to take pictures, which is practically harmless to the body. Also, with MRI, layer-by-layer images of the organ are obtained, which are then combined into a three-dimensional image using a computer program. Tomography can also be performed with or without a contrast, which contains gadolinium salts.

Urography or MRI: Advantages and Disadvantages

Both urography and MRI can reveal some pathologies of the kidneys, as well as a violation of their excretory function. So, with their help, you can detect:

  • Hydronephrosis of one kidney or both;
  • Kidney prolapse (nephroptosis);
  • Developmental abnormalities (horseshoe kidney);
  • Stones in the pelvis, ureters;
  • Ureteral trauma;
  • Benign, malignant tumors.

But, unlike MRI, urography gives a picture in which the shadows of the organs overlap, which does not always make possible the successful detection of pathology. Especially often get a good picture to interfere with gases in the intestine.

Also, the urography has the following number of disadvantages:

  • Low quality of the image, which does not allow to look at tiny formations (MRI visible education less than 1 cm);
  • Irradiation with ionizing rays (in some cases, it is quite high, since several pictures are taken during urography);
  • The inability to qualitatively study the structure of the kidneys;
  • High allergic of iodine-containing contrast (as compared with gadolinium-based preparations);
  • Urography cannot be performed on children.
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