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MRI For Children: Diagnosis Without Fear

Magnetic resonance imaging has long established itself as a reliable diagnostic method that can identify pathology at an early stage of development. But despite the assurances of the doctors that the procedure is completely safe, many are still distrustful of this type of diagnosis. And especially when it comes to examining a child.

The first and main question: is an MRI scan safe for children?

The tomography itself does not carry any danger to humans. It works without the formation of any harmful radiation, unlike x-rays or computed tomography. Diagnosis is based on the influence of a powerful magnetic field and radio frequency waves on a specific area of ​​the body. I emphasize: it is harmless to both an adult and a child. And we get high-precision images in any plane, visualizing anatomical sections. These images allow you to most accurately diagnose and determine the treatment strategy.

At what age is MRI test in east Delhi prescribed for children? And what can be identified using such a diagnosis?

- Numerous studies have proven the complete harmlessness of MRI, suggest that the procedure can be prescribed even to new-borns. Moreover, with the help of a tomography, we can even conduct an examination of the foetus, which is still in the womb, to exclude developmental abnormalities. But this is done only according to the testimony of doctors and only in the last trimester of pregnancy. For babies up to a year, MRI is prescribed to identify congenital pathologies or if there is a suspicion of developing an infectious disease that can cause complications, including to the central nervous system.

There are situations when new-borns have cerebral haemorrhages or ischemia, when the brain receives insufficient nutrition. It is difficult to do without MRI if it is a suspicion of oncological processes: unfortunately, no adults are safe from them, no children. All these conditions require different treatment, but they have one thing in common: in such cases, an urgent and reliable diagnosis is needed. The sooner we figure out what’s the matter, the sooner we can help the child.

How is the procedure going and are there any differences between MRI for children and adults?

- At first glance, there are no global differences in MRI for an adult and a child. The bottom line is one: a person is located on the table of the tomography, the apparatus is configured depending on the area being studied and the patient’s parameters.

The procedure lasts from 20 minutes to an hour. After processing the results by a computer, the doctor receives a reliable image of certain organs in the form of layered images. Nevertheless, the MR diagnosis of the child has its own nuances. Any childhood age has features that need to be considered.

A newborn, a five-year-old baby, a teenager - they require a different approach to the examination. Firstly, the MRI device is set up in a certain way; the corresponding programs are selected. Secondly, depending on age approaches to preparing a child for the procedure also change. During the examination, the patient is required to be completely still - otherwise, we will not get clear pictures.

And if it is quite possible to explain this to a teenager, then with kids under 5 years old a completely different story. They do not understand what is happening, they can’t lie still, and they are scared of equipment and doctors. To know the MRI scan price in Delhi, you will have to consult the MRI labs. There is only one way out - to have an MRI under anaesthesia.

Examination Of The Gastrointestinal Tract By MRI And CT

When examining the gastrointestinal tract and suspecting a serious illness, a computer (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan is performed. Only these two types of examinations can give a full picture of violations in the digestive tract. With more common diseases, ulcers, bowel obstruction, polyps, CT is usually prescribed, which within 15 minutes will reveal all the disorders, including internal bleeding. MRI is prescribed by an MRI scan centres in Noida in more complex cases, with suspected neoplasms in the gastrointestinal tract or when other examination options do not give an exact answer in determining the disease.

Pay attention to your intestines with the following symptoms:

  • Black feces or blood feces (see a doctor immediately)
  • Often recurring pain in the abdomen or anus
  • Prolonged feeling of nausea
  • Prolonged constipation
  • Bloating
  • Frequent diarrhea

MRI is prescribed to the patient to obtain the final picture of the disease, as well as:

  • With suspected tumors
  • If the patient is pregnant

This is explained by the fact that in MRI, unlike CT, the patient is not exposed to aggressive radiation during the procedure. Therefore, CT is strictly contraindicated for pregnant women, and MRI is allowed from the third month. CT can also not be done more than once a year. CT is prescribed for suspected internal bleeding, and when there is a suspicion of a violation of the complete integrity of the intestines and stomach. Also, when there is a suspicion of acute bowel obstruction. With CT, the patient is exposed to radiation; with this, there are limitations in its use.

With CT, doctors can accurately determine the state of the gastrointestinal tissue and the violation of their integrity, determines wall defects, perforation of the stomach and intestines, and the state of sphincters.

MRI gives a picture of changes in cell metabolism and reveals significant pathologies, including malignant and benign tumors, cholelithiasis, and inflammatory processes in the pancreas.

It is not difficult to prepare these procedures:

  • Forget about vegetables, fruits, grain bread and other products containing coarse fiber per day
  • 8 hours before the examination, stop any meal
  • An hour before the procedure, take 5-6 tablets of activated carbon, if there are no contraindications.

WHAT TO CHOOSE: CT OR MRI?

When choosing between CT and MRI, it is necessary to take into account the features of each type of examination and recommendations of MRI scan centers in east Delhi. When making a decision, the following factors should be considered:

The clinical picture. If you suspect diseases such as an ulcer, polyp, other disorders in the structure of the intestinal wall or obstruction, they often turn to computed tomography. This examination allows you to detect internal bleeding, which helps to save the patient's life. Due to the fact that the study takes no more than 10-15 minutes, the diagnosis of an injury to the gastrointestinal tract and the appointment of the necessary treatment is fast enough.

Suspicion of oncology. MRI of the gastrointestinal tract allows you to get an accurate diagnosis regarding cancer. Finding a tumor, especially in the pancreas, is quite difficult, especially in acute inflammation. This method provides an accurate diagnosis of such pathology and makes it possible to prescribe effective therapy.

The 3 Main Trends In Diagnostic Imaging Of 2019

The technology is not modern but its applications could be surprising.

The prospects for diagnostic imaging in 2019 seem very similar to what was discussed in 2018. Artificial intelligence (AI) and wearable devices are again on the list, along with even more apps for mobile imaging devices. This ranking of the 3 main trends in diagnostic imaging is no surprise. However, in 2019, it will be interesting to observe a better understanding and more applications of these already existing technologies.

Trend 1. Artificial intelligence deserves a closer look

The interest and development of applications on the subject of artificial intelligence will remain high. Although artificial intelligence is explored as an additional eye on image analysis, it will not replace the human factor. MRI scan centers in east Delhi do much more as compared to the most advanced algorithm can do because they don't focus exclusively on images. Their purpose includes communication, image quality assessment, image optimization, training, procedures, policy definition, and more. Becoming an expert in all these essential skills would require a level of "general artificial intelligence" of at least 20 years- if not perhaps more.

Trend 2. Wearable diagnostics

Wearable medical devices will do more in imaging than during 2019. Although many medical devices have limitations and some are controversial, the list of their applications- from measuring ECGs to alerting people overexposed to UV rays- is exploding. One of the most recent inventions for diagnostic imaging is the MEG wearable brain scanner.

The lightweight MEG is "worn as a helmet and can measure brain activity while people make natural movements like nodding, stretching, drinking tea and even playing ping-pong." The wearable scanner offers better imaging possibilities to patients with disorders that cause body movements.

Another wearable device is an MRI glove. Worn close to the skin, it can provide clear and consistent images of moving joints and tendons.

The advantages of the images produced by the MRI glove include the provision of a clear map of the anatomy of the hand, which helps in multiple aspects, from surgery to the most accurate prosthesis design.

Trend 3. Mobile applications for brain and body

Although there are many health apps for mobile devices, there are not many applications approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for diagnostic imaging. However, mobile technology will continue to affect the medical profession in diagnostic imaging.

Together, these developments allow radiologists to report, collaborate, and consult doctors in other specialties with the same certainty that they would have following an assessment at their reporting workstations.

Concluding

There will be technological advances that will help improve the diagnoses and speed with which they can be processed. Finally, greater flexibility through mobile access for radiologists will help doctors, nurses, and other professionals involved in the care continuum to be better informed and closer to the patient.

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