When the kidney function test is made, it is imperative to protect the kidneys already affected. The goal is to avoid or delay the progression of the disease to chronic renal failure or end-stage renal failure. Simple therapeutic measures prevent the degradation of these organs. Discover them!
Controlling hypertension and proteinuria
Diseases that affect the blood vessels also damage the kidneys. As such, hypertension is particularly important to watch, as is proteinuria. These two factors being modifiable, their modification is at the heart of the care.
Treat the impact of kidney failure
But kidney failure will also cause metabolic disorders. The most common is anaemia (a decrease in the number of red blood cells), a source of fatigue that can really handicap the quality of life of patients. Alteration of the kidneys has other consequences- they are now unable to produce the hormone called erythropoietin (EPO), essential for the formation of red blood cells by the bone marrow. Since about fifteen years, this problem can be treated thanks to a synthetic version this hormone. With this product, it is possible to maintain in the patient a normal socio-professional activity.
In addition, kidney failure will cause metabolic disorders by increasing the level of phosphorus in the blood and decreasing that of calcium. Faced with this problem, the body reacts by soliciting the parathyroid glands (link to the glossary) that will mobilize calcium from the bones, weakening them. To counter this effect, calcium, vitamin D or calcimimetics may be prescribed. Finally, if the reduction in dietary phosphorus intake is not enough, phosphorus may be indicated, they prevent the digestive absorption of phosphorus contained in food.
In all cases, patients with kidney disease should be vigilant for drugs, some of which may be toxic to weakened kidneys. They must therefore discuss their situation with all the doctors they are called upon to consult, as well as with their pharmacist.
Such hygiene and dietary measures and drug treatment can push back several years, or sometimes avoid the end stage of the disease. But whatever its risk factors, the patient suffering from renal insufficiency must be a full participant in its management by respecting these rules of common sense (cessation of the tobacco, fight against the sedentary lifestyle, depleted regime of materials fat and sugar etc.) and scrupulously following his treatment despite the absence of annoying symptoms.
Today it is possible to slow down or even stop kidney failure. When you start early, identify kidney disease and undergo a kidney function test. Very often we can block the evolution of the disease. as well as every year we go when we are well, we lose between 0.5 and 1% of renal function, so when we have a slight renal insufficiency, it progresses a little bit, but what we want is is to avoid progression to the final stage that requires dialysis, and we get there quite often.