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5 Possible Reasons Women Do Not Get Period Despite Cramps

Menstrual period is normal amongst the women in their teens to the 50's. The pain is throbbing in nature and can cause lots of discomfort which can hinder the daily activities. The reason for the cramps being is the Prostaglandin (a lipid hormone) which leads to the contraction of the uterus muscles to discharge the unfertilized egg and the uterus lining. However, it must be noted that the cramps do not lead to the periods. There can be a host of different reasons for which women can experience cramps and pelvic pain. The top 5 reasons are:

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    1. Endometriosis- In this medical condition, the tissues similar to the lining of the uterus start growing outside the womb. These tissues respond to the period hormones in the same way as the tissue in the uterus does. They even break down and bleed just like the uterus tissue. What adds to the complexity is the fact that these tissues cannot get discarded from the body through the vagina and so form lesions, causing pain and swelling. The one suffering from endometriosis might experience period-like cramps any time of the month.
    2. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) - Pelvic Inflammatory Disease or PID is known to be a bacterial infection in female reproductive organs. The reason for infection is by and large the sexually transmitted bacteria that usually spread from the vagina to the uterus. Such bacterial infection can also hinder the prospects if you are trying to conceive. The symptoms of PID are not detected in the early stages. Therefore check for the development of conditions when you experience pain in both the sides of your lower belly, lower back, you bleed during sex and your discharge smells. Consult your doctors immediately without any further delay.
    3. Inflammatory bowel diseases- Inflammatory bowel disease (IBS) is the chronic inflammation of the digestive tract. Though the exact cause is still unknown, it is believed that the condition is somehow linked with your diet and stress level. In IBS you will feel intense pain in the right lower or middle part of your belly. The pain can be mild to severe.
    4. Ruptured Ovarian cysts- Ruptured Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary that has ruptured. In most of the cases, these cysts are harmless and non-cancerous. Mostly these cysts go away on their own, but they may cause a problem at times and need proper treatment. If you have a ruptured cyst you might have sudden, sharp cramps on any one side of your belly or lower belly. You may also have some spotting and experience lower back pain.
    5. Lactose intolerance- Lactose intolerance is a common medical condition which cuts down the stomach's ability to digest lactose, which is the main carbohydrate in dairy products. As such, the women with lactose intolerance are most likely to experience stomach cramps, diarrhea, nausea, and bloating. These symptoms generally appear 30 minutes to 2 hours after consuming dairy items.

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Some Unconventional Reasons For Headache You Are Not Aware Of

Headache has become a part and parcel of life; such is the frequency of occurrence that people are left in disarray to perform even the basic of tasks. The pain on the forehead might also aggravate to the point that it would need an expert opinion. But one must also understand a rather uncanny pattern. That headache has some unconventional reasons to transpire. This is largely because of the few lifestyle errs that we have been doing inadvertently. Let us take a look at the possible reasons:

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  1. Too much caffeine- Raved and hailed for being the best stress buster that also counteracts on headache, we never mind sipping coffee or tea regardless of the day. But much to your shock, the excessive intake of coffee actually adds to your hammering headache which takes the focus off your important assignments. The reason being that the daily cup of coffee makes your blood vessels become constricted and the moment you let go of your daily dose of coffee, your head starts to hurt.
  2. Dehydration- The water content of your body and the need for an optimum amount for the same cannot be stressed enough. With the right amount of water intake, the nerves and vessels are not stressed thereby putting the risk of exerting the body which can also lead to headache.
  3. Hormonal issues/imbalances- Hormones are the stimulators of the body and their secretion is very important. Sometimes a drop in the level of your hormones can also cause a headache. More so when your estrogen level is not up to the mark then you will have to suffer from this problem. Even pregnancy affects the estrogen level. Therefore, it is about time you consult a specialist for hormonal changes.
  4. Incorrect posture- While incorrect posture has long been associated with orthopedic conditions, they can also be adding to your headache woes. Hence, one must try to keep the posture of the body correct especially if you happen to have lifestyle/job commitments which is sedentary in nature. Once in a while, you must also get up and take short breaks for walk.
  5. Too much use of gadgets- It goes without saying that we all are addicted or at least too engrossed in our tech devices for some reason or the other. It adds to a myriad of problems. Be it the incorrect posture or the constant oozing out of the blue light. The blue light causes strain to the eyes and this can immediately trigger headache.
TMT: Treadmill Stress Test

It is an open secret that we are battling stress on a daily basis across the world for one reason or another. The level of stress varies and even requires proper tools for stress management in relation to the prognosis or medication if any. However, the first thing to consider is to notice the bodily changes. To do the same, a treadmill stress test can always come in handy. A stress treadmill test gauges the heart's capacity to absorb the exertion which may also help in determining the mental stress as well.

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During the rest mode, your heart may appear to be working fine. It is when the heart is put to “stress” your heart and cardiovascular system by exercising, your heart rate and blood flow increase in order to provide your cells with more oxygen and nutrients and remove waste.

The stress test helps the doctor ascertain how the heart functions under stress. Moreover, the test also indicates any signs and symptoms of heart problems which can turn out to be more pronounced. The most common type of stress test involves a test on a treadmill that gradually increases in speed and grade. However, if you are not able to exercise by walking on a treadmill, you will be given a drug that simulates the effects of exercise by making your heart beat faster.

On a whole, the treadmill stress test, the things which get monitored in the electrocardiogram (EKG) are heart rate, and blood pressure. The EKG measures the electrical activity which travels through your heart with each heartbeat, and a healthy heart produces a specific pattern of response with each heartbeat. The pattern gets altered when the heart is not working properly. Apart from your heart rate and blood pressure, the information obtained from the EKG makes it equally convenient for your doctor to detect any heart problems. Some of the common heart conditions which come out in the results of the treadmill stress heart test are abnormal heart rhythms, inadequate blood flow, heart valve malfunction, and the presence of coronary artery disease.

If there is a problem with your heart, the doctor may also prefer to visualize your heart during the stress test. The imaging techniques which are used for the same purpose are a combination with the stress test, the echocardiogram and nuclear imaging. The echocardiogram is effective in letting the cardiologist to see the size and shape of your heart, thickness, and movement of your heart muscle; also it can be a pointer for how well the chambers and valves in the heart are functioning; and the force with which your heart contracts. Furthermore, a nuclear imaging is also capable of showing how well your heart pumps with each heartbeat.

The treadmill stress test shall be recommended by your cardiologists only when the tests which have been done previously look inconclusive for the right diagnosis of the heart.

To know more about the test and for booking an appointment, contact your nearest lab or medical test planners.

Child Vaccination And The Optional Vaccinations For Treatment

Vaccination is life treatment process which deliberates the administration (through injections or oral drops) of small dosage of inactivated or weakened virus or bacteria. This is basically done to better prepare the body's immune system to fight future infection(s) and make the person immune or resistant to a particular infection. The vaccination acquaints the body with an organism without it actually experiencing a disease caused by that organism. Vaccination may have to be administered on a regular basis with a specific time gap in between. These forms of vaccines are known as ‘booster’ vaccination to help the immune system overcome a real onset of an infection. Eg: Polio.

It should also be noted that there are also optional vaccinations which are often taken into consideration. Optional vaccines, as the name suggests lets you choose to have it or not without any risk or disadvantage. It goes without saying that immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases is definitely beneficial for the individual. The merits of ‘optional’ vaccines for individual use must be considered on the basis of the degree of prevalence of the infection and disease; age prevalence of mortality, morbidity and the condition which is the cause of the previous disease. Additionally, it is also seen whether the risk of severe disease in susceptible adults after weaning of vaccine-induced immunity; and the effects of childhood vaccination in modifying future epidemiology. Socioeconomic factors are of important consideration. Some of the optional vaccinations given priority in our country are:

Haemophilus type b conjugate (Hib)- Hib is a bacteria responsible for severe pneumonia, meningitis and other invasive diseases almost exclusively in children aged less than 5 years. The stat shows that in the year 2000, Hib was estimated to have caused two to three million cases of serious disease, notably pneumonia and meningitis, and 386,000 deaths in young children.

Rotavirus- This particular virus is essentially the prime cause of severe diarrhea among infants and young children. As a matter of fact, it claims 1 in 6 deaths in children under age of 5 in India. This vaccine was introduced in the UIP in a few states in 2016.

Influenza virus- To counter the influenza virus, the flu vaccine is indicated for active immunization for the prevention of disease. This virus is highly contagious and causes grave morbidity and mortality especially in the immune-compromised states.

Typhoid- Typhoid is an infection oriented fever which results due to the systemic infection mainly by S. typhi found only in man. The estimates as recent as 2014 suggest that approximately 21 million cases and 222,000 typhoid-related deaths occur annually worldwide.

What You Need To Know About Measles In The US And Vaccination?

The measles vaccine first came to be in the US in 1963. In present times, the 2-dose childhood regimen is followed and this has been in since 1989. By 2000, it was declared that measles have been successfully "eliminated" from the US. This led to many medical students and young practitioners quickly becoming unfamiliar with the disease, many never having seen a case of the virus. However, measles are back, and spreading throughout communities in the US. The current outbreak has affected over 460 people in 19 states, with the largest outbreaks in New York and New Jersey.

How did measles make a comeback?

The measles infection is brought in by travelers from abroad, and cases then spread within communities primarily where parents are neglecting or refusing to vaccinate their children. Measles is known to be extremely contagious and hence it only adds to the perils of quick outbreak.

Who is at high risk for getting measles?

•             People who have never had measles and have never been vaccinated

•             Babies younger than 1 year, since they are too young to be vaccinated

•             People who were born after 1957 and were vaccinated before 1968

How long do symptoms last?

In most people, measles is a self-limited, benign albeit unpleasant disorder characterized by a flu-like syndrome (runny nose, cough, and red, light-sensitive eyes), fever, and the classic rash that begins on the head and spreads down the trunk, arms, and legs. Typically, it lasts no longer than 10 days.

What are the possible complications of measles?

For people possessing a healthy immune system, the recovery time against measles is within 7 to 10 days. However, some people can develop severe complications such as hepatitis (inflammation of the liver), pneumonia, and encephalitis (inflammation of the brain). The mortality rate from measles is 3 out of every 1,000 people who get the disease.

Who is already immune?

You don’t need to get vaccinated if you meet any of these criteria:

•             If the blood test confirms that the person is immune to measles, or

•             You’ve received 2 full doses of the measles vaccine (usually as a component in the MMR vaccine), or

•             You were born before 1957

How effective is the measles vaccine?

The vaccine is highly effective. In the US, it has been reported that people developing immunity to vaccine is between 97 and 99 percent.

How long will it take to become immune after getting the vaccine?

The vaccination for measles normally takes a few days to create what is known as the "protective effect" in the body.

Does the vaccine have side effects?

Side effects are uncommon. But the certain side effects that may bother people taking measles vaccine are mild discomfort at the point where the injection is shot, a transient rash, low-grade fever, joint aches or swollen lymph nodes. Rarely, a child may develop a febrile seizure (a convulsion caused by fever that is typically harmless). Very uncommonly (in about 1 person out of 25,000 to 40,000), there may be a temporary drop in the platelet count. These side effects pale in comparison to the risk of severe complications from the disease.

Common Symptoms Of Breast Cancer

With the increase in the number of breast cancer cases in India, the fear of cancer is on the rise. One cannot prevent breast cancer but can increase the survival rates by being informed and choosing the right treatment at the right time. Patients diagnosed with breast cancer need planned and systemic therapy, which is personalized based on their cancer condition.

The startling facts about breast cancer

Here are some alarming facts about breast cancer in India that will help patients understand breast cancer and the reason to opt for a personalized treatment:

• Breast cancer comes across as the most common form of cancer in women in India.

• Breast cancer is the most common cancer in most cities and the second most common in rural India.

• Breast cancer has affected 25% to 32% of female cancers in all cities across India.

• In India, breast cancer claims the life of a woman every 4 minutes.

• One woman dies of breast cancer, every 13 minutes in India.

• An estimated 70,218 women died of breast cancer in India, in the year 2012, the highest in the world for that year.

• Only 60% of women, who are treated for breast cancer, survive for at least five years post-treatment in India as compared to 89% in the US.

• The high mortality rate is due to the lack of awareness and delay in screening and diagnosis.

• More than 50% of breast cancer patients in India are suffering from stage 3 and 4, where the chances of survival are extremely low.

• India sees a spurt in the cases of breast cancer in the age group of 30 to 50, and the same is likely to increase.

• Breastfeeding often interrupts periods, which leads to fewer menstrual cycles and less estrogen exposure, leading to about a 4.3 percent reduction in the overall risk of breast cancer for every 12 months of breastfeeding.

• According to the National Institute of Health, breast cancer survivors are at an increased risk of osteoporosis. Estrogen acts as a barrier of protection on bones, and reduced estrogen levels can trigger bone loss.

The needful to be done for breast cancer

Breast cancer cannot be prevented but it can surely be treated within time. Here are some ways with which we can be aware and spread awareness as well.

  • Be aware and spread about breast cancer diagnosis, symptoms, breast cancer recurrence tests, and the right treatment.
  • Learn about self-tests and regularly examine your breasts on your own.
  • Visit an oncologist if you feel any abnormalities in your breasts.
  • Early detection is a blessing. It can hasten the process of treatment for breast cancer and this can give you the chance to live a healthy life post-recovery.
  • Stage 1 and 2 breast cancer patients are eligible to take breast cancer recurrence prediction test to find out their recurrence risk score.
  • Depending on the score, the doctor and patient can personalize their treatment.

Talk to more people and spread the word about breast cancer, treatments and medical tests that can help in personalizing breast cancer treatment by letting the patient know their breast cancer recurrence risk score.

What Is The Best And Worst Food For Bloating?

Do you often feel puffed or full after having even one small meal? Does it cause the formation of gas and swollen stomach that causes a lot of unease? If yes, you are certainly a victim of the common problem of bloating. Bloating is the swelling of the rumen or intestinal tract of domestic animals caused by excessive gas. They are not a very serious issue although they do cause a lot of discomfort for a short period of time. So much so that people have difficulty wearing fitted clothes. Like it or not but the food you eat has a bearing on how long or severe the bloating will be. Let's see the worst foods which cause bloating.

Talking about the worse, the three vegetables namely cabbage, broccoli, and kale are the worst causes of bloating. The reason is that these three vegetable contain raffinose, a type of sugar that remains undigested until bacteria in your gut ferment it, which produces gas and, in turn, makes you bloat. But since they are leafy green vegetables which are rich in nutrients, they cannot be discarded. Rather it is advised to have them in limited portions. Similarly, legumes, though rich in protein still contain sugar and fiber which the body cannot absorb. And when the legumes do reach the large intestine, the gut bacteria literally feed on them. As a result, this process leads to gas and can balloon out your waist. Salty foods are another culprit for making the stomach bloat for long hours. The high sodium food retains a lot of water which can make your stomach swell.

As good food for bloating, let us start with the high water content food like cucumber which contains quercetin, a flavonoid antioxidant that helps reduce swelling. Long story short you can eat cucumber guilt-free to avoid stomach swelling just like you apply cucumber peel for treating puffiness of the eyes. On the other hand, there are bananas high in potassium which reduces water retention in the body. Other fruits with similar benefits are avocados, kiwis, oranges, and pistachios. Bananas are also a rich source of soluble fiber, which can relieve or prevent constipation. Papaya is another fruit to add to your diet for the reason that the enzyme found in papaya (papain) helps break down proteins in your GI system, which makes digestion easier.

Probiotic yoghurt has long been discussed and is even available in the market easily these days. As an anti-bloating food, the good bacteria in the yoghurt regulate the digestion and the overall digestive tract.

It must be known to one and all that there is one heck of a digestive tract savior in the form of fennel seeds which have a compound which relaxes our GI spasms. Such is the property of fennel seeds that it can be used sparingly on dishes which consist of meat, sausages, etc. Lastly, if you still find these anti-bloating food too much of a task to find and use, simply sip a cup of peppermint and chamomile tea after a heavy meal.

Testing Babies At Birth Prevents Their Future Complications

New Delhi: After delivery, newborn screening is the first and foremost important test to be done for a baby. All the parents are given this opportunity to have their babies screened for various rare but serious disorders. These tests look for developmental, metabolic and genetic disorders after birth in a baby. The early diagnosis ensures early treatment before the symptoms start.

Most of the babies are born healthy except for some who may suffer from serious medical ailment which maybe genetic. Just in case to make sure that the baby does not  become sick after growing up, certain diagnosis are must for early treatment and a normal growth of the baby. Though basic screening tests are done immediately after the delivery to diagnose any congenital condition, many parents are still unaware of any supplemental screening which may be a mandate for the baby in the later stages.

Sometimes special treatment may be required for certain medical conditions that develop in babies born prematurely or with low birth weight. Special screening may be required for such infants as more than one blood withdrawal may be needed for accurate results and diagnosis.

“Testing and preventive care for the baby starts during the pregnancy itself by injections through the mother. TDAP vaccinations during pregnancy will help prevent some serious conditions when the baby is born. Even though the ‘mother to be’ would have taken the injection previously, it is one of the mandates for the infant to boost immunity.  Whooping cough is one of the leading causes for infant mortality or leading to terminal or chronic conditions.” Says CA (Dr) Ruchi Gupta, Founder and CEO, 3hcare.in

The baby is safe from infections when it is inside the womb. It is safe due to mothers’ immunity and prenatal vaccinations administered to her. In India, when the babies are born they are prescribed to immunize with various vaccinations.

“The early few years are very critical for Infant as they also develop speaking and language skills. If hearing loss will be detected early, it can be treated to prevent interference with the development in the further stages.” Added Dr Gupta

Blood test also known as ‘heel prick‘ test which should be performed within 48 hours of birth. This test is done by pricking baby’s heel and putting few drops of blood on a special filter paper. It is done to detect developmental, metabolic and generic disorders that ultrasounds scans are unable to detect.

The blood test will help to evaluate any chance of potential complication that may need to be addressed. In the second phase there will be a quick check to analyze behaviour, breathing, activity and skin color.

3Hcare is one such online platform that is helpful for the parents to be aware of the must have diagnostic tests. Complete neonatal care is available at the vicinity with the best in class diagnostic facilities for the complete care of the newborn.

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