Menstrual period is normal amongst the women in their teens to the 50's. The pain is throbbing in nature and can cause lots of discomfort which can hinder the daily activities. The reason for the cramps being is the Prostaglandin (a lipid hormone) which leads to the contraction of the uterus muscles to discharge the unfertilized egg and the uterus lining. However, it must be noted that the cramps do not lead to the periods. There can be a host of different reasons for which women can experience cramps and pelvic pain. The top 5 reasons are:
- Endometriosis- In this medical condition, the tissues similar to the lining of the uterus start growing outside the womb. These tissues respond to the period hormones in the same way as the tissue in the uterus does. They even break down and bleed just like the uterus tissue. What adds to the complexity is the fact that these tissues cannot get discarded from the body through the vagina and so form lesions, causing pain and swelling. The one suffering from endometriosis might experience period-like cramps any time of the month.
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) - Pelvic Inflammatory Disease or PID is known to be a bacterial infection in female reproductive organs. The reason for infection is by and large the sexually transmitted bacteria that usually spread from the vagina to the uterus. Such bacterial infection can also hinder the prospects if you are trying to conceive. The symptoms of PID are not detected in the early stages. Therefore check for the development of conditions when you experience pain in both the sides of your lower belly, lower back, you bleed during sex and your discharge smells. Consult your doctors immediately without any further delay.
- Inflammatory bowel diseases- Inflammatory bowel disease (IBS) is the chronic inflammation of the digestive tract. Though the exact cause is still unknown, it is believed that the condition is somehow linked with your diet and stress level. In IBS you will feel intense pain in the right lower or middle part of your belly. The pain can be mild to severe.
- Ruptured Ovarian cysts- Ruptured Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary that has ruptured. In most of the cases, these cysts are harmless and non-cancerous. Mostly these cysts go away on their own, but they may cause a problem at times and need proper treatment. If you have a ruptured cyst you might have sudden, sharp cramps on any one side of your belly or lower belly. You may also have some spotting and experience lower back pain.
- Lactose intolerance- Lactose intolerance is a common medical condition which cuts down the stomach's ability to digest lactose, which is the main carbohydrate in dairy products. As such, the women with lactose intolerance are most likely to experience stomach cramps, diarrhea, nausea, and bloating. These symptoms generally appear 30 minutes to 2 hours after consuming dairy items.