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Explained: Can Typhoid Get Relapsed?

Typhoid fever is caused by Salmonella typhi a bacterium found in the infected human intestine. Since it has been dubbed as a strict human pathogen, they are not found in any other animal hosts. The typhoid bacteria integrate with the small intestine of the infected human hosts. Asymptomatic long-term colonization is seen commonly seen as an occurrence in infected hosts. As a result, the person suffering from typhoid fever becomes frequent carriers. Therefore, unhygienic food or even the conditions not deemed clean enough are potentially dangerous for the normal being of a person. Food, vegetables or water contaminated human feces by S. Typhi are the common sources of infection. S. Typhi infections mainly occur when the food or water gets contaminated by infected food handlers or due to poor personal hygiene getting ingested. The diagnostic labs in Delhi opines that the infectious dose for S. Typhi infections is low and these results in a low person-to-person spread. Moreover, the answer to the question of whether a relapse of typhoid can offer, the response is simple. Relapses can be a common thing to struggle with provided the antibiotics are not taken for a full 15 days. You suffering from relapse three times appear to be unusual. Therefore, it is strongly advised I would advise repeating a full laboratory test including Widal test, blood culture, etc. to confirm the diagnosis. Add to that it is not the case of typhoid alone. There could be other infectious conditions that should be ruled out carefully with adequate and essential laboratory tests.

typhoid-fever

What is the cause of typhoid recurrence?

Ineffective Treatment- It is well and truly known that antibiotics are key to treating typhoid. Therefore, the dosage of the same should be completed right on time or else the typhoid is sure to recur. What's more? If the patients fail to complete the full course of antibiotic treatment, they are likely to develop antibiotic resistance which requires stronger antibiotics for treatment. Hence, it goes without saying that the take all the prescribed doses of antibiotics meant for typhoid even if they begin to feel better within a few days of taking these drugs.

Vaccine Ineffectiveness- Typhoid is seen as a contagious disease and some countries also issue an advisory for people who travel regularly to countries where typhoid is common. Typhoid vaccines lack the cent-percent effectiveness, and patients who fail to observe other preventative measures may become re-infected with typhoid fever. Typhoid vaccines also have the tendency to lose its efficacy after several years, and people at risk require boosters every two years for inactivated vaccines, and every five years for live oral typhoid vaccines.

As such it is always advised that you seek proper treatment from your medical specialists especially for the cases which have the risks of typhoid recurrence. In tandem, there is also a need to check the underlying causes as some typhoid cases are also aggravated due to diseases like malaria. Therefore, a comprehensive test is always encouraged.

Some Quick Facts About Cholesterol

In today’s society that can sometimes be overly conscious of health and wellness, there are myths and false information floating around regarding what is considered healthy and what isn’t. When it comes to nutrients, confusion as to what actually is good and bad for you can be manipulated and we’ve found that cholesterol is often subject to that misunderstanding. So what actually is cholesterol?

The definition of American Heart Association states that cholesterol is a fat-like, waxy substance that is made in the liver and body cells as well as found in certain foods such as animal products like meat and dairy products such as milk and eggs. Cholesterol travels through the blood and attaches to proteins to form what is known as a lipoprotein. It is often misunderstood that all cholesterol is bad. Your body actually needs a small amount of cholesterol in order for proper function. The body’s cell walls need cholesterol in order for hormone, bile acid and Vitamin D production. It is important to remember that too much cholesterol can lead to health problems such as heart disease, but that is only when a mass amount is present. A condition called Atherosclerosis can also occur which is the narrowing and hardening of the arteries due to plaque buildup from too much cholesterol.

As mentioned earlier, there are different types of cholesterol which are categorized by the diagnostic test in Delhi as lipoproteins.

· LDL: These can simply be classified as bad cholesterols otherwise known as Low density lipoproteins. The higher the LDL level in your body, the greater risk one runs of developing heart disease.

· VLDL: Very low density lipoproteins, similar to LDL but contains more levels of fat and not as much protein.

· Triglycerides: Another type of fat that is carried in the blood by VLDL. When the body recognizes an excess of calories, sugar or alcohol, the body converts it into triglycerides and then is stored in fat cells throughout the body.

· HDL: High density lipoprotein or good cholesterol is the opposite of LDL. HDL can actually help rid the body of bad cholesterol and the higher the number you have in your body the better.

There are a lot of factors that can affect the level of cholesterol you have in your body:

· Diet: Some foods can spike your cholesterol so it is recommended to stay away from and reduce your saturated fat intake

· Weight: Being overweight can increase cholesterol greatly. Losing weight can help lower LDL and total cholesterol levels and increase your HDL levels.

· Exercise: This is very effective in lowering the LDL and raise HDL. An activity of fitness such as walking or jogging for 30 minutes a day is recommended.

· Age & Gender: As we age, cholesterol numbers go up as well. In women, cholesterol levels have a lower total than most men before menopause but after menopause the total is higher.

· Diabetes: If someone has developed or was born with diabetes, their cholesterol levels can be compromised and raised if their diabetes is poorly controlled.

· Heredity: Genes partly determine your body’s natural level of cholesterol. High cholesterol can run in the family so it is important to take necessary steps to control it.

· Other Causes: It has been found that certain medications and existing medical conditions can cause high cholesterol. If you suspect your current medication is spiking your numbers, it is recommended to consult your physician.

How To Control And Prevent Hyperhidrosis?

Have you been dealing with the nagging problem of sweating which transcends to sweaty patches on clothes? If so, you are more than likely to be suffering hyperhidrosis. It is also known as polyhidrosis or sudorrhea. Many people are not even aware that this pretty much a condition which is not life-threatening but it does have uncomfortable embarrassment and psychological trauma involved. But it does require detailed check-ups or diagnostic test in Delhi in some of the cases.

One may wonder of the prime cause of hyperhidrosis. It so happens that the food does play a part in aggravating hyperhidrosis. Therefore, one has to bring a change in their diet to put hold on the excessive sweating. And this means that the spicy foods must be omitted from the menu to start with. This way you may well be able to avoid the embarrassment in any social situation. Likewise, caffeine goes out of the list as it stimulates our adrenal glands and causes our palms, feet, and underarms to sweat.

As for the lab tests for acute hyperhidrosis conditions, the doctor may recommend blood, urine or other lab tests to see if your sweating is caused by another medical condition, such as an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) or low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).

There are also iodine-starch test, skin conductance and a thermoregulatory sweat test which check the severity of the sweating. Additionally, there can be treatment for underlying reasons of testing. Sometimes one may also require a combination of tests. If nothing conclusive is found then the focus is shifted to control excessive sweating.

Generally, some of the medications provided are:

  • Prescription creams- These are common usage creams which glycopyrrolate, a component which can curtail the problem of hyperhidrosis that affects the face and head.
  • Nerve-blocking medications- Some oral medications have the efficacy to block the chemicals that permit certain nerves to communicate with each other. As a result, you can see a dip in the level of sweating. The few possible side effects could be dry mouth, blurred vision, and bladder problems.
  • Antidepressants- Perhaps many would agree that anxiety does cause them to sweat and this why the prescription of antidepressants is also necessary in the cases of hyperhidrosis.

Some surgical procedures may also be taken into consideration. These are:

  • Microwave therapy- This is a therapy wherein a device sends microwave energy to destroy sweat glands. The treatment is done in between 20 and 30-minute sessions, three months apart. There may be a minor possibility of side effects like skin sensation and some discomfort. This is not a widely available therapy.
  • Sweat gland removal- Sweat glands are known to be super active Therefore, the removal of sweat gland can minimize the problem of hyperhidrosis to a great deal. There is a minimally invasive technique called suction curettage which may be executed for such severe cases
  • Nerve surgery (sympathectomy)- Sympathectomy is the procedure in which the surgeon chops burns or clamps the spinal nerves that control sweating in your hands. In some cases, this procedure triggers excessive sweating in other areas of your body (compensatory sweating). However, this surgery cannot be an alternative to isolated head and neck sweating. A change of magnitude on this surgery interrupts the nerve signals without removing the sympathetic nerve (sympathectomy).
Things To Know About ORS

One of the long withstanding problems of summer is the loss of water content from the body. This creates the teething problem of diarrhea. This leads to a series of health problems which mostly leads to the stomach and digestive problems can also pose a serious threat to the overall body. Hence, the body must have a process of getting fluid. One of the local ways to do so is the consumption of ORS.

An oral rehydration solution (ORS) is a mixture of electrolytes, sugar, and water. This solution is taken by mouth and hence is called oral solution in nature. These electrolytes recoup and rebuild fluid balance lost by excessive sweating, vomiting, or diarrhea. ORS is an effective treatment for 90-95% of patients suffering from diarrhea, regardless of the cause.

How ORS works

As we are all aware that the rapid discharge of the fluids from the body, which can be caused by cholera or diarrhea diseases, may lead to chronic dehydration. The worst-case scenario can even cause death. Oral Rehydration Salts are a solution which is made by combining salt and sugar which makes the process of fluid evacuation slow thereby hastening the process of the absorption of electrolytes in the intestines. This process is known as Oral Rehydration Treatment. These are also available in every government hospitals and even in the labs which conduct diagnostic test In Delhi.

What should be the ideal composition of ORS?

As per the information available on the website of World Health Organization, the specialized agency has devised a new formula for ORS. This formula has been improved after much research by the WHO’s Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development and supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The study’s findings deduce that if low-sodium, low-glucose ORS formulation is used then it reduces the need for intravenous fluids by 33 percent. As a result, it can be of great relief especially for cases wherein the children require hospitalization. This, in turn, can lessen secondary infections, there would a reduced need to handle blood with its potentially dangerous consequences, and lower health care costs.

The solution can be made at home too. In order to prepare the solution, you need to add 6 level teaspoons of sugar and 1/2 level teaspoon of salt dissolved in 1 liter of clean water. The only thing to be noted is that the amount of both the components is of the prescribed level to make the right Oral Rehydration Treatment. The reason being that excess sugar can aggravate diarrhea worse. Similarly, the excess amount of salt too can have detrimental effects on the body. Another thing to be aware of is that if the solution is made more dilute than normal then it won’t cause any harm.

Given the excess heat and a vast population of our country still having economic challenges, ORS is a potent alternative to keep the inevitable trouble of dehydration and possible effects of diarrhea.

Diagnostic Tests, a Picture is Worth a Thousand Words

Everyone has ever expected good news or bad news from the doctor while watching an image in a powerful white light. What is really expected is a diagnosis to which the healthcare professional arrives by using a photograph of the inside of our body. This procedure refers to diagnostic imaging tests.

For more than a hundred years, these techniques have evolved both in the field of nuclear medicine and in the radiological field where differentiating tests such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance, which do not use radiation, and tests such as radiography, scanner and mammography, which does use x-rays.

An image that can save lives

When you go to the Diagnostic Lab in Delhi with a pain in the only thing you think is in the nuisance that generates, hoping that the doctor to say "this is, take this other, and you will feel better.

However, finding the solution is not so easy, since the ailment is not associated with a certain test but rather the doctor selects the diagnostic scan for the image he wants based on the clinical suspicion he has.

Diagnostic radiology imaging tests are:

Radiography: It is a technique with which a diagnosis is achieved through the shades of gray that are observed in the image of a certain anatomical area, by placing it between a photographic plate and an emitter of a minimum amount of ionizing radiation.

The image of X-ray the people have is the broken bone; in their understanding, it is much more complicated. So, the use of X-ray relies on what the doctor wants to notice.

Ultrasound: after applying an always cold transmitting gel, the transducer or instrument that is placed on the area to be studied, emits ultrasound waves whose echo is transformed by the computer into a two-dimensional or three-dimensional image.

Although ultrasound is traditionally associated with fetal controls during pregnancy, it is also the main diagnostic method for imaging the heart or one of the most important tests for the study of the brain of newborns.

The ultrasound is done to see many things: the stones of the gallbladder and kidney, the study of the liver or muscle injuries among other things.

CT, scanner or computerized tomography: In this diagnostic test X-rays are used to generate cross-sectional images of our body, reconstructed by powerful computers from the information sent by the radiation receptors.

Magnetic resonance: normally when this Diagnostic Test in Delhiis performed, the patient is prevented from possessing any metallic element, since magnetic resonance generates dozens of images or cuts of our anatomy through the use of magnetic fields and radiofrequency waves.

Undergo these tests, an informed confidence

Depending on your suspicions about the patient's illness, the doctor can order one or the other of the diagnostic imaging tests analyzed. However, within them, those that can affect the health of the patient by the use of ionizing radiation are radiography, the scanner, and mammography.

The probabilistic effects of these tests, which suppose a greater probability of suffering cancer the greater the received radiation, cannot make forget their benefits, which can improve the health of the patient and even save his life, in exchange for a minimum dose of radiation.

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