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Some Quick Facts About Cholesterol

In today’s society that can sometimes be overly conscious of health and wellness, there are myths and false information floating around regarding what is considered healthy and what isn’t. When it comes to nutrients, confusion as to what actually is good and bad for you can be manipulated and we’ve found that cholesterol is often subject to that misunderstanding. So what actually is cholesterol?

The definition of American Heart Association states that cholesterol is a fat-like, waxy substance that is made in the liver and body cells as well as found in certain foods such as animal products like meat and dairy products such as milk and eggs. Cholesterol travels through the blood and attaches to proteins to form what is known as a lipoprotein. It is often misunderstood that all cholesterol is bad. Your body actually needs a small amount of cholesterol in order for proper function. The body’s cell walls need cholesterol in order for hormone, bile acid and Vitamin D production. It is important to remember that too much cholesterol can lead to health problems such as heart disease, but that is only when a mass amount is present. A condition called Atherosclerosis can also occur which is the narrowing and hardening of the arteries due to plaque buildup from too much cholesterol.

As mentioned earlier, there are different types of cholesterol which are categorized by the diagnostic test in Delhi as lipoproteins.

· LDL: These can simply be classified as bad cholesterols otherwise known as Low density lipoproteins. The higher the LDL level in your body, the greater risk one runs of developing heart disease.

· VLDL: Very low density lipoproteins, similar to LDL but contains more levels of fat and not as much protein.

· Triglycerides: Another type of fat that is carried in the blood by VLDL. When the body recognizes an excess of calories, sugar or alcohol, the body converts it into triglycerides and then is stored in fat cells throughout the body.

· HDL: High density lipoprotein or good cholesterol is the opposite of LDL. HDL can actually help rid the body of bad cholesterol and the higher the number you have in your body the better.

There are a lot of factors that can affect the level of cholesterol you have in your body:

· Diet: Some foods can spike your cholesterol so it is recommended to stay away from and reduce your saturated fat intake

· Weight: Being overweight can increase cholesterol greatly. Losing weight can help lower LDL and total cholesterol levels and increase your HDL levels.

· Exercise: This is very effective in lowering the LDL and raise HDL. An activity of fitness such as walking or jogging for 30 minutes a day is recommended.

· Age & Gender: As we age, cholesterol numbers go up as well. In women, cholesterol levels have a lower total than most men before menopause but after menopause the total is higher.

· Diabetes: If someone has developed or was born with diabetes, their cholesterol levels can be compromised and raised if their diabetes is poorly controlled.

· Heredity: Genes partly determine your body’s natural level of cholesterol. High cholesterol can run in the family so it is important to take necessary steps to control it.

· Other Causes: It has been found that certain medications and existing medical conditions can cause high cholesterol. If you suspect your current medication is spiking your numbers, it is recommended to consult your physician.

Diagnosis Of Lung Cancer

Regardless of the context of discovery, a number of investigations must be performed to confirm the diagnosis of lung cancer and evaluate its stage.

The diagnostic balance is based mainly on:

  • A clinical examination- The objective of the clinical examination is to make an assessment of your general condition using various means such as performance status, to identify your medical history and the pathologies you suffer from, to list your current treatments, your risk factors and your smoking addiction, if you smoke, to assess the possible frailty of elderly patients using specific questionnaires and scales.
  • A chest x-ray- The purpose of this examination is to reveal the presence of abnormalities in the lungs. However, the X-ray does not make it possible to determine whether an abnormality discovered is benign or malignant. And, moreover, it does not always detect an anomaly, even if it is actually present in the lung.
  • A chest scanner- It is a question of identifying the presence or absence of an anomaly and, if so, its size and location. This examination detects anomalies even of very small size (less than or equal to 3 millimeters). The scanner gives no indication of the type of cells in question. In the case of lung cancer, the CT scan done by the best CT scan centre in Delhi can identify if the nearby lymph nodes are abnormally large. But it does not make it possible to specify whether or not they are affected by cancer cells. Before going to have a CT scan, it is important to know the chest CT scan cost in Delhi.
  • Biopsy. The biopsy makes it possible to recover tissue samples that seem abnormal for analysis and to determine whether they are of a cancerous nature or not. These samples can also be stored after the operation in a tumor library (tumor library) for further research.
  • In some situations, it is not possible, before treatment, to obtain a histological diagnosis, which requires an analysis of tissues taken from the tumor. This is then performed during the surgical procedure. The operation then has a diagnostic and therapeutic purpose.

Bronchial fibroscopy

The bronchoscopy is the key diagnostic for lung cancers. It allows doctors to observe the inner wall of the trachea and bronchi, as well as to take samples at the level of suspicious lesions (biopsy).

These tissue samples are then analyzed under a microscope to confirm or deny the nature of the lesions. In the case of proven cancer, it is then possible to determine which tumor subtype is detected and thus to choose the most appropriate treatment.

Specifically, a flexible tube containing a miniature camera and sampling instruments is introduced into the bronchi, via the trachea and the patient's nose.

The examination is unpleasant, but it is not painful because it is performed under local anesthesia. It lasts 10 to 20 minutes. It is necessary to be fasting for at least two hours before the beginning of fibroscopy.

Due to the (low) risk of hemorrhage associated with the examination, it is recommended that you do not take aspirin within 10 days of the exam. People on anticoagulant therapy should report it.

How To Control And Prevent Hyperhidrosis?

Have you been dealing with the nagging problem of sweating which transcends to sweaty patches on clothes? If so, you are more than likely to be suffering hyperhidrosis. It is also known as polyhidrosis or sudorrhea. Many people are not even aware that this pretty much a condition which is not life-threatening but it does have uncomfortable embarrassment and psychological trauma involved. But it does require detailed check-ups or diagnostic test in Delhi in some of the cases.

One may wonder of the prime cause of hyperhidrosis. It so happens that the food does play a part in aggravating hyperhidrosis. Therefore, one has to bring a change in their diet to put hold on the excessive sweating. And this means that the spicy foods must be omitted from the menu to start with. This way you may well be able to avoid the embarrassment in any social situation. Likewise, caffeine goes out of the list as it stimulates our adrenal glands and causes our palms, feet, and underarms to sweat.

As for the lab tests for acute hyperhidrosis conditions, the doctor may recommend blood, urine or other lab tests to see if your sweating is caused by another medical condition, such as an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) or low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).

There are also iodine-starch test, skin conductance and a thermoregulatory sweat test which check the severity of the sweating. Additionally, there can be treatment for underlying reasons of testing. Sometimes one may also require a combination of tests. If nothing conclusive is found then the focus is shifted to control excessive sweating.

Generally, some of the medications provided are:

  • Prescription creams- These are common usage creams which glycopyrrolate, a component which can curtail the problem of hyperhidrosis that affects the face and head.
  • Nerve-blocking medications- Some oral medications have the efficacy to block the chemicals that permit certain nerves to communicate with each other. As a result, you can see a dip in the level of sweating. The few possible side effects could be dry mouth, blurred vision, and bladder problems.
  • Antidepressants- Perhaps many would agree that anxiety does cause them to sweat and this why the prescription of antidepressants is also necessary in the cases of hyperhidrosis.

Some surgical procedures may also be taken into consideration. These are:

  • Microwave therapy- This is a therapy wherein a device sends microwave energy to destroy sweat glands. The treatment is done in between 20 and 30-minute sessions, three months apart. There may be a minor possibility of side effects like skin sensation and some discomfort. This is not a widely available therapy.
  • Sweat gland removal- Sweat glands are known to be super active Therefore, the removal of sweat gland can minimize the problem of hyperhidrosis to a great deal. There is a minimally invasive technique called suction curettage which may be executed for such severe cases
  • Nerve surgery (sympathectomy)- Sympathectomy is the procedure in which the surgeon chops burns or clamps the spinal nerves that control sweating in your hands. In some cases, this procedure triggers excessive sweating in other areas of your body (compensatory sweating). However, this surgery cannot be an alternative to isolated head and neck sweating. A change of magnitude on this surgery interrupts the nerve signals without removing the sympathetic nerve (sympathectomy).
Things To Know About ORS

One of the long withstanding problems of summer is the loss of water content from the body. This creates the teething problem of diarrhea. This leads to a series of health problems which mostly leads to the stomach and digestive problems can also pose a serious threat to the overall body. Hence, the body must have a process of getting fluid. One of the local ways to do so is the consumption of ORS.

An oral rehydration solution (ORS) is a mixture of electrolytes, sugar, and water. This solution is taken by mouth and hence is called oral solution in nature. These electrolytes recoup and rebuild fluid balance lost by excessive sweating, vomiting, or diarrhea. ORS is an effective treatment for 90-95% of patients suffering from diarrhea, regardless of the cause.

How ORS works

As we are all aware that the rapid discharge of the fluids from the body, which can be caused by cholera or diarrhea diseases, may lead to chronic dehydration. The worst-case scenario can even cause death. Oral Rehydration Salts are a solution which is made by combining salt and sugar which makes the process of fluid evacuation slow thereby hastening the process of the absorption of electrolytes in the intestines. This process is known as Oral Rehydration Treatment. These are also available in every government hospitals and even in the labs which conduct diagnostic test In Delhi.

What should be the ideal composition of ORS?

As per the information available on the website of World Health Organization, the specialized agency has devised a new formula for ORS. This formula has been improved after much research by the WHO’s Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development and supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The study’s findings deduce that if low-sodium, low-glucose ORS formulation is used then it reduces the need for intravenous fluids by 33 percent. As a result, it can be of great relief especially for cases wherein the children require hospitalization. This, in turn, can lessen secondary infections, there would a reduced need to handle blood with its potentially dangerous consequences, and lower health care costs.

The solution can be made at home too. In order to prepare the solution, you need to add 6 level teaspoons of sugar and 1/2 level teaspoon of salt dissolved in 1 liter of clean water. The only thing to be noted is that the amount of both the components is of the prescribed level to make the right Oral Rehydration Treatment. The reason being that excess sugar can aggravate diarrhea worse. Similarly, the excess amount of salt too can have detrimental effects on the body. Another thing to be aware of is that if the solution is made more dilute than normal then it won’t cause any harm.

Given the excess heat and a vast population of our country still having economic challenges, ORS is a potent alternative to keep the inevitable trouble of dehydration and possible effects of diarrhea.

Important Blood Tests That You Should Be Aware Of

Blood test is a common medical procedure which must not be dreaded. It is one of the oldest and reliable methods for the initial level of diagnosis which is mostly done at the Diagnostic Labs in Delhi. We have all been part of the blood tests which are done for the basics such assessment of the blood group, malarial parasite, dengue, etc. However, there have been many more additions to the normal course of blood testing which might be recommended by the doctor in case a person is suffering from health complications. Let's know more of them:

  1. ABO Typing- ABO Typing is the medical term for determining the patient's blood type. A procedure done prior to the surgery, this ensures that the blood can be given in the operating room if necessary. Most surgeries do not require a blood transfusion, but some procedures, such as on-pump heart bypass surgery, routinely require the administration of blood. You may be asked to sign a consent form for the administration of blood prior to your surgery, even if a transfusion is not a routine part of the procedure, in case the need arises.
  2. Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) (Men Only) -Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein manufactured by the prostate gland in men. An enlarged prostate, prostate inflammation or prostate cancer is implied with its elevated levels. The use of PSA levels also helps in monitoring the efficacy of therapeutic regimens for prostate conditions. But at the same, it is also noted that the elevated levels of PSA do not necessarily signal prostate cancer and prostate cancer may not always be accompanied by expression of PSA. In case there is a urinary tract infection or an inflamed prostrate then it points at the elevated levels. Therefore, the diagnostic labs in Delhi check for the PSA level which are not over 2.5 ng/mL, or a PSA doubling time (the time required for PSA value to double) of less than 12 years or else it could be a matter of concern.
  3. DHEA- Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), a hormone produced by the adrenal glands, is a precursor to the sex hormones estrogen and testosterone. It is to be understood that blood levels of DHEA jump up in the peak in one’s twenties and then decline dramatically with age, decreasing to 20-30% of peak youthful levels between the ages of 70 and 80. Thus, DHEA is also known as “anti-aging” hormone.
  4. Homocysteine- The amino acid homocysteine is formed in the body during the metabolism of methionine. The higher levels of homocysteine have been identified as the cause which increases the risk of heart attack, bone fracture, and poor cognitive function. Homocysteine has also been noted as the independent risk factor for bone fractures

Blood tests are no longer confined to only a few tests which can only provide a needlepoint symptom. It is now capable of giving an accurate assessment of each and every possible health complications which may aggravate with passing time.

New Tests To Screen Four Autoimmune Conditions Of Diabetes

The ills of diabetes are to be fought for a long time, a medical condition in which the blood glucose, blood sugar levels in the body is too high. There is also a routine process of getting the required insulin to curb these levels. The insulin is available in the major diagnostic labs in Delhi. It is estimated that as many as 40% of people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes may also have another autoimmune condition, like celiac disease or thyroid disease. Notably, antibody screening offers an effective way to screen for various autoimmune conditions, including type-1 diabetes. Most recently, researchers developed a new test that can screen for four autoimmune conditions simultaneously. This feat has been achieved by the researchers of the University of Colorado. This endeavor had the backing in the form of grants offered by the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The authors reported no financial conflicts of interest related to this work. The scientists published the results of their research in the most recent issue of The Lancet, a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal.

What may be termed as the biggest breakthrough, the newly-developed test combines seven different antibodies to screen for four autoimmune conditions: type 1 diabetes, celiac disease, thyroid disease, and autoimmune poly-glandular syndrome-1 (APS-1). The study authors reported that in testing the new assay, they found “high sensitivity and disease specificity, along with high throughput and low cost for large scale screenings in the general population.”

This research constitutes a very important step in proactive screening and detection of related autoimmune diseases. Early detection and appropriate treatment of autoimmune diseases can translate to fewer health complications and a higher quality of life for patients. Early detection of disease is especially critical for conditions that are life-threatening, such as type 1 diabetes and APS-1.

The researchers made the following conclusions about their stupendous work in the publication:

This is the first validated multiplexed autoantibody assay, which is feasible and ready to be used in clinical trials for large-scale population screenings…to simultaneously screen for type-1 diabetes and multiple relevant autoimmune diseases associated with auto antibodies. This multiplexed autoantibody assay has been extensively validated and provides a great tool for general population screening with high efficiency, low cost, and small sample amount. We anticipate these multiplexed assays will become available in clinics and easily applied to large population screening in the near future.

It appears likely that this test will soon offer an effective means of screening at-risk individuals for associated autoimmune conditions, and can help facilitate early and accurate detection of several life-threatening diseases with a single test.

Thus we can say that this rapid stride taken to screen and analyze the various forms of diabetes shall go a long way in providing the most comprehensive report for diabetes. This can further enhance the process of recovery and maintaining lifestyle which is based on scientific approach and choices without any health complications.

Understanding the Importance of Preventive Health Care Check-ups

Our healthy lifestyle has hit the roadblock. So hectic is our work schedule that we are left with no time to engage our body to physical exercises that can keep our body's metabolism going. As a result we are seeing ourselves getting affected by some of the most dreaded diseases such as chronic heart diseases, cancers, mental disturbances, diabetes, and several hormonal imbalances. It is not that these health conditions are inevitable. With the help of a proper planning and execution of a proper health check-up, these diseases can certainly kept at bay. Therefore, it is important to go for whole body check-ups on a half-yearly or annual basis which can facilitate the process of treatment and cure. The factors that determine the frequency of the tests are your age, family history.

Since time immemorial, we have been hearing the adage “Prevention is better than Cure”. This is further testified and strongly established by the fact that the World Health Organization (WHO) has observed a dip in the incidence and prevalence of coronary heart disease and other chronic lifestyle diseases in western countries, which is the result of appropriate preventive measures undertaken by these countries. What has further contributed to this success is the introduction of routine immunization which eliminated the chances of such disease's occurrence. Therefore, a diagnostic test In Delhi is much advised so the preventive measures get precedence over anything.

It is to be understood that a heart attack is not sudden but a happening due to the gradual accumulation of cholesterol in blood vessels. Thus a whole body check-up is an accurate indication of what disease you are suffering from, whether it is seasonal or chronic. In addition, keep yourself informed about what your body is demanding because it will help you to make wise decisions regarding your health.

Who requires Preventive Tests?

By and large, it is the working age-group (35-65 years) who are in need of a preventive health tests largely because of the lifestyle flaws. As a matter of fact there is an international consensus that men, above 35 years of age, and women, above 40 years of the age, should undergo whole body health checkup annually. But there are also cases which have a significant family history of specific medical conditions. Such cases call for screening (even 10 years prior) when the youngest member of family developed that particular disease which could be as complex as diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, high cholesterol level, high blood pressure, asthma, bronchitis etc. If you seek general preventive measures then you must start with the consumption of clean potable water, regular physical exercise, adequate rest, balanced and nutritious diet, avoidance of smoking and tobacco use, immunization against certain diseases which must be backed by regular medical checkups.

Things to remember before going for whole body check-up.

·        Many of the tests are done when the patient's stomach is empty and some of them also require 10-15 hours of fasting.

·        It is advised that you wear loose clothing.

·        Avoid wearing jewelry, or any metallic objects when visiting the mri scan center in Delhi.

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