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How To Control And Prevent Hyperhidrosis?

Have you been dealing with the nagging problem of sweating which transcends to sweaty patches on clothes? If so, you are more than likely to be suffering hyperhidrosis. It is also known as polyhidrosis or sudorrhea. Many people are not even aware that this pretty much a condition which is not life-threatening but it does have uncomfortable embarrassment and psychological trauma involved. But it does require detailed check-ups or diagnostic test in Delhi in some of the cases.

One may wonder of the prime cause of hyperhidrosis. It so happens that the food does play a part in aggravating hyperhidrosis. Therefore, one has to bring a change in their diet to put hold on the excessive sweating. And this means that the spicy foods must be omitted from the menu to start with. This way you may well be able to avoid the embarrassment in any social situation. Likewise, caffeine goes out of the list as it stimulates our adrenal glands and causes our palms, feet, and underarms to sweat.

As for the lab tests for acute hyperhidrosis conditions, the doctor may recommend blood, urine or other lab tests to see if your sweating is caused by another medical condition, such as an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) or low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).

There are also iodine-starch test, skin conductance and a thermoregulatory sweat test which check the severity of the sweating. Additionally, there can be treatment for underlying reasons of testing. Sometimes one may also require a combination of tests. If nothing conclusive is found then the focus is shifted to control excessive sweating.

Generally, some of the medications provided are:

  • Prescription creams- These are common usage creams which glycopyrrolate, a component which can curtail the problem of hyperhidrosis that affects the face and head.
  • Nerve-blocking medications- Some oral medications have the efficacy to block the chemicals that permit certain nerves to communicate with each other. As a result, you can see a dip in the level of sweating. The few possible side effects could be dry mouth, blurred vision, and bladder problems.
  • Antidepressants- Perhaps many would agree that anxiety does cause them to sweat and this why the prescription of antidepressants is also necessary in the cases of hyperhidrosis.

Some surgical procedures may also be taken into consideration. These are:

  • Microwave therapy- This is a therapy wherein a device sends microwave energy to destroy sweat glands. The treatment is done in between 20 and 30-minute sessions, three months apart. There may be a minor possibility of side effects like skin sensation and some discomfort. This is not a widely available therapy.
  • Sweat gland removal- Sweat glands are known to be super active Therefore, the removal of sweat gland can minimize the problem of hyperhidrosis to a great deal. There is a minimally invasive technique called suction curettage which may be executed for such severe cases
  • Nerve surgery (sympathectomy)- Sympathectomy is the procedure in which the surgeon chops burns or clamps the spinal nerves that control sweating in your hands. In some cases, this procedure triggers excessive sweating in other areas of your body (compensatory sweating). However, this surgery cannot be an alternative to isolated head and neck sweating. A change of magnitude on this surgery interrupts the nerve signals without removing the sympathetic nerve (sympathectomy).
Things To Know About ORS

One of the long withstanding problems of summer is the loss of water content from the body. This creates the teething problem of diarrhea. This leads to a series of health problems which mostly leads to the stomach and digestive problems can also pose a serious threat to the overall body. Hence, the body must have a process of getting fluid. One of the local ways to do so is the consumption of ORS.

An oral rehydration solution (ORS) is a mixture of electrolytes, sugar, and water. This solution is taken by mouth and hence is called oral solution in nature. These electrolytes recoup and rebuild fluid balance lost by excessive sweating, vomiting, or diarrhea. ORS is an effective treatment for 90-95% of patients suffering from diarrhea, regardless of the cause.

How ORS works

As we are all aware that the rapid discharge of the fluids from the body, which can be caused by cholera or diarrhea diseases, may lead to chronic dehydration. The worst-case scenario can even cause death. Oral Rehydration Salts are a solution which is made by combining salt and sugar which makes the process of fluid evacuation slow thereby hastening the process of the absorption of electrolytes in the intestines. This process is known as Oral Rehydration Treatment. These are also available in every government hospitals and even in the labs which conduct diagnostic test In Delhi.

What should be the ideal composition of ORS?

As per the information available on the website of World Health Organization, the specialized agency has devised a new formula for ORS. This formula has been improved after much research by the WHO’s Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development and supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The study’s findings deduce that if low-sodium, low-glucose ORS formulation is used then it reduces the need for intravenous fluids by 33 percent. As a result, it can be of great relief especially for cases wherein the children require hospitalization. This, in turn, can lessen secondary infections, there would a reduced need to handle blood with its potentially dangerous consequences, and lower health care costs.

The solution can be made at home too. In order to prepare the solution, you need to add 6 level teaspoons of sugar and 1/2 level teaspoon of salt dissolved in 1 liter of clean water. The only thing to be noted is that the amount of both the components is of the prescribed level to make the right Oral Rehydration Treatment. The reason being that excess sugar can aggravate diarrhea worse. Similarly, the excess amount of salt too can have detrimental effects on the body. Another thing to be aware of is that if the solution is made more dilute than normal then it won’t cause any harm.

Given the excess heat and a vast population of our country still having economic challenges, ORS is a potent alternative to keep the inevitable trouble of dehydration and possible effects of diarrhea.

Important Blood Tests That You Should Be Aware Of

Blood test is a common medical procedure which must not be dreaded. It is one of the oldest and reliable methods for the initial level of diagnosis which is mostly done at the Diagnostic Labs in Delhi. We have all been part of the blood tests which are done for the basics such assessment of the blood group, malarial parasite, dengue, etc. However, there have been many more additions to the normal course of blood testing which might be recommended by the doctor in case a person is suffering from health complications. Let's know more of them:

  1. ABO Typing- ABO Typing is the medical term for determining the patient's blood type. A procedure done prior to the surgery, this ensures that the blood can be given in the operating room if necessary. Most surgeries do not require a blood transfusion, but some procedures, such as on-pump heart bypass surgery, routinely require the administration of blood. You may be asked to sign a consent form for the administration of blood prior to your surgery, even if a transfusion is not a routine part of the procedure, in case the need arises.
  2. Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) (Men Only) -Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein manufactured by the prostate gland in men. An enlarged prostate, prostate inflammation or prostate cancer is implied with its elevated levels. The use of PSA levels also helps in monitoring the efficacy of therapeutic regimens for prostate conditions. But at the same, it is also noted that the elevated levels of PSA do not necessarily signal prostate cancer and prostate cancer may not always be accompanied by expression of PSA. In case there is a urinary tract infection or an inflamed prostrate then it points at the elevated levels. Therefore, the diagnostic labs in Delhi check for the PSA level which are not over 2.5 ng/mL, or a PSA doubling time (the time required for PSA value to double) of less than 12 years or else it could be a matter of concern.
  3. DHEA- Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), a hormone produced by the adrenal glands, is a precursor to the sex hormones estrogen and testosterone. It is to be understood that blood levels of DHEA jump up in the peak in one’s twenties and then decline dramatically with age, decreasing to 20-30% of peak youthful levels between the ages of 70 and 80. Thus, DHEA is also known as “anti-aging” hormone.
  4. Homocysteine- The amino acid homocysteine is formed in the body during the metabolism of methionine. The higher levels of homocysteine have been identified as the cause which increases the risk of heart attack, bone fracture, and poor cognitive function. Homocysteine has also been noted as the independent risk factor for bone fractures

Blood tests are no longer confined to only a few tests which can only provide a needlepoint symptom. It is now capable of giving an accurate assessment of each and every possible health complications which may aggravate with passing time.

New Tests To Screen Four Autoimmune Conditions Of Diabetes

The ills of diabetes are to be fought for a long time, a medical condition in which the blood glucose, blood sugar levels in the body is too high. There is also a routine process of getting the required insulin to curb these levels. The insulin is available in the major diagnostic labs in Delhi. It is estimated that as many as 40% of people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes may also have another autoimmune condition, like celiac disease or thyroid disease. Notably, antibody screening offers an effective way to screen for various autoimmune conditions, including type-1 diabetes. Most recently, researchers developed a new test that can screen for four autoimmune conditions simultaneously. This feat has been achieved by the researchers of the University of Colorado. This endeavor had the backing in the form of grants offered by the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The authors reported no financial conflicts of interest related to this work. The scientists published the results of their research in the most recent issue of The Lancet, a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal.

What may be termed as the biggest breakthrough, the newly-developed test combines seven different antibodies to screen for four autoimmune conditions: type 1 diabetes, celiac disease, thyroid disease, and autoimmune poly-glandular syndrome-1 (APS-1). The study authors reported that in testing the new assay, they found “high sensitivity and disease specificity, along with high throughput and low cost for large scale screenings in the general population.”

This research constitutes a very important step in proactive screening and detection of related autoimmune diseases. Early detection and appropriate treatment of autoimmune diseases can translate to fewer health complications and a higher quality of life for patients. Early detection of disease is especially critical for conditions that are life-threatening, such as type 1 diabetes and APS-1.

The researchers made the following conclusions about their stupendous work in the publication:

This is the first validated multiplexed autoantibody assay, which is feasible and ready to be used in clinical trials for large-scale population screenings…to simultaneously screen for type-1 diabetes and multiple relevant autoimmune diseases associated with auto antibodies. This multiplexed autoantibody assay has been extensively validated and provides a great tool for general population screening with high efficiency, low cost, and small sample amount. We anticipate these multiplexed assays will become available in clinics and easily applied to large population screening in the near future.

It appears likely that this test will soon offer an effective means of screening at-risk individuals for associated autoimmune conditions, and can help facilitate early and accurate detection of several life-threatening diseases with a single test.

Thus we can say that this rapid stride taken to screen and analyze the various forms of diabetes shall go a long way in providing the most comprehensive report for diabetes. This can further enhance the process of recovery and maintaining lifestyle which is based on scientific approach and choices without any health complications.

Regular Health Checkups - Why are they so Important

Regular Checkups

Does regular physical checkup with your physician affect your health? Well if you get regularly diagnosed, your doctor may find a problem before it becomes a havoc. Getting your annual checkup done lets you know is everything in working order.

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