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Explained: Can Typhoid Get Relapsed?

Typhoid fever is caused by Salmonella typhi a bacterium found in the infected human intestine. Since it has been dubbed as a strict human pathogen, they are not found in any other animal hosts. The typhoid bacteria integrate with the small intestine of the infected human hosts. Asymptomatic long-term colonization is seen commonly seen as an occurrence in infected hosts. As a result, the person suffering from typhoid fever becomes frequent carriers. Therefore, unhygienic food or even the conditions not deemed clean enough are potentially dangerous for the normal being of a person. Food, vegetables or water contaminated human feces by S. Typhi are the common sources of infection. S. Typhi infections mainly occur when the food or water gets contaminated by infected food handlers or due to poor personal hygiene getting ingested. The diagnostic labs in Delhi opines that the infectious dose for S. Typhi infections is low and these results in a low person-to-person spread. Moreover, the answer to the question of whether a relapse of typhoid can offer, the response is simple. Relapses can be a common thing to struggle with provided the antibiotics are not taken for a full 15 days. You suffering from relapse three times appear to be unusual. Therefore, it is strongly advised I would advise repeating a full laboratory test including Widal test, blood culture, etc. to confirm the diagnosis. Add to that it is not the case of typhoid alone. There could be other infectious conditions that should be ruled out carefully with adequate and essential laboratory tests.

typhoid-fever

What is the cause of typhoid recurrence?

Ineffective Treatment- It is well and truly known that antibiotics are key to treating typhoid. Therefore, the dosage of the same should be completed right on time or else the typhoid is sure to recur. What's more? If the patients fail to complete the full course of antibiotic treatment, they are likely to develop antibiotic resistance which requires stronger antibiotics for treatment. Hence, it goes without saying that the take all the prescribed doses of antibiotics meant for typhoid even if they begin to feel better within a few days of taking these drugs.

Vaccine Ineffectiveness- Typhoid is seen as a contagious disease and some countries also issue an advisory for people who travel regularly to countries where typhoid is common. Typhoid vaccines lack the cent-percent effectiveness, and patients who fail to observe other preventative measures may become re-infected with typhoid fever. Typhoid vaccines also have the tendency to lose its efficacy after several years, and people at risk require boosters every two years for inactivated vaccines, and every five years for live oral typhoid vaccines.

As such it is always advised that you seek proper treatment from your medical specialists especially for the cases which have the risks of typhoid recurrence. In tandem, there is also a need to check the underlying causes as some typhoid cases are also aggravated due to diseases like malaria. Therefore, a comprehensive test is always encouraged.

Understanding Whole Body Checkup

Complete body checkup has become a need of the hour given the rise of health hazards owing to lifestyle and other unhealthy choices. This is a globally promoted functionality of the body wherein the entire course of a person's bodily functions through proper test and diagnosis is assessed by the diagnostic labs in Delhi.  These tests are most helpful in providing immediate attention to the certain danger that disease poses. So why exactly do we need a whole body check-up at least once in a year?

Among the many reasons to opt for a medical checkup which is inclusive, the most important reason is that it can prevent any disease. The various check-ups that are carried out by and large are for diabetes, blood sugar, liver functioning, thyroid profile etc. This check-up package may be customized based on a variety of factors such as gender, age, family health, and lifestyle. Health check-ups are not only good for physical and mental well being of the patient but they can also help improve a patient-doctor relationship and trust issue which a skeptical patient has. The session can lead to sitting which is educational in nature meaning the doctors can advise the patients on various negative health effects posed by the habits of alcoholism, tobacco addiction, binge eating, inactivity etc. There are more of the contributing factors which make for a strong case for such whole body check-ups. These include:

  • Getting to know the family history of the disease a person is often suffering from
  • The current pace and the sheer lifestyle of the person can spike the risks of various health conditions such as heart attacks, diabetes, stress, weight gain etc.
  • Adulterated food is also considered to be extremely lethal these days that indirectly contribute to the diseases which grip the body's vital organs. A whole-body checkup can ensure you are given medical attention on time.
  • Seasonal health problems affect the children and the old age group the most. With a detailed annual whole body check-up, an action plan can be formed with regard to precaution, medicine, and lifestyle to allay such fears.
  • The high levels of pollution and innovative ways of food contamination and adulteration is a very concerning cause which makes these tests absolutely necessary to keep the body free from toxins.

The facilities of medical care are definitely on the rise and the world-class technologies are no more a thing of the past. With India's medical landscape getting greener with each year, you can get the most inclusive and well planned whole body check-up. These body checkups can also be planned on a prior basis. 3hcare is an online aggregator for such tests at the best labs and diagnostic center which lets you customize and book your checkups in the nearest labs. Moreover, the biggest advantage you get is that of comparing the cost of all such tests across the enlisted labs to get a more cost-effective service without compromise on standards.

Chances Of Men Getting Affected By UTI

While women are far more likely to experience a urinary tract infection (UTI), men are not immune to this problem. In fact, an estimated three percent of men get a UTI every year.

Most bacteria that enter your urinary tract are washed out when you urinate. If bacteria stay in your urinary tract, you may get a UTI – an infection of the bladder and urethra (the lower urinary tract) and sometimes the kidney and ureters (the upper urinary tract). UTIs are less common in men. This is because compared to a man; the urethra (the tube that drains urine from the bladder) is shorter in a woman and closer to the anus, and therefore more susceptible to bacterial infection. While rare in men under 50, UTIs become more likely as men age. The risk of developing a UTI increases due to problems such as an enlarged prostate that prevents the bladder from emptying properly; kidney stones or other bladder or kidney problems that prevent proper urination; or a weak immune system. In some cases, a male UTI can occur for no apparent reason.

What are the symptoms of a male UTI?

When a man does get a UTI, symptoms is not much different than those a woman would experience. Typical symptoms of UTI in men include:

  • Constant urge to urinate
  • Pain or burning when urinating
  • Pain or pressure in the lower abdomen
  • Cloudy, bloody or foul-smelling urine
  • Leaking urine
  • Fever

The process by which male UTI is treated

Though many UTIs are minor and resolve within a short time, it is appropriate to seek medical attention if you experience any of the above symptoms. Men and women receive the same treatment for a UTI, typically antibiotics to kill bacteria and stop symptoms. A higher percentage of men reports improvement within a few days of starting treatment.

Get UTI Diagnosis & Treatment

If you have the symptoms discussed previously, simply walk into for immediate treatment recommendations with by setting up a date for appointment. The board-certified nurse practitioners and physician assistants start the process to diagnose a urinary tract infection using urinalysis, which detects bacteria and blood in the urine. The diagnostic labs in Delhi are mostly open seven days a week which makes it very easy to seek consultation. This way, you can get an informed picture of what has been gripping on you. Many people may relate this to something which can create a social awkwardness. But the fact of the matter is that men too should not be shamed when it comes to discussing a medical condition like this. Moreover, UTI has also been linked to sexually transmitted disease or STD. Therefore, one should always make sure to not have unprotected sex as the chances of UTI is said to be the most for these negligence. In addition, it is also advised you opt for bland foods to ease the burning sensation whilst the medicines are being taken.

Some Quick Facts About Cholesterol

In today’s society that can sometimes be overly conscious of health and wellness, there are myths and false information floating around regarding what is considered healthy and what isn’t. When it comes to nutrients, confusion as to what actually is good and bad for you can be manipulated and we’ve found that cholesterol is often subject to that misunderstanding. So what actually is cholesterol?

The definition of American Heart Association states that cholesterol is a fat-like, waxy substance that is made in the liver and body cells as well as found in certain foods such as animal products like meat and dairy products such as milk and eggs. Cholesterol travels through the blood and attaches to proteins to form what is known as a lipoprotein. It is often misunderstood that all cholesterol is bad. Your body actually needs a small amount of cholesterol in order for proper function. The body’s cell walls need cholesterol in order for hormone, bile acid and Vitamin D production. It is important to remember that too much cholesterol can lead to health problems such as heart disease, but that is only when a mass amount is present. A condition called Atherosclerosis can also occur which is the narrowing and hardening of the arteries due to plaque buildup from too much cholesterol.

As mentioned earlier, there are different types of cholesterol which are categorized by the diagnostic test in Delhi as lipoproteins.

· LDL: These can simply be classified as bad cholesterols otherwise known as Low density lipoproteins. The higher the LDL level in your body, the greater risk one runs of developing heart disease.

· VLDL: Very low density lipoproteins, similar to LDL but contains more levels of fat and not as much protein.

· Triglycerides: Another type of fat that is carried in the blood by VLDL. When the body recognizes an excess of calories, sugar or alcohol, the body converts it into triglycerides and then is stored in fat cells throughout the body.

· HDL: High density lipoprotein or good cholesterol is the opposite of LDL. HDL can actually help rid the body of bad cholesterol and the higher the number you have in your body the better.

There are a lot of factors that can affect the level of cholesterol you have in your body:

· Diet: Some foods can spike your cholesterol so it is recommended to stay away from and reduce your saturated fat intake

· Weight: Being overweight can increase cholesterol greatly. Losing weight can help lower LDL and total cholesterol levels and increase your HDL levels.

· Exercise: This is very effective in lowering the LDL and raise HDL. An activity of fitness such as walking or jogging for 30 minutes a day is recommended.

· Age & Gender: As we age, cholesterol numbers go up as well. In women, cholesterol levels have a lower total than most men before menopause but after menopause the total is higher.

· Diabetes: If someone has developed or was born with diabetes, their cholesterol levels can be compromised and raised if their diabetes is poorly controlled.

· Heredity: Genes partly determine your body’s natural level of cholesterol. High cholesterol can run in the family so it is important to take necessary steps to control it.

· Other Causes: It has been found that certain medications and existing medical conditions can cause high cholesterol. If you suspect your current medication is spiking your numbers, it is recommended to consult your physician.

How To Control And Prevent Hyperhidrosis?

Have you been dealing with the nagging problem of sweating which transcends to sweaty patches on clothes? If so, you are more than likely to be suffering hyperhidrosis. It is also known as polyhidrosis or sudorrhea. Many people are not even aware that this pretty much a condition which is not life-threatening but it does have uncomfortable embarrassment and psychological trauma involved. But it does require detailed check-ups or diagnostic test in Delhi in some of the cases.

One may wonder of the prime cause of hyperhidrosis. It so happens that the food does play a part in aggravating hyperhidrosis. Therefore, one has to bring a change in their diet to put hold on the excessive sweating. And this means that the spicy foods must be omitted from the menu to start with. This way you may well be able to avoid the embarrassment in any social situation. Likewise, caffeine goes out of the list as it stimulates our adrenal glands and causes our palms, feet, and underarms to sweat.

As for the lab tests for acute hyperhidrosis conditions, the doctor may recommend blood, urine or other lab tests to see if your sweating is caused by another medical condition, such as an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) or low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).

There are also iodine-starch test, skin conductance and a thermoregulatory sweat test which check the severity of the sweating. Additionally, there can be treatment for underlying reasons of testing. Sometimes one may also require a combination of tests. If nothing conclusive is found then the focus is shifted to control excessive sweating.

Generally, some of the medications provided are:

  • Prescription creams- These are common usage creams which glycopyrrolate, a component which can curtail the problem of hyperhidrosis that affects the face and head.
  • Nerve-blocking medications- Some oral medications have the efficacy to block the chemicals that permit certain nerves to communicate with each other. As a result, you can see a dip in the level of sweating. The few possible side effects could be dry mouth, blurred vision, and bladder problems.
  • Antidepressants- Perhaps many would agree that anxiety does cause them to sweat and this why the prescription of antidepressants is also necessary in the cases of hyperhidrosis.

Some surgical procedures may also be taken into consideration. These are:

  • Microwave therapy- This is a therapy wherein a device sends microwave energy to destroy sweat glands. The treatment is done in between 20 and 30-minute sessions, three months apart. There may be a minor possibility of side effects like skin sensation and some discomfort. This is not a widely available therapy.
  • Sweat gland removal- Sweat glands are known to be super active Therefore, the removal of sweat gland can minimize the problem of hyperhidrosis to a great deal. There is a minimally invasive technique called suction curettage which may be executed for such severe cases
  • Nerve surgery (sympathectomy)- Sympathectomy is the procedure in which the surgeon chops burns or clamps the spinal nerves that control sweating in your hands. In some cases, this procedure triggers excessive sweating in other areas of your body (compensatory sweating). However, this surgery cannot be an alternative to isolated head and neck sweating. A change of magnitude on this surgery interrupts the nerve signals without removing the sympathetic nerve (sympathectomy).
Things To Know About ORS

One of the long withstanding problems of summer is the loss of water content from the body. This creates the teething problem of diarrhea. This leads to a series of health problems which mostly leads to the stomach and digestive problems can also pose a serious threat to the overall body. Hence, the body must have a process of getting fluid. One of the local ways to do so is the consumption of ORS.

An oral rehydration solution (ORS) is a mixture of electrolytes, sugar, and water. This solution is taken by mouth and hence is called oral solution in nature. These electrolytes recoup and rebuild fluid balance lost by excessive sweating, vomiting, or diarrhea. ORS is an effective treatment for 90-95% of patients suffering from diarrhea, regardless of the cause.

How ORS works

As we are all aware that the rapid discharge of the fluids from the body, which can be caused by cholera or diarrhea diseases, may lead to chronic dehydration. The worst-case scenario can even cause death. Oral Rehydration Salts are a solution which is made by combining salt and sugar which makes the process of fluid evacuation slow thereby hastening the process of the absorption of electrolytes in the intestines. This process is known as Oral Rehydration Treatment. These are also available in every government hospitals and even in the labs which conduct diagnostic test In Delhi.

What should be the ideal composition of ORS?

As per the information available on the website of World Health Organization, the specialized agency has devised a new formula for ORS. This formula has been improved after much research by the WHO’s Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development and supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The study’s findings deduce that if low-sodium, low-glucose ORS formulation is used then it reduces the need for intravenous fluids by 33 percent. As a result, it can be of great relief especially for cases wherein the children require hospitalization. This, in turn, can lessen secondary infections, there would a reduced need to handle blood with its potentially dangerous consequences, and lower health care costs.

The solution can be made at home too. In order to prepare the solution, you need to add 6 level teaspoons of sugar and 1/2 level teaspoon of salt dissolved in 1 liter of clean water. The only thing to be noted is that the amount of both the components is of the prescribed level to make the right Oral Rehydration Treatment. The reason being that excess sugar can aggravate diarrhea worse. Similarly, the excess amount of salt too can have detrimental effects on the body. Another thing to be aware of is that if the solution is made more dilute than normal then it won’t cause any harm.

Given the excess heat and a vast population of our country still having economic challenges, ORS is a potent alternative to keep the inevitable trouble of dehydration and possible effects of diarrhea.

Important Blood Tests That You Should Be Aware Of

Blood test is a common medical procedure which must not be dreaded. It is one of the oldest and reliable methods for the initial level of diagnosis which is mostly done at the Diagnostic Labs in Delhi. We have all been part of the blood tests which are done for the basics such assessment of the blood group, malarial parasite, dengue, etc. However, there have been many more additions to the normal course of blood testing which might be recommended by the doctor in case a person is suffering from health complications. Let's know more of them:

  1. ABO Typing- ABO Typing is the medical term for determining the patient's blood type. A procedure done prior to the surgery, this ensures that the blood can be given in the operating room if necessary. Most surgeries do not require a blood transfusion, but some procedures, such as on-pump heart bypass surgery, routinely require the administration of blood. You may be asked to sign a consent form for the administration of blood prior to your surgery, even if a transfusion is not a routine part of the procedure, in case the need arises.
  2. Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) (Men Only) -Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein manufactured by the prostate gland in men. An enlarged prostate, prostate inflammation or prostate cancer is implied with its elevated levels. The use of PSA levels also helps in monitoring the efficacy of therapeutic regimens for prostate conditions. But at the same, it is also noted that the elevated levels of PSA do not necessarily signal prostate cancer and prostate cancer may not always be accompanied by expression of PSA. In case there is a urinary tract infection or an inflamed prostrate then it points at the elevated levels. Therefore, the diagnostic labs in Delhi check for the PSA level which are not over 2.5 ng/mL, or a PSA doubling time (the time required for PSA value to double) of less than 12 years or else it could be a matter of concern.
  3. DHEA- Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), a hormone produced by the adrenal glands, is a precursor to the sex hormones estrogen and testosterone. It is to be understood that blood levels of DHEA jump up in the peak in one’s twenties and then decline dramatically with age, decreasing to 20-30% of peak youthful levels between the ages of 70 and 80. Thus, DHEA is also known as “anti-aging” hormone.
  4. Homocysteine- The amino acid homocysteine is formed in the body during the metabolism of methionine. The higher levels of homocysteine have been identified as the cause which increases the risk of heart attack, bone fracture, and poor cognitive function. Homocysteine has also been noted as the independent risk factor for bone fractures

Blood tests are no longer confined to only a few tests which can only provide a needlepoint symptom. It is now capable of giving an accurate assessment of each and every possible health complications which may aggravate with passing time.

New Tests To Screen Four Autoimmune Conditions Of Diabetes

The ills of diabetes are to be fought for a long time, a medical condition in which the blood glucose, blood sugar levels in the body is too high. There is also a routine process of getting the required insulin to curb these levels. The insulin is available in the major diagnostic labs in Delhi. It is estimated that as many as 40% of people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes may also have another autoimmune condition, like celiac disease or thyroid disease. Notably, antibody screening offers an effective way to screen for various autoimmune conditions, including type-1 diabetes. Most recently, researchers developed a new test that can screen for four autoimmune conditions simultaneously. This feat has been achieved by the researchers of the University of Colorado. This endeavor had the backing in the form of grants offered by the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The authors reported no financial conflicts of interest related to this work. The scientists published the results of their research in the most recent issue of The Lancet, a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal.

What may be termed as the biggest breakthrough, the newly-developed test combines seven different antibodies to screen for four autoimmune conditions: type 1 diabetes, celiac disease, thyroid disease, and autoimmune poly-glandular syndrome-1 (APS-1). The study authors reported that in testing the new assay, they found “high sensitivity and disease specificity, along with high throughput and low cost for large scale screenings in the general population.”

This research constitutes a very important step in proactive screening and detection of related autoimmune diseases. Early detection and appropriate treatment of autoimmune diseases can translate to fewer health complications and a higher quality of life for patients. Early detection of disease is especially critical for conditions that are life-threatening, such as type 1 diabetes and APS-1.

The researchers made the following conclusions about their stupendous work in the publication:

This is the first validated multiplexed autoantibody assay, which is feasible and ready to be used in clinical trials for large-scale population screenings…to simultaneously screen for type-1 diabetes and multiple relevant autoimmune diseases associated with auto antibodies. This multiplexed autoantibody assay has been extensively validated and provides a great tool for general population screening with high efficiency, low cost, and small sample amount. We anticipate these multiplexed assays will become available in clinics and easily applied to large population screening in the near future.

It appears likely that this test will soon offer an effective means of screening at-risk individuals for associated autoimmune conditions, and can help facilitate early and accurate detection of several life-threatening diseases with a single test.

Thus we can say that this rapid stride taken to screen and analyze the various forms of diabetes shall go a long way in providing the most comprehensive report for diabetes. This can further enhance the process of recovery and maintaining lifestyle which is based on scientific approach and choices without any health complications.

Factors You Must Consider Before Choosing A Good Diagnostic Center

Diagnostic tests play a vital role in diagnosis field. Doctors rely on the reports of these tests to diagnose a certain disease and plan the treatment. In general, the doctors suggest for these tests to be sure about the cause or the root of certain symptoms and prefer to proceed once they have the reports in hand.

Nowadays the advancement of medical technologies makes it possible to find out the cause of many diseases through these tests. In fact, in many cases, the doctors may assume something else in the beginning, but the reports of the pathological tests can change their perspective.

Thus you have to be highly careful while choosing the diagnostic centre or lab near you. Remember that the reports prepared in those labs after examinations can decide the future of your treatment procedure. Therefore, a nominal negligence cannot be tolerated. Here are some vital points that you must consider while looking for the best Diagnostic Labs in Delhi near your house.

What types of tests are done there? Is it only for some basic or routine medical examinations like blood tests for LFT, KFT or for any other reasons, urine tests? Or is there the infrastructure to have critical and crucial diagnostic examinations like MRI, CT Scan, TVS Scan, etc.?

Do they have proper machines through which crucial diagnostic tests can be done? A diagnostic centre that performs an ultrasound, CT scan or MRI must have the latest machines for the same to get the best and accurate results. Tests done with inefficient and old machines may not give you the accurate result. So, always look for the centre that is equipped with the advanced devices.

Are the staffs of the labs well trained and skilled? Remember that it is not the machines that do the test, but the role of the lab experts and the technicians and radiologists is also notable. They are the one who is going to prepare the reports on the basis of those images they collect from the machines. They have to check and find out the proportion of various elements in your blood, urine and stool. They have to measure the presence of different elements in your liver, kidney and other body parts. Their findings help the doctors to diagnose and treat. Hence, their mistakes can cost high.

Check the price of the services they offer and compare them with the other renowned diagnostic centers you know. When you wish to find the best CT scan centre in Delhi, then compare the price of various tests and make sure that their services are not only good but also cost-effective. There are lots of diagnostic centers in Delhi and the adjoining areas that offer top-class diagnostic services at an affordable cost.

Ensure that they provide accurate and on time delivery of reports. In some cases, the patients need to reports as soon as possible to go for further doctor consultation. In such situations, the diagnostic centre must have a system to prepare the reports on an urgency basis.

At 3H Care, you can get help to find out such advanced, affordable and efficient diagnostic centres in Delhi. You can go there and have discounted rates for various medical examinations.

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