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Is It Possible To Do CT And MRI For Children?

Imagine that a doctor prescribes your child to undergo a computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Most likely, you are, first of all, thinking about the possible risks: will this or that research harm the children's organism? How will the child take them?

Is there a danger?

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an absolutely safe method of research, since it does not use ionizing radiation sources. There is no reason to worry about the hypothetical harm to the child from this type of diagnosis. When conducting computed tomography (CT), X-rays are used, so the concerns of the parents are well founded. But in the medical organizations of the Moscow Department of Health, special pediatric research protocols are used, which allow reducing the radiation dose to the minimum harmless values. Therefore, this procedure does not have any negative impact.

Is it possible to replace a CT scan with a safer MRI?

MRI and CT are two different methods of radiation diagnosis, which are not always interchangeable. They give different information about the state of health, so the question of what kind of research to conduct a child is decided directly by the attending physician or radiologist. The greatest harm to health is caused not by a microdose of X-rays, but by insufficient diagnostics.

Is it necessary to give children anesthesia during CT and MRI?

During CT and especially MRI, it is very important that the child remains stationary throughout the procedure; otherwise, the results will not be accurate or not suitable for analysis. The MRI procedure takes an average of 20-30 minutes, which means that the child will have to lie motionless all this time. As practice shows, children 5-6 years and older do an excellent job with this task. But earlier patients are difficult to maintain immobility.

For children under 3 years old, CT and MRI are performed only in a hospital, under the supervision of specialists. Before the study, the child is given a sedative or mild inhalation anesthesia, after which he wakes up quickly and easily.

CT and MRI with contrast enhancement

To diagnose some diseases, a child may need to have a CT scan or MRI with a so-called contrast - and you should not be afraid of this study. Before the procedure, the doctor will carefully collect anamnesis and find out all about possible contraindications. For greater safety, a study with contrast enhancement in children is carried out only in hospitals.

Where will my child be taken for CT and MRI?

According to the order of the Moscow Department of Health, the routing of children on CT and MRI in hospitals is carried out in accordance with the assignment by the district. That is, depending on the CT scan centre in which you are monitored, you will be assigned a referral to one or another institution.

In most cases, children under 3 years old are sent to inpatient medical organizations for CT and MRI. This is due to the need to introduce anesthesia for the success of the study. Children over 4 years old can undergo an outpatient study.

Cancer and PET CT Scan

Everyone who has suffered from cancer knows the importance of early diagnosis and effective treatment. However, the situation in the country is absurd: there is not enough money for medicine, and modern treatment with effective medicines is paid for by the patient or depends on the availability of public donations, therefore high-tech diagnostics are mostly available in private medical institutions.

PET / CT allows you to assess the extent of the tumor lesion of the patient and correctly determine the stage of the disease. Information on how far malignant cells have spread is extremely important for the choice of treatment tactics. Examination of patients undergoing radiotherapy and chemotherapy, or undergoing surgery, is necessary to monitor the results of prescribed treatment - PET / CT scan will show how the tumor changes, will allow to see new foci and relapses.

A full-body PET / CT scan is performed for:

  • Detection of metastases and primary tumor foci;
  • Determine the extent of the tumor process;
  • Evaluation of the effectiveness of treatment;
  • Differentiation of benign and malignant tumors;
  • Planning tactics of therapy.

In PET-Technology, diagnostics with 18-FDG is carried out for the following diseases: malignant skeletal tumors, melanoma, Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, soft tissue sarcomas, thyroid cancer, breast, cervix, thymus, testicles, lung glands, ovaries, stomach and intestines.

The test scan takes place in two stages:

The introduction of the drug. The patient is given an intravenous injection. The procedure is painless, sometimes accompanied by a sensation of heat. The drug is distributed in all cells within an hour. Important: After the introduction of the drug you need to lie quietly, do not move, do not talk, do not read - 18-FDG accumulates in actively working muscles, which can affect the results. Drink clean water to improve cell imaging.

PET/CT scan. The patient is placed in a tomograph, where a computed tomography of the whole body is first performed, followed by a positron emission tomography of the whole body. In some cases, a contrast agent is additionally introduced, which improves the visualization of the hollow organs - the intestines and vessels. The software of the device superimposes CT scans on PET scans, as a result, structural, physiological and metabolic changes in the tissues can be assessed.

PET / CT does not last more than an hour, but in the center you will spend from 2 to 5 hours - this includes preliminary preparation, documentation, and rest after the procedure. Before the examination, you need to change into comfortable clothes and remove all products containing metal.

During the rest period it is important to maintain immobility, this contributes to the correct distribution of the radiopharmaceutical and, as a result, to a qualitative display of the pathological focus. To obtain a good quality of the study, it is necessary to remain stationary during the entire scan time (the study can last from 20 to 40 minutes).

After completing the procedures, do not leave the territory of the diagnostic lab in Delhi without the permission of the medical staff, as it may sometimes be necessary to repeat the scan.

What Must Be Kept In Mind About Pregnancy Tests?

Pregnancy tests are no more a taboo or something which cannot be done at home as well. With the advancement in the field of medical science, their pregnancy kits which add to the swiftness. They are handy and do not cost you a fortune. When in doubt, they can be used anytime without the consultation of an expert. But it must also be taken into note that all pregnancy test kits, the expensive ones, in particular, does not equate to being accurate. Hence, we discuss some of the key factors which must be kept in mind about pregnancy tests:

  1. Take a sample of the first-morning urine- By using urine from the first thing in the morning you actually have more of the hormone (hCG) that the test is looking for building up in your urine. It can thus be beneficial for getting an accurate test reading. All you need is keep your forgetfulness aside and do not take a leak. Many also are of the opinion that if you hold up urine for more than four hours, it is going to be as useful as the first-morning urine as a sample to check whether you are pregnant or not. But the key is basically to not overload yourself on fluids to make your urine more dilute.
  2. Read the instructions carefully- Anxiety kicks in at the very thought of checking for pregnancy pretty much like going for the first ct scan. It has certainly the potential to change our lives forever. Nevertheless, one needs to be patient and But, before you even enter the bathroom, pull out the instructions and read them thoroughly. Leave nothing to chance and if you have had a test previously, don't rely upon them completely. Also, there are limits which decide on how long the test is valid to read.
  3. Follow up on the tests- If you received a negative result which was not of the expected kind, or you have not started your period a week later, you need to retest. It is very much a process that most of the pregnancy tests ask you to follow. The reason being that it allows the body to produce detectable amounts of hCG in your urine. Thus it can be construed that a negative test may not always be a negative test. Perhaps, it would be too early for the test to turn positive.

Pregnancy can be sensitive as well as a volatile issue for many women trying to avoid unwanted pregnancy. It is not just the unmarried women but also the married ones planning a family who go for these tests all by themselves. That being said, it is most advised to seek medical help of the expert if there are too many contradictions on results. The test kits are made to give the women a firsthand insight on how accurate their conjecture about the pregnancy is. When in doubt, it is always better to take a step ahead.

Tests To Find Stomach Cancer

In general, stomach cancer is detected when a person goes to the doctor because of signs or symptoms. The doctor will record the medical history and test the patient. If stomach cancer is detected, tests will be required to confirm the diagnosis.

Medical history and medical examination

When preparing your medical history, the doctor will ask you questions about your symptoms (eating problems, pain, or abdominal swelling, etc.) and possible risk factors to see if they could suggest the presence of stomach cancer or other cause. The medical examination provides your doctor with information about your general health status, possible signs of stomach cancer and other health problems. The doctor will palpate, in particular, your abdomen, to determine if there are abnormal changes.

Endoscopic ultrasound

In endoscopic ultrasound test, a small transducer is placed on the tip of an endoscope. While you are sedated, the endoscope is used down the throat into the stomach. In this way, the transducer is located directly on the wall of the stomach where the cancer is located. The doctor can see the layers of the stomach wall, as well as nearby lymph nodes and other structures just outside the stomach.

Biopsy

Biopsies to find out if it is stomach cancer are done more frequently during an upper endoscopy. If during the endoscopy the doctor observes any abnormal area in the lining of the stomach, instruments can be passed by the endoscope to take samples and then perform a biopsy.

Imaging studies

The imaging using sound waves, X-rays, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, or radioactive imaging inside the body substances. Imaging studies can be performed for several reasons, including:

  • To help determine if an area that causes suspicion could be cancerous
  • Know how far cancer spread
  • Help determine if the treatment has been effective

Computed tomography

Computed tomography shows the stomach quite clearly, and can often confirm the location of cancer. In addition, it can show organs adjacent to the stomach, such as the liver, as well as lymph nodes and distant organs where there might be cancer spread. CT can help determine the extent (stage) of cancer, and if surgery can be a good treatment option.

Magnetic resonance imaging

Like CT, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images show detailed images of the soft tissues of the body. However, MRIs use radio waves and powerful magnets instead of X-rays.

Positron emission tomography

PET images are not as detailed as CT or MRI images, but PET can detect possible regions of cancer spread in all areas of the body at the same time. Sometimes PET is useful if your doctor thinks that cancer has spread, but does not know where. The image is not as detailed as a CT or an MRI, but it provides useful information about the entire body.

Chest x-ray

A chest x-ray can show if cancer has spread to the lungs. It could also determine if there are serious diseases of the lungs or heart. This study is not needed if a CT scan of the chest has been done by CT scan centre.

Myths and Realities: Magnetic Resonance and CT Scan are They the Same?

They are not. Having a CT (Scanner / CT) or Magnetic Resonance (MRI)  have in common that they are medical tests performed by the Technicians in Radio diagnosis (TSID) and that they provide images of the inside of your body. However, they fulfill this vital task in very different ways:

RADIATION

The CT scan uses ionizing radiation (X-rays) to produce the images, while Magnetic Resonance does not use ionizing radiation.

FUNCTIONING

A CT scan is an X-ray tube moving around the stretcher where the patient is lying down, and as this movement is made, multiple images (x-rays) of the body are obtained using X-rays from different angles. An MRI uses radio waves and powerful magnets to obtain the images, and although the stretcher can be moved, generally during the test the patient and the stretcher do not move. Different sequences are applied, and images are obtained once these are finished.

DIMENSIONS-CLAUSTROPHOBIA

The CT scan is in the form of a "donut," and during the test, the space between the patient and the team is wider than during an MRI. The MRI is a more or less elongated cylinder, but less "comfortable" than a CT scan. It is because of this design and its dimensions that if you are a person that you usually have claustrophobia or you are prone to overwhelm yourself in closed places, it is more likely that it can happen during an MRI than when performing a CT scan.

If this is the case, you should let the Radio-diagnostic Technician know that you will be tested so that he can inform you directly, show you the equipment and accompany you with his voice and vigilance during the development of the test.

UTILITY

The TAC is handy to evaluate bone injuries and internal injuries technique while the MRI is used to assess exceptionally soft tissue of the patient. The radiologist (a doctor specialized in radio diagnosis), evaluates according to the type of injury if it is convenient to perform one or another technique and even both.

METALLIC OBJECTS IN THE ROOM

In RM rooms it is not allowed to enter with metallic objectives (implanted or external) as they can cause problems in the study and safety. However, in the CT SCAN room, and just like when they perform a simple x-ray, it is allowed to enter the room with metallic objectives, but they should not be in the study area.

WEATHER

The time to perform a CT scan at a CT scan centre is much less than the time needed to perform a Magnetic Resonance Imaging. The TAC is a faster test to perform than an MRI, so in an emergency, it is usually the indicated test for a first diagnosis.

NOISE

The CT SCAN is a silent test if we compare it with an MRI study, in the CT SCAN you will hear the sound of the Rx equipment spinning around you while in the MRI it is a little more uncomfortable sound but more bearable if we reduce it with plugs or helmets compatible.

What Imaging Tests to Use to Detect Brain Aneurysms?

To go into deepness on this subject, it is essential that we know what a cerebral aneurysm is and, from there we will discover what the symptoms and causes are and finally understand how to detect it and what clinical tests to be performedby MRI test labs in Delhi, we begin!

A cerebral aneurysm is a cerebrovascular disease in which an abnormal widening occurs in the wall of a brain artery.

What is a cerebral aneurysm?  

A cerebral aneurysm is a cerebrovascular disease in which an abnormal widening occurs in the wall of an artery of the brain, which swells with the passage of time. This is due to a weakening of the wall of this, which makes the pressure of the blood to tighten it, even more, increasing the risk of the vessel ruptures and a part of the brain is filled with blood.

Symptoms of a cerebral aneurysm:

Signs may exist before the rupture of the blood vessel and signs after rupture. In the first case, the symptoms that can occur are a headache, dizziness, alterations in perception, loss of vision and balance. And the signs of a ruptured aneurysm are a stiff neck, pain in the face, double vision, sensitivity to light, seizure or change in speech or mental acuity, among others.

What causes brain aneurysms?

First of all, it is good to know that brain aneurysms can occur due to genetics or acquired diseases, as well as the consequence of unhealthy lifestyle habits such as alcohol consumption, tobacco abuse, excessive intake of foods with high levels of fats and sugars, drug use like cocaine or also due to the use of certain contraceptives and anticoagulants.

Imaging tests for the detection of a cerebral aneurysm:

The aneurysms can be diagnosed through several imaging tests, such as Computed Tomography (CT), brain magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and computed tomography angiography of the head (CTA), which we explain below:

Computed tomography (CT)

This type of imaging test is usually the first user to determine if there is bleeding in the brain. If you want to deepen and better observe the blood flow, an angiography by computerized tomography will be performed, explained below.

Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA)

In this test, the patient is inserted with a dye that allows the professional to observe better the flow of blood in the brain and X-rays show a 3D image of the blood vessels and surrounding brain tissue, which could indicate more safely the presence of an aneurysm in the brain.

Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA)

MRA, which does not emit X-rays, is used to evaluate blood flow through the network of blood vessels in the brain. During this test, a dye can be injected to show the blood vessels more clearly.

For the radiologist:

If you are a radiologist or radiology professional and want to improve your working mechanics, request our demo of the PACS system that we offer, which will allow you to archive the imaging tests of your patients and consult them from any place and device.

The Differences between Making a Conventional CT Scan and One of the Latest Generation

The new computed tomography devices are not only less harmful to patients, but also facilitate and speed up the diagnosis process notably.

The doctor advised me that he has to perform a CT scan and that he will do it with a new generation computerized tomography equipment. What advantages do you have compared to the conventional CT?

The main advantage is that images is lower dose of radiation to the patient and lowest cost CT scan in Delhi. Also, its higher resolution power makes it possible to identify lesions with greater clarity and, being more quickly, the problems caused by the involuntary movement of the patient are reduced.

This new technology also allows heart studies to be made in the time that a heartbeat lasts, as well as screening for lung cancer using low radiation dose protocols. Finally, in the cases of patients who may have implanted metallic materials, it contains contracts that reduce the distortion of the image produced by these implants.

Does it involve any risk to undergo this test?

Only the inherent risk derived from radiation, although it is lower than in conventional CT since it has a precise dose control system that ensures the minimum radiation needed in each scan and for each patient (calculated about their physical characteristics). Also, it is a highly safe test in pediatric patients.

Do I require to do any prior preparation? Is the test always performed with contrast?

Most studies do not require any preparation on the part of the patient. Specific scans need fasting or certain restrictions in the diet. Some cardio logical examinations must be preceded by medication to control the heart rhythm, always under medical supervision. Neither is it still necessary to administer contrast, although in many cases its administration provides more information for diagnosis.

The conventional CT scan may take several minutes, depending on the body region and the size of the patient. CT is the technique of choice to acquire two-dimensional complete axial images of the body without the disadvantages of bone or air overlay of conventional radiographs.

One of the advantages of the helical technique by CT scan centres is the possibility of detecting lesions smaller than the conventional thickness of a cut.

Both in the CT with the single crown detector and in the multi-detector CT, the data is acquired continuously while advancing the table through the Gantry. The X-ray tube describes an approximately helical path around the patient. If the progress of the table is coordinated with the time required for a 360º rotation, the data acquisition will be complete without interruption.

In conventional CT the x-ray tube receives the energy for a rotation, which usually lasts 1sg and the intervals of 6 - 10 sg, this allows the tube to cool between one sweep and the next. In the helical CT, the x-ray tube is subjected to a crucial thermal state, since it receives energy for about 30 sg without interruption. Therefore, the helical CT tube is characterized by its high thermal capacity, its high cooling rates, and its large size. All these technical conditions increase the noise of the system.

The Ultimate Guide: An Overview on CT Scan

The sole reason as to why a doctor would order a CT Scan Abdomen or of the chest is to make detailed pictures and analyze the internal structure. CT scan is also known as Computerized tomography (CT) which is useful in obtaining very detailed 3D image of certain parts of the body.

The process is a progression of the x-ray project albeit one may deduce that it is done by taking many different x-ray views which are combined with the use of computer processing. They create cross-sectional images of the bones and soft tissue inside of the body, including tissues inside of solid organ. The reason why X-rays are not a very preferred choice of imaging is due to the fact that the rays do not show clear images of soft tissues. The CT scan also gives the flexibility to use a contrast dye that allows showing up clearer image on the screen.  A crystal clear CT scan displays all the structures of the body including the lungs and cancer tumor.

Reasons for a Chest CT scan: 

CT scans are used for a multitude of reasons. Its benefits particularly help in the checking for certain cancers, the development of abnormal tumors and growth of lumps if any.

The CT scans have the ability to successfully locate the tumor, the stage at which the cancer is at and where to perform a biopsy.  The CT scans such as those for the chest can also be ordered after a mammogram exam. Some CT scans are tailored to look for heart disease, aneurysms of the aorta or pulmonary emboli.

In the aftermath of a therapy or surgery, a CT is perhaps the first that gets prescribed in the CT scan centre. This gives a clear idea as to how well the body is responding to treatment.

CT scans can be used to detect cysts or infections in the body.

It is now more of a regulation to go for a CT scan to inspect any internal injury after an accident to identify grave injuries especially the internal ones.

Role of CT scan in diagnosing the problems of the chest

  • A CT scan can help doctors diagnose the cause of shortness of breath or chest pain, as well as find the cause of abnormal findings from a standard X-ray.
  • A CT scan of the chest can discover masses, tumors, infections, or injuries. It can also show excess fluid around the lungs or a blood clot in the lungs.
  • The problems such as blocked blood vessels, cancer, injury or heart problems can be assessed with a CT scan.
  • Chest scan, also known as thorax CT scan can look into the potential problems of the heart, lungs esophagus, the aorta or even the tissues of the chest.

What is the safety limit of CT scan?

It is true that the CT scan test in the CT scan center Delhiis administered with radiation exposure but there is almost a cent percent chance that they are unlikely to harm the body in any internal or apparent way.

The CT Scan Cost Delhi   is between INR 2000 and 4000. For the CT scan brain angiography, the scan centers may charge anywhere around INR 12000.

Brain Injuries In Child – What Precautions You Must Take

Brain injuries among children are very common because of their overactive nature. Children; especially the toddlers are more prone to get such kind of injuries while learning their first steps. They often fall and get their head bumped on the floor, walls or furniture and other nearby objects. These kinds of incidents may seem very familiar in every household that has toddlers. But in some cases, these injuries can be very dangerous for your child, and this is the prime reason you should not ignore them.

However, you cannot stop your child from being active or sometimes overactive. It is their instinct, and it is also good for their health. But you can be aware of the precautions that you should take whenever your child gets any sort of brain injury.

  • First, never ignore the injury no matter how small or unharmful it may seem initially. You should try to provide some first aid and call your pediatrician to inform about the incident. If he suggests you to take your child to him, then do so immediately. He may suggest you observe your child’s activities for the next 48 hours to be sure about the severity of the injury.
  • If your Doctor suggest you to go for a head CT Scan test, find out the head CT Scan cost in Delhi and take your child to the nearest CT scan center for immediate examination.

Why Scan Is Important

CT scan is a process that gets you some clear and accurate images of your brain. These details images help the doctors to understand exactly which part of your child’s brain is affected due to that injury and how serious it is.

The doctor can then decide the further treatment plan for your child on the basis of the report of CT Scan. Fortunately, there are advanced technologies that can make it easier for the radiologists as well as the doctors to find out the damage and get the best treatment for your baby.

Similarly, the test can also help the doctors in future to follow the progress of the patient after applying for the medicines or doing surgery. They can check whether the patient is responding properly on that treatment procedure or not.

Find out the best CT scan centre near your home where you can take your child as soon as possible after the injury.

In case, you are looking for some help regarding this matter, then 3 H Care is here to help you. We are in association with some of the top diagnostic centers in Delhi-NCR where you can take your child for CT scan and other medical examinations after a brain injury. Find out the lab details with their prices for CT Scan and you can go for the test in a reputed lab near by your area at a very discounted price.

Is CT Scan Imaging Same as MRI?

Both MRI and CT are two of the significant advances in current medicine since they allow the examination and detection of diseases using non-invasive methods, without the use of pesky and aggressive techniques such as lumbar punctures or arthrography for the patients.

For both reviews, the patient should lie on a stretcher and enter a relatively narrow cylindrical tunnel. The difference is that in MRI test the tube is a large electromagnetic magnet that allows you to take pictures of the inside of the body by subjecting it to a magnetic field. In a CT, the images are taken using an X-ray beam that makes a circular movement that surrounds the area to be investigated (multiple X-rays from various angles).

With the CT tests, it is possible to reconstruct in three dimensions the area explored, which is very useful when planning a surgery and is the order of the day to locate and treat tumors. Both are image tests, but they are not the same. The CT Scan cost is highly dependent on the scan center and clinic you are going for!

Magnetic resonance uses powerful magnetic fields to produce and detect changes at the molecular level of substances like the hydrogen that contains our body. These changes are very subtle and disappear when we leave the machine, but the machine can detect them and translate them into images of the interior of the body.

Both CT and resonance allow us to explore the inside of the body, but each one is more sensitive to a particular type of injury, so your doctor will indicate the one that is most appropriate as the case may be.

What is a CT Scan Test? What Does it Consist of?

The CT scan test is performed with a device called a scanner. During this test, the body is subjected to multiple rays released simultaneously from different angles, and then a computer assembles them to generate an image of the area to be studied. CT scanning is more detailed than an x-ray since only a beam of light is used on the current x-ray.

Because CT scan is a non-invasive procedure that provides detailed cross-sectional views of all tissue types, it is becoming the ideal method to diagnose many intestinal diseases such as diverticulitis and appendicitis and to visualize the liver, spleen, pancreas and the kidneys.

And Magnetic Resonance- What Does it Consist of?

On the other hand, Magnetic Resonance is a machine that allows obtaining an image of the soft tissues of a patient using the use of a magnetic field. Powerful magnets and radio waves are used to create body images. The main difference between CT and MRI test is that the second one does not use X-rays. Other differences are that the CT scan is faster to perform but has a lower resolution.

Because MRI test can give such clear images of the soft tissues around the bones, it is the most appropriate examination for spine and joint problems. It is also widely used to diagnose sports injuries, especially in the knee, shoulder, hip, elbow, and wrist. The images allow the doctor to see even tiny tears and lesions in the ligaments and muscles.

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