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What Is Ovarian Cancer? How Is It Detected?

Ovarian cancer originates in the ovary, one of the two female reproductive organs located in the pelvis, on each side of the uterus. Ovules or eggs are formed in the ovaries.

Most cases of ovarian cancer happen in women over 55 years of age. The most important risk elements are age and family history. Women who have never been pregnant also present a higher risk. Women with a mutation in the BRCA 1 or BRCA 2 genes have a higher risk of ovarian cancer (in addition to the higher risk of breast cancer).

How is ovarian cancer diagnosed and evaluated?

Your physician will start by asking about your medical history and symptoms. You will also have a physical exam that includes a pelvic exam. If you have any symptoms that suggest the presence of ovarian cancer, you may have the following tests:

  • The pelvic ultrasound: takes help of sound waves to produce images of structures and organs of the pelvis waves, and can help identify uterine or ovarian cancers. In a transvaginal ultrasound, a probe is attached into the vagina to get a better view of the uterus and ovaries.
  • The abdominal and pelvic CT: taking pictures of the entire abdominal cavity, and is used to help treat the cause of abdominal or pelvic pain and to detect ovarian cancer. Generally, an injection of contrast material, as well as an oral contrast, is used to increase the visibility of the lymph nodes and other tissues at the time of CT Scan Abdomen.

The laparoscope is carried out using a thin, lighted tube also known as a laparoscope that is injected through a small cut in the abdomen, to check for evidence of the presence of cancer.

If the presence of cancer is detected, imaging studies are generally useful to decide the extent of the tumor present in the abdomen, and if cancer has spread. To help determine the stage of the disease, the following imaging studies can be performed:

  • The CT of the body: (if it has not been previously done) takes a series of detailed images of your pelvis, abdomen or chest. An injection of contrast material and oral contrast can be used to improve the visibility of lymph nodes and other tissues.
  • Although it is less common, the MRI of the body can be used to produce detailed images of the uterus, lymph nodes, and other tissues in the abdomen and pelvis at the time of the exam. A CT scan can easily detect cancer in the lymph nodes, lungs, or elsewhere. An injection of contrast material can also be used to increase the visibility of the lymph nodes and other tissues during the examination. See the Security page for more information about contrast materials.
  • The PET/CT is an imaging examination of nuclear medicine employing a small amount of radioactive material to help determine the extent or treatment of various diseases, including cancer. PET CT scans can be linked with CT or MRI to create special views that can lead to more accurate and accurate diagnoses. PET / CT can be used to evaluate the response of ovarian cancer to therapies such as chemotherapy.
  • The X-ray of the lower gastrointestinal tract (GI) is an X-ray of the large intestine (colon). The lower gastrointestinal tract has barium using a flexible tube that is inserted through the rectum to better visualize the possible spread of cancer in the digestive tract.
The Ultimate Guide: An Overview on CT Scan

The sole reason as to why a doctor would order a CT Scan Abdomen or of the chest is to make detailed pictures and analyze the internal structure. CT scan is also known as Computerized tomography (CT) which is useful in obtaining very detailed 3D image of certain parts of the body.

The process is a progression of the x-ray project albeit one may deduce that it is done by taking many different x-ray views which are combined with the use of computer processing. They create cross-sectional images of the bones and soft tissue inside of the body, including tissues inside of solid organ. The reason why X-rays are not a very preferred choice of imaging is due to the fact that the rays do not show clear images of soft tissues. The CT scan also gives the flexibility to use a contrast dye that allows showing up clearer image on the screen.  A crystal clear CT scan displays all the structures of the body including the lungs and cancer tumor.

Reasons for a Chest CT scan: 

CT scans are used for a multitude of reasons. Its benefits particularly help in the checking for certain cancers, the development of abnormal tumors and growth of lumps if any.

The CT scans have the ability to successfully locate the tumor, the stage at which the cancer is at and where to perform a biopsy.  The CT scans such as those for the chest can also be ordered after a mammogram exam. Some CT scans are tailored to look for heart disease, aneurysms of the aorta or pulmonary emboli.

In the aftermath of a therapy or surgery, a CT is perhaps the first that gets prescribed in the CT scan centre. This gives a clear idea as to how well the body is responding to treatment.

CT scans can be used to detect cysts or infections in the body.

It is now more of a regulation to go for a CT scan to inspect any internal injury after an accident to identify grave injuries especially the internal ones.

Role of CT scan in diagnosing the problems of the chest

  • A CT scan can help doctors diagnose the cause of shortness of breath or chest pain, as well as find the cause of abnormal findings from a standard X-ray.
  • A CT scan of the chest can discover masses, tumors, infections, or injuries. It can also show excess fluid around the lungs or a blood clot in the lungs.
  • The problems such as blocked blood vessels, cancer, injury or heart problems can be assessed with a CT scan.
  • Chest scan, also known as thorax CT scan can look into the potential problems of the heart, lungs esophagus, the aorta or even the tissues of the chest.

What is the safety limit of CT scan?

It is true that the CT scan test in the CT scan center Delhiis administered with radiation exposure but there is almost a cent percent chance that they are unlikely to harm the body in any internal or apparent way.

The CT Scan Cost Delhi   is between INR 2000 and 4000. For the CT scan brain angiography, the scan centers may charge anywhere around INR 12000.

Is CT Scan Imaging Same as MRI?

Both MRI and CT are two of the significant advances in current medicine since they allow the examination and detection of diseases using non-invasive methods, without the use of pesky and aggressive techniques such as lumbar punctures or arthrography for the patients.

For both reviews, the patient should lie on a stretcher and enter a relatively narrow cylindrical tunnel. The difference is that in MRI test the tube is a large electromagnetic magnet that allows you to take pictures of the inside of the body by subjecting it to a magnetic field. In a CT, the images are taken using an X-ray beam that makes a circular movement that surrounds the area to be investigated (multiple X-rays from various angles).

With the CT tests, it is possible to reconstruct in three dimensions the area explored, which is very useful when planning a surgery and is the order of the day to locate and treat tumors. Both are image tests, but they are not the same. The CT Scan cost is highly dependent on the scan center and clinic you are going for!

Magnetic resonance uses powerful magnetic fields to produce and detect changes at the molecular level of substances like the hydrogen that contains our body. These changes are very subtle and disappear when we leave the machine, but the machine can detect them and translate them into images of the interior of the body.

Both CT and resonance allow us to explore the inside of the body, but each one is more sensitive to a particular type of injury, so your doctor will indicate the one that is most appropriate as the case may be.

What is a CT Scan Test? What Does it Consist of?

The CT scan test is performed with a device called a scanner. During this test, the body is subjected to multiple rays released simultaneously from different angles, and then a computer assembles them to generate an image of the area to be studied. CT scanning is more detailed than an x-ray since only a beam of light is used on the current x-ray.

Because CT scan is a non-invasive procedure that provides detailed cross-sectional views of all tissue types, it is becoming the ideal method to diagnose many intestinal diseases such as diverticulitis and appendicitis and to visualize the liver, spleen, pancreas and the kidneys.

And Magnetic Resonance- What Does it Consist of?

On the other hand, Magnetic Resonance is a machine that allows obtaining an image of the soft tissues of a patient using the use of a magnetic field. Powerful magnets and radio waves are used to create body images. The main difference between CT and MRI test is that the second one does not use X-rays. Other differences are that the CT scan is faster to perform but has a lower resolution.

Because MRI test can give such clear images of the soft tissues around the bones, it is the most appropriate examination for spine and joint problems. It is also widely used to diagnose sports injuries, especially in the knee, shoulder, hip, elbow, and wrist. The images allow the doctor to see even tiny tears and lesions in the ligaments and muscles.

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