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The First Pregnancy Ultrasound After An In Vitro Fertilization Treatment

On what day after IVF do the first pregnancy ultrasound, what it will show and tell about pregnancy

In vitro fertilization, or IVF, makes it possible to give birth to women with infertility and other diseases. For the timely detection of various deviations in the development of the foetus, research using ultrasound waves is widely used. The first ultrasound after IVF can be done 3 weeks after the successful implantation of embryos.

first-pregnancy-ultrasound

Indications for ultrasound

Ultrasound scan after IVF makes it possible to detect multiple pregnancy, ectopic attachment of the embryo and others in time pathology foetal development. About possible of pregnancy can be found by level chorionic gonadotropin in the blood, or hCG.

Three weeks after the successful transfer of embryos using research, you can:

  • Make sure that pregnancy has come;
  • Determine the degree of viability of the foetus;
  • Diagnose the development of possible pathologies;
  • Exclude the possibility miscarriage;
  • Determine the place of fixation of the foetal egg;
  • Find out the number of embryos;
  • Determine the condition of the ovaries.

The first ultrasound at ECO and coming of pregnancy should be done to exclude down syndromes. An ultrasound study after a failed IVF allows you to determine the cause of this and develop measures to prevent it.

When to do ultrasounds?

After a day of embryo implantation (DPP), the level is measured HCG. When a result of 100 mU/ml is achieved, a conclusion can be drawn about the development of pregnancy. However, for the final result after IVF, you must pass ultrasound procedure.

Ultrasound after IVF is carried out as during normal pregnancy. Diagnostic methods are divided into transvaginal and transabdominal. It is extremely rare to use both options.

With the transvaginal ultrasound method, a sensor placed in a special condom is inserted into vagina. With this method, the most accurate results are achieved even at the initial stage. Due to the small size of the embryo, determining its location is quite difficult. To maximize the proximity of the ultrasound sensor to the fatal egg, it should be administered precisely by the transvaginal method.

The transabdominal ultrasound method for IVF is used in late pregnancy. The study is carried out in a supine position. A gel is applied to the skin of the abdomen, which improves the patency of ultrasonic vibrations. When the sensor moves through the body, the resulting image appears on the screen.

When conducting IVF, several embryos are used. Sometimes only one of them begins to develop. In many cases, everything takes root, so it is very important to know their exact number. This is necessary to remove excess embryos as early as possible. For this purpose, ultrasound is also used.

Sometimes, with a failed implantation, ectopic pregnancy. In this case, the foetus instead of the uterus is attached to the fallopian tube or to the ovaries. A pregnancy ultrasound helps to notice this pathology at an early stage.

Ultrasound after IVF is one of the most important diagnostic procedures. It allows you to evaluate the effectiveness of medical intervention and determine the order of further actions. There is no need to fear for the health of the unborn child. The specified method has no contraindications and is safe for everyone. During the bearing of the baby, it is better to undergo an examination several times. This will help detect any pathology development.

Second Screening During Pregnancy: How To Prepare And Decipher The Results

Nowadays, doctors refer to every pregnant woman to an ultrasound scan. The standard implies three ultrasound examinations, regardless of the presence of complaints, even if the fetus is rated as healthy.

The so-called perinatal screenings include, in addition to ultrasound, a biochemical blood test of the expectant mother. Why screening for 2 trimesters is needed, and what are the standards for ultrasound, how long it is performed and why - we will talk about this and another in this article.

When is ultrasound prescribed?

A screening pregnancy ultrasound is usually performed 3 times since it is customary to divide the gestation period into 3 trimesters.

The first screening is done from the 10th to the 14th week of pregnancy, and often only this study involves a double test: in addition to ultrasound, an analysis of the venous blood of a pregnant woman is performed.

The results of such a procedure with an accurate statistical probability determine how possible the development of dangerous abnormalities in the fetus.

Second ultrasound screening, as a rule, does not include other tests. The exception is a suspicion of pathology during the first study or women of the so-called risk groups. An ultrasound of 2 trimesters is done from the 18-20th to the 24th week from the last menstruation. Compliance with the exact terms is very important since if they are inconsistent, the interpretation of ultrasound is considered inaccurate.

And finally, the third screening corresponds to the 3rd trimester of pregnancy, performed from the 30th to the 34th week.

Who needs a second screening, and why?

Level 2 ultrasound cost in Delhi in our country is prescribed for every pregnant woman, regardless of the presence of complaints. But you should be especially careful with the study of pregnant women at risk.

  • First pregnant women over 35 years old;
  • Closely married persons;
  • Pregnant women with a burdened obstetric and gynaecological history;
  • Parents with alcoholism and drug addiction.

But all other expectant mothers should treat the second ultrasound screening responsibly so as not to miss the occurrence of a threatening pregnancy pathology at an early stage. Correspondence of the screening result and the ultrasound norm will allow the woman to feel calm, realizing that everything is in order with her and the child.

On What Terms Do An Ultrasound During Pregnancy?

During the waiting period for the baby, the fairer sex has to undergo numerous studies and pass a lot of tests. So, before each appointment with a gynecologist, the expectant mother must donate blood and urine for examination. The results obtained permit us to judge the course of pregnancy and the state of health of a woman. In this article, we will discuss about how long an ultrasound scan is done during pregnancy. You will find out the features of this diagnosis. You can also find out the generally accepted terms for an ultrasound during pregnancy.

Ultrasound diagnostics

This type of research has been used for a long time. Every year there is an improvement in inspection methods. So, in modern medical clinics, you can not only go through an ordinary ultrasound scan but also do a study in several planes (3D and 4D).

Ultrasound diagnostics is carried out as follows. During the study, the doctor applies a special sensor to the patient’s body that sends pulses. This ultrasound is reflected from the organs and gives an image on the screen. The patient and the doctor cannot hear the ultrasound, as it has very high frequencies. It is worth noting that the study can be carried out in several ways. In the earliest phases of embryo development, a transvaginal probe is selected. The doctor puts on it a special conductive gel and injects into the vagina. Later pregnancy allows for a transabdominal ultrasound. In this case, a slightly different sensor is selected, which is applied to the stomach of the future mother. Before having ultrasound, you should know 4d ultrasound cost in Delhi.

How many times do an ultrasound during pregnancy and before it occurs?

If a woman only plans to conceive, then the doctor prescribes her a course of examinations called folliculometry. This method allows you to track the growth of the follicle and determine the exact time the egg leaves it. Thanks to this method, the probability of conception increase several times. During folliculometry, a woman is given one to three ultrasound examinations.

With the onset of pregnancy, the expectant mother should visit the ultrasound room as prescribed by the doctor. How many times do an ultrasound in this case? In the normal course of pregnancy, the study is conducted no more than three or four times over the entire period. However, in half the cases, women are forced to undergo this procedure more often. Establishment of the fact of pregnancy: for how long? When can you safely go for an ultrasound to determine the fetal egg in the uterine cavity? What are the terms for an ultrasound during pregnancy in this case?

Establishment of the fact of pregnancy: for how long?

When can you safely go for a 4d ultrasound in Delhi to determine the fetal egg in the uterine cavity? What are the terms for an ultrasound during pregnancy in this case?

You can establish the completed conception starting from the fifth week of pregnancy. However, you will not be able to see the embryo. However, an experienced specialist will detect a formation in the uterine cavity, which will subsequently become your child. At earlier times, there is a chance of error, since some devices cannot recognize such a small point (during this period, the size of the fetal egg is not more than two millimeters).

Ultrasound Diagnosis During Pregnancy: How Much “D” Is Needed?

Ultrasound has firmly entered our lives. Today, no thorough examination of the body is complete without this type of diagnosis. Ultrasound diagnosis is of particular importance in monitoring pregnancy. It should be at least three times in 9 months for all, without exception, expectant mothers: in the first trimester (11-13 weeks), in the second trimester (19-21 weeks) and the third trimester (30-32 weeks).

But there are already so many ultrasound research formats - 2D, 3D, and even 4D! And all of them are an integral complement to a full and high-quality examination of pregnant women.

When cannot do without 3D?

The research has stated that it is necessary to conduct a 3d ultrasound of the fetal brain for all pregnant women when screening for the first trimester - at 12 weeks. This type of study on changes in the brain allows you to identify severe defects in the spinal cord, namely, Spina Bifida (open spinal cord). At such early times, only 2D scanning may be insufficient, so 3D is an important addition.

In the II-III trimesters, one cannot do without a 3D scan of the fetal brain if it is suspected of defects in its individual structures, such as partial or complete agenesis (absence) of the corpus callosum, transparent septum cavity, and cerebellar worm.

In what cases cannot do without 4D?

4D ultrasound is also an integral part of the examination of the fetus in the II-III trimesters of pregnancy, especially for the diagnosis of facial defects, namely the eyes (the presence of eyeballs in the orbits), cleft lips and palate, the presence or absence of auricles, defects of the nose, extremities, and fingers.

What diagnostic problems can occur during 3D and 4D ultrasound?

The problems with using 3D and 4D for diagnostics are only in the correctness of obtaining 2D slices. This is influenced by many factors: the position of the fetus, the presence of amniotic fluid in the study area, the thickness and density of adipose tissue of the anterior abdominal wall of the uterus, and the qualification of the doctor.

What are the benefits of 4D over 3D ultrasound?

4D allows you to observe the fetus in real-time, to see its movements and even emotions, smile - and this is its main advantage over 3D.

Is 4D ultrasound enough for a doctor to be informative, or is it necessary to do without 2D indicators?

Of course, 2D ultrasound is an integral part of all ultrasound examinations of pregnant women. All other methods only complement it and significantly improve the quality of the study. One of the most powerful ultrasound schools in obstetrics in the world - the Fetal Medicine Foundation - conducts all of its training and certification for doctors based on 2D images and videos.

Are there any contraindications for an ultrasound?

There is no study on the negative effects of pregnancy ultrasound on the human body or fetus. Therefore, there are no contraindications to ultrasound for pregnant women. There are also no restrictions on the number of such studies - they are carried out as much as necessary in each case.

What Diseases Can Be Determined By Ultrasound?

If suddenly you feel unwell, ultrasound diagnostics will help to detect a health problem. After all, with the help of ultrasound, you can determine the number of diseases.

Abdominal ultrasound

Today it is the most popular and simple method for the diagnosis of various diseases of the abdominal cavity. With it, you can explore the following organs:

  • Pancreas
  • Liver and gallbladder
  • Spleen
  • Duodenum

Abdominal ultrasound helps to detect various disorders in the liver and organs of the gastrointestinal tract:

  • Hepatitis, liver cirrhosis
  • Obesity of the liver, the presence of cysts in it
  • Biliary dyskinesia
  • Inflammatory diseases of the gallbladder: cholecystitis, cholangitis
  • Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
  • An enlarged spleen may indicate diseases such as jaundice, leukopenia, cardiovascular diseases, and Hodgkin's                disease.

When do doctors recommend doing an ultrasound of the abdominal organs? Before having an ultrasound it is very important to know the abdominal ultrasound cost in Delhi

  • Discomfort after eating or after prolonged fasting
  • Heaviness in hypochondrium
  • Bitterness or dry mouth
  • Acute or encircling pain
  • Excessive flatulence
  • Bruises of the abdomen.

Breast ultrasound

Today it is the easiest and most painless method for diagnosing the state of the mammary glands. It helps to know the presence of tumors, mastopathy, and other inflammatory changes. Ultrasound of the mammary glands is recommended as prophylaxis at least 1 time per year.

Thyroid ultrasound

This type of diagnosis allows you to safely determine the location of the thyroid gland, its condition, and size (the presence or absence of an increase), as well as the presence of nodes and tumors in the body. It is not important to postpone the visit to the doctor of ultrasound diagnostics, if you have unpleasant symptoms in the thyroid gland (visual changes in the shape and size of the neck, difficulty breathing and swallowing, etc.).

Ultrasound during pregnancy

Ultrasound diagnosis plays a major role in assessing fetal development. Such an examination can detect various diseases and defects at an early stage. In addition, ultrasound is necessary to monitor and monitor the overall course of pregnancy and child development. Usually, ultrasound diagnostics is carried out for prophylactic purposes at 11-12, 20-22, and 31-32 weeks of pregnancy.

Ultrasound in gynecology

This ultrasound shows the condition of the uterus and ovaries: the doctor can evaluate the structure and thickness of the endometrium, the size of the ovaries, to establish the presence of follicles and corpus luteum in them.

  • Ultrasound of the pelvic organs will help to detect such diseases:
  • Myoma of the uterus
  • Endometriosis, endometrial hyperplasia
  • Ovarian dysfunction or inflammation
  • Cysts and ovarian tumors.

In addition, gynecological ultrasound will help determine the state after an abortion or gynecological operations, as well as to detect pregnancy at an early stage: using ultrasound; you can detect a fertilized egg in the uterus for 5-7 days of menstruation.

For the purpose of prophylaxis, it is recommended to know the whole abdomen ultrasound price and undergo an ultrasound of the pelvic organs at least once a year.

Myths And Truth About Prenatal Screening

Prenatal screenings cause a lot of conflicting opinions and feedback. Someone is convinced of their necessity; others are convinced of their complete inexpediency. What kind of research is this, and should all pregnant women really take them? To understand this issue, let's weigh the pros and cons and separate the existing myths from the objective data of scientific medicine.

The argument "against" number 1: ultrasound harm the baby

There is a fairly common opinion that Pregnancy Ultrasound negatively affects the nervous system of a child, annoys him - during the examination, children often try to hide from the apparatus, cover their heads with hands. Therefore, children whose mothers regularly performed ultrasound during pregnancy are more restless than babies whose mothers have refused ultrasound diagnosis. Is it really?

According to doctors, ultrasound cannot cause the baby absolutely no harm - modern equipment is absolutely safe. Therefore, official medicine insists that absolutely all pregnant women should undergo an ultrasound. Indeed, the timely diagnosis allows, firstly, to see the full picture of the course of pregnancy, and secondly, if necessary, to correct certain problems.

Especially important are the data obtained on ultrasound of the first prenatal screening (at 11-13 weeks of pregnancy). During this period during the study:

  • The number of embryos in the uterus and their viability are determined;
  • Put a more accurate period of pregnancy;
  • Gross defects are excluded;
  • Determines the thickness of the collar space - (that is, the amount of subcutaneous fluid on the back of the child's            neck is measured - in normal TVP should not exceed 2.7 mm);
  • The presence or absence of the nasal bone is investigated.

The argument "against" No. 2: a biochemical blood test gives an unreliable result

Many mothers are sure that it is impossible to make at least some reliable conclusions on one analysis- too many factors can affect the result. And, in part, they are really right. However, it is necessary to study the analysis process more closely in order to understand on what basis the doctor makes a conclusion. The second screening takes place at 18-21 weeks of pregnancy. This study includes a "triple" or "quadruple test. "Everything happens the same way as in the first trimester- the woman again takes a blood test. Only in this case, the results of the analysis are used to determine not two, but three (or, respectively, four) indicators.

The argument "against" No. 3: "I have good heredity- I do not need screenings."

Some mothers do not see the point of going through screenings - all relatives are healthy, what problems could there be? Indeed, there are certain groups of women who are primarily recommended to undergo Pregnancy Ultrasound to identify possible pathologies in the development of a child. These are women over 35–40 years old (since after this age, the risk of developing abnormalities in a child increases several times) and expectant mothers with certain diseases (for example, diabetes).

Doppler ultrasound of the lower extremities

Doppler ultrasound of the lower extremities is a special method that allows a non-invasive method to examine the blood flow in the veins of the legs. This kind of examination is painless, quick and easy. These characteristics allow ultrasound Doppler sonography of the vessels of the lower extremities, even for children. After all, it does not deliver discomfort to the baby.

Since color Doppler test of the lower extremities is a method with which you can monitor the correct functioning of the circulatory system, the procedure allows you to detect a lot of disorders and possible pathologies.

Doppler ultrasound of the lower extremities gives the opportunity to see:

  • Presence of vascular damage in the early stages.
  • The development of compression lumen in the arteries assesses its scope and significance.
  • In what condition are the walls of blood vessels: whether there is a change in tone, decrease or increase in pressure, violations of elasticity?
  • Does the condition of the veins and arteries of the legs normal?
  • As a result of the ultrasound of veins, you get a complete picture of how even the blood flow is, whether there are changes and disturbances in the system, what nature they have, and what can cause the development of pathologies.
  • Any research manipulations are not assigned without a cause; vein Doppler sonography is no exception. Various indications are an alarming sign about the possible need for a survey.

Doppler vein of the lower extremities is useful for:

People who have found atherosclerosis in the arteries and veins in the body. If a person is diagnosed with atherosclerosis, which is not found in the vessels of the legs, you should still undergo an additional examination to exclude his appearance in the limbs.

With pain in the calf muscles. As you know, pain does not appear just like that. The presence of pain or cramps can talk about violations of the circulatory system, requiring diagnosis.

Patients who observe swelling and redness of the limbs, or vice versa the legs get cold, and the skin turns blue. The presence of these symptoms may be due to the development of atherosclerosis or the appearance of an inflammatory process in the vessels.

With the manifestation of varicose veins and vascular nodes. In this case, the USDG of the veins of the lower extremities is prescribed for the initial examination and as a diagnosis immediately before the surgical intervention.

Doppler application

The techniques are used for the differential (distinguishing) diagnosis of organic pathology (when there are real changes in organs and tissues) and mental disorders (when such changes are minimal or absent). Ultrasound is safe for the patient.

With the help of Doppler ultrasound In Delhi, vascular disorders can be identified. For example, you can diagnose their abnormalities, atherosclerotic plaques, blood supply deficiency, which cause the following symptoms:

  • Noise in the head;
  • Bouts of pain like a migraine (pain in one half of the head), as well as continuous cluster headache;
  • Short-term loss of consciousness (also called syncopal states);
  • Fainting and pre-unconscious sensations;
  • Deterioration of health in response to changes in atmospheric pressure and other meteorological conditions.

What is a Fetal Ultrasound ?

Ultrasound examination is a type of examination, which is carried out on a particular apparatus - a sonograph, which radiates high-frequency waves. This analysis allows determining the presence of pathologies of various organs.

Since ultrasound is one of the safest types of research, it can be used to examine pregnant women. In the period of gestation, up to 5 planned ultrasound examinations can be performed at various times, measured in weeks:

  1. At 5-7 week: allows you to diagnose the presence of pregnancy
  2. At 11–13: the development of the fetus, the presence or absence of pathologies, the state of the placenta is assessed
  3. At 19-21: the size of the fetus, the development of its heart, the presence of amniotic fluid in the placenta, and the sex of the baby are determined
  4. 32–34: important here are the parameters such as the degree of umbilical cord development, weight, and size of the fetus, commensurability of the size of the birth canal and the head of the baby

Before childbirth (during the first contractions or at the time of discharge of amniotic fluid): with such an ultrasound, the probability of complications during childbirth is determined.

Doppler ultrasound cost allows us to consider the structure of the circulatory system of the fetus and the presence of pathologies in it, as well as blood flow velocity and impaired functioning of the placenta. The vessels are displayed on the ultrasound results in different colors. This analysis is recommended to apply on the 12th or 20th week of carrying a child.

4D ultrasound of the fetal organs shows a spatial image in real time. So you can see and evaluate the correctness of the internal organs of the fetus. If a pregnant woman has lower abdominal pain or bleeding, the doctor may prescribe an unscheduled ultrasound scan to prevent complications.

Interpretation of ultrasound of the fetus

To interpret the results of the ultrasound, special tables of values are used, since the parameters of the fetus at different stages of its development differ.

The main criteria are:

The quality of the development of the placenta:

  • Maturity
  • How is it attached?
  • The general state of development
  • Thickness
  • Amniotic fluid volume
  • The size of the unborn child

Ultrasound test price in Noida allows identifying such pathologies in the development of the fetus, such as:

  • Down syndrome - this disease occurs due to the presence of an extra chromosome in the genome, which causes developmental delays and other disruptions in the functioning of the body.
  • Anencephaly- characterized by a complete or partial absence of the cerebral hemispheres and skull bones
  • Heart disease - a congenital disability of the myocardial wall, as well as large vessels
  • Spina bifida (including myelomeningocele and others) - the state of the spine, which is characterized by incomplete closure of the neural tube in the partially unformed spinal cord (spina bifida); with this form of the disease, as myelomeningocele, the brain and nerve roots exit to the outside (hernia of the spinal cord)
  • Hydrocephalus - excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal (cerebrospinal) fluid in the cranial cavity
  • Contamination (atresia) of the duodenum - characterized by the absence of a lumen in one of the sections of the intestine

It is important to remember that regular passage of prophylactic ultrasounds during pregnancy will help identify possible pathologies and work out effective treatment tactics.

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