Modern diagnostic methods play a key role in medicine. One of the fastest and most reliable ways to diagnose lungs, as well as studies with a segmental dimming syndrome, is a chest CT. This is one of the x-ray diagnostic methods that allow you to achieve a highly accurate, reliable picture of the condition of internal organs and bone tissue.
The benefits of chest tomography
CT of the lungs is one of the most advanced diagnostic methods to make an accurate diagnosis regarding tuberculosis. An increase in the incidence of this contagious disease has shown that the usual x-ray quite often gives inaccurate, hypothetical results.
The tomography will help not only in diagnosis, but also as an evaluation tool to determine the effectiveness of therapy. The specialist will be able to compare the ongoing antibacterial therapy with the dynamics of the course of the disease and give a forecast of the expected outcome. CT will clearly show changes at the parenchyma level.
Thus, the method used compares favourably with both X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging due to the affordable cost, accuracy and other factors described above. When conducting computed tomography, an object is scanned from all sides by a beam of x-rays. The tomography sensors record the speed of the beam. The information received is transmitted to a computer, where it is processed by special programs, and subsequently, three-dimensional images of the scanned area are displayed on the screen.
In such images, pathological formations are well visualized. The main advantage of computed tomography is that it allows you to detect various diseases even in the early stages, which subsequently significantly affects the entire treatment process.
What feelings does the patient experience during the procedure?
Without the use of the contrast medium, the chest CT scan is a painless procedure, which takes place fairly linearly (i.e. it does not induce particular sensations).
With the contrast medium, however, it could cause discomfort, when inserting the needle for the injection of the contrast medium, and a strange metallic taste in the mouth, starting from a couple of minutes after the injection of the above contrast medium.
In some cases, computed tomography of the chest is performed with preliminary contrast. In CT with contrast, an iodine-containing contrast agent is administered intravenously to the patient immediately before the start of the scan. Such a technique makes it possible to more thoroughly evaluate the work of the investigated organ, the condition of its vessels and tissues. However, CT with contrast cannot be used in some groups of patients, as they have diseases in which the use of a contrast medium is contraindicated. Such diseases include:
- Cardiopulmonary failure
- Renal failure
- Iodine allergy
Today, computed tomography of the chest is one of the most accurate and affordable diagnostic methods. Due to the short research time and minimal x-ray load, computed tomography is increasingly used to diagnose various diseases.