Ultrasound in children is a popular technique for diagnosing congenital abnormalities. Ultrasound helps to diagnose painlessly, quickly and accurately. Such an examination is used in all areas of medicine. Ultrasound helps to visualize the size, shape, and structure of the internal organs of the child and to identify pathological disorders in the early stages.
Types of ultrasound examination of the child
Depending on the symptoms, the children are examined such organs:
- Examination of the abdominal cavity;
- Kidney and bladder;
- Brain (neuro sonography);
- Thyroid gland;
- Heart (echocardiography);
- Hip joints;
- Pelvic organs;
- Mammary glands;
- Doppler scanning of blood vessels.
Indication for an ultrasound of the child
A pediatrician, neurologist, orthopedist, cardiologist, pediatric gynecologist, or urologist will refer you for an ultrasound examination of the child. An indication for an ultrasound of a girl or boy is a suspicion of a deviation from the normal development or pathology of the internal organs.
There are also many congenital diseases that are asymptomatic from birth, and only after a year can somehow manifest themselves. Therefore, prophylactic ultrasound examinations of the brain, hip joints, and kidneys are recommended at an early age.
Mandatory ultrasound is performed on premature babies, babies with hereditary tendencies to pathologies, and children after difficult births. Also, an ultrasound examination of the baby will not hurt if the mother had infections during pregnancy.
Preparation for the procedure
Some special preparation for an ultrasound scan of a boy or girl is not needed, but there are several recommendations that must be adhered to: before examining the pelvic organs, give the child to drink up to 100 ml of water, since the examination is performed with a full bladder. For 1 - 2 days before ultrasound of the abdominal cavity, bakery products, fresh vegetables, fruits, and beans should be excluded from the diet.
Other types of children's ultrasound do not need special training.
Also, before the ultrasound test, think about how to dress the baby. For example, if you need to examine your hip joints, then your legs and hips are exposed, an abdominal ultrasound scan reveals your stomach. Therefore, especially in winter, choose clothes so that they can be easily removed and put on.
How is the ultrasound procedure in children?
Children's ultrasound lasts about 15 minutes. Depending on the studied area, the desired part of the body is exposed, the doctor applies a special gel and examines the image on the monitor. Parents are given a conclusion according to which a pediatrician or a specialist doctor will prescribe an individual treatment regimen.
If necessary, such an examination can be carried out daily for monitoring during treatment therapy.
Is it possible to do an ultrasound examination for children up to a year?
This is an absolutely harmless examination method. It can be carried out even for a baby a couple of hours after birth. Ultrasonic waves do not affect the health and development of the baby.
There are many advantages to such a study:
- Allows you to identify congenital abnormalities;
- High information content;
The child grows very quickly, and in order to control the development of internal organs, ultrasound clinics recommend systematic ultrasound diagnostics. Thanks to modern devices, the information content of ultrasound is very high and give a complete picture when making a diagnosis.