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Child Vaccination And The Optional Vaccinations For Treatment

Vaccination is life treatment process which deliberates the administration (through injections or oral drops) of small dosage of inactivated or weakened virus or bacteria. This is basically done to better prepare the body's immune system to fight future infection(s) and make the person immune or resistant to a particular infection. The vaccination acquaints the body with an organism without it actually experiencing a disease caused by that organism. Vaccination may have to be administered on a regular basis with a specific time gap in between. These forms of vaccines are known as ‘booster’ vaccination to help the immune system overcome a real onset of an infection. Eg: Polio.

It should also be noted that there are also optional vaccinations which are often taken into consideration. Optional vaccines, as the name suggests lets you choose to have it or not without any risk or disadvantage. It goes without saying that immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases is definitely beneficial for the individual. The merits of ‘optional’ vaccines for individual use must be considered on the basis of the degree of prevalence of the infection and disease; age prevalence of mortality, morbidity and the condition which is the cause of the previous disease. Additionally, it is also seen whether the risk of severe disease in susceptible adults after weaning of vaccine-induced immunity; and the effects of childhood vaccination in modifying future epidemiology. Socioeconomic factors are of important consideration. Some of the optional vaccinations given priority in our country are:

Haemophilus type b conjugate (Hib)- Hib is a bacteria responsible for severe pneumonia, meningitis and other invasive diseases almost exclusively in children aged less than 5 years. The stat shows that in the year 2000, Hib was estimated to have caused two to three million cases of serious disease, notably pneumonia and meningitis, and 386,000 deaths in young children.

Rotavirus- This particular virus is essentially the prime cause of severe diarrhea among infants and young children. As a matter of fact, it claims 1 in 6 deaths in children under age of 5 in India. This vaccine was introduced in the UIP in a few states in 2016.

Influenza virus- To counter the influenza virus, the flu vaccine is indicated for active immunization for the prevention of disease. This virus is highly contagious and causes grave morbidity and mortality especially in the immune-compromised states.

Typhoid- Typhoid is an infection oriented fever which results due to the systemic infection mainly by S. typhi found only in man. The estimates as recent as 2014 suggest that approximately 21 million cases and 222,000 typhoid-related deaths occur annually worldwide.

What You Need To Know About Measles In The US And Vaccination?

The measles vaccine first came to be in the US in 1963. In present times, the 2-dose childhood regimen is followed and this has been in since 1989. By 2000, it was declared that measles have been successfully "eliminated" from the US. This led to many medical students and young practitioners quickly becoming unfamiliar with the disease, many never having seen a case of the virus. However, measles are back, and spreading throughout communities in the US. The current outbreak has affected over 460 people in 19 states, with the largest outbreaks in New York and New Jersey.

How did measles make a comeback?

The measles infection is brought in by travelers from abroad, and cases then spread within communities primarily where parents are neglecting or refusing to vaccinate their children. Measles is known to be extremely contagious and hence it only adds to the perils of quick outbreak.

Who is at high risk for getting measles?

•             People who have never had measles and have never been vaccinated

•             Babies younger than 1 year, since they are too young to be vaccinated

•             People who were born after 1957 and were vaccinated before 1968

How long do symptoms last?

In most people, measles is a self-limited, benign albeit unpleasant disorder characterized by a flu-like syndrome (runny nose, cough, and red, light-sensitive eyes), fever, and the classic rash that begins on the head and spreads down the trunk, arms, and legs. Typically, it lasts no longer than 10 days.

What are the possible complications of measles?

For people possessing a healthy immune system, the recovery time against measles is within 7 to 10 days. However, some people can develop severe complications such as hepatitis (inflammation of the liver), pneumonia, and encephalitis (inflammation of the brain). The mortality rate from measles is 3 out of every 1,000 people who get the disease.

Who is already immune?

You don’t need to get vaccinated if you meet any of these criteria:

•             If the blood test confirms that the person is immune to measles, or

•             You’ve received 2 full doses of the measles vaccine (usually as a component in the MMR vaccine), or

•             You were born before 1957

How effective is the measles vaccine?

The vaccine is highly effective. In the US, it has been reported that people developing immunity to vaccine is between 97 and 99 percent.

How long will it take to become immune after getting the vaccine?

The vaccination for measles normally takes a few days to create what is known as the "protective effect" in the body.

Does the vaccine have side effects?

Side effects are uncommon. But the certain side effects that may bother people taking measles vaccine are mild discomfort at the point where the injection is shot, a transient rash, low-grade fever, joint aches or swollen lymph nodes. Rarely, a child may develop a febrile seizure (a convulsion caused by fever that is typically harmless). Very uncommonly (in about 1 person out of 25,000 to 40,000), there may be a temporary drop in the platelet count. These side effects pale in comparison to the risk of severe complications from the disease.

What Is The Best And Worst Food For Bloating?

Do you often feel puffed or full after having even one small meal? Does it cause the formation of gas and swollen stomach that causes a lot of unease? If yes, you are certainly a victim of the common problem of bloating. Bloating is the swelling of the rumen or intestinal tract of domestic animals caused by excessive gas. They are not a very serious issue although they do cause a lot of discomfort for a short period of time. So much so that people have difficulty wearing fitted clothes. Like it or not but the food you eat has a bearing on how long or severe the bloating will be. Let's see the worst foods which cause bloating.

Talking about the worse, the three vegetables namely cabbage, broccoli, and kale are the worst causes of bloating. The reason is that these three vegetable contain raffinose, a type of sugar that remains undigested until bacteria in your gut ferment it, which produces gas and, in turn, makes you bloat. But since they are leafy green vegetables which are rich in nutrients, they cannot be discarded. Rather it is advised to have them in limited portions. Similarly, legumes, though rich in protein still contain sugar and fiber which the body cannot absorb. And when the legumes do reach the large intestine, the gut bacteria literally feed on them. As a result, this process leads to gas and can balloon out your waist. Salty foods are another culprit for making the stomach bloat for long hours. The high sodium food retains a lot of water which can make your stomach swell.

As good food for bloating, let us start with the high water content food like cucumber which contains quercetin, a flavonoid antioxidant that helps reduce swelling. Long story short you can eat cucumber guilt-free to avoid stomach swelling just like you apply cucumber peel for treating puffiness of the eyes. On the other hand, there are bananas high in potassium which reduces water retention in the body. Other fruits with similar benefits are avocados, kiwis, oranges, and pistachios. Bananas are also a rich source of soluble fiber, which can relieve or prevent constipation. Papaya is another fruit to add to your diet for the reason that the enzyme found in papaya (papain) helps break down proteins in your GI system, which makes digestion easier.

Probiotic yoghurt has long been discussed and is even available in the market easily these days. As an anti-bloating food, the good bacteria in the yoghurt regulate the digestion and the overall digestive tract.

It must be known to one and all that there is one heck of a digestive tract savior in the form of fennel seeds which have a compound which relaxes our GI spasms. Such is the property of fennel seeds that it can be used sparingly on dishes which consist of meat, sausages, etc. Lastly, if you still find these anti-bloating food too much of a task to find and use, simply sip a cup of peppermint and chamomile tea after a heavy meal.

Testing Babies At Birth Prevents Their Future Complications

New Delhi: After delivery, newborn screening is the first and foremost important test to be done for a baby. All the parents are given this opportunity to have their babies screened for various rare but serious disorders. These tests look for developmental, metabolic and genetic disorders after birth in a baby. The early diagnosis ensures early treatment before the symptoms start.

Most of the babies are born healthy except for some who may suffer from serious medical ailment which maybe genetic. Just in case to make sure that the baby does not  become sick after growing up, certain diagnosis are must for early treatment and a normal growth of the baby. Though basic screening tests are done immediately after the delivery to diagnose any congenital condition, many parents are still unaware of any supplemental screening which may be a mandate for the baby in the later stages.

Sometimes special treatment may be required for certain medical conditions that develop in babies born prematurely or with low birth weight. Special screening may be required for such infants as more than one blood withdrawal may be needed for accurate results and diagnosis.

“Testing and preventive care for the baby starts during the pregnancy itself by injections through the mother. TDAP vaccinations during pregnancy will help prevent some serious conditions when the baby is born. Even though the ‘mother to be’ would have taken the injection previously, it is one of the mandates for the infant to boost immunity.  Whooping cough is one of the leading causes for infant mortality or leading to terminal or chronic conditions.” Says CA (Dr) Ruchi Gupta, Founder and CEO, 3hcare.in

The baby is safe from infections when it is inside the womb. It is safe due to mothers’ immunity and prenatal vaccinations administered to her. In India, when the babies are born they are prescribed to immunize with various vaccinations.

“The early few years are very critical for Infant as they also develop speaking and language skills. If hearing loss will be detected early, it can be treated to prevent interference with the development in the further stages.” Added Dr Gupta

Blood test also known as ‘heel prick‘ test which should be performed within 48 hours of birth. This test is done by pricking baby’s heel and putting few drops of blood on a special filter paper. It is done to detect developmental, metabolic and generic disorders that ultrasounds scans are unable to detect.

The blood test will help to evaluate any chance of potential complication that may need to be addressed. In the second phase there will be a quick check to analyze behaviour, breathing, activity and skin color.

3Hcare is one such online platform that is helpful for the parents to be aware of the must have diagnostic tests. Complete neonatal care is available at the vicinity with the best in class diagnostic facilities for the complete care of the newborn.

Fish Oil - Does it Improve the Mood and the Functioning of the Brain?

Fish Oil Benefits

Did you ever wonder the reason behind your needing healthy brain cells? Can they defend you from depression and other mood disorders? If yes, how can the fish oil be your line of defence? Is there any relation between fish oil and healthy brain cells? Read to know more.

Does Loneliness Run in the Families?

Loneliness Run in the Families

Do you feel no one understands you? Do you feel you can’t rely on anyone for sharing your joys and sorrows? Do you feel all alone? Did you for once think about it to be a result of poor health and inherited genes? If not, it’s time for you to know the reasons behind your loneliness to be able to overcome the same.

Magnesium - What are the Warning Signs of this Deficiency?

Magnesium Deficiency

Have you ever experienced weakness? Did abnormal heart beats ever bother you? Have you ever got stuck because of the muscle spasms? Did you ever feel uneasy because of the eye twitches? Did you ever stop for a moment wondering these to be the result of low Magnesium?

How Insomnia, Sleeplessness Affects Your Body and Behavior

Insomnia

Forcing your eyes open to the sound of the alarm when you feel anything but rested can feel like a torture but what if the nights are sleepless? Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder. It is a general clinical term that refers to the difficulty in initiating or maintaining sleep. It may be present as an independent problem (primary insomnia) or as a part of a coexisting medical or psychiatric condition (secondary insomnia).

One Reporter, Four Families, Six Scientists and A Hunt to Cure an Uncommon Disease

Gall Bladder Cancer

John Marin was 15years old, when his mother died from gallbladder cancer, just over five and a half years after his dad’s death. A 15-year-old orphan had to undergo the irreparable tragic loss alone. The loss was so intense and unbearable that this brave child decided to put in all his efforts to ensure that no one else’s mother dies with a disease with no cure!!


John grew up and became a health reporter with VICC news. Hetook leaveand got funding done from a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation for hoping to help the scientists trying to find the cure for uncommon diseases.

Medical tests every woman should get done

Medical Test for Women

Sure, your to-do list is probably longer than the Great Wall of China but medical screening tests are a must to stay on top of your health. Think of them as basic maintenance, just like checking the oil and tire pressure to keep your car running down the highway.

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