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On What Terms Do An Ultrasound During Pregnancy?

During the waiting period for the baby, the fairer sex has to undergo numerous studies and pass a lot of tests. So, before each appointment with a gynecologist, the expectant mother must donate blood and urine for examination. The results obtained permit us to judge the course of pregnancy and the state of health of a woman. In this article, we will discuss about how long an ultrasound scan is done during pregnancy. You will find out the features of this diagnosis. You can also find out the generally accepted terms for an ultrasound during pregnancy.

Ultrasound diagnostics

This type of research has been used for a long time. Every year there is an improvement in inspection methods. So, in modern medical clinics, you can not only go through an ordinary ultrasound scan but also do a study in several planes (3D and 4D).

Ultrasound diagnostics is carried out as follows. During the study, the doctor applies a special sensor to the patient’s body that sends pulses. This ultrasound is reflected from the organs and gives an image on the screen. The patient and the doctor cannot hear the ultrasound, as it has very high frequencies. It is worth noting that the study can be carried out in several ways. In the earliest phases of embryo development, a transvaginal probe is selected. The doctor puts on it a special conductive gel and injects into the vagina. Later pregnancy allows for a transabdominal ultrasound. In this case, a slightly different sensor is selected, which is applied to the stomach of the future mother. Before having ultrasound, you should know 4d ultrasound cost in Delhi.

How many times do an ultrasound during pregnancy and before it occurs?

If a woman only plans to conceive, then the doctor prescribes her a course of examinations called folliculometry. This method allows you to track the growth of the follicle and determine the exact time the egg leaves it. Thanks to this method, the probability of conception increase several times. During folliculometry, a woman is given one to three ultrasound examinations.

With the onset of pregnancy, the expectant mother should visit the ultrasound room as prescribed by the doctor. How many times do an ultrasound in this case? In the normal course of pregnancy, the study is conducted no more than three or four times over the entire period. However, in half the cases, women are forced to undergo this procedure more often. Establishment of the fact of pregnancy: for how long? When can you safely go for an ultrasound to determine the fetal egg in the uterine cavity? What are the terms for an ultrasound during pregnancy in this case?

Establishment of the fact of pregnancy: for how long?

When can you safely go for a 4d ultrasound in Delhi to determine the fetal egg in the uterine cavity? What are the terms for an ultrasound during pregnancy in this case?

You can establish the completed conception starting from the fifth week of pregnancy. However, you will not be able to see the embryo. However, an experienced specialist will detect a formation in the uterine cavity, which will subsequently become your child. At earlier times, there is a chance of error, since some devices cannot recognize such a small point (during this period, the size of the fetal egg is not more than two millimeters).

Ultrasound Diagnosis During Pregnancy: How Much “D” Is Needed?

Ultrasound has firmly entered our lives. Today, no thorough examination of the body is complete without this type of diagnosis. Ultrasound diagnosis is of particular importance in monitoring pregnancy. It should be at least three times in 9 months for all, without exception, expectant mothers: in the first trimester (11-13 weeks), in the second trimester (19-21 weeks) and the third trimester (30-32 weeks).

But there are already so many ultrasound research formats - 2D, 3D, and even 4D! And all of them are an integral complement to a full and high-quality examination of pregnant women.

When cannot do without 3D?

The research has stated that it is necessary to conduct a 3d ultrasound of the fetal brain for all pregnant women when screening for the first trimester - at 12 weeks. This type of study on changes in the brain allows you to identify severe defects in the spinal cord, namely, Spina Bifida (open spinal cord). At such early times, only 2D scanning may be insufficient, so 3D is an important addition.

In the II-III trimesters, one cannot do without a 3D scan of the fetal brain if it is suspected of defects in its individual structures, such as partial or complete agenesis (absence) of the corpus callosum, transparent septum cavity, and cerebellar worm.

In what cases cannot do without 4D?

4D ultrasound is also an integral part of the examination of the fetus in the II-III trimesters of pregnancy, especially for the diagnosis of facial defects, namely the eyes (the presence of eyeballs in the orbits), cleft lips and palate, the presence or absence of auricles, defects of the nose, extremities, and fingers.

What diagnostic problems can occur during 3D and 4D ultrasound?

The problems with using 3D and 4D for diagnostics are only in the correctness of obtaining 2D slices. This is influenced by many factors: the position of the fetus, the presence of amniotic fluid in the study area, the thickness and density of adipose tissue of the anterior abdominal wall of the uterus, and the qualification of the doctor.

What are the benefits of 4D over 3D ultrasound?

4D allows you to observe the fetus in real-time, to see its movements and even emotions, smile - and this is its main advantage over 3D.

Is 4D ultrasound enough for a doctor to be informative, or is it necessary to do without 2D indicators?

Of course, 2D ultrasound is an integral part of all ultrasound examinations of pregnant women. All other methods only complement it and significantly improve the quality of the study. One of the most powerful ultrasound schools in obstetrics in the world - the Fetal Medicine Foundation - conducts all of its training and certification for doctors based on 2D images and videos.

Are there any contraindications for an ultrasound?

There is no study on the negative effects of pregnancy ultrasound on the human body or fetus. Therefore, there are no contraindications to ultrasound for pregnant women. There are also no restrictions on the number of such studies - they are carried out as much as necessary in each case.

4D and 5D Ultrasound- Yes They Are Different And Helpful!

4D ultrasound: Useful or just pleasure?

According to the technical term, three ultrasounds are now planned during pregnancy, the health insurances bear the costs - and more frequently in the case of high-risk pregnancies. In reality, however, the numbers are higher, as a study in 2015 revealed: According to this, 84 percent of pregnant women were sounded at least four times, in extreme cases, even 29 times.

Most expectant parents welcome this oversupply: a good third of the women, at their own request, performed more than the three scheduled ultrasound scans. This baby watching matches the general trend in our society - everything should be monitored.

Many couples who expect a child wanted the best possible accompaniment - this development is especially evident in the first - and often only - child. The normal examination, in which the babies in "2-D" (i.e. two dimensions) are presented, they are not satisfied.

Especially if the pregnant woman does not feel the child or there were complications in the early pregnancy, an additional ultrasound calms down and strengthens the bond in the further course. However, the medical examination should be in the foreground: Is the baby well taken care of? Where is the placenta? Are the organs alright? "If there is a nice picture, I like to print it".

What advantages does it have?

The emergence of 4d ultrasound test has been a revolution in the world of obstetrics and prenatal control. At a medical level, it allows early diagnosis of some anomalies and deformations, which generates greater confidence and tranquility in the mother and her environment to deal with pregnancy.

Thanks to its ease of storage (usually the test is recorded on a CD that is delivered to parents and the medical team can keep a copy), this technique is very useful to make a more accurate diagnosis analyzing the movements and morphology of the fetus once the parents have left the consultation. If there is some type of complication, with this information, you can approach the delivery in a safer and better-planned way.

In the case of multiple pregnancies, 4D ultrasound allows greater control over the development of babies, as well as studying the interaction of several fetuses inside the maternal womb.

Finally, 4d ultrasound tests can have an important emotional and psychological impact on future parents because during the test they see their son smile, blink, yawn or respond to certain stimuli in real time, which reinforces the emotional bond with him.

5D Ultrasound provides an early and tender contact with the baby that is on the way.

It is a valuable tool in the control of pregnancy well-being. That is why in expert hands it serves as a method of early detection of some pathologies. While accurate and real images of the baby's face can be obtained, areas, volumes, repeat measurements can be generated in order to visualize the anatomical structures of the baby and complement it with conventional ultrasound when it is necessary to diagnose malformations, especially facial ones.

5D ultrasounds can be performed in any week of gestation. If what is wanted is to visualize the facial features, the ideal is between 26-29 week.

If they are performed before pregnancy, they are very useful in the diagnosis of uterine variants (uterus septum, arcuate, etc.)

Know about the Types of Ultrasound

Ultrasounds can be classified in different ways: by the type of image they produce, by the area, they want to show or by the way they are made.

On this occasion, we share information about the classification of ultrasound according to its procedure. In this classification, there are three kinds of ultrasound: external ultrasound, internal or transvaginal, and endoscopic.

1. External ultrasound

External ultrasounds are the most common and are usually used to examine some organs, such as the liver, kidneys, stomach, and heart, or to track a pregnancy. Even some tissues, such as muscles or ligaments, can also be visualized by this type of ultrasound.

In this type of study, a small probe is placed on your skin and moved along the area of the body that will be examined. Before this, a lubricating gel is placed to facilitate the movement of the probe.

In this type of ultrasound, you should not feel anything other than the sensor and the gel on your skin. If you have a pelvic area scan, the study will require you to have a full bladder, which could cause some discomfort, although you can go to the bathroom immediately after finishing the study.

2. Ultrasound internal or transvaginal

An internal examination allows the doctor to have a closer perspective of some organs, such as the prostate, ovaries or uterus. During the procedure, you will be asked to lie on your back or your side, with your knees bent toward your chest.

Then, a small probe with a sterile cover, not much more extensive than a finger, will be gently inserted into the rectum or vagina to transmit the images to the monitor. Internal examinations can cause discomfort, but they are not usually painful and do not last long.

3. Endoscopic ultrasound

During an endoscopy, an endoscope is inserted into your body, usually through the mouth, to examine areas such as the stomach or esophagus.

Generally, you will be asked to reload sideways and slowly insert the endoscope until you get the desired image.

Usually, they will give you a sedative so you can relax better and local anesthesia for the throat. It is a very uncomfortable procedure, and it can make you feel nauseous, but the doctor in charge will make sure you are as comfortable as possible.

4. 2D, 3D, and 4D ultrasound

They are the most used in pregnancy processes because they offer images of the baby in all three dimensions simultaneously because the acoustic waves are sent at different angles. In the 3D dimension we obtain dynamic images while, in 4d ultrasound tests, the difference is that they incorporate the fourth dimension (time), resulting in images of the baby in motion. The diagnostic ultrasound used in pregnancies is generally a safe technique that does not cause risks for the baby since it does not produce ionizing radiation (such as that produced by X-rays).

Color Doppler test in pregnancy transforms the measurements provided by conventional Doppler in different colors that allow us to know the speed and direction of the bloodstream. In this sense, color Doppler also will enable us to differentiate thanks to its color-coded maps if, for example, a tumor is benign or malignant.

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