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Role of Echocardiography in Blood Flow Obstruction Disorder

Ultrasound of the heart (echocardiography) is one of the most widely used techniques for diagnosing cardiac disease since it provides excellent quality images and is:

  1. Non-invasive
  2. Harmless
  3. Relatively cheap
  4. Widely available

echocardiography

Level 2 ultrasound is also used to diagnose vascular disorders in other parts of the body.

Echocardiography can be used to detect if the heart muscle is moving normally and to measure the volume of blood pumped with each beat. This procedure can also detect abnormalities in the structure of the heart, such as defects in the heart valves , congenital anomalies (such as holes in the walls between the different chambers of the heart) and increased thickness of the walls or chambers of the heart. One should get complete information about doppler ultrasound cost before undergoing any diagnosis.

Echocardiography can also be used to detect a pericardial effusion, in which there is fluid accumulation between the two layers of the heart (pericardium) and constrictive pericarditis, in which scar tissue forms throughout the pericardium. It also detects dissection of the aorta, a tear inside the layers of the aortic wall.

The main types of ultrasound are:

  1. Two-dimensional
  2. Three-dimensional
  3. Doppler
  4. Color doppler

The two - dimensional ultrasound is the technique most widely used and produces realistic two - dimensional images, for "cuts" generated by computer. By joining the cuts, you can recreate a three-dimensional structure.

The Doppler ultrasound shows the direction and speed of blood circulation, so that it can detect the turbulent flow caused by a narrowing or blockage of blood vessels.The Doppler color shows the different speeds of blood flow in different colors.

4D ultrasound test and color doppler ultrasound are frequently used to help diagnose disorders that affect the heart and arteries and veins of the trunk, legs, and arms. Since these procedures can show the direction and speed of blood flow in the heart's chambers and blood vessels, they allow the doctor to assess the structure and function of these parts. For example, it is possible to determine whether the heart valves open and close correctly, whether and how much blood leaks when closed, and whether blood flows normally. Abnormal connections between an artery and a vein or between the heart chambers can also be detected.

How echocardiography is performed?

Ultrasound waves are emitted by a probe that can both emit and detect them (transducer). Typically, the transducer is portable and is placed on the chest over the heart. The examiner gels the skin under the transducer to help transmit the sound waves. The transducer is connected to a computer that displays the image on a screen and stores it in digital format. By changing the position and angle of the transducer, doctors can look at the heart and major nearby blood vessels from various angles to get a detailed picture of cardiac structures and function. During several moments of the exam, the person must hold their breath for about 10 seconds to ensure that well-defined images are obtained.

Color Doppler Echocardiography

Transesophageal echocardiography may be performedif the doctor needs to get more definition or to analyze the aorta or the structures of the back of the heart (especially the left atrium or the left ventricle). To carry out this procedure in ultrasound lab, a small flexible tube with an ultrasound transducer is passed through the end of the affected person's throat into the esophagus, so that the transducer is located just behind the heart. Since this procedure is uncomfortable, the person is sedated and the throat is anesthetized with an anesthetic spray. Transesophageal ultrasound test is also used when there is difficulty in performing common echocardiography due to obesity, lung disorders or other technical problems, or when the diagnosis of endocarditis is made.

Digital Mammography: New Technology in Breast Imaging

The most important factor in the treatment of diseases is early diagnosis. Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer among women today. Breast cancer, which has become the fearful dream of most women over the age of 35, is a type of cancer that can be diagnosed and treated early.

breast-scan-cost-in-delhi

Mammography helps to show the formation and development of even small tissues and cells that are not noticed when examined by hand. Mammography, one of a kind of imaging systems, helps doctors in the medical world with its life-saving feature in breast cancer.

Women are sensitive to breast cancer, of course, but some types of examinations they perform on their own are not sufficient to understand whether breast cancer has occurred. Generally; they try to decide whether there are any injuries from the skin of the breast, color change, whether there is any ingress of the nipple or noticeable change in the vessels. Know about breast scan cost in Delhi to confirm the presence of tumor under breast.

However, breast cancer is not a disease that can manifest itself as obviously as it is thought. Sometimes it is impossible to notice this with the naked eye, as it provides internal growth. When scanning with mammography, even invisible diseases and cancerous cells can be detected. Experts of diagnostic labs in Delhi warn that all women over the age of 35 must be checked twice a year.

What is mammography?

Thanks to the developments in the modern medical world and the new generation imaging systems developed, breast cancers that were previously untreatable can now be treated. According to the experts' diagnostic test in Delhi reports, 90% of the results obtained in mammography screening can be successful.

Since mammography is an improved imaging method, whether the cancer cell or mass is large or small, it helps to learn the size of the cancer without changing anything. With the imaging method, which provides extremely convenience for early diagnosis, the patient is healed again and continues his life in a healthy way.

What is fibroadenoma?

Approximately 10 percent of women have fibroadenoma. Fibroadenoma is called "benign tumor". These tumors can be seen in women between the ages of 15-30. Fibroadenoma, which begins to grow under the influence of the hormone estrogen, manifests itself mostly during pregnancy. In the period of menopause, this growth leaves its place to shrink. Fibroadenoma, consisting of connective tissue and gland cells, can be single or multiple. Women with a large number of fibroadenomas are more likely to have breast cancer.

Changing the level of hormones in women during pregnancy affects the more prominent Fibroadenomas. During these periods or before menstruation, mild pain or swelling can be observed.

More precise information about the multiplicity of fibroadenomas can be obtained with 4D ultrasound test and PET CT scan

What are the mammography types?

Screening mammography:

Screening mammography is a type of imaging applied to women who do not have any complaints. The purpose of exploring CT scan cost in east Delhi is to diagnose in the early period and to determine the appropriate treatment method before cancer danger or suspicion, if any.
 
Diagnostic mammography:

Diagnostic mammography forwomen who have complaints in the breast is to investigate the causes of the abnormal formations detected in the breast, and suspect cancer if any, and determine the appropriate treatment method. As a result of diagnostic 4D ultrasound in Delhi, it gives the doctor the most accurate information.

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