You have no items in your shopping cart.
Show Location
×

THE TEST JUST ADDED TO YOUR BASKET


CONTINUE ADD MORE GO TO CART

Blog

Most Common Diagnostic Tests to Prevent Disease

When it comes to health, it is best not to risk it, so it is important to have regular check-ups and diagnostic tests to prevent future health problems and, if you have them, to be able to treat them immediately.

If you are looking for a trustworthy clinic, visit diagnostic labs in Delhi. These labs are famous for professional experts and advanced state-of-the-art machinery with which they carry out diagnostic tests.

common-diagnostic-tests

What is preventive medicine and how does it influence your health

Preventive medicine is the branch that focuses on disease prevention in line with curative medicine, from which it cannot be separated. There are diseases that humans can contract more easily, either by location or by genetics.

Genetic or hereditary diseases that can be prevented with medical tests

There are certain diseases that can be passed from parents to children through DNA either from birth or over time, that are divided into three types depending on whether they affect one or more genes. To find out if you are susceptible to inheriting these disorders, it is necessary to carry out a genetic study that consists of a blood or tissue analysis.

Perhaps the most "visible" disease in prevention campaigns is cancer. It is a multifactorial disease in which genetic factors intervene -pro germline mutations in specific genes- and environmental factors. In other words, the genetic mutations that cause cancer are usually hereditary, although they can also occur due to the exposure of a family to a common external factor such as smoking.

If your family member has suffered or is suffering from cancer, the ideal is to carry out level 2 ultrasound, nuclear PET scan Delhi, MRI test or CT scan, according to age and rhythm of life to rule out this possibility and, if positive, start treatment as soon as possible. The most common inherited cancers are breast and ovarian cancer in women, or colorectal cancer, also called as Lynch syndrome.

Healthy habits to prevent disease

It may sound like a cliche but, practicing sports daily together with a balanced and healthy diet can prevent a large number of diseases, especially those that have to do with vitamin deficiencies or excess fats -cholesterol- in your body. If you agree to carry out a health check often, such as diagnostic tests, ultrasound test, PET CT scan or blood tests, you can prevent the appearance of diseases and treat them in time if they appear.

Most important diagnostic tests in preventive medicine

Some of the most common preventive medicine tests are mammograms, and ultrasounds, in the case of women, MRI test or 3D ultrasound plays an essential role in diagnosing anatomical abnormality invisible to the human eye.

Mammography is an essential test to detect breast cancer

Although it's a scary topic, experts recommend having an annual checkup and mammograms every two to three years, especially for all women between the ages of 40 and 60. Although they do not prevent breast cancer, mammograms can save lives because, if cancer is found early, it is easier to treat.

Ultrasound, a first medical evaluation of guarantees

A breast ultrasound, or sonography, is a noninvasive imaging test that detects lesions or tumors that mammography does not distinguish.

What results does an MRI offer us today?

MRI test in east Delhi is a radiological study whose objective is to obtain images using radio magnets and probes and, contrary to tomography or radiography, MRIs do not use radiation.

How to Prevent Osteoporosis with a DEXA Scan Test?

Prevention begins with a good diagnosis

If you notice that your bones fracture easily, if you are a woman of pre-menopausal age or if you have sedentary lifestyle habits, it may be necessary to have a DEXA scan to rule out osteoporosis and be able to prevent it before it appears.

osteoporosis

What is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by a decrease in bone mass and a deterioration in the quality of the bones, therefore, increasing the risk of fractures. Although this disease is prevalent in women, especially during menopause, when calcium assimilation is less, it also occurs in older men. According to the experts of diagnostic labs in Delhi, it is estimated that 1 in 4 postmenopausal women suffers from osteoporosis, increasing the percentage to 40% in women between 70 and 79 years of age. In the case of men, factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption or a sedentary lifestyle intensify the risk of suffering from this disease.

Difference between osteoporosis and osteopenia

Osteopenia is the progressive loss of bone mineral density with age, which can lead, but is not always the case, to osteoporosis.

Differences between osteoarthritis, arthritis and osteoporosis

While osteopenia and osteoporosis affect the bones, arthritis and osteoarthritis are diseases that are concentrated in the joints and in the cartilage tissues that surround them. Both arthritis and osteoarthritis are usually painful, unlike osteoporosis and cannot be diagnosed by DEXA scan, but the patient would need a complementary examination such as x-rays and other imaging tests like 3D ultrasound or MRI test.

How to prevent and cure osteoporosis?

The diagnostic test that helps experts to detect osteoporosis is called DEXA scan and its function is to measure the calcium level of bones.

Main symptoms of osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is known as the silent epidemic since it has no symptoms beyond the pain that appears with the fracture, so detecting it becomes very complicated. It is recommended to make an appointment with your orthopedic surgeon especially after 50 years or if bones fracture easily.

Best treatments for osteoporosis

You can treat osteoporosis naturally or with advanced medical help:

  • Playing sports or exercising is vital to strengthen the bones.
  • Limit your alcohol intake
  • Quit smoking
  • Adopt a diet rich in calcium
  • Take supplements of calcium and vitamin D

Also, there are advanced treatments that treat the most serious cases of osteoporosis. One of them is the osteoforming treatment, which stimulates the formation and strengthening of the bones. On the other hand, antiresorptive drugs prevent the loss of bone mass thanks to elements such as bisphosphonates and selective estrogen receptor modulators.

How is a bone densitometry done?

The densitometry test does not require any special preparation. Experts recommend not taking calcium supplements during the 24 hours prior to the test and to come without metallic objects (earrings, belts, etc). The specific technique they use to carry out a bone densitometry test is called DEXA scan in which small doses of X-rays are exposed to the bones. Normally, depending on the part of the body to be evaluated, it is done on a stretcher and does not last more than 1 hour.

Is the bone densitometry test painful?

In no case will you feel pain after the DEXA scan test since it is a simple, non-invasive process that uses a minimal dose of radiation.

Therefore, if you feel your bones are fragile or if you want to rule out the diagnosis, put yourself in the hands of our professionals and make an appointment for a densitometry in one of the best medical centers in Delhi.

All About Ankle Ultrasound In Case Of Sprain

3D ultrasound is a diagnostic imaging process that uses high-frequency waves to examine injured areas within the body. Although the most frequent use of pregnancy Ultrasound is to observe the development of fetuses in pregnant women, they can also be used to see organs and bones, as in the case of the ankle.

ankle-ultrasound

Contrary to traditional radiographs, ultrasound scans do not require radiation, so patients are not subject to the risks of these tests.

What can be seen on an ankle ultrasound?

Ankle ultrasounds allow doctors a more comprehensive and real-time evaluation of the injured foot. Thanks to 4D ultrasound in Delhi, as it enables you to examine all the anatomical divisions of the ankle, such as the tendons, nerves, bones and ligaments, the most common being the nerves, tendons and ligaments.

What is an ankle ultrasound for?

Let's put yourself in a situation: playing soccer with friends, you twisted your ankle abnormally, and now you feel a sharp pain when you bear weight on that foot. Your ankle may even be swollen or you may have instability when resting on your foot. These are just a few symptoms of an ankle sprain.

Ankle disorders are a relatively common pathology, especially in the world of sports and, although there are numerous methods to examine injuries in this area, such as computed tomography (CT) or MRI Test; ultrasound test is the one that offers the most benefits, especially for the evaluation of tendons, ankle nerves and ligaments.

Types of ankle injuries requiring ultrasound

Ankle ultrasound is particularly useful for evaluating sprains, ankle tendinitis, tears, dislocations or subluxations since it allows you to provide a real-time analysis of the lesion, with the advantage of avoiding exposure to X-rays, which it is highly beneficial for pregnant women and children.

What is the protocol to perform an ankle ultrasound?

If you do not know how to prepare for an ankle ultrasound or if you are nervous about what might happen, don't worry, ankle ultrasounds are a non-invasive protocol that does not require prior preparation.

The doctor at diagnostic labs in Delhi will put on a water-based gel that improves ultrasound wave transmission and gently move the transducer along the foot and ankle with moderate pressure. You may be asked to change your posture to fully analyze the structure of the foot. Visit reputed ultrasound lab and ask for 3d ultrasound cost in Delhi before undergoing any radiological test.

Can you walk with a sprained ankle?

Ankle sprains can be classified into three grades, with grade I being the lowest and grade III being the highest. In the first case, doctors recommend resting, taking non-coagulant anti-inflammatories, applying ice to the injured foot to reduce swelling, and sleeping with a pillow or cushion raising the foot above the heart. Once the inflammation has subsided, you can always walk again wearing comfortable shoes and gradually resuming stronger physical activities, as long as you do not feel discomfort.

If the pain persists or if you have trouble walking, see your doctor. If your injury is grade II, you may need to immobilize the joint with a cast or splint, while if you have a grade III sprain, you may need surgery.

Contribution of ultrasound in ankle examination in case of sprain

There are numerous imaging tests to treat ankle disorders, whether traumatic, inflammatory, infectious, or degenerative. Joint ultrasound of the foot is the first-line technique that helps to detect dislocations of the tendons, ligaments and nerves.

It is important to be able to detect ankle injuries in time to prevent them from degenerating or leading to a more serious problem and, therefore, more difficult to treat.

Is 4D Ultrasound Safe During Pregnancy?

The ultrasound used for the baby's controls during pregnancy works with sound waves. Thanks to these waves, a general view of the baby in the womb is obtained. This image controls the other elements, such as amniotic fluid, which are important for the development and development of the baby. All these checks are extremely important to ensure a smooth delivery. Although Pregnancy Ultrasound has been used for a long time, it has been continuously improved over the past time. One of the latest options offered by the technology is a device called 4-dimensional color ultrasound (4D) and as it can be understood from its name, it provides a realistic view of the image of the babies.

3d-and-4d-ultrasound

When to Take a 4-Dimensional Ultrasound?

Ultrasound is not normally a standard test. In other words, it is not compulsory to examine the fetus with ultrasound in every routine control.

Families often demand the removal of level 1 ultrasound. They want to see a clearer view of their babies, especially in the last months of pregnancy. So, they can understand who their babies look like, see how they yawn and smile. This gives families happiness.

Sometimes there may be a request by doctors to take color dopler test in pregnancy. The reason why doctors want this is to make sure the health of the baby, to see the possible problems in advance and to start the necessary treatments as soon as possible.

Is 4-Dimensional Ultrasound Useful?

Ultrasound can be expressed as a device that acquires images with sound waves. Therefore, it does not constitute any risk to the health of the mother and baby. 4-dimensional ultrasound, known to be harmless, has very important benefits. Baby control is at the top of these. With 3D ultrasound, the development of the fetus (baby), birth defects and amniotic fluid are examined.

As more detailed images are obtained with 4-dimensional ultrasound, the baby is examined in more detail. Therefore, examination of a specific condition, spinal cord problems, half-lips and similar fetal anomalies can be examined with 4D ultrasound.

The benefits provided by 4D ultrasound are not limited to the above. Apart from this, some benefits can be listed as follows:

  • Sex of the baby is determined earlier than the position
  • Detection of anomalies occurring in the placenta
  • Determination of placental location
  • Investigation of the causes of abnormal bleeding
  • uterine fibroids, polyps and tumor formations such as the detection of non-natural
  • Detailed examination of the baby's development
  • Diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy too early
  • Detailed examination of the condition of babies in multiple pregnancies
  • Determination of structural problems in the uterus

ultrasound-in-pregnancy

Is 4-Dimensional Ultrasound Harmful?

As mentioned earlier, ultrasound is a device that acquires images with sound waves. Therefore, it is different from X-ray, MRI and similar imaging devices. These devices, which are reported to be completely harmless by experts, are not included in routine tests. Therefore, it usually depends on the demand and abnormal situations.

When to Take a 4-Dimensional Ultrasound?

It can be said that the operating system of 4-dimensional ultrasound test is relatively different from other ultrasounds. Therefore, it may not be possible to use this device at any time. It is very important that the baby's fluid is sufficient in order to obtain a clear image. This means that it can be used at 11-14 weeks at the earliest. It can be performed in addition to the routine checks performed especially at 11-13 and 18-22 weeks.

Things to Know About 4-Dimensional Ultrasound

4D ultrasounds can be expressed as the most advanced ultrasound devices. However, this does not mean that 4-dimensional devices will be completely sufficient. Because in 4-dimensional imaging, the general appearance of the baby can be seen in detail and in color. However, these devices remain inadequate after examining the internal organs. At this point, level 2 ultrasound imaging should be done again.

Common Queries About Ultrasound

Here is a list of most common questions one should want to ask before undergoing an ultrasound test:

1- Can ultrasound harm the baby?

Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves that help us generate medical images; As such, sound waves interact with the tissue producing movements at the cellular level and this is how they travel through the body. The ultrasound as such is harmless and does not generate any type of ionizing radiation as with x-rays or tomography.

ultrasound-question

2- Can perform many ultrasounds during pregnancy cause reflux?

There is nothing that relates to reflux to ultrasound. Reflux is related to the maturation of the gastroesophageal system, specifically with the proper functioning of the oesophageal sphincter that connects the oesophagus with the stomach. This sphincter or valve prevents gastric juices from returning to the oesophagus, which is not prepared to withstand the acidity of gastric juices.

This situation of "returning milk" It is relatively common and should stop happening one year after the baby's life; In any case, it is always advisable to visit the doctor to rule out that these types of conditions respond to something else.

3- Do ultrasound use radiation?

No, ultrasound does not use any type of radiation. Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound that is inaudible to humans. Humans listen in an acoustic frequency range of 20 to 20,000 Hertz. The ultrasound uses above 1 Megahertz that is 1,000,000 Hertz. The sound frequency above 1 Megahertz is not audible to humans or to most animals.

4- How long do the results of an ultrasound take?

This depends on the doctor doing the study. There is no rule about it. There are doctors who generate the report immediately after doing the study; or doctors who prefer to wait and make the report later to analyse the study in much more detail.

5- Do 3-D ultrasound use stronger waves than 2-D ultrasound?

No, it's the same ultrasound, just change the way the transducer works. The 3D / 4D transducer is essentially the same as that of 2D but is connected to a motor that moves it to be able to make volumetric acquisitions. Everything else is image processing in ultrasound equipment.

It is said easy but in reality, it requires a high processing capacity of the equipment to obtain good quality 3D or 4D images. It should be remembered that 3D or 4D not only serves to see the face of the BB, currently, volumetry is an advanced diagnostic tool for medical specialists, which allows them to assess in more detail the brain, heart, abdomen, limbs, and evaluation of blood flows, especially if a pathology is suspected.

7- With a 3D ultrasound is the prediction of the baby's sex easier and safer?

Not really, 3D ultrasound helps patients understand sex more easily. Volumetric ultrasound always depends on the foetus and its position.

8- Can a vaginal ultrasound harm the baby or hurt the mother?

No, pregnancy ultrasound does not harm the baby or the mother. The resolution of this application is advisable to make timely diagnoses during the first trimester, which will always be higher than the suprapubic ultrasound.

What Does 3d And 4d Ultrasound Reveal?

In addition to the pleasant moments of observing the baby in the antenatal period, 3D/4D ultrasound also has an informative component. The screening procedure is extremely important for assessing the development of the child, as well as the condition of the uterus and placenta. In the third trimester, the body is preparing for childbirth - it is important that all conditions are met for this.

3d-and-4d-ultrasound

Conducting high-precision 3D ultrasound allows you to evaluate:

Foetal presentation - for a natural delivery, only head presentation is permissible, the remaining options for the position of the child in the abdomen are indications for surgical intervention;

the size, maturity, and position of the placenta - hyper- or hypoplasia can indicate the presence of its inflammation, too low a position will block the birth canal of the baby, and premature aging is a common cause of foetal hypoxia;

Amniotic fluid volume - they should not be too much or not enough;

The height, weight, and length of the baby's bones - this allows you to correlate his physical development with the gestational age and size of the mother’s abdomen, as well as predict the baby’s weight at the time of birth;

The blood vessels of the umbilical cord - it is through them that the baby receives food.

Such an examination is carried out abdominally, through the anterior abdominal wall. It does not require any special preparation, you only need a positive attitude and a good mood of your mother! Overweight pregnant women, oligohydramnios, a scar on the uterus or abdomen, and umbilical cord loops can interfere with the construction of a clear 3D image.

When is it best to have a 3D / 4D foetal ultrasound?

The procedure does not harm the foetus at any gestation period - a three-dimensional ultrasound is performed in the same way as a regular one, just the image is much clearer and more voluminous. You can do 3D / 4D ultrasound during screening or separately undergo an ultrasound examination at any stage of pregnancy:

3D/4D ultrasound of the 1st trimester of pregnancy - 11-14 weeks. In addition to the high diagnostic efficiency on a 3D / 4D device, the expectant mother gets the opportunity to see the whole baby as he moves his small arms and legs, waves, puts his foot on his leg, straightens his fists and sucks a finger.

3D/4d ultrasound test in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy - 18-22 weeks. The foetus is becoming more and more like a new-born baby, he has already formed a face. In the second trimester, crumbs are actively developing facial expressions - right now you can see his first smile! The kid sucks his thumb and frowns, you can already recognize his ears, eyes, and nose- for a short time, and you can still see the child in full growth on a 3D / 4D ultrasound machine.

3D/4D ultrasound in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy - 30-35 weeks. This is the most favourable time for 3D/4D ultrasound, in addition to informational content, the image will be of greater interest to mom. At this time, the baby has already formed all the vital systems. He already looks like a new-born baby, he even has eyelashes, nails, and sometimes the hair on his head! He knows how to smile and open his eyes. In the third trimester, the baby has developed all five senses - he sees light, feels the taste and smell of amniotic fluid, hears sounds and feels touch through his mother’s stomach. To see your baby at this time is the highest happiness for every mom!

3d And 4d Ultrasound During Pregnancy

3D -4D- the study of the fetus is an additional research method, which is carried out only simultaneously with an ultrasound of the fetus at different stages of pregnancy!

THE PROCEDURE FOR CONDUCTING THREE-DIMENSIONAL AND FOUR-DIMENSIONAL ULTRASOUND OF THE FETUS

Ultrasound of the fetus in 3D and 4D modes can be performed at any time during pregnancy.

If a specialist in ultrasound diagnostics during the ultrasound of the fetus suspects any deviations in its development, then it is imperative to conduct such an additional construction of a three-dimensional image of one or another part of the fetus of interest.

At the request of future parents, the doctor can build an image of the embryo or the face of the fetus in 3D-4D modes.

Future parents need to know that the most favorable time for successful research in 3D-4D modes is 17-18 weeks, i.e. II trimester (13-24 weeks). Success in building a three-dimensional (four-dimensional) image of the fetus depends on the amount of amniotic fluid and the position of the fetus. In the II trimester, the fetus has not yet reached its maximum size, as in the III trimester; the amount of amniotic fluid is enough to build an image.

Amniotic fluid is the acoustic window for successful imaging, and the desired position of the fetus allows you to get the most complete picture. Not always during the entire study, the fetus takes the right position to build a three-dimensional (four-dimensional) image. In this case, during the next screening, you can try to build the image in 3D-4D modes.

An expert study includes an ultrasound during pregnancy of the appropriate period, in the third trimester with the mandatory Doppler study (blood flow in the mother-placenta-fetus system) with the creation of a 3D image of the fetus in 3D and 4d ultrasound test.

Ultrasound findings include:

Ultrasound diagnosis,

Images of the fetus and a disc with the recording of images and mini-video clips that the expectant mother receives on the day the ultrasound is performed.

FEATURES OF 3D AND 4D ULTRASOUND OF THE FETUS

Three- and four-dimensional ultrasound of the fetus is one of the latest ultrasound diagnostic methods that have emerged using modern computer technology. These studies have expanded the possibilities of an objective assessment of the intrauterine development of the fetus and allow it to obtain a three-dimensional image of the baby on the screen of an ultrasound scanner.

For example, with the usual two-dimensional ultrasound, only a specialist can evaluate the “picture” on the monitor screen, while three-dimensional ultrasound allows parents to see the real “photo” of the baby for the first time.

A four-dimensional study is different in that in addition to the volumetric image acquisition of the child (height, width, and depth of the picture), fetal movements can be seen in real-time. That is, a fourth dimension is added to 3D ultrasound - time, which allows you to observe the intrauterine life of your baby.

Recommended dates

An obligatory screening ultrasound examination during pregnancy is carried out three times: at 11 - 14, 18 - 24 and 32 - 36 weeks. An additional study is prescribed if there is evidence and if there are suspicions of possible abnormalities in the development of the fetus and placenta, amniotic fluid pathology and pregnancy. 3d ultrasound and four-dimensional ultrasound is recommended at 17-18 weeks.

Ultrasound Diagnosis During Pregnancy: How Much “D” Is Needed?

Ultrasound has firmly entered our lives. Today, no thorough examination of the body is complete without this type of diagnosis. Ultrasound diagnosis is of particular importance in monitoring pregnancy. It should be at least three times in 9 months for all, without exception, expectant mothers: in the first trimester (11-13 weeks), in the second trimester (19-21 weeks) and the third trimester (30-32 weeks).

But there are already so many ultrasound research formats - 2D, 3D, and even 4D! And all of them are an integral complement to a full and high-quality examination of pregnant women.

When cannot do without 3D?

The research has stated that it is necessary to conduct a 3d ultrasound of the fetal brain for all pregnant women when screening for the first trimester - at 12 weeks. This type of study on changes in the brain allows you to identify severe defects in the spinal cord, namely, Spina Bifida (open spinal cord). At such early times, only 2D scanning may be insufficient, so 3D is an important addition.

In the II-III trimesters, one cannot do without a 3D scan of the fetal brain if it is suspected of defects in its individual structures, such as partial or complete agenesis (absence) of the corpus callosum, transparent septum cavity, and cerebellar worm.

In what cases cannot do without 4D?

4D ultrasound is also an integral part of the examination of the fetus in the II-III trimesters of pregnancy, especially for the diagnosis of facial defects, namely the eyes (the presence of eyeballs in the orbits), cleft lips and palate, the presence or absence of auricles, defects of the nose, extremities, and fingers.

What diagnostic problems can occur during 3D and 4D ultrasound?

The problems with using 3D and 4D for diagnostics are only in the correctness of obtaining 2D slices. This is influenced by many factors: the position of the fetus, the presence of amniotic fluid in the study area, the thickness and density of adipose tissue of the anterior abdominal wall of the uterus, and the qualification of the doctor.

What are the benefits of 4D over 3D ultrasound?

4D allows you to observe the fetus in real-time, to see its movements and even emotions, smile - and this is its main advantage over 3D.

Is 4D ultrasound enough for a doctor to be informative, or is it necessary to do without 2D indicators?

Of course, 2D ultrasound is an integral part of all ultrasound examinations of pregnant women. All other methods only complement it and significantly improve the quality of the study. One of the most powerful ultrasound schools in obstetrics in the world - the Fetal Medicine Foundation - conducts all of its training and certification for doctors based on 2D images and videos.

Are there any contraindications for an ultrasound?

There is no study on the negative effects of pregnancy ultrasound on the human body or fetus. Therefore, there are no contraindications to ultrasound for pregnant women. There are also no restrictions on the number of such studies - they are carried out as much as necessary in each case.

The Different Applications Of Ultrasound

Recognized primarily to observe a fetus during pregnancy, ultrasound is also used to examine a health problem related to the part of the anatomy or an organ.

Embryo evaluation: first trimester.

Ultrasound of the first trimester usually translates into transvaginal transducers, and the difficulties to move them, it is usually difficult to obtain the plane of the desired image. With the technology of 3D ultrasound, it is possible to see any plane within a volume acquired with the transvaginal probe.

Evaluation of the fetus.

Fetal ultrasound can offer information about development and detect congenital fetal anomalies. In addition, it can be useful for families excluding anomalies. Fetal ultrasound is useful for the range of anomalies, skeletal, thoracic, cardiac and abdominal, genitourinary and other. The advantages offered by 3D ultrasound arise from the images and the volumetric representations derived from the data of the volume studied.

The main utility of the ultra-sonographic examinations in gynecology is the detection of affections. Mainly transabdominal and transvaginal probes are used. In addition, 3D ultrasound is usually used as a complement to 2D ultrasound, in order to evaluate a specific area, such as the uterus or the ovaries.

Obtaining good quality ultrasound images in the bladder is relatively easy if it is moderately full because then it is closer to the transducer and few interposed structures prevent its visualization. Identifying intraluminal, mural and perivesical pathology is possible.

Genitourinary system.

The usefulness of ultrasound to study DTPA renal scan and the male and female reproductive organs is well established. It is an excellent technique to demonstrate most pathologies quickly, painlessly and non-invasively. The renal masses can be detected and characterized, the diffuse renal pathology can be shown, and the renal parenchyma can be measured. It allows precise guidance of biopsies and other kidney operations.

The decrease in the size of transducers has made it possible to couple them to catheters and introduce them into various tubular structures of the body, such as the ureter, bladder, and urethra, usually in the course of endoscopic explorations.

In the abdominal examination, the manual of the technique is more used, with different types of transducers. The scanners, however, are subject to a large number of artifacts, by the same fact of performing the manual exploration, by the organs that appear as the stomach or the intestines, the respiratory movements, as well as the rights by the vessels and the heartbeat.

Vascular system

One of the most important areas in imaging studies in medicine is the reference to blood flow and vascular anatomy. The prevalence and severity of vascular pathology increase with age and as the population continue to grow above 65 years of age, so do the number of vascular ultrasounds performed. Other diagnostic imaging tests (contrast angiography, angio-MRI, electron beam tomography (EL), computed tomography (CT), and synchrotron) usually only offer images of permeable light. Ultrasound has come to play a crucial role in vascular studies because it is non-invasive, inexpensive and thanks to technological advances and contrast media.

Show Footer