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Most Common Diagnostic Tests to Prevent Disease

When it comes to health, it is best not to risk it, so it is important to have regular check-ups and diagnostic tests to prevent future health problems and, if you have them, to be able to treat them immediately.

If you are looking for a trustworthy clinic, visit diagnostic labs in Delhi. These labs are famous for professional experts and advanced state-of-the-art machinery with which they carry out diagnostic tests.

common-diagnostic-tests

What is preventive medicine and how does it influence your health

Preventive medicine is the branch that focuses on disease prevention in line with curative medicine, from which it cannot be separated. There are diseases that humans can contract more easily, either by location or by genetics.

Genetic or hereditary diseases that can be prevented with medical tests

There are certain diseases that can be passed from parents to children through DNA either from birth or over time, that are divided into three types depending on whether they affect one or more genes. To find out if you are susceptible to inheriting these disorders, it is necessary to carry out a genetic study that consists of a blood or tissue analysis.

Perhaps the most "visible" disease in prevention campaigns is cancer. It is a multifactorial disease in which genetic factors intervene -pro germline mutations in specific genes- and environmental factors. In other words, the genetic mutations that cause cancer are usually hereditary, although they can also occur due to the exposure of a family to a common external factor such as smoking.

If your family member has suffered or is suffering from cancer, the ideal is to carry out level 2 ultrasound, nuclear PET scan Delhi, MRI test or CT scan, according to age and rhythm of life to rule out this possibility and, if positive, start treatment as soon as possible. The most common inherited cancers are breast and ovarian cancer in women, or colorectal cancer, also called as Lynch syndrome.

Healthy habits to prevent disease

It may sound like a cliche but, practicing sports daily together with a balanced and healthy diet can prevent a large number of diseases, especially those that have to do with vitamin deficiencies or excess fats -cholesterol- in your body. If you agree to carry out a health check often, such as diagnostic tests, ultrasound test, PET CT scan or blood tests, you can prevent the appearance of diseases and treat them in time if they appear.

Most important diagnostic tests in preventive medicine

Some of the most common preventive medicine tests are mammograms, and ultrasounds, in the case of women, MRI test or 3D ultrasound plays an essential role in diagnosing anatomical abnormality invisible to the human eye.

Mammography is an essential test to detect breast cancer

Although it's a scary topic, experts recommend having an annual checkup and mammograms every two to three years, especially for all women between the ages of 40 and 60. Although they do not prevent breast cancer, mammograms can save lives because, if cancer is found early, it is easier to treat.

Ultrasound, a first medical evaluation of guarantees

A breast ultrasound, or sonography, is a noninvasive imaging test that detects lesions or tumors that mammography does not distinguish.

What results does an MRI offer us today?

MRI test in east Delhi is a radiological study whose objective is to obtain images using radio magnets and probes and, contrary to tomography or radiography, MRIs do not use radiation.

How to Prevent Osteoporosis with a DEXA Scan Test?

Prevention begins with a good diagnosis

If you notice that your bones fracture easily, if you are a woman of pre-menopausal age or if you have sedentary lifestyle habits, it may be necessary to have a DEXA scan to rule out osteoporosis and be able to prevent it before it appears.

osteoporosis

What is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by a decrease in bone mass and a deterioration in the quality of the bones, therefore, increasing the risk of fractures. Although this disease is prevalent in women, especially during menopause, when calcium assimilation is less, it also occurs in older men. According to the experts of diagnostic labs in Delhi, it is estimated that 1 in 4 postmenopausal women suffers from osteoporosis, increasing the percentage to 40% in women between 70 and 79 years of age. In the case of men, factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption or a sedentary lifestyle intensify the risk of suffering from this disease.

Difference between osteoporosis and osteopenia

Osteopenia is the progressive loss of bone mineral density with age, which can lead, but is not always the case, to osteoporosis.

Differences between osteoarthritis, arthritis and osteoporosis

While osteopenia and osteoporosis affect the bones, arthritis and osteoarthritis are diseases that are concentrated in the joints and in the cartilage tissues that surround them. Both arthritis and osteoarthritis are usually painful, unlike osteoporosis and cannot be diagnosed by DEXA scan, but the patient would need a complementary examination such as x-rays and other imaging tests like 3D ultrasound or MRI test.

How to prevent and cure osteoporosis?

The diagnostic test that helps experts to detect osteoporosis is called DEXA scan and its function is to measure the calcium level of bones.

Main symptoms of osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is known as the silent epidemic since it has no symptoms beyond the pain that appears with the fracture, so detecting it becomes very complicated. It is recommended to make an appointment with your orthopedic surgeon especially after 50 years or if bones fracture easily.

Best treatments for osteoporosis

You can treat osteoporosis naturally or with advanced medical help:

  • Playing sports or exercising is vital to strengthen the bones.
  • Limit your alcohol intake
  • Quit smoking
  • Adopt a diet rich in calcium
  • Take supplements of calcium and vitamin D

Also, there are advanced treatments that treat the most serious cases of osteoporosis. One of them is the osteoforming treatment, which stimulates the formation and strengthening of the bones. On the other hand, antiresorptive drugs prevent the loss of bone mass thanks to elements such as bisphosphonates and selective estrogen receptor modulators.

How is a bone densitometry done?

The densitometry test does not require any special preparation. Experts recommend not taking calcium supplements during the 24 hours prior to the test and to come without metallic objects (earrings, belts, etc). The specific technique they use to carry out a bone densitometry test is called DEXA scan in which small doses of X-rays are exposed to the bones. Normally, depending on the part of the body to be evaluated, it is done on a stretcher and does not last more than 1 hour.

Is the bone densitometry test painful?

In no case will you feel pain after the DEXA scan test since it is a simple, non-invasive process that uses a minimal dose of radiation.

Therefore, if you feel your bones are fragile or if you want to rule out the diagnosis, put yourself in the hands of our professionals and make an appointment for a densitometry in one of the best medical centers in Delhi.

How To Detect Alzheimer's Early?

Alzheimer's is very high in the ranking of diseases that concern society. Every day more people turn to search engines like Google to find more information on this type of senile dementia.

detect-alzheimers

 What is Alzheimer's disease?

The first definition of Alzheimer's states that it is a type of dementia in older people. There are others such as Parkinson's, vascular or multi-infarction.

In this case, the abilities to develop a normal life disappear, starting with memory, thought and language, and progress slowly until forgetting family members, how to write and read, or patients becoming more nervous or aggressive.

This disease, without cure, usually appears from 60 years onwards and the probabilities are higher when there are cases of other relatives who have suffered from it. One can undergo MRI test from MRI scan center in new Delhi to diagnose the severity of Alzheimer’s disease.

 Alzheimer's Causes:

There are several risk factors that influence the appearance of this type of senile dementia that is important to know for early detection:

•The genetic influence causes that they increase between 2 and 4 times the probabilities that a person with a relative with Alzheimer's suffers from the disease as well.

•As people's ages advance, the possibilities also grow. With 65 years the risk is 10% while with 85 the probability grows to 50%.

•Health problems affect the appearance of pathology such as head trauma or long-term arterial hypertension.

•Unhealthy habits related to sedentary lifestyle, eating and smoking also have a negative influence.

Alzheimer symptoms

There are various signs in people that indicate the possible existence of Alzheimer's, and here are some of them to anticipate the disease:

  • Decreased memory that affects daily life.
  • Difficulty planning and solving numerical problems.
  • Daily household chores, work, and free time become more complicated.
  • Disorientation in time and space.
  • Vision problems sometimes occur in people with Alzheimer's.
  • Problems with the use of language such as forgetting how to say a word.
  • Loss of initiative, good judgment and good humor.

Alzheimer's stages

Alzheimer's can be divided in two ways. On the one hand, in the mild, moderate and severe phases, and on the other hand, on the GDS scale (Global Deterioration Scale). Unifying both classifications, the stages of the disease would be as follows:

  • The emergence of the mild phase in which the first symptoms of the disease occur coincides with GDS3 and GDS4. At that time, slight memory loss occurs, disorientation in unfamiliar environments, difficulty in performing complex tasks due to lack of concentration, but the behavior is totally normal in familiar environments, with family and with habitual friends. The diagnosis of dementia occurs at this stage.
  • In the moderate phase, GDS5 and GDS6 are given, times when performing certain daily activities such as dressing, eating, washing, or controlling bowel movements become complicated for patients.
  • The severe phase corresponds to GDS7 and in it the Alzheimer patient is cognitively and functionally dependent.

Diagnostic tests to detect Alzheimer's early

To determine the existence or not of Alzheimer, a complete neurological study is carried out, which includes MRI test. MRI scan center in east Delhi provides highly detailed images of the brain without emitting radiation harmful to people.

Also, the MRI from MRI scan center and MRI test labs in Delhi can be used to rule out other possible diseases that are causing the symptoms such as spills, tumors or fluid accumulation.

Eating habits to prevent Alzheimer's

Diet is one of the important factors that can prevent the appearance of this disease related to loss of memory and cognitive abilities. In this sense, there are some habits to follow:

  • Saturated or trans fats are bad allies against dementia of this type since negative substances accumulate in the brain.
  • Regular consumption of fruits, vegetables and legumes reduces the risks of cognitive decline.
  • Vitamin E is brain-healthy and can be found in nuts or seeds, mangoes, papayas, avocados, tomatoes, red peppers, spinach, and enriched breads and cereals.
  • Vitamin B is found in products of animal origin and its benefits are noted in memory and in the reduction of muscle atrophy.
  • The consumption of multivitamins such as iron and copper should be avoided unless it is done by prescription.
Health Check-Ups That Smokers Must Take

Smokers are exposed to developing many more illnesses than non-smokers. So, to try to get your health under control and know how tobacco is affecting the body, you should carry out certain medical checks at best CT scan center in Delhi.

It is convenient that from the age of 40 regular medical check-ups are carried out to detect possible health problems early, especially if you have been smoking for a few years.

smokers-health-checkups

The most important basic checkup!

First of all, the most basic checkups should be taken. Anyone who needs health checkups (blood pressure, blood sugar, cholesterol, etc.) or five cancer checkups (stomach cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer) for cardiovascular risk factors should receive it. Ask for CBC with ESR cost in Delhi at diagnostic labs in Delhi before undergoing any health checkup.

Early check-up for lung cancer is needed because you are a smoker!

As a smoker, the most important checkup you should receive is whole PET CT scan in Delhi for 'lung cancer'. Smokers' risk of lung cancer is known to be about 23 times that of non-smokers.

The recommended annual checkups for smokers are:

-chest radiography

-analysis of blood and urine by KFT test

-electrocardiogram

-Mammography examination and vaginal cytology in women

It is important to go to the doctor once a year even if you do not have symptoms to do a complete checkup. This should be done above all by people with a family history of cancer, heart disease, diabetes and hypertension among other pathologies.

Vascular diseases are not overlooked

Smoking can cause coronary artery disease or cerebrovascular disease, the leading cause of death for adults. However, it can be diagnosed early through coronary artery CT scan, brain MRI / MRA, and carotid artery ultrasound test. One should always compare the cost of 3T brain MRI and MRI head cost in Delhi before finalizing any radiological procedure for himself.

In particular, in the case of coronary artery CT, diagnostic usefulness for coronary artery stenosis at a risk level is known to be four times higher in smokers than in the general public, and if such stenosis exists, progression can be prevented through active intervention such as stent insertion. In particular, when the risk factors of other cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia are accompanied, the above test may be considered.

Health functional food

Many smokers take multivitamins or look for health supplements such as beta-carotene and tocopherols to prevent the health risks associated with smoking. However, many studies suggest that mortality with lung cancer due to smoking is common even with those people who were having multivitamins for years, so it is not recommended to take it unless it is a special case.

The most obvious preventive measures to quit smoking

It is common knowledge that smoking is bad, but in many cases, it is not easy to quit smoking despite the repeated decision to quit smoking every year. This is because smoking is not just a habit, but a disease called nicotine addiction. Effective drugs have been developed by medical experts to help quit smoking. Smoking cessation clinics are another alternative option that havehelped chronic smokers to quit smoking.

Diagnosis by Lumbar Magnetic Resonance Imaging

What is seen on a lumbar spine MRI?

Magnetic resonance imaging is based on the effects of a very powerful magnetic field and radio frequency waves on hydrogen atoms, to obtain detailed images of the organs and structures of the body.

lumbar-spine-mri

The MRI test of the lumbar spine is non-invasive procedure, it is used when the radiograph is not able give the cause of pain in the lower back, leg pain, numbness, tingling or weakness, problems with control of the intestine or the bladder.

The most common problems that resonance detects are as follows:

Injuries to bones, intervertebral discs, ligaments, and the nervous system such as the spinal cord, cauda equina, and spinal nerve outlet are evaluated.

MRI test lab in Delhi diagnose tumors, bleeding, inflammation, physiological or embryological abnormalities or infectionsof the vertebrae or surrounding tissues. You can also enquire about MRI spine cost in Delhi before undergoing any radiological exposure.

Lumbar MRI to diagnose a herniated disc

The herniated disc is a disease in which part of the intervertebral disc (nucleus pulposus) moves toward the nerve root, the press and produces intense pain. Diagnostic labs in Delhi allow to see if all the anatomical structures of the lumbar spine are in place or if there is any alteration that may be the cause of the pain.

How can a lumbar MRI help if you have sciatica?

The images of MRI test in East Delhi can help the specialist to identifythe origin of the pain that radiates along the path of the sciatic nerve may be, that is, it gives you a differential diagnosis.

A lumbar MRI with or without contrast?

The contrast medium is a liquid that is administered to the patient in cases where the doctor needs to obtain more detailed images of the analyzed area. You can find a simple lumbar MRI or a lumbar MRI with contrast to visualize more clearly the intervertebral discs or the surrounding tissue.

If determining the cause of your back pain requires the use of contrast, your doctor should inform you of possible allergic reactions and ask you questions about your state of health in some respects. The use of this substance is not recommended in patients with kidney disease.

Can a lumbar MRI be performed on the open machine?

Most MRI tests are capable of being performed on open MRI. If you suffer from claustrophobia, do not hesitate to report it to the doctor to study the state of your lumbar spine with open MRI.

MRI scan centre in Noida has best specialists in back pathologies who will give detailed information about the pathology and the procedure to perform to improve the quality of life.

Both open and closed MRI are digital tests that serve to see the same damage or pathologies, so the decision to perform the test in an open or closed machine depends more on the feeling of overwhelm, during the test on the closed machine of the patient.

Although it is true that High Field MRI is usually somewhat more claustrophobic, it gives a higher quality image, but it does not mean that in most cases an adequate diagnosis cannot be made with the open test.

As a conclusion about lumbar MRI it is worth noting that the important thing is to receive a correct diagnosis and the medical professional experts at MRI scan center in east Delhi will be the ones who should assess the necessary diagnostic tests.

All About Ankle Ultrasound In Case Of Sprain

3D ultrasound is a diagnostic imaging process that uses high-frequency waves to examine injured areas within the body. Although the most frequent use of pregnancy Ultrasound is to observe the development of fetuses in pregnant women, they can also be used to see organs and bones, as in the case of the ankle.

ankle-ultrasound

Contrary to traditional radiographs, ultrasound scans do not require radiation, so patients are not subject to the risks of these tests.

What can be seen on an ankle ultrasound?

Ankle ultrasounds allow doctors a more comprehensive and real-time evaluation of the injured foot. Thanks to 4D ultrasound in Delhi, as it enables you to examine all the anatomical divisions of the ankle, such as the tendons, nerves, bones and ligaments, the most common being the nerves, tendons and ligaments.

What is an ankle ultrasound for?

Let's put yourself in a situation: playing soccer with friends, you twisted your ankle abnormally, and now you feel a sharp pain when you bear weight on that foot. Your ankle may even be swollen or you may have instability when resting on your foot. These are just a few symptoms of an ankle sprain.

Ankle disorders are a relatively common pathology, especially in the world of sports and, although there are numerous methods to examine injuries in this area, such as computed tomography (CT) or MRI Test; ultrasound test is the one that offers the most benefits, especially for the evaluation of tendons, ankle nerves and ligaments.

Types of ankle injuries requiring ultrasound

Ankle ultrasound is particularly useful for evaluating sprains, ankle tendinitis, tears, dislocations or subluxations since it allows you to provide a real-time analysis of the lesion, with the advantage of avoiding exposure to X-rays, which it is highly beneficial for pregnant women and children.

What is the protocol to perform an ankle ultrasound?

If you do not know how to prepare for an ankle ultrasound or if you are nervous about what might happen, don't worry, ankle ultrasounds are a non-invasive protocol that does not require prior preparation.

The doctor at diagnostic labs in Delhi will put on a water-based gel that improves ultrasound wave transmission and gently move the transducer along the foot and ankle with moderate pressure. You may be asked to change your posture to fully analyze the structure of the foot. Visit reputed ultrasound lab and ask for 3d ultrasound cost in Delhi before undergoing any radiological test.

Can you walk with a sprained ankle?

Ankle sprains can be classified into three grades, with grade I being the lowest and grade III being the highest. In the first case, doctors recommend resting, taking non-coagulant anti-inflammatories, applying ice to the injured foot to reduce swelling, and sleeping with a pillow or cushion raising the foot above the heart. Once the inflammation has subsided, you can always walk again wearing comfortable shoes and gradually resuming stronger physical activities, as long as you do not feel discomfort.

If the pain persists or if you have trouble walking, see your doctor. If your injury is grade II, you may need to immobilize the joint with a cast or splint, while if you have a grade III sprain, you may need surgery.

Contribution of ultrasound in ankle examination in case of sprain

There are numerous imaging tests to treat ankle disorders, whether traumatic, inflammatory, infectious, or degenerative. Joint ultrasound of the foot is the first-line technique that helps to detect dislocations of the tendons, ligaments and nerves.

It is important to be able to detect ankle injuries in time to prevent them from degenerating or leading to a more serious problem and, therefore, more difficult to treat.

Mammography, Tomosynthesis and Breast Ultrasound

What is a digital mammogram and what is it for?

The digital tomosynthesis mammography is the most effective study to detect early breast cancer and other diseases of women.

There are different types of mammography, but undoubtedly the digital modality offers more accurate diagnoses and, therefore, patient treatments will be more effective, less aggressive and of a shorter duration.

breast-scan

How is a digital mammogram done?

To perform this test, a specialized technician is in charge of compressing the breast between two transparent plates to take photographs of it from two different angles. This process is repeated with the other breast.

The Hologic mammogram that ultrasound clinic have at Delhi emits minimal radiation, making it the safest technology for studying breast cancer, among other pathologies.

What is breast tomosynthesis?

It is a technology that mixes 2D mammography and PET CT scan in Delhi to obtain much more precise 3D images of the size, location and extent of diseases.

Breast tomosynthesis has some advantages such as allowing less pressure on the breast to take the x-rays, and therefore the chances of discomfort are reduced.

What is a breast ultrasound?

It consists of a non-invasive diagnostic test that, in this case, works as a complementary study to mammography. Images are taken in real time through ultrasound and without any risk to women's health.

In diagnostic labs in Delhi there is one more advantage of having a level 1 ultrasound which is the delivery of results on the spot together with the report of digital mammography and tomosynthesis.

Difference between mammography and breast ultrasound. When is each test done?

In most cases, breast ultrasound test is a complementary study that is performed after mammography to obtain an even more reliable diagnosis.

Mammography is the main tool to detect breast cancer, being an irreplaceable test for breast ultrasound. The second study can be very useful to differentiate between a simple benign cyst or a malignant tumor, and in cases of high breast density.

The ideal is to carry out a digital mammogram with tomosynthesis and followed by a breast 4d ultrasound in Delhi.

What does it mean to have a dense breast?

Dense breasts have less adipose tissue and more non-adipose tissues. These are more prone to breast cancer and at the same time offer greater difficulty in detecting the disease. Therefore, mammography remains the main test, but tomosynthesis and breast ultrasound offer the most effective diagnosis in these cases.One should always ask for breast ultrasound price in Delhi before undergoing any diagnostic test.

Between 20 and 45 years of age: It is the period of more cases of high breast density, decreasing with the arrival of menopause. A doctor's annual breast exam, self-exam, and digital mammography can be great allies.

What is a lump or solid tissue in the chest?

Finding a lump in the chest is always alarming but one should not always expect the worst. There are different types of nodules in the breasts that can be benign or malignant in each case:

Benign

  • Inflammation and normal discomfort associated with the menstrual cycle
  • Fibroadenomas
  • Cysts
  • Mastitis and abscesses
  • Fatty cysts (fatty necrosis breast nodules)
  • Lipomas
  • Adenosis of the breast
  • Intraductal papillomas
  • Phyllodes tumors of the breast (a study is necessary to determine if it is benign or malignant)
  • Ductal ectasia

Evil

  • Inflammatory breast cancer
  • Paget's disease of the nipple
  • Phyllodes tumors
  • Angosarcoma
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