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Role of Echocardiography in Blood Flow Obstruction Disorder

Ultrasound of the heart (echocardiography) is one of the most widely used techniques for diagnosing cardiac disease since it provides excellent quality images and is:

  1. Non-invasive
  2. Harmless
  3. Relatively cheap
  4. Widely available

echocardiography

Level 2 ultrasound is also used to diagnose vascular disorders in other parts of the body.

Echocardiography can be used to detect if the heart muscle is moving normally and to measure the volume of blood pumped with each beat. This procedure can also detect abnormalities in the structure of the heart, such as defects in the heart valves , congenital anomalies (such as holes in the walls between the different chambers of the heart) and increased thickness of the walls or chambers of the heart. One should get complete information about doppler ultrasound cost before undergoing any diagnosis.

Echocardiography can also be used to detect a pericardial effusion, in which there is fluid accumulation between the two layers of the heart (pericardium) and constrictive pericarditis, in which scar tissue forms throughout the pericardium. It also detects dissection of the aorta, a tear inside the layers of the aortic wall.

The main types of ultrasound are:

  1. Two-dimensional
  2. Three-dimensional
  3. Doppler
  4. Color doppler

The two - dimensional ultrasound is the technique most widely used and produces realistic two - dimensional images, for "cuts" generated by computer. By joining the cuts, you can recreate a three-dimensional structure.

The Doppler ultrasound shows the direction and speed of blood circulation, so that it can detect the turbulent flow caused by a narrowing or blockage of blood vessels.The Doppler color shows the different speeds of blood flow in different colors.

4D ultrasound test and color doppler ultrasound are frequently used to help diagnose disorders that affect the heart and arteries and veins of the trunk, legs, and arms. Since these procedures can show the direction and speed of blood flow in the heart's chambers and blood vessels, they allow the doctor to assess the structure and function of these parts. For example, it is possible to determine whether the heart valves open and close correctly, whether and how much blood leaks when closed, and whether blood flows normally. Abnormal connections between an artery and a vein or between the heart chambers can also be detected.

How echocardiography is performed?

Ultrasound waves are emitted by a probe that can both emit and detect them (transducer). Typically, the transducer is portable and is placed on the chest over the heart. The examiner gels the skin under the transducer to help transmit the sound waves. The transducer is connected to a computer that displays the image on a screen and stores it in digital format. By changing the position and angle of the transducer, doctors can look at the heart and major nearby blood vessels from various angles to get a detailed picture of cardiac structures and function. During several moments of the exam, the person must hold their breath for about 10 seconds to ensure that well-defined images are obtained.

Color Doppler Echocardiography

Transesophageal echocardiography may be performedif the doctor needs to get more definition or to analyze the aorta or the structures of the back of the heart (especially the left atrium or the left ventricle). To carry out this procedure in ultrasound lab, a small flexible tube with an ultrasound transducer is passed through the end of the affected person's throat into the esophagus, so that the transducer is located just behind the heart. Since this procedure is uncomfortable, the person is sedated and the throat is anesthetized with an anesthetic spray. Transesophageal ultrasound test is also used when there is difficulty in performing common echocardiography due to obesity, lung disorders or other technical problems, or when the diagnosis of endocarditis is made.

How Advanced Radiology Paved Way In Cancer Treatment?

Cancer is one of the leading deadly diseases that spread rapidly in our country as well as all over the world. Cancer is increasing, but there are promising new ways to strengthen diagnosis and treatment. Especially when diagnosed at an early stage, full success can be achieved in the treatment of many types of cancer. The share of high-tech devices in this success is huge.

cancer-treatment

Beam Treatment Makes a Smile Face

Radiotherapy is one of the fastest developing areas in the treatment of cancer in recent years. Thanks to targeted irradiation, the tumor can be completely destroyed with high doses of radiation, while critical organs and tissues are protected.

The dose given to the patient is reduced by a third in the truebeam device, which is beneficial in the treatment of all cancers, and this reduces the risk of radiation-induced secondary cancer.

Unlimited Treatment Is Provided

In radiosurgery, where surgical treatment is performed without scalpels, bloodless and rays, advanced technology gammaknife and cyberknife devices come to the fore. With the cyberknife (space scalpel), the first and only robotic radiosurgery system in the world, a spot impulse is imposed on the tumor with precise accuracy. This method, which is used as an alternative to surgery, can eliminate the malignant tumor just like surgery. It gives a hope to patients in tumor treatment that cannot be treated with conventional radiotherapy, require a complex operation or cannot be operated.

With the PET CT scan, the rays are focused focally on the brain and cancerous tissues in high doses. Normal tissues are largely protected from the effects of radiation.

MRI test in East Delhi is used in brain tumors, lung, prostate, head and neck and pancreatic cancers, and fewer metastases that cannot be treated with other methods.

Gamma Knife Is Being The Same Day Disclaimer

From brain tumors tovascular bundle cephalic nodes(smaller than 3.5 cm),both can be treated quickly in a single session.

Normal surrounding brain tissue is preserved. The patients can return home on the same day with gamma knife, which is applied for one session and does not require intensive care with anesthesia.

Breast Cancer Is Determining In An Early Stage

It is now possible to diagnose and treat breast cancer, one of the most common cancer types in women, at the earliest stage. Tomosynthesis mammography, 4d ultrasound in Delhi, vacuum biopsy, and MR-guided biopsy make improvements in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer.

Tomosynthesis mammography facilitates the detection of cancer and decreases unnecessary shooting, biopsy and surgery rates by increasing the opportunity to make a correct diagnosis. The nozzle is compressed less than normal mammography, thus providing shooting comfort. In nuclear PET Scan Delhi, no area of the breast is overlooked, and errors due to inexperienced practitioners are minimized.

Tissue Sample In 30 Seconds

Vacuum biopsy is the most advanced needle biopsy method. It is used only for the diagnosis of findings that can be detected in mammography and MRI test labs in Delhi. It stands out as the preferred method in biopsy of suspicious calcifications, which may be the earliest finding of breast cancer. The patient is not treated and does not feel pain. It is possible to take more tissue samples than other methods in about half a minute. Therefore, the chance of correct diagnosis is 97-100 percent.

What Are The Diseases That An MRI Can Detect In Gall Bladder?

MRI of the gallbladder not only provides an opportunity to see the internal structure of the organ, but also identifies changes in pathological characteristics, malignant or cancerous growth. Magnetic resonance imaging makes it possible to identify many pathologies in the early stages of development. MRI of the gallbladder and ducts is one of the additional methods of examination and is appointed after the patient has undergone ultrasound and ERCP. MRI test labs in Delhi can detect the smallest strain of the bile duct.

mri-scan

Often, doctors examine the gallbladder (LB) and liver at the same time or do an MRI test in East Delhi of the abdominal cavity. The patient is exposed to magnetic field that does not pose a danger to human health, does not adversely affect the state of the immune system and does not cause cancerous lesions.

Magnetic resonance imaging is one of the most effective studies. It helps to diagnose the gall bladder pathology.

  1. Drugs in bile- The outbreak of gallstone disease is inherent in radical people. The pathological process in this case involves the formation of crystalline deposits in the gallbladder and ducts.
  2. Cholecystitis- This pathology is a complex disease and requires the fastest possible diagnosis and proper course of treatment. Otherwise, it can have an acute form with serious complications. MRI Scan Center in New Delhi allows you to diagnose the presence of polyps in the bile. These pathological growths in the shell of the bubble over time with increasing size can close the lumen of the bubble.
  3. Dyskinesia-characterized by problems with the flow of bile. As a result, the motor function of all muscles of the organ is impaired.Changes in physiological glands with changes in physiological properties, pathological properties of the menopause and endocrine system, can lead to the development of dyskinesia. It is very difficult to identify the specified disease. To do this, several diagnostic procedures are required, including tomography of the bile ducts.

Examination of the gallbladder and biliary tract determines the progression of the cancer, the size and localization of the tumor.Magnetic resonance imaging today plays a leading role in the study of abdominal organs. In terms of efficiency, this method is superior to ultrasound and computed tomography.MRI can study extended images of the pelvic organs, including the gallbladder, from any plane, so it is much more effective to visualize pathological processes occurring in anatomically complex areas of the body, assess prevalence and localize unhealthy processes.

Therefore, MRI of the gallbladder may indicate the following pathologies:

  • Sclerosing cholangitis (with inflammation of the bile ducts, narrowing of the lumen);
  • Stones in the ducts of the bile system;
  • Congenital malformations;
  • Liver and structure damage, etc.

In addition to the initial detection of pathological changes, magnetic resonance imaging is used in the diagnosis of existing diseases to make a final diagnosis and monitor the course of the disease.

Advantages of MRI

Currently, magnetic resonance imaging is one of the best diagnostic methods. You can browse all tissues, organs in the human body, get a three-dimensional image and get quick results. Despite the fact that the person is in the same position, you can get a picture in any projection on the screen.  Ask for MRI test cost in Noida before undergoing any diagnosing method.

With high accuracy, it is possible to determine the nature of the pathology, associated anomalies and inflammatory processes at an early stage. MRI has no side effects, so there is no need to regain strength, such as after an endoscopy. The result is accurate and fast. You can hear the verdict within an hour from MRI test lab in Delhi. The procedure itself lasts from 5 to 60 minutes.

Digital Mammography: New Technology in Breast Imaging

The most important factor in the treatment of diseases is early diagnosis. Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer among women today. Breast cancer, which has become the fearful dream of most women over the age of 35, is a type of cancer that can be diagnosed and treated early.

breast-scan-cost-in-delhi

Mammography helps to show the formation and development of even small tissues and cells that are not noticed when examined by hand. Mammography, one of a kind of imaging systems, helps doctors in the medical world with its life-saving feature in breast cancer.

Women are sensitive to breast cancer, of course, but some types of examinations they perform on their own are not sufficient to understand whether breast cancer has occurred. Generally; they try to decide whether there are any injuries from the skin of the breast, color change, whether there is any ingress of the nipple or noticeable change in the vessels. Know about breast scan cost in Delhi to confirm the presence of tumor under breast.

However, breast cancer is not a disease that can manifest itself as obviously as it is thought. Sometimes it is impossible to notice this with the naked eye, as it provides internal growth. When scanning with mammography, even invisible diseases and cancerous cells can be detected. Experts of diagnostic labs in Delhi warn that all women over the age of 35 must be checked twice a year.

What is mammography?

Thanks to the developments in the modern medical world and the new generation imaging systems developed, breast cancers that were previously untreatable can now be treated. According to the experts' diagnostic test in Delhi reports, 90% of the results obtained in mammography screening can be successful.

Since mammography is an improved imaging method, whether the cancer cell or mass is large or small, it helps to learn the size of the cancer without changing anything. With the imaging method, which provides extremely convenience for early diagnosis, the patient is healed again and continues his life in a healthy way.

What is fibroadenoma?

Approximately 10 percent of women have fibroadenoma. Fibroadenoma is called "benign tumor". These tumors can be seen in women between the ages of 15-30. Fibroadenoma, which begins to grow under the influence of the hormone estrogen, manifests itself mostly during pregnancy. In the period of menopause, this growth leaves its place to shrink. Fibroadenoma, consisting of connective tissue and gland cells, can be single or multiple. Women with a large number of fibroadenomas are more likely to have breast cancer.

Changing the level of hormones in women during pregnancy affects the more prominent Fibroadenomas. During these periods or before menstruation, mild pain or swelling can be observed.

More precise information about the multiplicity of fibroadenomas can be obtained with 4D ultrasound test and PET CT scan

What are the mammography types?

Screening mammography:

Screening mammography is a type of imaging applied to women who do not have any complaints. The purpose of exploring CT scan cost in east Delhi is to diagnose in the early period and to determine the appropriate treatment method before cancer danger or suspicion, if any.
 
Diagnostic mammography:

Diagnostic mammography forwomen who have complaints in the breast is to investigate the causes of the abnormal formations detected in the breast, and suspect cancer if any, and determine the appropriate treatment method. As a result of diagnostic 4D ultrasound in Delhi, it gives the doctor the most accurate information.

Early Diagnosis Of Chronic Kidney Disease By KFT

The awareness of kidney diseases has an undeniable pace in the prevention of disability problems due to increased deaths and non-communicable diseases (especially cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, diabetes and chronic kidney diseases) worldwide.

chronic-kidney-disease

What is chronic renal disease?

Chronic kidney disease occurs when there is a significant decrease in kidney function or glomerular filtration rate. This causes high blood pressure, anemia, heart and blood vessel diseases.

How often does chronic kidney disease occur?

Chronic kidney disease at any level is seen in 500 million people globally, in other words one in ten people.

Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease:

The most common causes of chronic renal disease in the world are nephrotic or hereditary disorders such as inflammatory diseases in the kidney, polycystic glomerular disease, infections and problems in the urinary system. These causes vary depending on diabetes and high blood pressure, which are the most common causes of cardiovascular disorders in developed and developing nations.

How to understand chronic kidney disease?

Kidney function test with blood and urine samples that measure creatinine value and glomerular filtration rate in the blood give an idea about the amount of damage done by disease. One should get complete information about CBC Test Cost before signing any medical document.

What are the results of Undiagnosed Chronic Kidney Disease?

The first risk is the loss of kidney function, which can lead to future kidney loss and dialysis or kidney transplant. Another risk is early deaths associated with cardiovascular diseases.

Individuals thought to be healthy but subsequently found to have chronic kidney disease are ten times higher than cardiovascular diseases (coronary heart failure, brain hemorrhage and vascular occlusion, environmental (peripheral) artery diseases)] regardless of the level of kidney disease. To avoid these illnesses, one should always compare KFT test cost and NCCT KUB cost in Delhi before undergoing any diagnosis.

What are the social cost and results of increasing common chronic renal disease?

End-stage kidney diseases are increasing rapidly, 1.5 million people worldwide can survive by hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis or kidney transplantation. It is expected that this number will double in the next 10 years. It is estimated that the total cost of dialysis and kidney transplantation will increase to 1 trillion USD in the next 10 years.

What can be done to prevent and treat chronic kidney and cardiovascular disease?

In order to detect chronic kidney disease, KFT Test, serum creatinine, NCCT KUB test, calculated glomerular filtration rate and urinary albumin tests are available.

The vast majority of people with early chronic renal disorder have not been revealed. Early determination of kidney function decline is essential, ensuring appropriate treatment to prevent kidney damage or kidney decay / deterioration from manifesting itself through other complications.

Prevention

DTPA renal scan should be performed first when there is a high risk of kidney risk. These are:

  1. They are over 50 years old.
  2. Family with diabetes, high blood pressure and kidney disease.
  3. People with other types of renal disease.
  4. Preservation treatments, which are still being applied, should also be applied in patients with early renal failure.
  5. ACE inhibitor ARB group drugs in blood pressure lowering drugs decrease protein-urea while at the same time decreasing the glomerular filtration rate.
  6. Lowering of high blood pressure; low blood pressure lowers the glomerular filtration rate.
  7. Control of blood sugar, blood fats and anemia.
  8. Patients with diabetes and high blood pressure.
  9. Smoking cessation.
  10. Obese and smokers
  11. Increased physical activity.
  12. Control of body weight.
Is 4D Ultrasound Safe During Pregnancy?

The ultrasound used for the baby's controls during pregnancy works with sound waves. Thanks to these waves, a general view of the baby in the womb is obtained. This image controls the other elements, such as amniotic fluid, which are important for the development and development of the baby. All these checks are extremely important to ensure a smooth delivery. Although Pregnancy Ultrasound has been used for a long time, it has been continuously improved over the past time. One of the latest options offered by the technology is a device called 4-dimensional color ultrasound (4D) and as it can be understood from its name, it provides a realistic view of the image of the babies.

3d-and-4d-ultrasound

When to Take a 4-Dimensional Ultrasound?

Ultrasound is not normally a standard test. In other words, it is not compulsory to examine the fetus with ultrasound in every routine control.

Families often demand the removal of level 1 ultrasound. They want to see a clearer view of their babies, especially in the last months of pregnancy. So, they can understand who their babies look like, see how they yawn and smile. This gives families happiness.

Sometimes there may be a request by doctors to take color dopler test in pregnancy. The reason why doctors want this is to make sure the health of the baby, to see the possible problems in advance and to start the necessary treatments as soon as possible.

Is 4-Dimensional Ultrasound Useful?

Ultrasound can be expressed as a device that acquires images with sound waves. Therefore, it does not constitute any risk to the health of the mother and baby. 4-dimensional ultrasound, known to be harmless, has very important benefits. Baby control is at the top of these. With 3D ultrasound, the development of the fetus (baby), birth defects and amniotic fluid are examined.

As more detailed images are obtained with 4-dimensional ultrasound, the baby is examined in more detail. Therefore, examination of a specific condition, spinal cord problems, half-lips and similar fetal anomalies can be examined with 4D ultrasound.

The benefits provided by 4D ultrasound are not limited to the above. Apart from this, some benefits can be listed as follows:

  • Sex of the baby is determined earlier than the position
  • Detection of anomalies occurring in the placenta
  • Determination of placental location
  • Investigation of the causes of abnormal bleeding
  • uterine fibroids, polyps and tumor formations such as the detection of non-natural
  • Detailed examination of the baby's development
  • Diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy too early
  • Detailed examination of the condition of babies in multiple pregnancies
  • Determination of structural problems in the uterus

ultrasound-in-pregnancy

Is 4-Dimensional Ultrasound Harmful?

As mentioned earlier, ultrasound is a device that acquires images with sound waves. Therefore, it is different from X-ray, MRI and similar imaging devices. These devices, which are reported to be completely harmless by experts, are not included in routine tests. Therefore, it usually depends on the demand and abnormal situations.

When to Take a 4-Dimensional Ultrasound?

It can be said that the operating system of 4-dimensional ultrasound test is relatively different from other ultrasounds. Therefore, it may not be possible to use this device at any time. It is very important that the baby's fluid is sufficient in order to obtain a clear image. This means that it can be used at 11-14 weeks at the earliest. It can be performed in addition to the routine checks performed especially at 11-13 and 18-22 weeks.

Things to Know About 4-Dimensional Ultrasound

4D ultrasounds can be expressed as the most advanced ultrasound devices. However, this does not mean that 4-dimensional devices will be completely sufficient. Because in 4-dimensional imaging, the general appearance of the baby can be seen in detail and in color. However, these devices remain inadequate after examining the internal organs. At this point, level 2 ultrasound imaging should be done again.

Stress And Hyperthyroidism: A Relationship you Should Know

In most cases, stress is a poor health companion, which can be seen when the thyroid is not working properly. Do you know why the relationship between stress and hypothyroidism is dangerous?

stress-and-hyperthyroidism

When the thyroid doesn't work well?

The thyroid can be "victim" of autoimmune attacks, this means that the defense system attacks (by mistake) the healthy cells of this gland and generates disorders such as hypothyroidism, which affects women (adults) the most. This dysfunction causes not enough thyroid hormones to be produced (T4 and T5), which help the body use energy, maintain body temperature, and that the brain, heart, muscles, and other organs function normally. Get an idea about thyrocare test cost before undergoing any thyroid treatment.

Among its symptoms, the person shows apathy, indifference and less ability to concentrate, for example, signs that suppose anguish and marked stress. Thus, a vicious circle is formed, because when suffering memory failures, the probabilities increase that the patient "forgets" that he must take his medications. One can go for thyroid profile to check whether thyroid gland is working properly or not.

Causes of hypothyroidism:

Although different factors have been identified, the most frequent causes of hypothyroidism are:

  1. Autoimmune disease
  2. Hashimoto's thyroiditis

Surgical removal of the thyroid:

Some people with thyroid nodules or thyroid cancer, for example, require surgery to remove part or all of the thyroid gland, which can lead to hypothyroidism.

Radioactive treatment:

If there is Grave’s disease, nodular goiter or thyroid cancer, the doctor performs thyroid test and indicates the problem with radioactive iodine in order to destroy the thyroid gland, which causes its malfunction.

Hypothyroidism treatment

In most cases, replacing the amount of thyroid hormone that the gland doesn't make is the most effective treatment. If the patient follows it to the letter, he gets a feeling of well-being that favors thyroid function and reduces his symptoms: feeling cold, fatigue, dry skin, depression and even the tendency to forget things. At the same time, the anxiety produced by the disease is reduced and benefits the patient's mood.

It is also important to have a balanced diet, practice exercise (generates a feeling of relaxation difficult to match) and learn techniques for managing stress, such as meditation, relaxation routines and yoga.

Stress and hypothyroidism, what can we do to avoid the appearance of both conditions?

The alteration of the function of the thyroid gland is a condition associated with several factors. One of them, is stress.

If so, is there a way to prevent the onset of stress-associated hypothyroidism? These would be some strategies:

  • Take care of your diet
  • In addition to a balanced diet, it is important not to skip any food.
  • One must regulate the consumption of  caffeine, sugar, drinks, soft drinks, chocolate, etc. They are foods that tend to intensify stress.

It is recommended that the following vitamins and minerals should not lack in the diet:

  • Selenium
  • Iodine
  • Zinc
  • Iron
  • Copper
  • Vitamins A, B, C and E
  • Sleep between 7 and 9 hours

It is important to listen to the "signals" that the body sends so that at the first sign that something is not working as it should, you go to the doctor, because although hypothyroidism cannot be cured, most patients manage to control it completely through thyrocarearyogyam.

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