Ultrasound (US) is a common way to diagnose diseases of the internal organs using ultrasound waves (mechanical high-frequency oscillations with a short wavelength).
Ultrasound examination allows you to consider the structure of internal organs, to detect in their composition foci of neoplasms, cavities and cysts, various inclusions (stones, foreign bodies, etc.).
With the help of ultrasound, you can measure the size of the internal organs, the diameter of the vessels, the presence of constrictions or extensions. Ultrasound diagnosis allows you to calculate the speed of blood flow in the main vessels.
The procedure of ultrasound research is extremely important for those suffering from hypertension, angina pectoris and other diseases of the heart and blood vessels. In the process of diagnosis, the size and function of the heart, the absence or presence of defects, blood clots is determined.
Using ultrasound, you can determine the area of a heart attack or aneurysm.
Even if a person considers himself to be completely healthy and has no complaints, medical examination should be carried out annually. It is worth noting that many serious diseases are hidden (focal formations, resizing of organs against a background of chronic diseases, etc.).
If you do not identify such ailments at the very beginning of their development, then with the treatment of diseases there may be difficulties.
It is early and timely diagnosis that allows us to provide timely assistance and prevent the transition of an acute process to a chronic one. Therefore, each person needs to do an ultrasound scan at least once a year.
The standard annual screening must necessarily include examinations of the following organs: thyroid gland, kidney, abdominal organs (pancreas, liver, spleen, and gall bladder), and mammary glands in women, organs of the male and female pelvis. To know about ultrasound price in Delhi, contact your consulted doctor.
DOES ULTRASOUND HAVE CONTRAINDICATIONS?
In most cases, there are no serious contraindications that prevent the doctor from using 4d ultrasound in Delhi for diagnosis. This is a harmless technique that can be used even to study the condition of the internal organs of pregnant women and young children. But there are a number of relative contraindications, among which, for example:
- Skin diseases that do not allow contact of ultrasound sensors with the patient’s body;
- Obesity - it worsens the visualization of data and makes ultrasound less informative;
- Urinary incontinence - it is not recommended to use ultrasound if you need to conduct a bladder examination.
Rules for preparing for ultrasonic research
Ultrasound of the pelvic organs in women - Trans abdominally (with filling the bladder)
Drink 1 liter (4-5 glasses) of water an hour before the study. You cannot use juices, carbonated drinks. Do not urinate - the study is performed on a full bladder. You can eat and drink on the day of the study, the study is not carried out on an empty stomach.
Ultrasound of the pelvic organs in women - transvaginal (without filling the bladder)
Ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs can be carried out on any day of the menstrual cycle, except for the days of menstruation. If the diagnosis is unclear or if it needs to be clarified, it will be necessary to repeat the pelvic ultrasound on a certain day of the cycle, on the recommendation of a doctor.
Pelvic organs (uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes) are located deep in the abdominal cavity and are difficult to access by ultrasound. To improve the quality of the study, it is carried out by a special vaginal probe - transvaginally.
Only in virgins do pelvic ultrasound is done through the anterior abdominal wall (transabdominally). In most cases, when a doctor performs a transvaginal examination, special preparation for pelvic ultrasound is not required. Before the procedure, it is enough to empty the bladder.