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How To Control And Prevent Hyperhidrosis?

Have you been dealing with the nagging problem of sweating which transcends to sweaty patches on clothes? If so, you are more than likely to be suffering hyperhidrosis. It is also known as polyhidrosis or sudorrhea. Many people are not even aware that this pretty much a condition which is not life-threatening but it does have uncomfortable embarrassment and psychological trauma involved. But it does require detailed check-ups or diagnostic test in Delhi in some of the cases.

One may wonder of the prime cause of hyperhidrosis. It so happens that the food does play a part in aggravating hyperhidrosis. Therefore, one has to bring a change in their diet to put hold on the excessive sweating. And this means that the spicy foods must be omitted from the menu to start with. This way you may well be able to avoid the embarrassment in any social situation. Likewise, caffeine goes out of the list as it stimulates our adrenal glands and causes our palms, feet, and underarms to sweat.

As for the lab tests for acute hyperhidrosis conditions, the doctor may recommend blood, urine or other lab tests to see if your sweating is caused by another medical condition, such as an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) or low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).

There are also iodine-starch test, skin conductance and a thermoregulatory sweat test which check the severity of the sweating. Additionally, there can be treatment for underlying reasons of testing. Sometimes one may also require a combination of tests. If nothing conclusive is found then the focus is shifted to control excessive sweating.

Generally, some of the medications provided are:

  • Prescription creams- These are common usage creams which glycopyrrolate, a component which can curtail the problem of hyperhidrosis that affects the face and head.
  • Nerve-blocking medications- Some oral medications have the efficacy to block the chemicals that permit certain nerves to communicate with each other. As a result, you can see a dip in the level of sweating. The few possible side effects could be dry mouth, blurred vision, and bladder problems.
  • Antidepressants- Perhaps many would agree that anxiety does cause them to sweat and this why the prescription of antidepressants is also necessary in the cases of hyperhidrosis.

Some surgical procedures may also be taken into consideration. These are:

  • Microwave therapy- This is a therapy wherein a device sends microwave energy to destroy sweat glands. The treatment is done in between 20 and 30-minute sessions, three months apart. There may be a minor possibility of side effects like skin sensation and some discomfort. This is not a widely available therapy.
  • Sweat gland removal- Sweat glands are known to be super active Therefore, the removal of sweat gland can minimize the problem of hyperhidrosis to a great deal. There is a minimally invasive technique called suction curettage which may be executed for such severe cases
  • Nerve surgery (sympathectomy)- Sympathectomy is the procedure in which the surgeon chops burns or clamps the spinal nerves that control sweating in your hands. In some cases, this procedure triggers excessive sweating in other areas of your body (compensatory sweating). However, this surgery cannot be an alternative to isolated head and neck sweating. A change of magnitude on this surgery interrupts the nerve signals without removing the sympathetic nerve (sympathectomy).
Things To Know About ORS

One of the long withstanding problems of summer is the loss of water content from the body. This creates the teething problem of diarrhea. This leads to a series of health problems which mostly leads to the stomach and digestive problems can also pose a serious threat to the overall body. Hence, the body must have a process of getting fluid. One of the local ways to do so is the consumption of ORS.

An oral rehydration solution (ORS) is a mixture of electrolytes, sugar, and water. This solution is taken by mouth and hence is called oral solution in nature. These electrolytes recoup and rebuild fluid balance lost by excessive sweating, vomiting, or diarrhea. ORS is an effective treatment for 90-95% of patients suffering from diarrhea, regardless of the cause.

How ORS works

As we are all aware that the rapid discharge of the fluids from the body, which can be caused by cholera or diarrhea diseases, may lead to chronic dehydration. The worst-case scenario can even cause death. Oral Rehydration Salts are a solution which is made by combining salt and sugar which makes the process of fluid evacuation slow thereby hastening the process of the absorption of electrolytes in the intestines. This process is known as Oral Rehydration Treatment. These are also available in every government hospitals and even in the labs which conduct diagnostic test In Delhi.

What should be the ideal composition of ORS?

As per the information available on the website of World Health Organization, the specialized agency has devised a new formula for ORS. This formula has been improved after much research by the WHO’s Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development and supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The study’s findings deduce that if low-sodium, low-glucose ORS formulation is used then it reduces the need for intravenous fluids by 33 percent. As a result, it can be of great relief especially for cases wherein the children require hospitalization. This, in turn, can lessen secondary infections, there would a reduced need to handle blood with its potentially dangerous consequences, and lower health care costs.

The solution can be made at home too. In order to prepare the solution, you need to add 6 level teaspoons of sugar and 1/2 level teaspoon of salt dissolved in 1 liter of clean water. The only thing to be noted is that the amount of both the components is of the prescribed level to make the right Oral Rehydration Treatment. The reason being that excess sugar can aggravate diarrhea worse. Similarly, the excess amount of salt too can have detrimental effects on the body. Another thing to be aware of is that if the solution is made more dilute than normal then it won’t cause any harm.

Given the excess heat and a vast population of our country still having economic challenges, ORS is a potent alternative to keep the inevitable trouble of dehydration and possible effects of diarrhea.

Why Leg Cramps Must Be Given Immediate Attention?

It is more of a common problem that we face these days irrespective of what age bracket we come under. Waking up after a good night's sleep, we experience a certain kind of stiffness in the leg muscles in areas like ankles, calves and even knee caps. Commonly known as leg cramps, the pain is also known as “charley horse. The pain can be and can happen when a muscle gets involuntarily stiff and can’t relax. The condition is more of a nuisance as we age. If the pain gets to the unbearable ranges, a CT scan must be obtained to check what the condition and bone health are.

The reasons for leg cramps are quite a lot. Some of the common ones include:

  • Lack of hydration- We have seen many a time an athlete is down on the ground due to a sudden leg cramp and muscle pull. This point to nothing but hydration. The liquid flow in the body is needed to keep the muscle's constituent's intact.
  • Lack of adequate nutrition- It is a necessity to have a balance of electrolytes (calcium, sodium, potassium, and magnesium) for the contraction and relaxation of a muscle. But the same should not be done by self-treating with supplements. If you take an excess of food supplements, it can be harmful. Hence, you must focus on the simplicity of the food eating whilst maintaining an intake of mostly complex nutrients which are not processed.
  • Side-effects due to medication- Some medications such as statins and furosemide can also cause muscle cramps. It has been frequently observed among the suffering people that they complain of cramps in the legs when they begin taking a new medication. If the problems persist, consult your doctors immediately.
  • Poor blood circulation- A certain amount of daily activity can improve the circulation of the entire body including that of the legs. Lack of walking or even excessive leg activity for that matter can cause hurt in your legs. Therefore, the initial bout of pain in the legs should not be ignored and must be consulted with an orthopedic doctor.
  • Ignoring exercises like stretching- After a long hour of sleep, the body does tend to develop uneven postures that can add to the problem of leg cramps. One should not start off without a stretching exercise to ease the muscles before a strenuous day.

One of the most important things that we tend to forget is the fact that our muscle for legs does most of the balancing act. It is the legs that carry the weight of the entire body. Therefore, even a bit of discomfort in the leg muscle must not be ignored. For the problems that are impending for long should be tested in an MRI scan to figure if these are ominous signs to something threatening. Seek the services of the MRI scan centers in West Delhi which can obtain clear images of the concerned area.

Important Blood Tests That You Should Be Aware Of

Blood test is a common medical procedure which must not be dreaded. It is one of the oldest and reliable methods for the initial level of diagnosis which is mostly done at the Diagnostic Labs in Delhi. We have all been part of the blood tests which are done for the basics such assessment of the blood group, malarial parasite, dengue, etc. However, there have been many more additions to the normal course of blood testing which might be recommended by the doctor in case a person is suffering from health complications. Let's know more of them:

  1. ABO Typing- ABO Typing is the medical term for determining the patient's blood type. A procedure done prior to the surgery, this ensures that the blood can be given in the operating room if necessary. Most surgeries do not require a blood transfusion, but some procedures, such as on-pump heart bypass surgery, routinely require the administration of blood. You may be asked to sign a consent form for the administration of blood prior to your surgery, even if a transfusion is not a routine part of the procedure, in case the need arises.
  2. Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) (Men Only) -Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein manufactured by the prostate gland in men. An enlarged prostate, prostate inflammation or prostate cancer is implied with its elevated levels. The use of PSA levels also helps in monitoring the efficacy of therapeutic regimens for prostate conditions. But at the same, it is also noted that the elevated levels of PSA do not necessarily signal prostate cancer and prostate cancer may not always be accompanied by expression of PSA. In case there is a urinary tract infection or an inflamed prostrate then it points at the elevated levels. Therefore, the diagnostic labs in Delhi check for the PSA level which are not over 2.5 ng/mL, or a PSA doubling time (the time required for PSA value to double) of less than 12 years or else it could be a matter of concern.
  3. DHEA- Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), a hormone produced by the adrenal glands, is a precursor to the sex hormones estrogen and testosterone. It is to be understood that blood levels of DHEA jump up in the peak in one’s twenties and then decline dramatically with age, decreasing to 20-30% of peak youthful levels between the ages of 70 and 80. Thus, DHEA is also known as “anti-aging” hormone.
  4. Homocysteine- The amino acid homocysteine is formed in the body during the metabolism of methionine. The higher levels of homocysteine have been identified as the cause which increases the risk of heart attack, bone fracture, and poor cognitive function. Homocysteine has also been noted as the independent risk factor for bone fractures

Blood tests are no longer confined to only a few tests which can only provide a needlepoint symptom. It is now capable of giving an accurate assessment of each and every possible health complications which may aggravate with passing time.

New Tests To Screen Four Autoimmune Conditions Of Diabetes

The ills of diabetes are to be fought for a long time, a medical condition in which the blood glucose, blood sugar levels in the body is too high. There is also a routine process of getting the required insulin to curb these levels. The insulin is available in the major diagnostic labs in Delhi. It is estimated that as many as 40% of people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes may also have another autoimmune condition, like celiac disease or thyroid disease. Notably, antibody screening offers an effective way to screen for various autoimmune conditions, including type-1 diabetes. Most recently, researchers developed a new test that can screen for four autoimmune conditions simultaneously. This feat has been achieved by the researchers of the University of Colorado. This endeavor had the backing in the form of grants offered by the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The authors reported no financial conflicts of interest related to this work. The scientists published the results of their research in the most recent issue of The Lancet, a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal.

What may be termed as the biggest breakthrough, the newly-developed test combines seven different antibodies to screen for four autoimmune conditions: type 1 diabetes, celiac disease, thyroid disease, and autoimmune poly-glandular syndrome-1 (APS-1). The study authors reported that in testing the new assay, they found “high sensitivity and disease specificity, along with high throughput and low cost for large scale screenings in the general population.”

This research constitutes a very important step in proactive screening and detection of related autoimmune diseases. Early detection and appropriate treatment of autoimmune diseases can translate to fewer health complications and a higher quality of life for patients. Early detection of disease is especially critical for conditions that are life-threatening, such as type 1 diabetes and APS-1.

The researchers made the following conclusions about their stupendous work in the publication:

This is the first validated multiplexed autoantibody assay, which is feasible and ready to be used in clinical trials for large-scale population screenings…to simultaneously screen for type-1 diabetes and multiple relevant autoimmune diseases associated with auto antibodies. This multiplexed autoantibody assay has been extensively validated and provides a great tool for general population screening with high efficiency, low cost, and small sample amount. We anticipate these multiplexed assays will become available in clinics and easily applied to large population screening in the near future.

It appears likely that this test will soon offer an effective means of screening at-risk individuals for associated autoimmune conditions, and can help facilitate early and accurate detection of several life-threatening diseases with a single test.

Thus we can say that this rapid stride taken to screen and analyze the various forms of diabetes shall go a long way in providing the most comprehensive report for diabetes. This can further enhance the process of recovery and maintaining lifestyle which is based on scientific approach and choices without any health complications.

Lumbar Facet Syndrome: Things To Know About This Common Back Pain

Lumbar facet syndrome is commonly encountered spinal joint pain in terms of location in the spine. The lower lumbar vertebrae virtually universally experience degeneration in the facet joints, possibly causing the patient to endure the typical minor aches and pains of aging. However, it should be known that severe pain due to facet joint changes is extremely rare and is not a normal part of spinal aging for most people.

Lumbar facet joint pain's diagnosis is often a tough job for the MRI scan center in Delhi as most patients who are labeled with the condition do not show symptoms or verified evidence of any spinal pathology. Furthermore, the patients may state the symptoms which may not be logical in medical when considering a facet syndrome diagnosis. There are important points to consider when evaluating a diagnosis of facet joint pain in the lower back region.

What is the cause of lumbar facet syndrome?

Like mentioned in the discussion above, degeneration of the lumbar facet joints is basically a universal condition among adults meaning it can affect people regardless of what their race of body composition is. When the body enters the old age, it is pretty common an occurrence that the facet joints will demonstrate minor to moderate arthritic changes. It is in this period that the deterioration of the synovial capsules surrounding these joints is possible. The prime reason for this degeneration is due to the frequent bending and flexing of the lumbar spine necessary to live a typical life. It should be noted that lumbar facet joint degeneration is not inherently painful. There are only rare cases which can produce any significant symptoms whatsoever.

When facet joint deterioration shows the traditional pathological symptomatic conditions, it is diagnosed as facet joint syndrome. The primary causes of painful facet joints include problematic osteophytes which interfere with normal joint movement, combined with the generally increased interactions between vertebral bones due to a wearing away of the protective cartilage and lubricating fluid in the joint. Facet joint pathology does not have major branch of study or diagnosis but it can become more severe in some of the uncommon instances.

Some lumbar facet symptoms

Lumbar facet symptoms are pain being experienced only upon mobilizing affected joints. The pain is also restricted to the highly specific ranges of motion and particular movements. The symptoms or rather the point of pain for lumbar face should be located directly on the spine. They should be localized and not radiating or far-ranging in virtually every case profile. The most common location by far is between L4 and L5, as well as between L5 and S1. This is the region that suffers the earliest, most significant and most common degeneration in the human vertebral column.

For the treatment of these symptoms, there are typically drug therapies which are effective in most of the cases. The other alternative is injection therapy which addresses the direct risks to the spinal anatomy, such as infection and spinal fluid leaks. They also spare the systemic effects of oral route drugs. Few patients also find relief in joint manipulation by a chiropractic practitioner.

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