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What Is Thyroid Disease And What Tests Might Help You To Diagnose It?

Thyroid disease is a disease that affects the thyroid gland. Sometimes the body makes too much or too little thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormones regulate metabolism, the way the body uses energy and affects almost every organ in the body. Too many thyroid hormones are called hyperthyroidism and can cause many body functions to speed up. Too few thyroid hormones called hypothyroidism and can cause many body functions to slow down requiring to have thyroid test.

Thyroid hormones play an important role during pregnancy and in the development of a healthy child and the preservation of the mother's health during pregnancy and hypothyroidism.

Women having thyroid problems can have a healthy pregnancy and safeguard their fetuses' health, learning about the effect of pregnancy on the thyroid gland, keeping current on their testing of thyroid function, and also taking the necessary medications.

A blood test includes blood sampling at the office of a health care provider or a commercial facility and sending samples to a laboratory for analysis. Diagnostic blood tests may include:

  • TSH test.  If the symptoms of a pregnant woman suggest hyperthyroidism, her doctor will probably, first of all, perform a hypersensitive TSH test. This test detects even small amounts of TSH in the blood and is the most accurate indicator of thyroid activity available. Typically, hyperthyroidism is indicated below normal TSH levels. However, low levels of TSH can also occur in normal pregnancy, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy, due to a slight increase in thyroid hormones from HCG.
  • T3 and T-4 test.  If the TSH level is low, another blood test is performed to measure T3 and T4. The increased level of free T4- part of thyroid hormones is not attached to the thyroid gland-binding protein-confirming the diagnosis. Rarely, in women with hyperthyroidism, free T4 levels may be normal, but T3 at high levels. Because normal pregnancy-related changes in thyroid function, test results should be interpreted with caution.
  • TSI test.  If a woman has a disease or has had surgery or radioactive iodine treatment for the disease, her doctor can check her blood for TSI antibodies.

What to remember?

Thyroid disease is a disorder that occurs when the thyroid gland produces more or less thyroid hormones than the body needs.

  • Pregnancy results in normal changes in thyroid function, but can also result in having thyroid disease.
  • Uncontrolled hyperthyroidism during pregnancy can also affect the mother and unborn baby negatively.
  • During pregnancy, mild hyperthyroidism does not require treatment. More serious hyperthyroidism is treated with            anti-thyroid drugs that act by interfering with the production of thyroid hormones.
  • Uncontrolled hypothyroidism at the time of having pregnancy can also lead to severe health issues in the mother              and can affect fetal growth and brain development.
  • The treatment of hypothyroidism during pregnancy is done with the thyroid tests having synthetic thyroid                      hormone, thyroxine (T4).
  • Postpartum thyroiditis, an inflammation of the thyroid gland, causes a short period of hyperthyroidism, often                    accompanied by hypothyroidism, which usually goes away within a year. Sometimes hypothyroidism is permanent.
What Does The 3Tesla Resonance Will Reveal The Multiple Sclerosis?

It has been announced as an important advance in the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system that affects 75,000 Italians and 2.5 million people worldwide.

This is the demonstration that it is possible to identify the brain lesions typical of multiple sclerosis (MS), distinguishing them from similar injuries but due to other pathologies, using a 3 Tesla (3T) magnetic resonance instead of 7 Tesla (7T), more powerful equipment that allows this discrimination in an easy way but that is still mainly used only for research purposes.

WHAT IS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease related to the central nervous system in which the immune system affects the myelin sheath that coats the nerve fibers in the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves. As this process progresses, which also causes the appearance of scars (sclerosis), they gradually lose the ability to transmit the electrical signal to other nerves. It can occur in people of any age and condition; it has mainly a chronic course in which the disease progresses and can cause serious disability.

WHY THE NEUROIMAGING IS SO IMPORTANT

High cost of 3t brain MRI has powerful scanners that resonate the protons of our body, mostly contained in the water of which we are made, and transform the signal they emit into extremely precise images of anatomical structures.

In the case of the brain, the detail is very high up to being able to identify even very small brain structures, such as venules. Pathological changes appear as alterations of this signal. Unfortunately, however, many lesions of extremely different pathologies resemble each other from the point of view of the signal, but understanding exactly where they are located nevertheless greatly helps the diagnosis. For example, MS lesions are perivenular.

And so, as far as the diagnosis of this pathology is clinical, high-field resonance is often necessary, so much so that it is included among the examinations required by diagnostic criteria recognized by the scientific community.

Being able to distinguish in this way, brain lesions from MS from other brain lesions with MRI is therefore fundamental for the diagnosis in cases where some lesion appears, but its nature is not clear.

And making the diagnosis immediately and very quickly is very important because we must try to stop the disease as soon as possible. But a resonance of a certain sensibility counts above all in the progression controls of the illness, when the «lesion load» is evaluated; when new lesions appear from one control to the other, seeing them or not seeing them, or exchanging a new vascular-type lesion with an MS lesion can change the therapy. MRI images are equally important in therapeutic monitoring, ie, in assessing the effects of therapies.

Modern high and very high field imaging machines allow us to obtain highly detailed high-resolution images and are used for the study of numerous neurodegenerative and inflammatory diseases. It is in this part of patients that the new discovery is inserted, moving in the clinical field a technique developed on the very high field of Cost of 3t MRI in Delhi.

What Diseases Can Be Determined By Ultrasound?

If suddenly you feel unwell, ultrasound diagnostics will help to detect a health problem. After all, with the help of ultrasound, you can determine the number of diseases.

Abdominal ultrasound

Today it is the most popular and simple method for the diagnosis of various diseases of the abdominal cavity. With it, you can explore the following organs:

  • Pancreas
  • Liver and gallbladder
  • Spleen
  • Duodenum

Abdominal ultrasound helps to detect various disorders in the liver and organs of the gastrointestinal tract:

  • Hepatitis, liver cirrhosis
  • Obesity of the liver, the presence of cysts in it
  • Biliary dyskinesia
  • Inflammatory diseases of the gallbladder: cholecystitis, cholangitis
  • Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
  • An enlarged spleen may indicate diseases such as jaundice, leukopenia, cardiovascular diseases, and Hodgkin's                disease.

When do doctors recommend doing an ultrasound of the abdominal organs? Before having an ultrasound it is very important to know the abdominal ultrasound cost in Delhi

  • Discomfort after eating or after prolonged fasting
  • Heaviness in hypochondrium
  • Bitterness or dry mouth
  • Acute or encircling pain
  • Excessive flatulence
  • Bruises of the abdomen.

Breast ultrasound

Today it is the easiest and most painless method for diagnosing the state of the mammary glands. It helps to know the presence of tumors, mastopathy, and other inflammatory changes. Ultrasound of the mammary glands is recommended as prophylaxis at least 1 time per year.

Thyroid ultrasound

This type of diagnosis allows you to safely determine the location of the thyroid gland, its condition, and size (the presence or absence of an increase), as well as the presence of nodes and tumors in the body. It is not important to postpone the visit to the doctor of ultrasound diagnostics, if you have unpleasant symptoms in the thyroid gland (visual changes in the shape and size of the neck, difficulty breathing and swallowing, etc.).

Ultrasound during pregnancy

Ultrasound diagnosis plays a major role in assessing fetal development. Such an examination can detect various diseases and defects at an early stage. In addition, ultrasound is necessary to monitor and monitor the overall course of pregnancy and child development. Usually, ultrasound diagnostics is carried out for prophylactic purposes at 11-12, 20-22, and 31-32 weeks of pregnancy.

Ultrasound in gynecology

This ultrasound shows the condition of the uterus and ovaries: the doctor can evaluate the structure and thickness of the endometrium, the size of the ovaries, to establish the presence of follicles and corpus luteum in them.

  • Ultrasound of the pelvic organs will help to detect such diseases:
  • Myoma of the uterus
  • Endometriosis, endometrial hyperplasia
  • Ovarian dysfunction or inflammation
  • Cysts and ovarian tumors.

In addition, gynecological ultrasound will help determine the state after an abortion or gynecological operations, as well as to detect pregnancy at an early stage: using ultrasound; you can detect a fertilized egg in the uterus for 5-7 days of menstruation.

For the purpose of prophylaxis, it is recommended to know the whole abdomen ultrasound price and undergo an ultrasound of the pelvic organs at least once a year.

Ultrasound Of The Kidneys In Health And Disease

How the kidneys look on ultrasound is normal and how pathology is determined can be found in this article. Here you will find the basic principles that experienced doctors’ use in their work.

A normal view of the kidneys on ultrasound

A complete ultrasound examination having high ultrasound scan cost of the kidneys includes an assessment of the location, orientation, axis, size, and echogenicity of the parenchyma, the contour, the nature of the centrally located echogenic disk and the lack of visualization of the proximal ureter. Normally, the kidneys are located in the retroperitoneal space along with the lumbar muscles and are oriented parallel to their course. They occupy an oblique position, and the upper pole is located dorsal to the lower pole.

The size of the kidney depends on the age; it is measured between the two poles and compared with known nomograms. From the point of view of ultrasound of the kidneys, the most important adjacent organ on the right is the liver, and on the left is the spleen. During the first few months of life, the kidney parenchyma may be iso- or hyperechoic compared with the liver or spleen, and then it becomes hypoechoic.

The cortex can be differentiated from the cerebral bylines, reflecting slight differences in echogenicity. The presence of cortico-medullary differentiation is an indicator of the normal structure of the kidney and the integrity of the parenchyma.

The contour of the kidney in children on ultrasound can be smooth, but often it has a lobed structure. Parenchymal lobules consist of a central pyramid covered with parenchyma of cortical substance and pillars located between the pyramids. With age, the lobed structure disappears, and the contour becomes smooth.

Abnormal development of the kidney on ultrasound

Anomalies or pathology of the kidneys in children can be divided into congenital and acquired, and anatomically- anomalies in the number, localization, vascular, parenchymal and abdominal systems.

One-sided kidney agenesis on ultrasound is often detected. Unilateral agenesis of the kidney is most often determined in children during an ultrasound scan conducted:

  • With urination problems;
  • When screening for related anomalies and
  • About unrelated pathology.

On ultrasound in the renal fossa is not defined as a bean-shaped structure, and it may be located intestines. The surrounding organs are usually not changed. In such cases, it is important to conduct an ultrasound examination of the pelvis to prevent kidney dystopia. In infants, the adrenal glands are visualized in a normal anatomical position.

Kidney dystopia on ultrasonography

The kidneys begin their embryonic development in the large pelvis with the pelvis oriented anteriorly, and then they migrate to the renal fossa and complete the medial rotation by the 6th week of gestation. This process can be interrupted at any stage.

Renal vein thrombosis with an ultrasound scan

Ultrasound done by professional Ultrasound Clinics has a high diagnostic value for suspected renal vein thrombosis. Risk factors include dehydration, birth injury, and sepsis. During the acute phase, marked edema develops, and an ultrasound examines an increase in the kidney with a loss of corticomedullary differentiation. Due to edema at an early stage, the parenchyma looks hypoechoic, but with the progression of fibrosis, it becomes hyperechoic. Thrombi of small vessels look like radiant linear echogenic bands in the parenchyma. Atrophy and calcifications are visualized at a late stage in the thrombus localization zone. When color Doppler on ultrasound, there is a lack of venous blood flow.

Myths And Truth About Prenatal Screening

Prenatal screenings cause a lot of conflicting opinions and feedback. Someone is convinced of their necessity; others are convinced of their complete inexpediency. What kind of research is this, and should all pregnant women really take them? To understand this issue, let's weigh the pros and cons and separate the existing myths from the objective data of scientific medicine.

The argument "against" number 1: ultrasound harm the baby

There is a fairly common opinion that Pregnancy Ultrasound negatively affects the nervous system of a child, annoys him - during the examination, children often try to hide from the apparatus, cover their heads with hands. Therefore, children whose mothers regularly performed ultrasound during pregnancy are more restless than babies whose mothers have refused ultrasound diagnosis. Is it really?

According to doctors, ultrasound cannot cause the baby absolutely no harm - modern equipment is absolutely safe. Therefore, official medicine insists that absolutely all pregnant women should undergo an ultrasound. Indeed, the timely diagnosis allows, firstly, to see the full picture of the course of pregnancy, and secondly, if necessary, to correct certain problems.

Especially important are the data obtained on ultrasound of the first prenatal screening (at 11-13 weeks of pregnancy). During this period during the study:

  • The number of embryos in the uterus and their viability are determined;
  • Put a more accurate period of pregnancy;
  • Gross defects are excluded;
  • Determines the thickness of the collar space - (that is, the amount of subcutaneous fluid on the back of the child's            neck is measured - in normal TVP should not exceed 2.7 mm);
  • The presence or absence of the nasal bone is investigated.

The argument "against" No. 2: a biochemical blood test gives an unreliable result

Many mothers are sure that it is impossible to make at least some reliable conclusions on one analysis- too many factors can affect the result. And, in part, they are really right. However, it is necessary to study the analysis process more closely in order to understand on what basis the doctor makes a conclusion. The second screening takes place at 18-21 weeks of pregnancy. This study includes a "triple" or "quadruple test. "Everything happens the same way as in the first trimester- the woman again takes a blood test. Only in this case, the results of the analysis are used to determine not two, but three (or, respectively, four) indicators.

The argument "against" No. 3: "I have good heredity- I do not need screenings."

Some mothers do not see the point of going through screenings - all relatives are healthy, what problems could there be? Indeed, there are certain groups of women who are primarily recommended to undergo Pregnancy Ultrasound to identify possible pathologies in the development of a child. These are women over 35–40 years old (since after this age, the risk of developing abnormalities in a child increases several times) and expectant mothers with certain diseases (for example, diabetes).

MRI- An Imaging Study To Diagnose The Diseases

Magnetic resonance imaging is a modern method for studying the structure, condition, and function of internal organs. It is based on the measurement of electromagnetic waves emanating from body tissues. These signals are transmitted to a computer, which decodes them and converts them into an image. The obtained data is analyzed and evaluated by a specialist conducting an MRI.

Modern equipment allows obtaining a three-dimensional image of the internal organs so that the study has high information content. MRI helps to identify a large number of diseases that are not so accurately diagnosed using other methods.

MRI has great advantages over invasive and radiographic methods, as it is a safe and comfortable procedure. Due to this, the study is used in the diagnosis of diseases of many organs and systems:

  • Brain;
  • Vessels of the neck and brain;
  • Jaw and temporomandibular joint;
  • Joints;
  • Spinal cord;
  • Spine;
  • Abdominal organs;
  • Pelvic organs;
  • Respiratory system;
  • Endocrine system;
  • Lymphatic system;
  • Reproductive system.

One of the most common areas of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of diseases of the nervous system. MRI of the brain allows detecting tumors and determining the stage of their development, diagnosing problems with vessels, multiple sclerosis, and other pathologies.

Many patients are interested in - with MRI of the brain, radiation occurs, and is it dangerous? What dose of radiation does the body receive during the research? Is MRI Hazardous to Health?

MRI Radiation Level

Unlike X-rays and computed tomography (CT), patients receive a zero dose of radiation during an MRI scan, since this study is not based on ionizing radiation, but on electromagnetic effects.

The effect of a magnetic resonance imager is comparable to that of a cell phone or microwave. MRI done by MRI test labs in Delhi does not cause irregularities in the structure, condition, and function of tissues and organs, being at the same time a highly accurate diagnostic method.

Therefore, you can be sure that there is no radiation during an MRI scan of the brain.

Magnetic resonance imaging in oncopathology?

Patients with oncologic MRI are prescribed with the use of a contrast agent - to increase the information content of the study: this allows a detailed study of the tumor and its vascular network. Due to the high precision and diagnosis, the most effective treatment is prescribed.

The absence of irradiation provides the possibility of using MRI for cancer patients with confirmed diagnoses of various malignant tumors, which are not recommended for X-ray methods. X-ray and computed tomography due to ionizing radiation harm the tissues of the body: cause changes in DNA and adversely affect the already existing pathological processes. Electromagnetic effects during MRI are safe for both tumors and healthy tissues and organs.

How often can I do magnetic resonance imaging?

In the absence of contraindications, MRI may be prescribed - depending on the disease and the characteristics of its course - as often as necessary to develop an effective treatment plan or to correct it. Since the procedure is safe for the body, it can be carried out with a minimum time interval.

The frequency of an MRI can only be determined by a doctor. If there is an urgent need or in accordance with the developed plan of dynamic observation, the study is carried out several times in one day.

Major Liver Disease During Ultrasound

Steatosis of the liver (different names may be: fatty hepatosis, fatty infiltration, fatty liver), which occurs on liver ultrasound, is an etiologically and pathogenetically heterogeneous syndrome, which is characterized by a prolonged and significant accumulation of triglycerides in hepatocytes. The main factor of steatosis is alcohol abuse, diabetes, obesity, unbalanced nutrition (protein deficiency), chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by impaired absorption (enteritis, pancreatitis, ulcerative colitis, etc.), chronic debilitating diseases (cancer, anemia, cardiac and pulmonary insufficiency, etc.), toxic (hepatotropic, medicinal) and bacterial factors.

Ultrasound test with a diffuse form of fatty hepatosis, as a rule, reveals an increase in the size of the liver, an unclear contour. The edges of the liver are rounded. Characteristic features include increased echogenicity of the parenchyma. Its structure is in most cases homogeneous, however, sometimes on the background of hyperechoic tissue, it is possible to detect areas of reduced reflection with uneven, fuzzy contours that do not deform the vascular pattern.

These are areas of unchanged parenchyma, which, as a rule, are detected in the portal fissure of the liver, in the projection of I, IV, V segments. The sound conduction of the liver is often reduced; the vascular pattern is depleted. In addition to diffuse, ultrasound of the liver also produces local and focal forms, when fatty infiltration extends only to limited segments and sectors of the liver, and sometimes manifests itself in the form of individual small zones, resembling focal education.

Ultrasound picture of fatty hepatosis does not always allow to clearly differentiate it from other diffuse organ lesions (chronic hepatitis, the initial stage of cirrhosis). Crucial importance in the diagnosis of steatosis and its delimitation from chronic hepatitis belongs to the puncture biopsy of the liver.

How does hepatitis show on ultrasound?

Acute hepatitis is an acute degenerative and inflammatory lesion of the liver. Hepatitis can be alcoholic or viral etiology, develop as a result of exposure to toxic or metabolic factors. The main ultrasound sign of this disease is hepatomegaly. In a significant number of observations, moreover, an increase in the size of the spleen is found. The contour of the liver usually remains clear and smooth.

Edges can be both sharp and rounded. In the severe course, accompanied by the presence of foci of necrosis, the parenchyma has a heterogeneous structure due to the appearance of multiple areas of reduced echogenicity alternating with fragments of unchanged parenchyma. With significant swelling of the liver tissue, its echogenicity is reduced to a greater extent.

Organ conduction is often increased; as a result, the vascular pattern becomes clearer, and the walls of the portal vein more contrasting. Detection of enlarged lymph nodes in the area of the hepatoduodenal ligament may be of some help in making a diagnosis.

As a rule, on ultrasound in chronic hepatitis, an increase in the size of the liver due to the right and left lobes is observed, a rounding of the edges and an increase in the angles formed by them can be observed. The contour of the liver often remains clear and smooth. The structure of the parenchyma is usually diffusely heterogeneous, the echo is increased, and the sound conductivity is reduced in most cases. There is also a progressive impoverishment of the vascular pattern. In chronic hepatitis, diffuse liver damage was found only in 2/3 cases, which, according to the ultrasound labs, is due to the absence in most cases of fairly pronounced fibrosis and/or steatosis.

Is It Possible To Do CT And MRI For Children?

Imagine that a doctor prescribes your child to undergo a computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Most likely, you are, first of all, thinking about the possible risks: will this or that research harm the children's organism? How will the child take them?

Is there a danger?

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an absolutely safe method of research, since it does not use ionizing radiation sources. There is no reason to worry about the hypothetical harm to the child from this type of diagnosis. When conducting computed tomography (CT), X-rays are used, so the concerns of the parents are well founded. But in the medical organizations of the Moscow Department of Health, special pediatric research protocols are used, which allow reducing the radiation dose to the minimum harmless values. Therefore, this procedure does not have any negative impact.

Is it possible to replace a CT scan with a safer MRI?

MRI and CT are two different methods of radiation diagnosis, which are not always interchangeable. They give different information about the state of health, so the question of what kind of research to conduct a child is decided directly by the attending physician or radiologist. The greatest harm to health is caused not by a microdose of X-rays, but by insufficient diagnostics.

Is it necessary to give children anesthesia during CT and MRI?

During CT and especially MRI, it is very important that the child remains stationary throughout the procedure; otherwise, the results will not be accurate or not suitable for analysis. The MRI procedure takes an average of 20-30 minutes, which means that the child will have to lie motionless all this time. As practice shows, children 5-6 years and older do an excellent job with this task. But earlier patients are difficult to maintain immobility.

For children under 3 years old, CT and MRI are performed only in a hospital, under the supervision of specialists. Before the study, the child is given a sedative or mild inhalation anesthesia, after which he wakes up quickly and easily.

CT and MRI with contrast enhancement

To diagnose some diseases, a child may need to have a CT scan or MRI with a so-called contrast - and you should not be afraid of this study. Before the procedure, the doctor will carefully collect anamnesis and find out all about possible contraindications. For greater safety, a study with contrast enhancement in children is carried out only in hospitals.

Where will my child be taken for CT and MRI?

According to the order of the Moscow Department of Health, the routing of children on CT and MRI in hospitals is carried out in accordance with the assignment by the district. That is, depending on the CT scan centre in which you are monitored, you will be assigned a referral to one or another institution.

In most cases, children under 3 years old are sent to inpatient medical organizations for CT and MRI. This is due to the need to introduce anesthesia for the success of the study. Children over 4 years old can undergo an outpatient study.

How Thyroid Can Get Inspected?

Especially if you are a woman or if there are already similar cases in your family, you should monitor your thyroid, a gland that produces fundamental hormones for many of your body's activities.

The thyroid is a small endocrine gland shaped like a butterfly. It is located more or less at the base of your neck and produces several hormones that the body uses to perform some fundamental tasks, such as metabolism control, bone and muscle development, and brain functioning. For this reason, it is very important to keep it monitored. These are absolutely non-invasive procedures like a normal medical examination or the classic blood test.

The thyroid tests is above all, a simple physical examination and a blood test to assess whether the amount of hormones produced by this gland is regular or not. In case you suspect a more serious ongoing problem, your doctor, or a specialist, will prescribe you more detailed tests like a scan or even an ultrasound.

Medical examination and thyroid palpation

The first exam consists of a simple medical examination. Your GP, once you tell him the symptoms that made you worry, will look carefully at the area of your neck, at the level of the thyroid, in search of possible asymmetries, anomalies or swellings visible even with the naked eye. Then he will proceed to the palpation of the area from different positions, positioning himself both in front of and behind you, and will ensure that he is not suspiciously enlarged. If you notice any alteration, you will proceed with other, more detailed investigations.

Blood tests

In a blood test, the number of thyroid hormones present in the blood will be quantified. If it turns out to be too low, you may suffer from hypothyroidism; if the concentration is excessive, the problem could be hyperthyroidism.

Thyroid ultrasound

This is a normal ultrasound, with which, thanks to an ultrasound probe that scans the affected area, it is possible to identify the presence of various abnormalities in the form and constitution of the thyroid. First of all, the ultrasound test detects the enlargement and a possible goiter, but also the presence of nodules or a tumor mass.

Thyroid autoantibody test

Again, it is a simple blood test, but this time it serves to evaluate another datum: the presence or absence of thyroid autoantibodies. They are cells that defend your body, but, and they only attack this gland. As a result, they can cause malfunctions, but also inflammations such as thyroiditis.

Thyroid scintigraphy

If previous tests suggest a tumor, nodule formation or Basedow-Graves bite, your doctor or specialist could prescribe a thyroid scan. A decidedly more invasive procedure than the previous ones, which involves the injection of a radiopharmaceutical and screening through a device called gamma-camera.

Thyroid biopsy

Through a special needle, a microframmento of your thyroid is taken to be analyzed in the laboratory. If there is a suspicion that you have a tumor, this is the most reliable tool for verifying whether the formation is benign or not.

Cancer and PET CT Scan

Everyone who has suffered from cancer knows the importance of early diagnosis and effective treatment. However, the situation in the country is absurd: there is not enough money for medicine, and modern treatment with effective medicines is paid for by the patient or depends on the availability of public donations, therefore high-tech diagnostics are mostly available in private medical institutions.

PET / CT allows you to assess the extent of the tumor lesion of the patient and correctly determine the stage of the disease. Information on how far malignant cells have spread is extremely important for the choice of treatment tactics. Examination of patients undergoing radiotherapy and chemotherapy, or undergoing surgery, is necessary to monitor the results of prescribed treatment - PET / CT scan will show how the tumor changes, will allow to see new foci and relapses.

A full-body PET / CT scan is performed for:

  • Detection of metastases and primary tumor foci;
  • Determine the extent of the tumor process;
  • Evaluation of the effectiveness of treatment;
  • Differentiation of benign and malignant tumors;
  • Planning tactics of therapy.

In PET-Technology, diagnostics with 18-FDG is carried out for the following diseases: malignant skeletal tumors, melanoma, Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, soft tissue sarcomas, thyroid cancer, breast, cervix, thymus, testicles, lung glands, ovaries, stomach and intestines.

The test scan takes place in two stages:

The introduction of the drug. The patient is given an intravenous injection. The procedure is painless, sometimes accompanied by a sensation of heat. The drug is distributed in all cells within an hour. Important: After the introduction of the drug you need to lie quietly, do not move, do not talk, do not read - 18-FDG accumulates in actively working muscles, which can affect the results. Drink clean water to improve cell imaging.

PET/CT scan. The patient is placed in a tomograph, where a computed tomography of the whole body is first performed, followed by a positron emission tomography of the whole body. In some cases, a contrast agent is additionally introduced, which improves the visualization of the hollow organs - the intestines and vessels. The software of the device superimposes CT scans on PET scans, as a result, structural, physiological and metabolic changes in the tissues can be assessed.

PET / CT does not last more than an hour, but in the center you will spend from 2 to 5 hours - this includes preliminary preparation, documentation, and rest after the procedure. Before the examination, you need to change into comfortable clothes and remove all products containing metal.

During the rest period it is important to maintain immobility, this contributes to the correct distribution of the radiopharmaceutical and, as a result, to a qualitative display of the pathological focus. To obtain a good quality of the study, it is necessary to remain stationary during the entire scan time (the study can last from 20 to 40 minutes).

After completing the procedures, do not leave the territory of the diagnostic lab in Delhi without the permission of the medical staff, as it may sometimes be necessary to repeat the scan.

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